The Hopi Culture


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Integrating Social Studies with other important curriculum areas is an efficient way to create a meaningful curriculum for all students. Visuals are the key to "hook" and engage all learners.

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The Hopi Culture

  1. 1. The Art of Teaching Social Studies An Integration of Academic Areas By Marcy Prager Driscoll School Second Grade Brookline, MA
  2. 2. Cultures <ul><li>Studying cultures is part of the Social Studies first and second grade curriculum in Brookline, MA. All of the Massachusetts st ate frameworks and le arning standards are woven into every cultural study. The second grade Hopi cultural unit is designed similarly to other cultural units that are taught in Brookline’s second grades throughout Brookline. The Hopi unit shown in this PowerPoint can be adapted to any other cultural study in the world. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overarching Essential Questions <ul><li>Where is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What is important for us to notice about the location? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you think the location impacts the people who live there? </li></ul><ul><li>What influences their way of life? </li></ul><ul><li>How do their cultures compare and contrast with each other and our own culture? </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Hopi Culture <ul><li>In the summer of 2008, I wrote and received a Brookline Foundation grant to visit Hopiland. </li></ul><ul><li>I brought back knowledge, artifacts, pictures, and created videos of Hopi artisans to help me teach more current and accurate content to my second graders. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Where do the Hopi Live? <ul><li>What story does this map tell you? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Geography Tells the Story <ul><li>What does the land tell you about where the Hopi live? </li></ul>
  7. 7. POETRY - Hopi Landscapes <ul><li>Students write nouns, verbs, and adjectives in rectangular boxes that describe the Hopi landscape. </li></ul><ul><li>They cut the words out and arrange them in lines that “paint a picture” as to what the Hopi landscape looks like. </li></ul><ul><li>Students write their poems about the Hopi landscape in their poetry books. </li></ul>
  8. 8. INQUIRY <ul><li>Look at the first artifact. What do you suppose this is? What do you think the Hopi would do with this? </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the second artifact. What do you suppose this is? </li></ul>
  9. 9. What do you think these pictures tell you about the Hopi?
  10. 10. Hopi Calendar What do these calendar pictures tell you about the Hopi?
  11. 11. Non-Fiction and Fiction Fiction and non-fiction will teach the students about the Hopi culture. The students LOVE Coyote trickster tales!
  12. 12. The Warrior Maiden <ul><li>The class reads The Warrior Maiden . </li></ul><ul><li>They read carefully and interpret what the author’s similes mean. </li></ul><ul><li>Students begin to comprehend what Hopi life was like in the past. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Students Make Huh-Ay-Ay Figures The figures look “historically” correct. Young girls wore butter- fly wing buns on either side of the head. Notice the turquoise jewelry Huh-Ay-Ay is wearing. Notice the off the shoulder dress. Huh-Ay-Ay was sad that Apache raiders were coming to steal Hopi corn and she was happy when her “plan” saved the day!
  14. 14. Social Studies & Literacy <ul><li>Second grade students read the poems they wrote about Huh-Ay-Ay. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Social Studies & Literacy, Take 2 <ul><li>Students gather the “facts” about Hopi life in the past and write a “Time for Kids” magazine about the Hopi Culture. They use the FEATURES of a real magazine to give knowledge to the reader about the Hopi. </li></ul>Captions Background Information Boxes Close-Up Pictures Maps Diagrams with Labels Cartoon with bubbles Far away pictures Conversations
  16. 16. Sources of Information <ul><li>Second grade students use the internet to find information about Hopi cactus and collared lizards. </li></ul><ul><li>Students use the non-fiction books in the room to enrich their “information boxes.” </li></ul><ul><li>Parts of the PowerPoint I created about Hopiland help students enrich their written knowledge about Hopi corn and the planting, harvesting, grinding, and making pikki bread from blue corn seed. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Science Research - Desert Animals <ul><li>Students use the internet during Computer Lab to research Hopi desert animals. Each student becomes a desert animal “specialist.” Students choose how they want to share their knowledge: </li></ul><ul><li>expository report, slide show, cartoon, magazine, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Students begin to understand the desert “food chain.” </li></ul>Prairie Dog Coyote
  18. 18. Myths <ul><li>Students write myths about their desert animals, once they have all the facts about their animals, just like real writers who do research first before they begin to write fiction. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Math Integration <ul><li>Second grade students write interesting math facts about their animals to graph using the “Graph Club” in the Computer Lab. </li></ul><ul><li>Students write addition and subtraction word problems, using the math facts they know about their animals. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Hopi Cultural Book Reviews <ul><li>What words or pictures can be used to describe the geography? </li></ul><ul><li>What cultural aspects of Hopi life are portrayed in this book? </li></ul><ul><li>What “mental image” do you have after having read this book? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there any new information that you learned about the Hopi after having read this book? </li></ul>Questions that can be asked during a read-aloud, a reading group, or during Individualized Reading.
  21. 21. Hopi Computer Lab Sites will Help Students Understand What Hopi Katsinas are
  22. 22. Math Unit - Symmetry <ul><li>The Butterfly Katsina doll on the left reminds girls to pray for rain. </li></ul><ul><li>The Modern Katsina doll on the right reminds boys and girls not to spend too much time on the computer. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Modern Katsina Dolls <ul><li>These Modern Katsina Dolls also have symmetrical designs on them. </li></ul><ul><li>They will remind the students who made them how to improve themselves socially, academically, or behaviorally. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Bulletin Board Display <ul><li>Traditional Hopi Katsina Dolls </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Hopi Katsina Dolls </li></ul>
  25. 25. Field Trip <ul><li>The students see a wide collection of authentic Hopi dolls. </li></ul><ul><li>The first is a very old Butterfly Katsina Doll. </li></ul><ul><li>The second is a modern Badger Katsina Doll. </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Kiva <ul><li>Students learn that a Kiva is an underground chamber where Katsina Dancers practice their dances for the Katsina Dance in the Hopi plaza. </li></ul><ul><li>Spectators will watch from the flat pueblo rooftops. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Clay Pots <ul><li>Students read a story about an elderly potter. </li></ul><ul><li>I brought in a pot by Nampeyo, a famous Hopi potter. </li></ul><ul><li>They watch the Hopi potter i-movie. </li></ul><ul><li>They write the steps it takes to make a pot. </li></ul><ul><li>Students make a Hopi pot using the coiled method with red Mexican clay. </li></ul><ul><li>They paint the pots with authentic Hopi symbols. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Lawrence Namoki
  29. 29. The Hopi - The Past and Present <ul><li>Students use the computer program Kidspiration to compare and contrast the past and present Hopi life. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Hopi Web <ul><li>A Hopi Web, made with the students on Kidspiration, help the students write a Hopi Cinderella story, set in the past or present. </li></ul>
  31. 31. A Display Case of Hopi Pots by 2P
  32. 32. A Hopi Pueblo <ul><li>Students build a Hopi pueblo and show the roles the Hopi play in their culture. </li></ul>
  33. 33. A Hopi Museum Parent Breakfast <ul><li>As a Hopi cultural culmination, students will be stationed around the different displays in the room. As parents rotate around the room in small groups, the 2P “docents” will read or tell their parents about different aspects of Hopi culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Some might choose to read their Hopi Cinderella stories, some might read their magazines, some might show parts of the Hopi pueblo the class has built, some might read their poetry about the Hopi landscape or Huh-Ay-Ay, some may show how to make a Hopi pot, some may explain Hopi symbols, some may explain what katsina dolls are, some might read the Butterfly Maiden cartoon, some may read their expository pieces about Hopi artists, etc. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Hopi Museum Day