UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI  FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS JURÍDICAS,   EMPRESARIALES Y PEDAGOGICAS ESCUELA PROFESIONAL DE C...
INTRODUCTION     The second Basic English Module contains two units with sixlessons everyone. Each unit covers around 25 h...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                       R.M.C.                           ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                             R.M.C.Pronunciation:GROUP I                ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                             R.M.C.            JOHN FINISHED HIS HOMEWOR...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                             R.M.C.GRAMMAR                      NEGATIVE...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                    R.M.C.SPEAKING SKILL                ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                R.M.C.LETS TALK!Make pairs. Ask and answ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                           R.M.C.GRAMMAR                  SIMPLE PAST TE...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                       R.M.C.                    HE DROVE TO CLASS YESTE...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                R.M.C.                                  ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                    R.M.C.7.    He brought it to class.8...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                                   R.M.C.               ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                         R.M.C.withdraw          withdrew       withdrawn   retirarblow ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                      R.M.C.burn                  burn  ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                             R.M.C.1.                         / study   ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                      R.M.C.Henry:          Thank you.Cl...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                               R.M.C.4.   When did Jose de San Martin de...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                         R.M.C.                  WHAT IS...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                     R.M.C.          3. There are a lot ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                             R.M.C.              SOMETING ANYTHING NOTHI...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                             R.M.C.   8. Did you buy anything?      No, ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                        R.M.C.VOCABULARY    SOMETHING EL...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                              R.M.C.     THEY HAVE MANY CHILDREN. THEY D...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                   R.M.C.GRAMMAR:                      H...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                    R.M.C.6.    A:     _________________...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                   R.M.C.     There are some papers spre...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                     R.M.C.     Around seven o’clock / A...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                R.M.C.     Puede indicar tiempo, lugar o...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                       R.M.C.        I went to Mexico by...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                    R.M.C.     Come down from that three...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                  R.M.C.     Ive been living in London f...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                R.M.C.     A journey into the unknown / ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                    R.M.C.         Contacto directo (un ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                  R.M.C.3.   The picture is on /outside/...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                              R.M.C.e)   TO a, hacia, hasta (tiempo)    ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                R.M.C.h) UP en lo alto de     Indica lug...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                  R.M.C.EXERCISESPlace and position                     ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                    R.M.C.     by      near behind      ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                   R.M.C.                across    throu...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                             R.M.C.     What sort of woman is she? / ¿Qu...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                        R.M.C.                            HOW MUCH …?                   ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                            R.M.C.                           HOW MUCH DO...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                      R.M.C.Look at the pictures. Ask an...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                    R.M.C.5.    sell / sold      They se...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                  R.M.C.Read the statements. Circle T fo...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                        R.M.C.                          ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                       R.M.C.We use there was with a sin...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                          R.M.C.3. Your friend was at a ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                        R.M.C.5. Look at these pictures ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                    R.M.C.    Barbara: And there(8) …………...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                     R.M.C.                            P...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                 R.M.C.Rita:   What were you doing last ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                   R.M.C.                WHAT WAS LAURA ...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                         R.M.C.          1. When was Lau...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                                          R.M.C.        The settlers lea...
UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI                                              R.M.C.                                    ...
Ingles basico ii nuevo
Ingles basico ii nuevo
Ingles basico ii nuevo
Ingles basico ii nuevo
Ingles basico ii nuevo
Ingles basico ii nuevo
Ingles basico ii nuevo
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MODULO DE INGLES BASICO II

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Ingles basico ii nuevo

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS JURÍDICAS, EMPRESARIALES Y PEDAGOGICAS ESCUELA PROFESIONAL DE CONTABILIDAD INGLES BASICO IIDOCENTE: ROSA MARCELA CARCASI DE FLOR MOQUEGUA – PERÚ 2011
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The second Basic English Module contains two units with sixlessons everyone. Each unit covers around 25 hours. Items or topicsfollowing the learning of vocabulary introduced before. So it is areview of the words studied before and it will let the students to addtheir acknowledgments. With new vocabulary on other specificgrammar points. This module teachs students to use English for everydaysituations and purposes related to work and social life. Throughout this module, students have the opportunity topersonalize the language they learn and make use of their own lifeexperience and world knowledgments each lesson. It presents grammar communicative, with controlled accuracy-based activities leading to a fluently language- basedcommunicative practice. The autor
  3. 3. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. SIMPLE PAST TENSEGRAMMAR RAY NEEDS TO BUY A NEW CAR. Present Do they Past Did need to lock door? Present Does Sue Past Did need They needed Yes, to lock the door. needs Sue needed dont They didnt No, need to lock the door. doesnt sue didntAsk and answer questions.EXAMPLE: forget to lock S1: Did you forget to lock the door? S2: Yes, I forgot to lock the door. (or) S2: No, I didnt forget to lock the door.1. need to learn2. begin to play3. start to sing4. want to drive5. remember to buy6. forget to sign1. Spelling: verb + -ed = simple past play + ed = played walk + ed = walked close + d = closed study + ed = studied -1– Ms. Carcasi
  4. 4. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.Pronunciation:GROUP I GROUP II GROUP III /d/ /t/ / Id /answered asked connectedcircled checked endedcleaned cooked repeatedclosed liked selectedlearned looked startedlistened looked up visitedlived marked wantedmemorized talkedopened walkedplayed watchedreviewed workedshavedspelled WE STUDIED ENGLISH YESTERDAY.Change the sentences to simple past tense. They have GROUP I -ed pronunciation. Example: Mary studies French every day. (last month) Mary studied French last month.1. Dan learns new words every day. (yesterday) ____________________________________________________________2. Pat listens to the radio in the morning. (yesterday morning) ____________________________________________________________3. Sam opens the window at night. (last night) ____________________________________________________________4. Dick shaves every morning. (yesterday morning) ____________________________________________________________5. Lina memorizes new words every day. (yesterday) ____________________________________________________________8. The teacher reviews the old words every day. (yesterday) ____________________________________________________________ -2– Ms. Carcasi
  5. 5. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. JOHN FINISHED HIS HOMEWORK LAST NIGHT.Change the sentences to the simple past tense. They have GROUP II -ed pronunciation. Example: John always finishes his homework. (last night) John finished his homework last night.1. Dan always asks questions. (yesterday) ____________________________________________________________2. Sometimes, father cooks dinner. (last month) ____________________________________________________________3. The girls walk to school every day. (yesterday) ____________________________________________________________4. Ken looks up the new words after class. (yesterday) ____________________________________________________________5. Ben always likes baseball games. (last night) ____________________________________________________________6. We always watch that show. (yesterday) ____________________________________________________________ I REPEATED THE WORDS YESTERDAY.Change the sentences to simple past tense. They have group III -ed pronunciation. Example: I repeat the words every day. (yesterday) I repeated the words yesterday.1. The movie starts at 8:00 every night. (last night) ____________________________________________________________2. John selects the correct answer in the morning. (yesterday) ____________________________________________________________3. We want to go to the movies today. (day before yesterday) ____________________________________________________________4. Miss Brown corrects our papers at night. (last night) ____________________________________________________________5. I visit my brother on the weekends. (last weekend) ____________________________________________________________6. The test ends at 10:00 a.m. (10:00 a.m. yesterday) -3– Ms. Carcasi
