Threats from Campus Violence and Student SpecialEvents : Awareness, Prevention, and ResponseLeta Finch, MPA, DRMAon Risk S...
AGENDA •   Introductions •   A Conversation… •   Response is Important/Prevention is Better •   Fights, Stabbings and Shoo...
Threats from Campus Violence and Student SpecialEvents : Awareness, Prevention, and Response             Leta Finch, MPA, ...
The U.S. Gun Culture             UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION                     2012 Western Reg...
Threats from Campus Violence:Awareness, Prevention, and ResponseState Laws and Campus Gun Policies       • Carry       • C...
Response is ImportantPrevention is Better             UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION                ...
Preventing Campus ViolenceThis law is settled• OSHA  The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH  Act) was passed ...
To Help Prevent Campus ViolenceThe following list in not to be construed as complete or is it meant to imply that by follo...
To Help Prevent Campus Violence6. Train staff and faculty on how to minimize emotions when threatening    situations arise...
Resources •      U.S. Department of Labor, OSHAMaterials addressing workplace violencehttp://www.osha.gov/SLTC/workplacevi...
Threats from Campus Violence and Student SpecialEvents : Awareness, Prevention, and Response                 Nakeschi Watk...
Yeshiva University•   Wilf Campus•   Beren Campus•   Brookdale Center•   Resnick Campus•   Girls and Boys High School•   I...
Yeshiva Student Special Event• Event 1     Radio Taping• Event 2     Chanukah Concert             UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEME...
Event Planning  Orientation for Student Life• Event Planning Checklist• Review of all events weekly   Campus Events   Se...
Threats from Campus Violence and Student SpecialEvents : Awareness, Prevention, and Response            Gary J. Margolis, ...
TWEET TWEET        @margolishealy        #urmiawrc2012                                          © Margolis Healy & Associa...
Student Special EventsSTUDENT SPECIAL EVENTS• Several high profile violent incidents at  special events• Celebratory riots...
CAMPUS VIOLENCE LANDSCAPE•   High-risk drinking•   Gender/sexual violence•   Criminal intrusions•   Event based violence• ...
FIGHTS, STABBINGS, AND SHOOTINGS• Often associated with large student parties  – UConn Spring weekend     • A 20-year-old ...
FIGHTS, STABBINGS, AND SHOOTINGS• UConn football player killed:  – “The University of Connecticut is mourning    the loss ...
FIGHTS, STABBINGS, AND SHOOTINGS• Duquesne University – September 2006   – 5 students shot following an on-campus party• D...
FIGHTS, STABBINGS AND SHOOTINGS• Texas Southern – July 2009   – 6 shot during on-campus event• Langston University – Augus...
RISK AT CAMPUS EVENTS• Potential Lethal Mix  – Students and non-students  – Alcohol and other drugs  – Egos  – Security   ...
THE RESEARCH • Time of the incidents are in the early morning   hours; • Each has a triggering event: argument,   fights, ...
ENSURING INCIDENT-FREE EVENTS1. Coordination2. Pre-event planning3. Event Protocols4. Post-Event Protocols5. After-Action ...
1. COORDINATIONCOORDINATION             1.• Close coordination in & out• The Inside Team - Student Affairs, Greek Life, St...
I. COORDINATIONPolicy  • Thresholds (types, size, triggers, liability)  • Venues (academic, admin, res hall,    multipurpo...
2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING  • Conduct pre-event orientations  • Conduct pre-event review of    assignments...
2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING  • Review venue/event diagram  • Review event specific policies and    procedur...
3. EVENT PROTOCOLS3. EVENT PROTOCOLS • Adjust to crowd demographics • Anticipate crowd activities and behavior • Maintain ...
3. EVENT PROTOCOLS3. EVENT PROTOCOLS • Monitor flow of crowd during duration   of event • Recognize potential crowd crush ...
4. POST-EVENT4. POST-EVENT PROTOCOLS              PROTOCOLS• Danger Zone• Ensure adequate staffing and coverage  both insi...
5. AFTER ACTION REVIEW ACTION REVIEW              5. AFTER• Helpful to conduct “hot-wash” for most major  events• Must con...
OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS • Event management system (software) -   accessible by all campus event planners • Assign primary re...
OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS• Consider using a professional crowd  management vendor• Unified radio equipment and use of metal  d...
LEGAL DUTIES             Legal Duties for Special             Events• While the precise contours of this duty will vary fr...
SUMMARY           Summary • Student special events are potentially lethal • Proper risk assessment & coordination can   mi...
ENSURING INCIDENT-FREE EVENTS•   Coordination•   Pre-event planning•   Event Protocols•   Post-Event Protocols•   After-Ac...
CONTACT      gmargolis@margolishealy.com         Leta.Finch@aon.com            watkins@yu.edu                             ...
