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16th European Conference
19 March 2014
Update on the new F-Gas Rules
Andrea Voigt, EPEE
2
Who is EPEE?
The full value chain of the Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Sector
• > 200,000 direct employe...
EPEE’s Main Fields of Activities
• Promote Energy Efficiency
– Ecodesign & Energy label Directives
– Eco Label Directive
–...
Existing EU Legislation on Refrigerants
& The International Context
Montreal
Protocol
UNEP
Kyoto
Protocol
UNFCCC
EU 1005/2...
The link between Montreal and Kyoto
• The phase-out of CFCs and HCFCs
will lead to an increase of HFC
consumption – especi...
Why a revision of the F-Gas Regulation in
Europe?
• The EU low carbon
roadmap aims for 72%
emission reduction of
F-Gases, ...
What happened in 2013?
Polarised positions of the Institutions
Balanced
Wants to profile the
EU globally
• 79% Phase-Down
...
Political Agreement of 16 December 2013
Endorsed by the European Parliament on 12 March 2014
Containment &
Competence
Regu...
Key Milestones of the Agreement
2015 2016-17 2018-20 2021-23 2024-26 2027-29 2030
100% 63% 45% 31% 24% 21%93%
2015:
Domest...
In detail: the phase-down steps
Year Reduction by
2015 100% (Freeze)
2016-17 93%
2018-20 63%
2021-23 45%
2024-26 31%
2027-...
R-410A
Like
Capacity
R404A &
R407/22
Like
R134a
Like
GWP Level
400-675
< 1500
~600
150 -
300
R32
DP: DR7, DR3
HWL: L40, L2...
In detail: the quota allocations
Who can apply for and who can use quota?
Total quantity of
HFCs, expressed
in CO2-eq plac...
In detail: the traceability scheme
• A detailed traceability process has been established for
the import of equipment cont...
Quota users: example (1)
I am a pre-charged equipment manufacturer in the EU
1. I produce and place on the EU market prech...
Quota users: example (2)
I am a pre-charged equipment manufacturer outside the EU
2. I manufacture my pre-charged equipmen...
Council
endorsement
2015JuneMarch
12/03:
EP plenary
vote
OJ
(entry into force
20 days later)
What happens next?
July/
Augu...
Conclusions
1. The phase-down requires a move towards lower GWP refrigerants
– Industry needs to act now!
2. The GWP limit...
Contact details:
EPEE
46 Avenue des Arts
1000 Brussels, Belgium
email: a.voigt@epeeglobal.org
Web: www.epeeglobal.org
18
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Epee Voigt update on the new f-gas rules

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Mostra Convegno Expocomfort, XVI EU Conference on "The Refrigerant Revolution , a 79% reduction" - Milan 20th March 2014

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Epee Voigt update on the new f-gas rules

  1. 1. 16th European Conference 19 March 2014 Update on the new F-Gas Rules Andrea Voigt, EPEE
  2. 2. 2 Who is EPEE? The full value chain of the Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Sector • > 200,000 direct employees in Europe • > € 30 billion turnover in Europe 2
  3. 3. EPEE’s Main Fields of Activities • Promote Energy Efficiency – Ecodesign & Energy label Directives – Eco Label Directive – EPBD - Energy Performance of Buildings Directive – RES - Renewable Energies Directive – Energy Efficiency Directive • The F-Gas Regulation and its revision – Make the new F-Gas rules work – Support EU Commission and Member States in implementing the new rules • Raise awareness on Market Surveillance – Importance of properly enforcing and policing legislation • Promote an HVACR association network at EU level
  4. 4. Existing EU Legislation on Refrigerants & The International Context Montreal Protocol UNEP Kyoto Protocol UNFCCC EU 1005/2009 Regulation on Ozone- Depleting Substances EU 842/2006 F-Gas Regulation EU 20-20-20 Targets EU 2050 Low Carbon Roadmap
  5. 5. The link between Montreal and Kyoto • The phase-out of CFCs and HCFCs will lead to an increase of HFC consumption – especially in developping countries. • This increase may cancel the progress achieved under the Montreal Protocol. • BUT: HFCs are covered by the Kyoto Protocol (UNFCCC) – and not by the Montreal Protocol (UNEP)