  6. 6. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.GRAMMAR NEGATIVE SIMPLE PAST TENSE He did not play tennis. Jack played baseball yesterday. He didnt play soccer. YOU DIDNT ANSWER MY QUESTION.Repeat these sentences with negative simple past tense.1. Tom didnt clean his room last Saturday.2. Linda did not cook dinner last night.3. George didnt play basketball yesterday.4. They did not like Chicago.5. He didnt shave this morning.PRACTICE: Make a negative statement in the simple past tense. Look at the example. Example: My brother visited Dallas. (Houston) He didn’t visit Houston1. Joan played tennis yesterday. (soccer) ____________________________________________________________2. Mary cooked chicken for dinner yesterday. (beef) ____________________________________________________________3. Bob lived in Chicago two years ago. (New York) ____________________________________________________________4. My English class started at 7:15 this morning. (7:30) ____________________________________________________________5. Frank cleaned his car last week. (this week) ____________________________________________________________6. Rita marked the wrong answer. (right answer) ____________________________________________________________7. Mark visited New York City last month. (Los Angeles) ____________________________________________________________ -4– Ms. Carcasi
  7. 7. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.SPEAKING SKILL /a/ /ә/ COP CUPRepeat and then read the words.1. cop cup 2. lock luck3. hob hub 4. tock tuck5. Don dun 6. bog bug7. pop pup 8. shot shutGRAMMAR SIMPLE PAST TENSE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. The show started at 8:00 oclock. Did the show start at 8:00 oclock? Yes, it did. Yes, the show started at 8:00. No, it didnt. No, the show didnt start at 8:00. YES, HE DID. NO, HE DIDNT.Ask and answer questions. Use the simple past tense. Look at the example. Examples: Ted / work / late / last week Did Ted work late last week? No, he didnt. Bill / like / your new car Did Bill like your new car? Yes, he did.1. Linda / play / baseball / yesterday ____________________________________________________________2. you / visit your brother / last year ____________________________________________________________3. Dave / study / French ____________________________________________________________4. Tonys family / visit / Los Angeles ____________________________________________________________ -5– Ms. Carcasi
  8. 8. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.LETS TALK!Make pairs. Ask and answer questions in turn using the simple past tense with regularverbs as in the example.Example: S1: Did you wash your clothes last week? S2: Yes, I did. Did you play soccer yesterday? S1: No, I didnt. Did you ... VERBSBegin / began drive / drove know / knew sleep / sleptbring / brought eat / ate leave / left speak / spokebuy / bought fly / flew put / put stand / stoodchoose/ chose get up / got up read / read swim / swamcome /came go / went say / said take / tookdo / did have / had see / saw write / wrotedrink / drank hear / heard sit / satWho brought this book? When did you bring the book?What time did you go? How many books did you buy? VOCABULARYbegin silver I.D. cardbring true identificationreport with name tagsalute break packsmoke butt can rankfalse accounting student razorgold cigarette Uniformnaval -6– Ms. Carcasi
  9. 9. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.GRAMMAR SIMPLE PAST TENSE: IRREGULAR VERBS SIMPLE PRESENT: We drive to work every day. SIMPLE PAST: We drove to work yesterday. SIMPLE PRESENT: He drives to work every day. SIMPLE PAST: He drove to work yesterday. IRREGULAR VERBSRepeat these irregular verbs.PRESENT PAST PRESENT PASTbegin began drive drovedrink drank speak spokesit sat choose choseswim swam eat atecome came take tookget up got up stand stoodknow knew see sawwrite wrote give gave PETER SWAM YESTERDAY1. Peter swam after class yesterday.2. He drove to his barracks and took a shower.3. He began his homework at 2000 hours last night.4. He got up and drank a glass of water at 2100.5. He sat down and wrote sentences.6. He knew all the answers to the questions.7. He stood up and talked outside.8. Peter came to my barracks at 2200.9. He saw the fruit on the table.10. He chose a banana and ate it.11. We spoke for thirty minutes.12. He went home at 2235. -7– Ms. Carcasi
  10. 10. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. HE DROVE TO CLASS YESTERDAY.Change these sentences to the past tense. Look at the example. Example: He drives to class every day. (yesterday) He drove to class yesterday.1. We swim every day. (yesterday) __________________________________________________________2. I get up at six every morning. (yesterday morning) __________________________________________________________3. We drink tea in the morning. (last night) __________________________________________________________4. He takes a shower at night. (yesterday morning) __________________________________________________________5. They eat lunch in the mess hall every day. (yesterday) __________________________________________________________6. She drives to the store on Saturdays. (last Saturday) __________________________________________________________7. He chooses Killing cigarettes to smoke every day. (yesterday) __________________________________________________________8. I write a letter to my family every day. (two days ago) __________________________________________________________ -8– Ms. Carcasi
