0Honeywell ConfidentialXV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8th JUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air Condi...
1Honeywell Confidential1990Centrifugal Chiller Refrigerants – Market ShareCFC-11 Dominant HCFC-123 Dominant HCFC-123 & HFC...
2Honeywell Confidential• Lifetime: 11 days• GWP100 = 4• Mildly flammable• REACH registered+1,000+mT/y• Registered for a/c ...
3Honeywell ConfidentialSolstice™ HFO’s – low and medium pressure applicationsCurrent ProductNon Flammable(ASHRAE A1)Mildly...
4Honeywell ConfidentialMolar MassCriticalTemperatureoCNormalBoilingPoint oCGWP ODPR11 137 197.6 23.71 4750 1.000R123 153 1...
5Honeywell ConfidentialMTREFRIA/C152025303540455055606570-35-30-25-20-15-10-505101520RFC+SHWHF253035404550556065700-15-10-...
6Honeywell ConfidentialFixed Capacity Fixed Diam.Parameters Units R12 R134a SolsticeTM ze SolsticeTM zeMass Flow Rate kg/s...
7Honeywell ConfidentialSolsticeTM ze Screw Chiller(Geoclima)SolsticeTM ze Centrifugal Chiller(Geoclima, Turbocor Compresso...
8Honeywell Confidential Limited prototype availability to OEMs in 2012 for development testing Market release in June/Ju...
9Honeywell ConfidentialSTAR IndigoChiller withSolstice™ zeSolstice™ ze shows 7 to 12% Higher CoP than R134aSolsticeTM ze R...
10Honeywell ConfidentialSolsticeTM zd• Replacement of R123• Similar efficiency to R123• It can provide higher capacity wit...
11Honeywell ConfidentialTechnology Leader in Energy EfficientEnvironmentally Friendly ProductsSummary• Honeywell Fluorine ...
12Honeywell Confidential1212www.honeywell.comDISCLAIMERAlthough all statements and information contained herein are believ...
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Nacer Achaichia - Honeywell - REFRIGERANTI A BASSO GWP PER CHILLER

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Nacer Achaichia - Honeywell - REFRIGERANTI A BASSO GWP PER CHILLER