  6. 6. Why a revision of the F-Gas Regulation in Europe? • The EU low carbon roadmap aims for 72% emission reduction of F-Gases, Methane, N2O in 2030 • The existing F-Gas Regulation is expected to stabilise emissions at today‘s level • To achieve the goals of the low carbon roadmap more action is needed • Potential international developments 6 -28% -44% Source: EU Commission report: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/f-gas/docs/report_en.pdf „Business as Usual“ Without F-Gas Regulation & MAC With F-Gas Regulation & MAC
  7. 7. What happened in 2013? Polarised positions of the Institutions Balanced Wants to profile the EU globally • 79% Phase-Down • Containment & Competence Conservative Economic Crisis and North:South divide • Supports COM • Rejects any additional bans Over-ambitious Wants HFCs to be banned in 2020 • 84% Phase-Down • Allocation Fees Common Denominator: All wanted a First Reading Agreement EPEE supported a first reading agreement, but not at any price!
  8. 8. Political Agreement of 16 December 2013 Endorsed by the European Parliament on 12 March 2014 Containment & Competence Regular leak checks Certification and training of installers Phase-Down Consumption Reduction of HFCs Y 2020: -37% Y 2030: -79% GWP Limits 2015: GWP 150 Domestic Refrigerators & Freezers 2020: GWP 150 Moveable A/C 2020: GWP 2500 New stationary Refrigeration Equipment 2022: GWP 150 Multpack refrigeration systems >40kW (except cascades: GWP1500) 2025: GWP 750 Single split a/c < 3kg Others 2017: Traceability systems for pre- charged equipment 2020: GWP 2500 for service & maintenance 2050 Low Carbon Roadmap
  9. 9. Key Milestones of the Agreement 2015 2016-17 2018-20 2021-23 2024-26 2027-29 2030 100% 63% 45% 31% 24% 21%93% 2015: Domestic refrigerators and freezers (GWP 150) 2025: Single-split AC<3kg charge (GWP 750) 2020: • Moveable AC (GWP 150) • Stationary refrigeration equipment (GWP 2500) 2022: • Multipack commercial refrigeration >40kW (GWP 150) – except primary circuit in cascades (GWP 1500) 01/01: Applica- bility + repeal 842/20 06 31/12/2022: Comprehensive report on effect of Regulation 01/07/2020: Report Annex III: Split AC 31/12/2020: HFC report 01/01/2017: • Report national codes/standards re. alternatives & training 01/07/2017: • Report Annex III: Multipack • Report PD method Phase- down GWP thresholds Other 2017: Traceability 2020: Service ban 2030: No recycled/reclaimed for servicing Review/reports
  10. 10. In detail: the phase-down steps Year Reduction by 2015 100% (Freeze) 2016-17 93% 2018-20 63% 2021-23 45% 2024-26 31% 2027-29 24% 2030 21% 93% 63% 45% 31% 24% 21% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2015 2016 2018 2021 2024 2027 2030
  11. 11. R-410A Like Capacity R404A & R407/22 Like R134a Like GWP Level 400-675 < 1500 ~600 150 - 300 R32 DP: DR7, DR3 HWL: L40, L20 HFO 1234yf HFO 1234ze R410A R407C R22 0 500 1000 1500 2000 Pressure Or DP: DR91, DR33 HWL: N20, N40 DP: DR5 HWL: L41 DP: XP10 HWL: N13 R134a R407A R404A DP: DR2; HWL: N12 ARK: ARC 1 R290 NH3 A1 – Non Flammable A2L – Mildly Flammable A3 – Flammable B2L – Toxic, Mildly Flam. Qualitative Chart – Not To Scale ARK: ARM 71 ARK: ARM 20, ARM 42 ARK: ARM 32 R407F R123-Like (V.Low Pr.) (3922) How to make it happen? Lower GWP Refrigerant Landscape CO2 Many Choices – Different Applications Will Have Different Refrigerants Source: Emerson