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2012 URMIA - Threats from Campus Violence and Student Special Events: Awareness, Prevention, and Response

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2012 URMIA - Threats from Campus Violence and Student Special Events: Awareness, Prevention, and Response

  1. 1. Threats from Campus Violence and Student SpecialEvents : Awareness, Prevention, and ResponseLeta Finch, MPA, DRMAon Risk SolutionsNakeschi WatkinsYeshiva UniversityGary J. Margolis, Ed.D.Margolis, Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  2. 2. AGENDA • Introductions • A Conversation… • Response is Important/Prevention is Better • Fights, Stabbings and Shootings • The Research • 5 Steps • Recommendations © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  3. 3. Threats from Campus Violence and Student SpecialEvents : Awareness, Prevention, and Response Leta Finch, MPA, DRM Aon Risk Solutions UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  4. 4. The U.S. Gun Culture UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  5. 5. Threats from Campus Violence:Awareness, Prevention, and ResponseState Laws and Campus Gun Policies • Carry • Conceal Carry • Ban No resolution in sight UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  6. 6. Response is ImportantPrevention is Better UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  7. 7. Preventing Campus ViolenceThis law is settled• OSHA The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was passed to prevent workers from being killed or seriously harmed at work. The law requires employers to provide their employees with working conditions that are free of known dangers.• 29 states have explicit workplace violence laws UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  8. 8. To Help Prevent Campus ViolenceThe following list in not to be construed as complete or is it meant to imply that by following any orall of the suggested steps, a campus can prevent an act of violence.1. Implement pre-employment screening and background checks.2. Adopt a “Zero Tolerance” policy toward threats of violence applicable to everyone on campus. This means that no threat of violence or violent behavior will be ignored. The policy needs clear response and communications procedures.3. Provide assistance programs for employees who need help in managing stress and transition assistance to employees leaving the university’s employment.4. Survey staff, faculty, and students and ask them where they believe the campus and individuals are the most vulnerable.5. Train staff, faculty, and students about warning signs and violence prevention. UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  9. 9. To Help Prevent Campus Violence6. Train staff and faculty on how to minimize emotions when threatening situations arise in the workplace and classroom.7. Establish a formal reporting system for complaints of threats and threatening situations. Take immediate action to resolve any reported situations.8. Create an Incident Response Team and notification system to respond to threatening or escalating situations before they turn into a crisis.9. Never meet with a threatening staff, faculty member or student alone.10. Always maintain the usability of means of egress UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  10. 10. Resources • U.S. Department of Labor, OSHAMaterials addressing workplace violencehttp://www.osha.gov/SLTC/workplaceviolence/index.html • Department of Labor: OSHAViolence in The Workplace: State Plan Standards & Resourceshttp://www.osha.gov/dcsp/osp/work_violence.html • The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS)Extensive list of warning signshttp://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/psychosocial/violence_warning_signs.html • Wayne State University“What Is Disruptive, Threatening, Or Violent Behavior”www.clas.wayne.edu/multimedia/usercontent/File/Deans%20Office/disruptive_behavior.pdf • San Diego State University“Violence-Free Workplace Policy” http://bfa.sdsu.edu/ps/pdf/Policies/ViolenceFreePolicy.pdf UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  11. 11. Threats from Campus Violence and Student SpecialEvents : Awareness, Prevention, and Response Nakeschi Watkins Yeshiva University UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  12. 12. Yeshiva University• Wilf Campus• Beren Campus• Brookdale Center• Resnick Campus• Girls and Boys High School• Israel Campus UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  13. 13. Yeshiva Student Special Event• Event 1 Radio Taping• Event 2 Chanukah Concert UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  14. 14. Event Planning Orientation for Student Life• Event Planning Checklist• Review of all events weekly  Campus Events  Security  Facilities  Risk Management UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  15. 15. Threats from Campus Violence and Student SpecialEvents : Awareness, Prevention, and Response Gary J. Margolis, Ed.D. Margolis, Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  16. 16. TWEET TWEET @margolishealy #urmiawrc2012 © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  17. 17. Student Special EventsSTUDENT SPECIAL EVENTS• Several high profile violent incidents at special events• Celebratory riots at athletic events• Disruptive attendees• Disputes about entry @ closed events• Fights, shootings, & stabbing during & after events © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  18. 18. CAMPUS VIOLENCE LANDSCAPE• High-risk drinking• Gender/sexual violence• Criminal intrusions• Event based violence• Rampage shooters• Terrorist threat © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  19. 19. FIGHTS, STABBINGS, AND SHOOTINGS• Often associated with large student parties – UConn Spring weekend • A 20-year-old University of Connecticut student died Saturday of head injuries from a fight outside a restaurant during Spring Weekend – JMU block party • “Some got in fights when other partiers accidentally bumped into them, she said. People with blood streaming down their faces and arms rushed past her.” © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  20. 20. FIGHTS, STABBINGS, AND SHOOTINGS• UConn football player killed: – “The University of Connecticut is mourning the loss of football player Cornerback Jasper Howard, a starter for the Huskies, was killed Sunday morning in a stabbing that took place on campus (after an on-campus party).” • http://ncaafootball.fanhouse.com/2009/10/18/conn ecticut-cornerback-jasper-howard-killed-in-on- campus-stabbin/ © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  21. 