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Oil & Gas
2019
Marcel Kooter
OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY
TRENDS
THE DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN
UPSTREAM,
MIDSTREAM AND
DOWNSTREAM
Upstream, midstream and downstream are the terms used to diffe-
rentiate between the three main stages of production in the oil and
natural gas industry. All three are related but each category performs
very different activities.
Upstream
Businesses in the upstream sector of
the industry are involved in explora-
tion and production. This includes in-
formation gathering such as geologic
surveys to identify areas that have the
potential to be rich in oil and gas, as
well as the process of drilling and brin-
ging the resources to the surface.
Midstream
The midstream sector is the area dealing with
transportation and storage of the raw pro-
ducts prior to it entering production. These in-
clude pipelines and a variety of infrastructure
such as tankers and pumping stations.
Downstream
Downstream businesses are those that deal
directly with transforming natural gas and
crude oil into finished products. These include
the obvious products like petrol and heating
oils, along with other, less obvious hydrocar-
bon-based products such as paints, artificial
limbs and hearing aids.
You can read about
some of the oil and
gas industry trends
for 2019 by visiting the
blog of Marcel Kooter.
Marcel Kooter

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The Oil and Gas Industry: The Difference Between Upstream, Midstream and Downstream

  • 1. Oil & Gas 2019 Marcel Kooter OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY TRENDS
  • 2. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN UPSTREAM, MIDSTREAM AND DOWNSTREAM Upstream, midstream and downstream are the terms used to diffe- rentiate between the three main stages of production in the oil and natural gas industry. All three are related but each category performs very different activities. Upstream Businesses in the upstream sector of the industry are involved in explora- tion and production. This includes in- formation gathering such as geologic surveys to identify areas that have the potential to be rich in oil and gas, as well as the process of drilling and brin- ging the resources to the surface.
  • 3. Midstream The midstream sector is the area dealing with transportation and storage of the raw pro- ducts prior to it entering production. These in- clude pipelines and a variety of infrastructure such as tankers and pumping stations. Downstream Downstream businesses are those that deal directly with transforming natural gas and crude oil into finished products. These include the obvious products like petrol and heating oils, along with other, less obvious hydrocar- bon-based products such as paints, artificial limbs and hearing aids.
  • 4. You can read about some of the oil and gas industry trends for 2019 by visiting the blog of Marcel Kooter. Marcel Kooter