  12. 12. In detail: the quota allocations Who can apply for and who can use quota? Total quantity of HFCs, expressed in CO2-eq placed on the EU market between 2009 and 2012 11% Refrigerant producers based inside the EU Refrigerant importers based inside the EU Refrigerant producers based outside the EU, via their „only representative“ Pre-charged equipment manufacturers based inside the EU Pre-charged equipment manufacturers based outside the EU Allocation based on historic share: Companies that reported placing on the market of refrigerant from 2009 to 2012 New Entrants Reserve: Companies that have not reported between 2009 and 2012 Quotaholders Refrigerantincontainers Quotausers Refrigeratninequipment
  13. 13. In detail: the traceability scheme • A detailed traceability process has been established for the import of equipment containing HFCs: – Reporting as of 2015 – From 1 January 2017, refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump equipment charged with HFCs shall not be placed on the market unless the manufacturers ensures that the HFCs charged into this equipment are accounted for within the HFC quota system. – An annual declaration of conformity (DOC) by equipment manufacturers/producers, verified by an external auditor, is required.
  14. 14. Quota users: example (1) I am a pre-charged equipment manufacturer in the EU 1. I produce and place on the EU market precharged equipment • Condition 1: To be able to place pre-charged equipment containing HFCs on the EU market, these HFCs need to be covered by the quota I buy my HFCs from an HFC distributor, importer or producer • Condition 2: I need to make sure that my HFC supplier holds quota. It is the reponsability of the supplier (producer / importer) to obtain the quota and not to exceed it. • Condition 3: I need to indicate in my documentation and declaration of conformity (DOC) – for which I am fully responsible – that the HFC contained in my equipment is covered by the quota.
  15. 15. Quota users: example (2) I am a pre-charged equipment manufacturer outside the EU 2. I manufacture my pre-charged equipment outside the EU and place it on the EU market via an importer. • Condition 1: To be able to place pre-charged equipment containing HFCs on the EU market, these HFCs need to be covered by the quota. • I buy my HFCs from an HFC producer outside the EU • Condition 2: I need to make sure that my HFC supplier holds quota. It is the reponsability of the supplier (producer / importer) to obtain the quota and not to exceed it. My HFC supplier can obtain quota via an „Only Representative“ (OR) in the EU. The OR needs to be based in the EU and needs to apply for the quota. • Condition 3: I need to indicate in my documentation and declaration of conformity (DOC) – for which I am fully responsible – that the HFC contained in my equipment is covered by the quota. . I provide my equipment importer in the EU with the required documentation proving that the HFC in my equipment is covered by the quota. The documentation of the importer will be verified by an independant auditor
  16. 16. Council endorsement 2015JuneMarch 12/03: EP plenary vote OJ (entry into force 20 days later) What happens next? July/ August Sept/ October Nov/ Dec EC sends email to producers on ref. values June: deadline for producers to reply April/ May Summer: EC to review By 31/10: Commission Decision on ref values End 2014: Quota in Registry Expert meeting on implem acts Q1: consultation forum
  17. 17. Conclusions 1. The phase-down requires a move towards lower GWP refrigerants – Industry needs to act now! 2. The GWP limits will set signposts to steer the phase-down – The bans of referigerants with a GWP of 2500 and above will free up quota for other applications such as air-conditioning. 3. Refrigerants with a high GWP such as R-404A and R-507 will be the first ones to be impacted  Industry needs to act now to avoid shortages  Serveral solutions exist to transition to refrigerants with a lower GWP  Confinement remains a key priority
  18. 18. Contact details: EPEE 46 Avenue des Arts 1000 Brussels, Belgium email: a.voigt@epeeglobal.org Web: www.epeeglobal.org 18 Thank you for your attention!

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