The language acquisition - Learning English


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The language acquisition - Learning English

  1. 1. WHY IS IMPORTANT STUDY ENGLISH?By: Sindy Marcela Zapata MoraThe language acquisition?How to learn a foreign language?
  2. 2. The language acquisition by Sindy Marcela Zapata Mora. THE LANGUAGE ACQUISITIONIf I speak only one language, I can help my country as only one man. If I can use two languages, I can help as two men. But if I can use all nine languages, then I can work as nine men. Village elder, Eritrea The main importance of the language acquisition is to know cultural, grammar,vocabulary and pronunciation aspects; these allows to recognize customs, life stylesand different people characteristics around the world, but the most important than theacquisition of the language is to learn and respect the differences to others humanbeings.To begin is necessary to understand the meaning of linguistics, dialects andlanguages: Linguistics, often defined as the scientific study of language, is a broad termcovering a wide range of different disciplines. The traditional core areas of thesubject deal with the structure of human languages in terms of how speech soundscombine to form syllables and words (phonetics and phonology), how words combineinto meaningful utterances such as sentences and phrases (morphology and syntax),and how we extract meaning from utterances we read or hear used by other people(semantics and pragmatics). But beyond this, linguisticss are also interested inmatters such as how languages evolve and change over time, how they are learnedby children and by adults, how languages are used in social settings, the historicaland contemporary relationships between languages, the roles of language in nation-building and identity marking, the development of writing systems, how the brainprocesses speech and language, how communication is possible when speech andlanguage are impaired, and documenting endangered languages before theydisappear. (University of Aberdeen, 2009)
  3. 3. The language acquisition by Sindy Marcela Zapata Mora. Linguistics, therefore, explains all the forms of communication among peoplelike body language, speaking or writing inside of a specific culture and allow topeople understand questions like: how do children learn a mother tongue? How toacquire ESL or EFL? Why is difficult to learn a foreign language?. Then as teachersis primordial to appreciate the meaning of this term. Dialect is a regional or social variety of a language distinguished bypronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, especially a variety differing from thestandard literary language or speech pattern of the culture in which it exists.(Lawless, 2005) Still, dialect is a variation of the standard language in a geographical place orin a particular group of people, for example: American, British, Canadian andAustralian English (among others) are dialects and have different characteristics; allthese are English dialects and none of them are better than the others, only aredissimilar for the movement of the cultural aspects according with the place, thesevariations depends sometimes of social level, ethnicity, gender, age and particularsocial situations too; for instance, the dialect some afro-American people, used in theUnited States. Language is the expression of human communication through whichknowledge, belief, and behavior can be experienced, explained, and shared. Thissharing is based on systematic, conventionally used signs, sounds, gestures, ormarks that convey understood meanings within a group or communities a symboliccommunication among people. (National Institute of Deafness and OtherCommunication Disorder, 2010) With the information given we are going to interpret and understand, how toacquire a foreign language and why it is important to understand the variations of thelanguage. People learn their first language naturally coming from their mother tongueand in daily interaction with others; this is acquired like a system where speakers areless concerned with the structure of their utterances than with the act ofcommunicating means; thus, when we learn our mother tongue since children, our
  4. 4. The language acquisition by Sindy Marcela Zapata Mora.language is produced without thinking in grammatical structures, good pronunciationor vocabulary. Only we learn with the repetition of words that the adults say all thetime. In first we express our language with the mimic or corporal expressions;moreover, with a long process with the language contact we learn how to express ourfeelings or thoughts through the language. The term “foreign language” refers to learn any language after the mothertongue. The foreign language acquisition describes the different phases of theprocess of language acquisition. It refers to the study of “how” and “through what”process, people acquire a foreign language. To learn a foreign language is difficultand is indispensable do a process of learning that is often hindered by the knowledgeof the first language. Every language has its own set of rules for grammar, syntaxand pronunciation. The knowledge of these rules is necessary to understand the no-native language; However, when we learn a foreign language, we have to learn asystem language or a code of communication in a formal study to acquire knowledgeabout the target language. Different to the learning of a first language the foreign language needs that theperson spends time; consequently, is necessary that people are immersed in thelanguage. The time spent with the new language makes faster the fact that you learnit. This means, that the practice of listening, reading, writing, speaking, vocabulary,phrases and “slangs” will help you to understand how people communicate eachother in that place. This means, spending time pleasingly connected to the languageyou are learning. That’s why is indispensable that people are interested in to acquirethe foreign language. Also, is very common that in the beginning of the learning of a foreignlanguage students do not have the ability to speak the language, they are able toanswer to new words and pronunciations. Students often communicate their thoughtswith gestures or answer with a ‘yes’ or ‘no’, during this stage of language acquisitionthe phase of learning students suffer a language shock. Then, students begin to produce simple phrases like, how are you? In that waythey start to communicate each other using common words. During this phase, the
  5. 5. The language acquisition by Sindy Marcela Zapata Mora.learners need help of the teacher to acquire a foreign language vocabulary and acorrect feedback to correct the common mistakes a do an interesting communication. After, students start forming simple statements, improve pronunciation andtake a few steps towards reading and writing in the foreign language. Students try toform big sentences and tend to make mistakes in the grammar structure of thesentences. Here is important that the teachers encourage greater usage of words,and promote that students take the speaking initiative in their foreign language. Afterward, when the student use more the foreign language than the mothertongue, is necessary continue with the usage of complex sentences and attempts touse the new acquired language to a greater extent; where they have a certain level ofcompetence and they can speak out, discuss and most importantly beginning to thinkin the foreign language. Even, after students are proficient in communication in aparticular language, their ability to think in a non-native is an excellent goal. Finally, students achieve a complete proficiency in a non-native language, itprocesses takes a long time to students be able do fluent conversation and clearthinking in their foreign language. But this learning doesn’t have an end and even isnecessary learning cultural aspects that help to the students express their thoughts ina specific context; however, teachers in their classes should teach culture and thehistory of the language that the students are learning; because this allows to studentsidentify and know the behaviors of people in other places; besides, also is necessarythat students learn “slangs”, dressing, how do they behave? common carnivals, thereligions, weather and all related with the countries or places that the language isspoken. In conclusion is important and necessary to learn a foreign language because:First increase global understanding; so that, learn other language and other culturegiving to the learner the ability to understand others contexts and other cultures;second to improve employment potential, this allow to people compete in a globaleconomy; third to increase the native language ability, as students that learn otherlanguages use their mother tongue more effectively; fourth to sharpen cognitive andlife skills, the study of foreign languages leads to the acquisition of some importantlife skills, because language learners learn to deal with unfamiliar cultural ideas andthey are much better prepared to adapt into the changing world; fifth to make sometrips more feasible and pleasurable; because, students that know a foreign languagecan travel more comfortable to other countries, and sixth to make foreign friendsbecause they can communicate easier with their foreign language with other peopleof different cultures.
  6. 6. The language acquisition by Sindy Marcela Zapata Mora. REFERENCESLawless, L. K. (2005). Learn English Language. Recovered on 30 de April of 2011, avaliable in Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorder. (7 de June de 2010). Recovered on2011 de May de 4, de of Aberdeen. (31 de August de 2009). Recovered on 3 de May de 2011, of Language andLinguistics: