Stanley milgram

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Stanley milgram

  1. 1. By Marcus Smith Period 3 Social Psychology Ms. Bines
  2. 2. Born and raised in New York City in 1933. Graduated from James Monroe High School in 1950 with another famous psychologist named Phil Zimbardo.
  3. 3. Received his bachelors degree at Queens College in 1954. Earned PhD at Harvard University in 1960 for Social Psychology Became professor at City University of New York Graduate Center in 1967.
  4. 4. Provided Milgrams theory, which was the Theory of obedience. The theory of obedience was that a human is in either one of two psychological states
  5. 5. The two states were 1. Autonomous state: this state represents that individuals make decisions based on their own ideas, beliefs, judgments, and experience. 2. Agentic state: when the person give up there responsibility due to the other person being of higher rank
  6. 6. When a person goes from one state to another, they don’t think about the potential consequences. At this point they aren't responsible for their actions and are just following orders. Created the shock experiment to test these theories
  7. 7. Milgram tested his theory by doing a shock experiment, where he randomly selected two people from mailing and had them draw out of a hat to see who was going to take what position. One person was going to be the learner, and one person was going to be the teacher. There was also the lead experimenter.
  8. 8.  The teacher would teach the learner word-pairs. When the learner would make a mistake, the teacher would shock the learner. Every time the shock would get more intense. After a while it would be very intense and the learner would eventually tell the experimenter to please stop because it is starting to hurt. The point of the experiment from here on was for the experimenter to say, “No, you must go on” or “you have no other choice.” The learner wouldn’t stop complaining and would eventually get shocked again and again to where it became very serious.
  9. 9. Prior to the experiment, experts believed that 1-3% of the experimenters would keep shocking the learner. It ended up being 65%. The experimenters obviously abused the power of being in that seat.
  10. 10. Stanley Milgram had a great affect on psychology because he was the first one to test such a dangerous experiment. This has led to many other psychologists to test similar theories out.
  11. 11. This experiment has shown the world that when one has gained obedience, they take advantage of it. The person will take advantage of the authority.
  12. 12. I believe Stanley Milgram has pointed something out that is very important to all of us. It explains many events that have occurred over the years, such as the Holocaust, Stalin’s Russia, and Louis XIV of France. It was a brutal experiment but really showed what happens psychologically.
  13. 13. http://www.simplypsychology.org/milgram.h tml http://nature.berkeley.edu/ucce50/ag- labor/7article/article35.htm http://muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/hist ory/milgram.htm http://www.npr.org/2013/08/28/209559002/ taking-a-closer-look-at-milgrams-shocking- obedience-study

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