This period, the humanism, was characterized by the searching of knowledge and the look back to the golden ages of the greeks and the romans.
“ Quattrocento”: it had the centre in Florence.
3 primeros quattrocento, 2 ultimos cinquecento Nmachiavelli: religion was created for controling people an d for making them think whatever they wanted.
Paintinigs Mannerism is a period of European art that emerged from the later years of the Italian High Renaissance (around 1520).
Workshop—although that he mainteined the contact with Verrocchio
Leonardo Da Vinci
LEONARDO DA VINCI (1452-1519)
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND THE RENAISSANCE <ul><li>The Renaissance was a cultural movement that took place between the 14th to the 17th century. It began in Flonrence and then it spread to the rest of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>This period was characterized by the humanism. It was an intelectual and philosophic momevent that started in Florence, Rome and Venice. </li></ul>
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND THE CINQUENCENTO <ul><li>It was a period of the European art, in the 16th century, which started in Rome. It was the second phase of the Reinassance and it was preceded by the “Quattrocento” and followed by the “ Seicento”. It was also called High Renaissance and took place between the years 1450 and 1527. </li></ul>
LITERARY AND MUSICAL BACKGROUND <ul><li>Literature </li></ul><ul><li>The most famous writters were: </li></ul><ul><li>·Dante, Divina Commedia. </li></ul><ul><li>·Boccaccio, Decameron. </li></ul><ul><li>·Petrarch, Canzoniere. </li></ul><ul><li>·Baldassare Castiglione. </li></ul><ul><li>·Niccolò Machiavelli </li></ul><ul><li>Musical </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina was a musician’s model in Council of Trent. </li></ul><ul><li>As the Renaissance era closes a new tipe of music was written, the madrigal. The most important composers were: </li></ul><ul><li>·Gesualdo. </li></ul><ul><li>·Luzzaschi </li></ul><ul><li>·Marenzio. </li></ul>
ART BACKGROUND <ul><li>Artists began to use the tone contrast, and the sfumato and chiaroscuro were developed by Leonardo da Vinci and Giorgione. These were the new techniques in the manipulation of light and darkness that were developed during the begining of the 16th century, especially in the Northern part of Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>In this period, artists began to represent non-religious themes. </li></ul>
ART BACKGROUND <ul><li>The most famous painters from the High Renaissance are Leonardo da Vinci (The Last Supper) , Raphael (The School of Athens, and Michelangelo Buonarroti (Sistine Chapel celing). </li></ul><ul><li>Mannerist artists, who rebelled against the principles of High Renaissance, tried to represent figures in illogical spaces. </li></ul>
ART BACKGROUND <ul><li>ARCHITECTURE </li></ul><ul><li> · Filippo Brunelleschi (Florence Baptistry) </li></ul><ul><li> ·Arnolfo di Cambio (Florence Cathedral‘s dome) </li></ul><ul><li> ·Michelozzo Michelozzi (Palazzo Rucellai and Basilica of Santa María Novella). He also was the author of a book called: De re Aedificatoria </li></ul>
LEONARDO DA VINCI BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>Leonardo Da Vinci was born on the 15 of April of 1452 i n the small Tuscan town of Vinci, near Florence . His father was a wealthy man a nd his mother was a peasant. His father got married four times. Leonardo da Vinci was a very important Florentine artist, who was also celebrated as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist. He innovated in the field of painting and it influenced the Italian art for more than a century after his death, and his scientific studies, particularly in the fields of anatomy, optics, and hydraulics, anticipated many of the developments of modern science. </li></ul>
LEONARDO DA VINCI BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>He had an excellent education and he early knew he wanted to be a humanist man. About 1466, when he was 14, he was taught by Andrea del Verrocchio, the leading Florentine painter and sculptor of his day. With Verrocchio, Leonardo got the chance to learn about drafting, chemistry, metallurgy, leather working, plaster casting, metal working, mechanics, carpentry, drawing, painting, sculpting and modelling. </li></ul>
LEONARDO DA VINCI BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>During his youth a new painting technique came from the Netherlands, the oil. With that new technique he become a better painter than his master. His best paintings of this time are San Jeronimo and the Adoration of the Magi. In 1472, at the age of twenty, Leonardo was named master by the Guild os St Luke, the guild of artists and doctors of medicine, and he moved to his own workshop. </li></ul>
LEONARDO DA VINCI BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>When Leonardo went to Milan, at 1482, one of his friends told him his great potential in music, so he created a silver lyre in the shape of a horse’s head. At this time he painted the Virgin of the Rocks and the Last Supper. When the Second Italian War began, Leonardo and his assistant and friend Luca Pacioli moved to Venice, where he was employed as a military architect and engineer. </li></ul>
LEONARDO DA VINCI BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>When he came back to Florence, in 1500, he painted The Virgin and the Child with St. John the Baptist. In 1505 he returned to Milan, where many pupils worked with him. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1513 to 1516, Leonardo spent much of his time living in the Belvedere in the Vatican, in Rome. He mainteined his personal life in secret and nowadays the people talk about his possible homosexuality. He died at Clos Lucé, on May 2, 1519 </li></ul>
LEONARDO’S INVENTIONS <ul><li>· His most famous invention is the Vitruvian man . It was a perfect design of the human body based on Vitruvius’ proportions (an ancient roman architect). </li></ul><ul><li>· He also invented a revolutionary car made of wood that would propel itself with the help of some springs and gearwheels. </li></ul>
LEONARDO’S INVENTIONS <ul><li>·He invented a flying machine that was equipped with seats and controls for the pilot. It also had flapped wings. </li></ul><ul><li>·He made a kind of helicopter. It was designed for being operated by four people, although that, it never flew. </li></ul><ul><li>·He did a span 720-foo t bridge, for retreates in wars. </li></ul>
LEONARDO’S STUDIES <ul><li>He also studied anatomy, he drew many studies of the human skeleton, the heart and vascular system, the sex organs, and other internal organs. He made the first draw of a fetus in the uterus. He also dissect human corpses at the Hospital of Santa Maria Nuova. </li></ul>
LEONARDO’S INVENTIONS <ul><li>Because he loved the sea he did many drawings of a dive equipment. The suit was made up leather and among other things it included a bag for urinate in it. </li></ul><ul><li>In that period of time the black death asolated Europe so he designed a model of a city that would have ventilation systems. </li></ul>
PAINTINGS His most famous paintings are: Annunciation (1475) 23 years Ginebra de Venci (1476) 24 years
The Adoration of the Magi (1481) 29 years St Jeronimo (1482) 30 years Madona Benois (1478) 26 years
Lady with an Ermine (1484) 32 years The Last Supper (1498) 46 years Portrait of a musician (1485) 33 years
Gioconda (1502) 50 years The Virgin of the Rocks (1483-86) 31-34 years