UNIDO’s experience inintroducing low-GWP alternatives and bringing climate benefits to Montreal Protocol projects 15th European Conference in Latest Technology in RAC Milano, 30 March 2012
UNIDO:Established on November 1966171 Member StatesCa. 750 staff members from 103Countries Headquarters in ViennaScope of work:– Investment and technology promotion– Global forum and policy advice– Assistance for Sustainable Industrial Development– Development of industrial standards and norms– Promote trade and capacity building– Implementation of global protocols and agreements
UNIDO’s relevanceUNIDO has a specific mandate to link industry with the energy efficiency and environment protection.• Branch dealing with Montreal Protocol projects (MLF and GEF financed)• Branch dealing with climate change matters, with a special focus on energy• Unit dealing with chemical destruction (e.g. 3 GEF demonstration projects under implementation on non-combustion technologies, including Philippines)• Branch dealing with chemical management and cleaner production• Fund mobilization unit• UNIDO’s DG is chairing the UN Energy Group• Working group dealing with ER accounting system suitable to MP and climate• Implementation of projects with involvement of GEF and MP focal pointsUNIDO has already invested own resources in exploring the matter (e.g. involvement of experts, training activities and global meetings).
UNIDO and Montreal Protocol• Since 1992: – Over 1,200 Montreal Protocol projects implemented by UNIDO – 70,287 ODP tonnes phased out (36 per cent of 1992 levels).• Projects funded by: – Multilateral Fund and – Bilateral donors (Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Spain).• 90 + developing countries benefit from UNIDO’s projects by complying with the phase-out deadlines laid out in the Montreal Protocol. They have officially halted the consumption of CFCs as of January, 2010.• The ultimate elimination of HCFCs is our final major challenge. In 2013, a capping of consumption at 2009-10 levels is to come into effect and all countries will need to develop plans to phase out HCFCs.• So far, UNIDO has developed HCFC Phase-out Management Plans (HPMPs) for over 40 countries.
Beyond the Montreal Protocol• Montreal Protocol projects implemented by UNIDO go beyond the elimination of ozone-depleting substances: – new, clean and up-to-date technologies; – upgrade of production lines; – dissemination of trainings on technologies...• Future plans entail a more holistic approach to mitigate climate change and to protect the ozone layer, in particular introducing energy efficient technologies.• Moreover, many of the ODS controlled by the Montreal Protocol have a high GWP. Replacing high-GWP refrigerants with low-GWP alternatives helped reduce greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 12.04 MMtonnes of Carbon dioxide Equivalent (tCO2E) in 2010.
Objectives and strategyLink between Montreal Protocol and other environmental issues to be focused on the main directions:• Thorough assessment of Emission Reduction and identification of additionalities in MP projects, in particular for those to largely impact the Phase-out of HCFCs beyond 2015 (RAC and servicing)• Select the most promising area of activity and focus on technology options• Adopt and adapt existing available approaches to our programmes/projects: – Concept for leapfrogging the use of HFC (closer alternative) and adopt low-GWP – Energy efficiency methodologies for replacement of existing appliances – Industrial development programmes to be linked to MP activities (increase of industrial capacity)• Monitoring the development of the negotiation at the UNFCCC level as well as non-compliance markets• Monitoring the development of technologies and development of new options• Contact potential donors and development programmes
Pilot Conversion to R290 for AC #1Conversion of one RAC production line with a baseline production of 200,000HCFC-22 based units to propane based manufacturingODS IMPACT: 240 MT of HCFC-22 or 13.2 ODP tonnesPOTENTIAL CLIMATE IMPACT: 967,490 MT of CO2 eq. annual green-house gas emission reduction (over 85% direct)The proposed demonstration project also aims to:• Convert a split RAC compressor production line with an annual capacity of 1,830,000 units• Promote R-22 phase-out in the RAC sector in China by ensuring timely availability of compressors for the split RAC lines planned to be converted to R- 290
Pilot Conversion to R290 for AC #2• HCFC in the RAC manufacturing sector • Demonstrate redesign of split RACs (& components) for the use of R-290•Experiences in safe conversion of: • Testing and verification of converted – Production lines product with R-290 based compressors – Refrigerant storage • Undertake training and marketing of – Handling facilities RACs using R-290 refrigerant• Techniques and processes as well as tocollect experience in transportation andinstallation of R-290 split RACs • Accumulate and disseminate experience for future technical conversion project
Challenges and solutions for R-290No sufficient experience world-wide on the application of R-290-basedtechnology in the A/C sectorThe demonstration projects are pioneer and of utmost importance since R-290 isthe main technology in the HCFC Phase-out Management Plan of the RACsector in China (approved in July 2011 at the 64th ExCom Meeting)R-290 technology emerges numerous safety issues during: • Production • Transport • Installation, operation and servicingTÜV certification on Operational Safety and other foreign practices/standardsSafety measures need to be adopted in every steps including Production,Storage, Transportation, Installation and servicing of the appliances at thecostumers
Thank you!Riccardo SAVIGLIANOIndustrial Development OfficerProject ManagerOn behalf of:Mr. Sidi Menad SI AHMEDDirectorMontreal Protocol BranchUNIDOS.Si-Ahmed@unido.orgwww.unido.org