  1. 1. 0Honeywell ConfidentialXV EUROPEAN CONFERENCE MILANO 7th-8th JUNE 2013 CSGLatest Technology in Refrigeration and Air ConditioningUnder the Auspices of the PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERSLatest Developments in Low GWPrefrigerants for Chillers.
  2. 2. 1Honeywell Confidential1990Centrifugal Chiller Refrigerants – Market ShareCFC-11 Dominant HCFC-123 Dominant HCFC-123 & HFC-134a Dominant HFC-134a DominantGWPODPCorresponding environmental impactFurther Reduction in environmental impact can beachieved through the use of Low GWP refrigerants.20001995 2005Chiller Refrigerants Market Share
  3. 3. 2Honeywell Confidential• Lifetime: 11 days• GWP100 = 4• Mildly flammable• REACH registered+1,000+mT/y• Registered for a/c &refrigeration use• Lifetime: 18 days• GWP100 = 6• Mildly flammable• Registered under REACHfor 1,000+ mT/y• Registered forfoam, aerosols andrefrigerationNew SolsticeTM molecules• Lifetime: 40 days• GWP100 = 5• Non-flammable• REACH registered+100+mT/• Registered forfoam, aerosols andrefrigeration*Solstice yf Solstice ze Solstice zd
  4. 4. 3Honeywell ConfidentialSolstice™ HFO’s – low and medium pressure applicationsCurrent ProductNon Flammable(ASHRAE A1)Mildly Flammable(ASHRAE A2L)Examples of PotentialApplicationsHFC-134aGWP=1430Solstice yfGWP = 4Auto A/C, Vending, RefrigeratorsSolstice zeGWP = 6Chillers, CO2 CascadesRefrigeratorsR-123GWP= 77Solstice zdGWP <5Centrifugal ChillersHoneywell’s SolsticeTM low GWP refrigerantsSolstice™ HFO BlendsCurrentProductSolstice™ N SeriesReduced GWP OptionNon Flammable (ASHRAE A1)Solstice™ L SeriesLowest GWP OptionMildly Flammable (ASHRAEA2L)Examples of PotentialApplicationsHFC-134aGWP=1430N-13 – GWP ~600Chillers, Med-tempRefrigerationHCFC-22GWP=1810N-20 - GWP ~1000 L-20 - GWP <300 Stationary A/C, RefrigerationR-404AGWP=3922N-40 - GWP~1300 L-40 - GWP 200-300 Low-Temp RefrigerationR-410AGWP=2088L-41 - GWP <600 Stationary A/C Applications
  5. 5. 4Honeywell ConfidentialMolar MassCriticalTemperatureoCNormalBoilingPoint oCGWP ODPR11 137 197.6 23.71 4750 1.000R123 153 183.68 27.82 77 0.020SolsticeTM zd 131 165.5 19 5 0.000R12 121 111.97 -29.75 10900 1.000R134a 102 101.06 -26.07 1430 0.000SolsticeTM yf 114 94.7 -29.45 4 0.000SolsticeTM ze 114 109.37 -18.95 6 0.000R22 86 96.15 -40.81 1810 0.055Some working fluids properties SolsticeTM zd is best-suited for low pressure chiller applications SolsticeTM yf and SolsticeTM ze are best-suited to medium pressure chiller applicationsThe new refrigerants also possess essentialproperties required for use in chiller applications.Chiller Fluids
  6. 6. 5Honeywell ConfidentialMTREFRIA/C152025303540455055606570-35-30-25-20-15-10-505101520RFC+SHWHF253035404550556065700-15-10-50510152025-20-15-10-50510152030-25-20-15-10-5051015205-30-25-20-15-10-5051015201520253035404550556065702025303540455055606570253035404550556065702530354045505560657025303540455055606570Tcond (°C)Tevap (° C)Tevap (° C)152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20RFC + SHWHF152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 2010 -5 0 5 10 15 2015 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 2020 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 2025 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 200 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 205 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0Tcond(°C)Tevap (°C)152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20RFC + SHWHF152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 200 -5 0 5 10 15 205 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 200 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 205 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20-25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20-30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15152025303540455055606570-35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5Tcond(°C)Tevap (°C)HP HIGH TEMPHP REVERSIBLE + SHWHEATING FLOORSLTREFRICOOLINGHEATINGR32R410AR290Solstice TM ze Operating envelope*A/CHP REVERSIBLE + SHWHP RENOVATION8090100GWPR134a= 1430 / A1GWPR1234ze= 6 / A2L (not flammableunder 30 C)MAP extension.Higher Tcond achievable withR1234ze:Some Possible applications:• District Heating/cooling• Cascade system• High temperature heat pump• Chillers• ….R134aR1234zeOpportunity to Extend R134a Operating Range* Positive displacement compressor
  7. 7. 6Honeywell ConfidentialFixed Capacity Fixed Diam.Parameters Units R12 R134a SolsticeTM ze SolsticeTM zeMass Flow Rate kg/s 14.31 11.33 12.34 8.84Density kg/m3 20.54 16.86 13.74 13.74Volume Flow Rate m3/s 0.7 0.67 0.9 0.64Impeller Speed rpm 11983 14691 11919 14079Impeller Diameter cm 25.5 23.5 27.8 23.5Tip Speed m/s 160 181 174 174Pressure Ratio - 2.34 2.54 2.57 2.57COP - 8.01 7.9 7.91 7.91Relative COP % 101.3 100 100.1 100.1Relative Capacity % 100 100 100 73.4Comparison of design parameters for Medium Pressure Centrifugal Compressors.SolsticeTM ze• Replacement of R134a• Similar efficiency to R134a• Increased capacity with minor system modificationsSolsticeTM ze can match or exceed the efficiency of R134a .Medium Pressure Chillers
  8. 8. 7Honeywell ConfidentialSolsticeTM ze Screw Chiller(Geoclima)SolsticeTM ze Centrifugal Chiller(Geoclima, Turbocor Compressor)SolsticeTM ze chillersSolstice™ ze in chillers in exhibition shows
  9. 9. 8Honeywell Confidential Limited prototype availability to OEMs in 2012 for development testing Market release in June/July 2013 Significant energy efficiency increase over equivalent HCFC 134a compressorsHFO Compressor DevelopmentVarious Compressor Technologies ‘HFO Ready’TT300: R134aTG310: R1234ze(E)
  10. 10. 9Honeywell ConfidentialSTAR IndigoChiller withSolstice™ zeSolstice™ ze shows 7 to 12% Higher CoP than R134aSolsticeTM ze Replacing R134a in Chillers applicationsPerformance maintained even at higher ambient
  11. 11. 10Honeywell ConfidentialSolsticeTM zd• Replacement of R123• Similar efficiency to R123• It can provide higher capacity with minor system modifications• Due to higher pressure than R123, system modifications may be requiredLow Pressure Centrifugal ChillersSolsticeTM zd can match efficiency of R123 and provide higher capacityFixed Capacity Fixed Diam.Parameters Units R-11 R-123 SolsticeTM zd SolsticeTM zdMass Flow Rate kg/s 10.75 11.64 10.48 15.23Density kg/m3 2.98 2.73 3.38 3.38Volume Flow Rate m3/s 3.61 4.27 3.1 4.5Impeller Speed rpm 6241 5474 6966 5780Impeller Diameter cm 55 60.7 50.3 60.7Tip Speed m/s 179 174 183 183Pressure Ratio - 3 3.2 3.07 3.07COP - 8.49 8.36 8.33 8.33Relative COP % 101.6 100 99.6 99.6Relative Capacity % 100 100 100 141
  12. 12. 11Honeywell ConfidentialTechnology Leader in Energy EfficientEnvironmentally Friendly ProductsSummary• Honeywell Fluorine Products has Established Technical Leadershipin Offering Energy Efficient and Environmental Friendly Solutions• Solstice™ Low Global Platform Covering a Broad Spectrum ofApplications are Being Commercialised Globally• Solstice™ ze successfully replacing R134a in medium pressurechillers.• Solstice™ zd matches R123 efficiency with higher capacity in lowpressure chillers.• Solstice ™ Platform ready to meet F-Gas Cap & Phase Down Needsin Europe and Support High Growth Regions
  13. 13. 12Honeywell Confidential1212www.honeywell.comDISCLAIMERAlthough all statements and information contained herein are believed to be accurate and reliable, they are presented without guarantee or warranty of any kind,expressed or implied. Information provided herein does not relieve the user from the responsibility of carrying out its own tests and experiments, and the userassumes all risks and liability for use of the information and results obtained. Statements or suggestions concerning the use of materials and processes are madewithout representation or warranty that any such use is free of patent infringement and are not recommendations to infringe on any patents. The user should notassume that all toxicity data and safety measures are indicated herein or that other measures may not be required.

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