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Zionism GOALS:  The spiritual and  political renewal of  the Jewish people  in its ancestral  homeland of  Palestine. Fr...
First Zionist Conference,          1897 Herzl writes Der J udenstaat, or  The J ewish State in 1896. Met in Basel, Switz...
The Ottoman Empire in        WW1
The Main Players in WW 1 Allied                                CentralPowers:                                Powers:Nichol...
The Middle East in 1914
British Promise to the Jews: Balfour Declaration, 1917                            H M                              is ajes...
The League of Nations     Mandates
The Middle East Between the           Wars
Essential Question:  H ow d id Britain’ s actions in P ale s tine afte r 1 91 8 lay th e grou nd work for th e on- going c...
Jews & Arabs in Palestine,          1920   l    In 1920, there                      was 1 Jew to                      ever...
BritishMandate in Palestine CreatedJuly, 1922
Jewish Settlements:        The Kibbutz System First one founded in 1908. Communal living. “Make the Desert  Bloom!”
Jewish        Immigration1919    1,806   1931     4,0751920    8,223   1932    12,5331921    8,294   1933    37,3371922   ...
Palestine Arab Revolt:           1936-1939Their Goals:  An end to Jewish   immigration to Palestine.                     ...
The PeelCommission PartitionPlan, 1937
British White Paper of        1939 Jewish           Limited            immigration to            Palestine to 75,000 over...
The “Arab Legion” of the British Army During         WW 2
The “Jewish Brigade” of          the British Army During         WW2
Hitler’s                                    “Final                                   Solution                             ...
Nazi Concentration& Extermination Camps
The Nazi Holocaust            6,000,00 Jews killed            by the Nazis [1/2 in            the concentration          ...
Aliyah Bet : Illegal Jewish       Immigration
Aliyah Bet Illegal Jewish immigration to Palestine. The Exodus, 1947.
PalestinePopulati on in 1946
British “Detention” Camps in Cyprus : 1946-1948
Jewish “Freedom Fighters”    (or “Terrorists”?)   Irgun Zvai Leumi  [Natl. Military Org.]                          Avraham...
U. N. Partition Plan of        1947
Israel Becomes a Nation:      May 14, 1948Chaim Weizmann,   David Ben-Gurion,  1st President   1st Prime Minister
War Begins!: May 15, 1948
Arab Refugees, 1948   The Palestinian Diaspora begins!
Armistice Signed, 1949
Arab Israeli conflict
Arab Israeli conflict
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Arab Israeli conflict

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Arab Israeli conflict

  1. 1. Zionism GOALS: The spiritual and political renewal of the Jewish people in its ancestral homeland of Palestine. Freedom from Western anti-Semitism. Theodore Herzl 1860-1904
  2. 2. First Zionist Conference, 1897 Herzl writes Der J udenstaat, or The J ewish State in 1896. Met in Basel, Switzerland. Creates the First Zionist Congress. Becomes an international Jewish organization. “Next Year in Jerusalem!”
  3. 3. The Ottoman Empire in WW1
  4. 4. The Main Players in WW 1 Allied CentralPowers: Powers:Nicholas II [Rus] George V [Br] Wilhelm II [Ger] Victor Emmanuel II [It] Enver Pasha [Turkey] Pres. Poincare [Fr] Franz Josef [A-H]
  5. 5. The Middle East in 1914
  6. 6. British Promise to the Jews: Balfour Declaration, 1917 H M is ajesty’s Government views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the J ewish people and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-J ewish communities in Sir Arthur James Balfour Palestine… Br. Foreign Secretary
  7. 7. The League of Nations Mandates
  8. 8. The Middle East Between the Wars
  9. 9. Essential Question: H ow d id Britain’ s actions in P ale s tine afte r 1 91 8 lay th e grou nd work for th e on- going conflict b e twe e n th e Je ws and th e Arab s in th e M id d le E as t tod ay?
  10. 10. Jews & Arabs in Palestine, 1920 l In 1920, there was 1 Jew to every 10 Arabs in Palestine. n By 1947, the ratio was 2 Arabs for every Jew. The Arabs felt that they were loosing control of their “country!”
  11. 11. BritishMandate in Palestine CreatedJuly, 1922
  12. 12. Jewish Settlements: The Kibbutz System First one founded in 1908. Communal living. “Make the Desert Bloom!”
  13. 13. Jewish Immigration1919 1,806 1931 4,0751920 8,223 1932 12,5331921 8,294 1933 37,3371922 8,685 1934 45,2671923 8,175 1935 66,4721924 13,892 1936 29,5951925 34,386 1937 10,6291926 13,855 1938 14,6751927 3,034 1939 31,1951928 2,178 1940 10,6431929 5,249 1941 4,5921930 4,944
  14. 14. Palestine Arab Revolt: 1936-1939Their Goals:  An end to Jewish immigration to Palestine. Th e G rand M u fti of  An end to the transfer Je ru s ale m , H aj Am in of lands to Jewish al-H u s s ani, with Ad olf owners. H itle r.  A new “general representative government.”
  15. 15. The PeelCommission PartitionPlan, 1937
  16. 16. British White Paper of 1939 Jewish  Limited immigration to Palestine to 75,000 over the next five years.  It ended Jewish land purchases.  Independence for Palestine within 10 years.  It is NOT British policy that Palestine become a Jewish state.
  17. 17. The “Arab Legion” of the British Army During WW 2
  18. 18. The “Jewish Brigade” of the British Army During WW2
  19. 19. Hitler’s “Final Solution ”The Jewish population in each country in 1942.
  20. 20. Nazi Concentration& Extermination Camps
  21. 21. The Nazi Holocaust  6,000,00 Jews killed by the Nazis [1/2 in the concentration camps.]
  22. 22. Aliyah Bet : Illegal Jewish Immigration
  23. 23. Aliyah Bet Illegal Jewish immigration to Palestine. The Exodus, 1947.
  24. 24. PalestinePopulati on in 1946
  25. 25. British “Detention” Camps in Cyprus : 1946-1948
  26. 26. Jewish “Freedom Fighters” (or “Terrorists”?) Irgun Zvai Leumi [Natl. Military Org.] Avraham Stern & The Stern Gang
  27. 27. U. N. Partition Plan of 1947
  28. 28. Israel Becomes a Nation: May 14, 1948Chaim Weizmann, David Ben-Gurion, 1st President 1st Prime Minister
  29. 29. War Begins!: May 15, 1948
  30. 30. Arab Refugees, 1948 The Palestinian Diaspora begins!
  31. 31. Armistice Signed, 1949

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