Zionism GOALS: The spiritual and political renewal of the Jewish people in its ancestral homeland of Palestine. Freedom from Western anti-Semitism. Theodore Herzl 1860-1904
First Zionist Conference, 1897 Herzl writes Der J udenstaat, or The J ewish State in 1896. Met in Basel, Switzerland. Creates the First Zionist Congress. Becomes an international Jewish organization. “Next Year in Jerusalem!”
British Promise to the Jews: Balfour Declaration, 1917 H M is ajesty’s Government views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the J ewish people and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-J ewish communities in Sir Arthur James Balfour Palestine… Br. Foreign Secretary
Essential Question: H ow d id Britain’ s actions in P ale s tine afte r 1 91 8 lay th e grou nd work for th e on- going conflict b e twe e n th e Je ws and th e Arab s in th e M id d le E as t tod ay?
Jews & Arabs in Palestine, 1920 l In 1920, there was 1 Jew to every 10 Arabs in Palestine. n By 1947, the ratio was 2 Arabs for every Jew. The Arabs felt that they were loosing control of their “country!”
Palestine Arab Revolt: 1936-1939Their Goals: An end to Jewish immigration to Palestine. Th e G rand M u fti of An end to the transfer Je ru s ale m , H aj Am in of lands to Jewish al-H u s s ani, with Ad olf owners. H itle r. A new “general representative government.”
British White Paper of 1939 Jewish Limited immigration to Palestine to 75,000 over the next five years. It ended Jewish land purchases. Independence for Palestine within 10 years. It is NOT British policy that Palestine become a Jewish state.
The “Arab Legion” of the British Army During WW 2
The “Jewish Brigade” of the British Army During WW2
Hitler’s “Final Solution ”The Jewish population in each country in 1942.