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C:\documents and settings\estudiantes 26\escritorio\how we can help students to understand meaning

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C:\documents and settings\estudiantes 26\escritorio\how we can help students to understand meaning

  1. 1. HOW WE CAN HELP STUDENTS TO UNDERSTAND MEANING?
  2. 2. Complete Beginners <ul><li>This is the easiest level at which to explain meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the ways of helping students to understand the meaning are: </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Objects </li></ul><ul><li>Drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Expression </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ It is a pencil” <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Elememtary <ul><li>Invitations </li></ul><ul><li>Showing the students a picture </li></ul><ul><li>The use of questions often called check questions </li></ul>
  5. 6. Lower Intermediate <ul><li>Comparatives </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher can start by asking the question What do you prefer? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the meaning of individual adjectives </li></ul>
  6. 8. How can we help students to understand language form As well as hearing/seeing language How it is constructed? Sounds Comprehend Syllables Words Phrases
  7. 9. SOUNDS: Pen /p/ /e/ /n/ Ruler /r/ /u/ /l/ /e/ /r/ SYLLABLES: Table the syllable “ta” is stressed Paper the syllable “pa” is stressed Intonation in questions: What is it? On “is” the voice fall dramatically On “it” the voice rising slightly WORDS: Synonyms protection – offer/provide/give protection against /from/for
  8. 10. PRHASES: It is a pen Invitations: Would you like to + verb phrase Answer: That would be + adjective
  9. 11. Why do students make mistakes?
  10. 12. False friends
  11. 13. Interference
  12. 15. <ul><li>The effect can be on any aspect of language: </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Accent </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling and so on. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Other mistakes: <ul><li>She cook seafood. </li></ul><ul><li>He write a letter. </li></ul><ul><li>It sleep only in the mornings. </li></ul>
  14. 17. HOW SHOULD TEACHERS CORRECT STUDENTS?
  15. 18. CORRECTIONS HELPS TO: <ul><li>- CLARIFY </li></ul><ul><li>- UNDERSTANDING </li></ul>
  16. 19. TEACHERS <ul><li>PROVIDE THE PRECISELY INFORMATION </li></ul><ul><li>HOW TO CORECT THE PEOPLE MISTAKE ? </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>MERY: TRAINS ARE SEFER PLANES </li></ul><ul><li>TEACHER: SAFER PLANES ? </li></ul><ul><li>MERY: OH……. TRAINS ARE SAFER THAN PLANES. </li></ul>

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