Mona Pexa In Re Gault


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  • Mona Pexa In Re Gault

    1. 1. Mona Ann Pexa
    2. 2. <ul><li>Gerald Francis Gault, fifteen years old, was taken into custody for allegedly making an obscene phone call on the morning of 8 June 1964. </li></ul><ul><li>Gault had previously been placed on probation. The police did not leave notice with Gault's parents, who were at work, when the youth was arrested. </li></ul><ul><li>After proceedings before a juvenile court judge, Gault was committed to the State Industrial School until he reached the age of 21. </li></ul><ul><li>After this decision Gault proceeding before the Supreme Court. </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Juvenile court (June 1964) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The committed Gerald Gault to the State Industrial School until he reaches the age of 21. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supreme court (May 1967) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Supreme court ruled in favor of Gerald Gault. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>An adult arrest for the same crime must </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only pay $ 50 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or spend two month in jail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Instead a Teenager has to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spend 6 years of his live in a State industrial School. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>The 14 th Amendment what guaranteed : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notice of the charges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to counsel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to confrontation and cross-examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privilege against self-incrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to a transcript of the proceedings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to appellate review </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>He used a very vulgar language when Gault make a telephone call with his neighbor. </li></ul><ul><li>The police officer handled everything correct at the scene </li></ul><ul><li>That a teenager doesn’t have the same rights as an adult </li></ul>
    7. 7. White with special request
    8. 8. <ul><li>Juvenile courts provide less protections than adult courts. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juveniles did not have the right to a court-appointed attorney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To notice of charges of criminal behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not have the right to confront accusers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-examine witnesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not have the right to a written record of the proceedings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To appeal the juvenile court judgment </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>The problem with this lack of procedural protections was that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A juvenile risked losing his or her liberty for several years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The best interests of the child usually involved placement in secure facility until the age of 18 or 21. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>In a 8-1(7-2) decision the Supreme court ruled that the Juvenile court come to an unfair and false decision. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Gault's commitment to the reformatory constituted a deprivation of liberty. </li></ul><ul><li>This meant that Gault should have been provided with most of the procedural protections afforded to adults in criminal prosecutions. </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>After the SC decided in fewer of Gault </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile proceedings are more fair to the juvenile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile proceedings are more adversarial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They became more capable of resisting commitment to secure reformatories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But it also made it more difficult for the juvenile courts summarily to obtain control over juveniles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And the right of a Jury was denined </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia . 27 Sep 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li><>. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oyez . 27 Sep 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li><>. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal-dictionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Picture </li></ul><ul><ul><li> _SL500_AA240_.jpg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>