21. FIGHTS, STABBINGS, AND SHOOTINGS• Duquesne University – September 2006 – 5 students shot following an on-campus party• Delaware State University – September 2007 – Two students shot during on campus; Shalita Middleton later died from her injuries• Villanova University – November 2007 – Shots fired following a dance on campus• Florida Atlantic University – April 2008 – Shots fired at an on-campus Spring party © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  22. 22. FIGHTS, STABBINGS AND SHOOTINGS• Texas Southern – July 2009 – 6 shot during on-campus event• Langston University – August 2009 – 3 non-students shot following on-campus party• University of Connecticut – October 2009 – Football player Jasper Howard killed following on-campus party• Diablo Valley College – March 2010 – Shooting following a Rugby match © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  23. 23. RISK AT CAMPUS EVENTS• Potential Lethal Mix – Students and non-students – Alcohol and other drugs – Egos – Security © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  24. 24. THE RESEARCH • Time of the incidents are in the early morning hours; • Each has a triggering event: argument, fights, anger, vengeance, jealousy, domestic related; • Suspects are consistently male; • Not clear if they all occur at non-school sponsored events, but they all have a link to student access to university space; • Weapon of choice is a firearm © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  25. 25. ENSURING INCIDENT-FREE EVENTS1. Coordination2. Pre-event planning3. Event Protocols4. Post-Event Protocols5. After-Action Review © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  26. 26. 1. COORDINATIONCOORDINATION 1.• Close coordination in & out• The Inside Team - Student Affairs, Greek Life, Student Organization Advisors, Student Center, Public Safety, Risk Management• External Constituents - Local police, public works, EMS, fire, etc. © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  27. 27. I. COORDINATIONPolicy • Thresholds (types, size, triggers, liability) • Venues (academic, admin, res hall, multipurpose) • Alcohol/No-Alcohol • Guests (private/public) • Access • Security (type, staffing, costs) © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  28. 28. 2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING • Conduct pre-event orientations • Conduct pre-event review of assignments • Training • Identify/mitigate hazards • Review schedule of event activities © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  29. 29. 2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING2. PRE-EVENT PLANNING • Review venue/event diagram • Review event specific policies and procedures • Review event specific alcohol policies and procedures • Review specific event ticketing and credentialing policies © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  30. 30. 3. EVENT PROTOCOLS3. EVENT PROTOCOLS • Adjust to crowd demographics • Anticipate crowd activities and behavior • Maintain the usability of means of egress • Make guests aware of their responsibilities • Observe crowd for potential problems © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  31. 31. 3. EVENT PROTOCOLS3. EVENT PROTOCOLS • Monitor flow of crowd during duration of event • Recognize potential crowd crush • React/report potential crowd problems • Identify changing crowd behavior and demeanor © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  32. 32. 4. POST-EVENT4. POST-EVENT PROTOCOLS PROTOCOLS• Danger Zone• Ensure adequate staffing and coverage both inside/outside the event• Ensure crowd completely disperses and maintain presence• Patrol other gathering spaces on campus• Coordinate with local police © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  33. 33. 5. AFTER ACTION REVIEW ACTION REVIEW 5. AFTER• Helpful to conduct “hot-wash” for most major events• Must conduct after-action review for events where incident occurs• Who, what, where, how, why?• What will we do differently next time• Use other incidents as tabletop exercises for your planning group © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  34. 34. OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS • Event management system (software) - accessible by all campus event planners • Assign primary responsibility for special event risk assessment and approval to one office or person (e.g., public safety or risk management) • Risk Assessment Committee (multidisciplinary) to systematically assess risks of campus events • Develop formal approval process and related forms • Training program for student security, public safety/police, and guest services © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  35. 35. OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS• Consider using a professional crowd management vendor• Unified radio equipment and use of metal detectors and wands• Identify policies and procedures specific to late night events (e.g., location staffing; guest admittance, occupancy, hours, etc).• Tailgating policy (e.g., time, location, permission, organization) © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  36. 36. LEGAL DUTIES Legal Duties for Special Events• While the precise contours of this duty will vary from state to state, institutions of higher education generally have a legal duty to act reasonably to provide a campus environment that is reasonably safe from foreseeable general criminal activity by students, employees, or third parties © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  37. 37. SUMMARY Summary • Student special events are potentially lethal • Proper risk assessment & coordination can mitigate potential dangers and liability © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  38. 38. ENSURING INCIDENT-FREE EVENTS• Coordination• Pre-event planning• Event Protocols• Post-Event Protocols• After-Action Review © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID
  39. 39. CONTACT gmargolis@margolishealy.com Leta.Finch@aon.com watkins@yu.edu © Margolis Healy & Associates, LLC UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT AND INSURANCE ASSOCIATION 2012 Western Regional Conference Boise, ID

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