The Official Powerpoint


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The Official Powerpoint

  1. 1. Abington School District vs. Schempp Christopher Dews
  2. 2. The Origin of the Case <ul><li>At Abington High School, as part of morning exercises, students were required to hear and sometimes read portions of the bible as part of their education. </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania law required that at least ten verses from the Holy Bible be read at the opening of each school day as well as the recital of the Lord’s Prayer. </li></ul><ul><li>If it offended you, you were allowed to leave the room </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Case <ul><li>Edward Schempp, a Unitarian, didn't want his son hearing or reading any part of the Bible. So he filed a suit against the school district declaring school Bible reading unconstitutional. </li></ul><ul><li>The case was appealed from the U.S. District Court of Eastern Pennsylvania and eventually reached the Supreme Court. </li></ul><ul><li>The case was argued on February 27-28, 1963 and decided on June 17, 1963 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Plaintiff’s Argument <ul><li>The plaintiffs (Edward Schempp and his family) testified to having biblical doctrines read to them during their school exercises even though it was contrary to their beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>Edward Schempp testified at the second trial that he had considered excusing his children from the exercises but thought that by doing so, the relationship between the children and their peers would be jeopardized </li></ul>
  5. 5. Argument for Defense <ul><li>William J. Brennan argued the most on the side of defense. </li></ul><ul><li>He stated in a 73 page concurrence that the framers intended the 1 st and 14 th to increase the value of religion in our culture not to destroy it since prayer was a long-standing practice in that era </li></ul><ul><li>He also continued to say that the readings were not to force religious actions but to encourage morals, values, and proper behavior. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Ruling <ul><li>The Justices decided 8-1 in favor of the plaintiff </li></ul><ul><li>Stating that no matter the religious nature of the citizenry, the government at all levels, as required by the Constitution, must remain neutral in matters of religion “while protecting all, preferring none, and disparaging none” </li></ul>
  7. 7. My Ruling <ul><li>This sucks but I’d have to rule with the Plaintiffs on this case because America is packed full of different religions and styles of atheism. </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t want to be subject to someone else’s beliefs in a ‘supposedly’ free country. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lasting Affects <ul><li>This separation of church and state became known as “The Day that God was kicked out of schools.” </li></ul><ul><li>Now it is illegal for schools to force any religious actions on their students. </li></ul>
  9. 9. In Summary <ul><li>At Abington High School, as part of morning exercises, verse from the Holy Bible were read over the loudspeaker. The students were asked to stand and repeat the Lord's Prayer right before the flag salute. Parents were informed that students had the right to leave the room and not participate in the reading or stay in the room and participate. The Schempp family, who were of the Unitarian faith, challenged the state law claiming that it was unconstitutional in supporting religion and specific denominations at that. The Supreme Court reaffirmed the First Amendment's forbiddance of laws building the establishment of a religion. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>!US_Supreme_Court_Justice_William_Brennan_-_1976_official_portrait.jpg </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>