W R I T I N G T O L E A R N.WRINTING is also and effective learning strategy.Writing during and after reading has numerous advantages: Writing focuses your attention. Writing forces you to think. Writing tests your understanding. Writing facilitates learning.
UNDERLINING T E C H N I Q U E S. HOW TO UNDERLINE EFFECTIVELY:1. Read a paragraph or section first and then go back and underline what is important.2. Try to underline important portions of the topic that you want to remember.3. Use headings to guide your underlining.4. Use a system for underlining. Some students use two or more different colors of ink or highlighters to distinguish between main idea and details.5. Underline just enough words so that the meaning is clear on rereading.
UNDERLINING THE RIGHT AMOUNT.If you underline either too much or too little, you will defeat the purpose of underlining. As a general rule of thumb try to underline NO more than 20 to 30 percent of the passage.
ANNOTATING AND MAKING MARGINALNOTATIONS.Annotating is a mean of keeping track of your impressions, idea, reactions and questions as you read. Then, after reading, reviewing your annotations will help you form a final impression of the work.Underlining is a mean of identifying important information; annotating is a method of recording your thinking about these key ideas.
Use margins to write your annotations.Use annotations to:1. Write questions about the material.2. Condense key points.3. Identify ideas with which you disagree.4. Mark good or poor examples of supporting data.5. Jot down inconsistencies.6. Locate key terms or definitions.7. Consider contrasting points of view.8. Summarize key arguments.9. Mark words with strong connotative meaning.10.Identify the author’s viewpoints or feelings.
USING SYMBOLS TO ANNOTATE. It can be used to distinguish types of information, to emphasize material to be studied, or to show relationship among ideas. Develop your own set of symbols and use them consistently.
USING SYMBOLS TO ANNOTATE. SYNBOL MEANING. Ex An example is included. Def An important term is defined. Unknown word to look up in dictionary later. T Good test question. ? Confusing idea. * Very important. Sum Summary statement. Relates to another idea.
MARGINAL NOTATIONS TO CONDESEINFORMATION.Notations are a useful timesaving device when ideas are complicated and cannot be reviewed quickly by underlining
O U T L I N I N G.It is an effective way to organize information and discover relationship among ideas. Outlining forces you to select what is important from each paragraph and determines how it is related to key ideas in other paragraphs. DEVELOPING AN OUTLINING.1. First Major Detail. A. First major idea. First important detail. Second important detail. B. Second major ideas. First important detail. Second important detail.2. Second major topic. A. First major idea.
Use the following suggestions to writeeffective outline.1. Read a section completely before writing.2. Be brief and concise. Do not write in complete sentences. Use abbreviations, symbols.3. Use your own word rather than those in the text.4. be certain that all information beneath a heading supports or explain it.5. Every heading that is aligned vertically should be of equal importance.
MAPPING TO S H O W R E L A T I O N S H I P S.Mapping is a process of drawing diagrams to describe how a topic and its related ideas are connected. It is a means of organizing and consolidating information by using a visual format. There are two types of maps:
MAPS: CONCEPT MAPS.They are visual outlines; they show how ideas within a passage are related. Maps can take different forms. Use the following steps to draw a map:1. Identify the overall subject and write it in the center or at the top of the page.2. Identify the major supporting information that relates to the topic.3. As you discover details that further explain an idea already mapped, draw a new line. THOUGHT PATTERN MAPS.When a particular thought pattern is evident throughout a passage, you may wish to draw a map reflecting that pattern.
SUMMARIZING I N F O R M A T I O N. A summary is a compactrestatement of the key points ofa passage. A summary does notinclude all the informationpresented in the original text.Summaries vary in length, theyare often one-quarter or less ofthe length of the original.
USE THE FOLLOWING STEPS AS AGUIDE IN WRITING A SUMMARY1. Read the entire original work text.2. Read and underline key points.3. Review your underlining.4. Write sentences to include all remaining underlined information.5. Presents ideas in the summary in the same order in which they appeared in the original.6. Revise your summary.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE FINAL WORK. Find a text of your like according to your occupation. Select a chapter or a section of a text, bear in mind that this cannot be so short (5 pages, only text, do not count graph as pages). Select a chapter that caught your interest. Apply skimming and scanning to the text While reading have in mind the above information about WRITING TO LEARN. When you have read all the text and have understood the information that the text has, do the following:Apply to the text the: 1. Indentify the compound words, give its equivalent (in Spanish), and its definition (in English). (10 compound words with different base word and affix) 2. From the compound words highlight the base word and the affix. 3. Write a TERMINOLOGICAL DRAGGING i.e.; the search of words that conform a whole; these words are related with a concept. Write the term in English and its respective equivalent in Spanish, and the definition in English (minimum 15 terms). 4. Identify in the text the contextual clues. 5. Apply to the text the: U N D E R L I N I N G T E C H N I Q U E S, ANNOTATING AND MAKING MARGINAL NOTATIONS. 6. Draw an outlining and then transfer it into a concept map of the text or each part of it. Showing the relationship among ideas. 7. Write a summary of the text.• Work presentation.
THANK YOUTAKE ADVANTAGE OF THESE READING STRATEGIES