French verb avoir in the present tense

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French verb avoir in the present tense

  1. 1. LES OBJECTIFS ….THE OBJECTIVES By the end of this lesson you will be able to: Learn the subject pronouns. Conjugate the verb AVOIR in the present tense. Form the negation with the verb avoir in the present tense Formulate questions using the verb avoir Identify idiomatic expressions that use the verb avoir
  2. 2. • Avoir is one of the most common French verbs. It is irregular in conjugation and literally means "to have."
  3. 3. Formation of the present tense of the verb Avoir Formation du present de l’ indicatif du verbe Avoir the present tense is composed of two elements: the subject pronouns or subject and the form of the verb. It is formed by: The subject pronoun + The form of the verb Le canard blanc (il) a des yeux noirs. sujet The form of the verb (avoir)
  4. 4. The subject of a verb is the person or thing which performs the action of that verb. Subject pronoun is a word that can replace the subject in a sentence . French: Jean a. Il a. English: Jean has. He has. FRENCH ENGLISH • Je I • Tu You (sing. Informal) • Il He • Elle She • On It, we, • Nous we • Vous You (Plur. Formal) • Ils They (mas. Plur.) • Elles They (fem. Plur.)
  5. 5. You use je to talk about yourself. e. g. J’ai un crayon. You use tu to address a friend. e.g. Tu as un crayon. You use il to talk about a boy/a man. e.g. Il a un crayon. You use elle to talk about a girl /a woman. e.g. Ellle a un crayon. Il and elle can be used for things e.g. La table? Elle a trois pieds. You use nous when referring to yourself and another person or other people. e.g. Nous avons un crayon. We use vous when talking to two or more people. We use ils for masculine plural/ group of males and females e.g.Ils ont un crayon. We use Elles for feminine plural e.g.Elles ont un crayon.
  6. 6. CONJUGATION OF THE VERB AVOIR = TO HAVE IN THE PRESENT TENSE FRENCH ENGLISH • j’ai I have • tu as You have • il a he has • elle a she has • Nous avons we have • Vous avez you have (Pl.) • Ils ont They have (m. Plur.) • Elles ont They have (f.plur.)
  7. 7. CONJUGATION OF THE VERB AVOIR = TO HAVE IN THE PRESENT TENSE J’ai Tu as Il /elle a Nous avons Vous avez Ils/elles ont
  8. 8. Negation Negation is formed by placing ne ... pas around the conjugated verb, which, in this case, is the verb avoir. • Jean n’a pas un crayon!. • Jean does not have a pencil
  9. 9. Present tense of the verb avoir in the negation (ne…pas) *Note ne becomes n’ before a vowel. Je n’ai pas = I have not Tu n’as pas = you have not Il n’a pas = he has not Elle n’a pas = she has not Nous n’avons pas = we have not Vous n’avez pas = you have not Ils n’ont pas = they have not (mas.plur.) Elles n’ont pas = they have not (fem. Plur.)
  10. 10. Expressions with Avoir Avoir is used in a number of idiomatic expressions, many of which are translated by the English verb "to be": You use the verb avoir to express age _____ tu as quel âge? French: avoir + number +ans. Englsih: to be + number + years old. Example: Tu as quel âge? How old are you? Answer: J’ai 18 (dix huit) ans. I am 18 years old.
  11. 11. Expressions with Avoir Avoir is used in the impersonal expression il y a, which means either “there is” or “there are.” Il y a is used to express the existence of a person or a thing, or to make a list of persons or things. We usually used the indefinite article (un, une, des) with il y a. Examples: il y a une plume sur la table. Il y a un crayon sur la table. Il y a des plumes et des crayons sur la table. The negative of il y a is il n'y a pas. The indefinite article (un une, des) becomes de or d' after this negative expression. This corresponds to the English word 'any.' Examples: Il n’y a pas de crayon sur la table.(There is not any pencil on the table.) Il n’y a pas de plume sur la table. (There is not any pen on the table.) Il n’y a pas d’étoile dans le ciel. (There is not any star in the sky.)
  12. 12. Expressions with Avoir avoir besoin de to need avoir envie de to want (to do something), to feel like (doing something) avoir l'intention de to intend to (do something) avoir faim to be hungry avoir soif to be thirsty avoir chaud to be hot avoir froid to be cold avoir honte (de) to be ashamed (of) avoir mal (à la tête, à la to hurt (to have a headache, to have a gorge, aux yeux) sore throat, to have sore eyes) avoir raison to be right avoir tort to be wrong avoir sommeil to be sleepy
  13. 13. Attention! • The expression avoir chaud and avoir froid are used only if the subject is a person or an animal. For objects, use the verb Être. • Example; • L’ élève a chaud. = The student is (feels) warm. But Le soleil est chaud. The sun is warm.
  14. 14. Asking Questions Reverse the subject pronoun with the verb or you just add a question mark on the affirmative sentence. •Ai-je? =have I? J’ai? •as-tu? (affirmative: tu parles) Or Tu as? •A-t-il ? il a? A-t-elle? • elle as? •Avons-nous? Nous avons? •Avez-vous vous avez? •Ont-ils? ils ont? •Ont-elles? Elles ont? Answer Affirmative Negative •Oui, j’ai. Non, je n’ai pas. •Oui, tu as. Non, tu n’ as pas. •Oui, il a Non, il n’ a pas.
  15. 15. CONVERSATION Tex, tu as des frères et des Tex, do you have brothers soeurs? and sisters? Tex: Oui, j'ai une soeur et un Tex: Yes, I have a sister and a brother. frère. How old are they? Quel âge ont-ils? Tex: My sister Rita is 30 Tex: Ma soeur Rita a 30 ans and my brother Trey is et mon frère Trey a 16 ans. 16.
  16. 16. MAINTENANT À VOTRE TOUR WHAT SUBJECT PRONOUN DISAPPEARS? SUBJECT PRONOUNS Je Tu Ils Elle Elles Il On Vous Nous
  17. 17. MAINTENANT À VOTRE TOUR SUBJECT PRONOUNS French What is the English equivalent for each subject pronoun? • Je _____ • Tu _____ • Il _____ • Elle _____ • On _____ • Nous _____ • Vous _____ • Ils _____ • Elles _____
  18. 18. MAINTENANT À VOTRE TOUR WHAT COMES AFTER EACH SUBJECT PRONOUN? THE VERB AVOIR Vous avez Il a J’ ai Ils ont Elles ont Tu as Nous avons
  19. 19. MAINTENANT À VOTRE TOUR THE VERB AVOIR French What is the English equivalent for the verb? • j’ai _______ • tu as _______ • il a _______ • elle a _______ • Nous avons _______ • Vous avez _______ • Ils ont _______ • Elles ont _______
  20. 20. Complétez avec “Avoir” 1. J’___une petite famille. 2. Marc aussi ____ une petite famille. 3. Ma sœur _____ seize ans. 4. Vous __________ une maison 5. Et toi, tu _____ une petite maison aussi? 6. J’ ____ deux frères 7. Ils _____ treize et Seize ans. 8. Mon copain Michel _____ deux sœurs.
  21. 21. Bon, c’est fini ... Fantastic Bravo!
  22. 22. Web page http://www.wiziq.com/marglema9 Test link http://www.wiziq.com/online-tests/10756-french-l-aphabet http://www.wiziq.com/online-tests/10361-verb-être-peresent-tense http://www.wiziq.com/online-tests/10364-les-membres-de-la-famille http://www.wiziq.com/online-tests/10549-french-les-vêtements http://www.wiziq.com/online-tests/11104-french-greeting http://www.wiziq.com/online-tests/10322-la-santé-et-la-médecine http://www.wiziq.com/online-tests/12723-french-les-couleurs
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