  11. 11. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. JOE ATE A PEAR.Change these negative sentences to affirmative.Look at the example. Example: John didnt eat a banana. (pear) He ate a pear.1 Lt Campos didnt speak to Mary. (to Linda) __________________________________________________________2. Jackie didnt sit down at the table. (desk) __________________________________________________________3. George didnt stand on the table. (chair) __________________________________________________________4. I didnt know the time of the show. (name) __________________________________________________________5. The students didnt come late to class. (on time) __________________________________________________________6. Capt Jones didnt begin his class on time. (late) __________________________________________________________7. 1 didnt see the movie last night. (Henrys pictures) IRREGULAR VERBSRepeat these irregular verbs. PRESENT PAST PRESENT PAST hear heard buy bought say said bring brought have had put put do did read read leave left fly flew sleep slept go went JIM SAID, “COME TO MY ROOM”Repeat these sentences, and then read them.1. Last night, Jim said, "Come to my room".2. He had pictures from his country.3. We did our homework.4. I left his room at 10:00.5. Jim slept all night long.6. Last week, Jim bought a book about pilots. -9– Ms. Carcasi
  12. 12. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.7. He brought it to class.8. He put it on my desk.9. We read it alter class.10. The name of the book was "The pilots flew again".11. We went to our barracks at 1600 hours. THEY FLEW TO EUROPE.Write the past tense form of the verb on the line. Then read the sentences. 1. (fly) Mr. & Mrs. Smith ______________ to Europe last month. 2. (read) Sammy ______________ twenty books last car. 3. (put) Jan _____________________ her book on her desk. 4. (bring) Ron _____________________ hamburgers for the children. 5. (buy) They _______________ a new ball. 6. (say) The students ________________, "Good morning". 7. (leave) John ________________ an hour ago. 8. (do) The students ________________ their homework. 9. (hear) We ______________________ the tapes last night. 10. (have) Henry _________________________ a truck. I GET UP EARLY EVERY DAY. DID YOU GET UP EARLY YESTERDAY, TOO?Write the past tense questions. Use "too" in your questions. Look at the example. Example: My mother took the bus yesterday. (this morning) Did your mother take the bus this morning, too?1. I got up early this morning. (last Saturday) __________________________________________________________2. I wrote to my brother. (your sister) __________________________________________________________3. I heard the children outside. (inside) __________________________________________________________4. I ate a hamburger for lunch last week. (yesterday) __________________________________________________________5. I brought my new cap yesterday. (this morning) __________________________________________________________6. I swam last week. (last Monday) __________________________________________________________ - 10 – Ms. Carcasi
  13. 13. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. IREGULAR VERBSThe following list contains the most useful irregular verbs. They have been grouped by "families" ofpronunciation to facilitate their learning.INFINITIVE PAST P. PARTICIPLE MEANINGbegin began begun empezardrink drank drunk beberring rang rung sonarrun ran run corrersing sang sung cantarsink sank sunk undir (se)spring sprang sprung saltarswim swam swam nadarbreak broke broken quebrar, romperchoose chose chosen escogerfreeze froze frozen congelarsteal stole stolen robarspeak spoke spoken hablarwake woke woken despertar(se)weave wove woven tejer/cling clung clung adherirsehang hung hung colgarspin spun spun girarstick stuck stuck hincarstrike struke struke golpearsting stung stung picarswing swung swung balancearwin won won ganarwring wrung wrung retorcerbear bore borne soportarswear swore sworn jurarwear wore worn usar (ropa)bleed bled bled sangrarbreed bred bred procrearcreep crept crept arrastrarsedeal dealt dealt tratardream dreamt dreamt soñarfeed fed fed alimentarfeel felt felt sentirkeep kept kept mantenerkneel knelt knelt arrodillarselead led led conducerleap leapt leapt saltarleave left left abandonarmean meant meant significarmeet met met reunirseread read read leersleept slept slept dormirsmell smelt smell olerspeed sped sped acelerarsweep swept swept barrerdraw drew drawn dibujaroverdraw overdrew overdrawn estirar - 11 – Ms. Carcasi
  14. 14. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.withdraw withdrew withdrawn retirarblow blew blown soplarknow knew known conocerthrow threw thrown lanzarfly flew flown volarbring brought brought traerbuy bought bought comprarfight fought fought pelearseek sought sought buscarthink thought thought pensarcatch caught caught atraparteach taught taught enseñardrive drove driven conducirride rode ridden montar(a) vise (a) rose (a) risen elevarstrive strove striven esforzarsewrite wrote written escribirbet bet bet apostarlet let let permitirset set set alistaroffset offset offset repetirspread spread spread esparcirburst burst burst explotarcast cast cast arrojarbroadcast broadcast broadcast emitircost cost cost valercut cut cut cortarshut shut shut cerrarthrust thrust thrust empujarhit hit hit golpearrid rid rid zafar (se)split split split dividirhurt hurt hurt herir (se)put put put ponerbend bent bent doblarfind found found encontrargrind ground ground triturarwind wound wound dar vueltassell sold sold vendertell told told decirbite bit bitten morderhide hid hidden escondershake shook shaken sacudirtake took taken llevarmistake mistook mistaken errarforbid forbade forbidden prohibirforgive forgave forgiven perdonargive gave given darsit sat sat sentarsespit spat spat escupirbeat beat beaten latirbuilt built built construir - 12 – Ms. Carcasi
  15. 15. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.burn burn burn quemarcome came come venirbecome became become llegar a serovercome overcome overcome vencerdo did done hacereat ate eaten comerfall fell fallen caerforget forgot forgotten olvidarget got gotten obtenergo went gone irundergo underwent undergone sobrellevarhave had had tenerhear heard heard escuchareverhear averheard overheard oir de casualidadhold held held sostenerlay laid laid ponerlearn learnt learnt aprenderlie lay lain yacerlight lit lit alumbrarlose lost lost perdermake made made hacerpay paid paid pagarsay said said decirsee saw seen vershoot shot shot dispararslide slid slid deslizarspill spilt spilt derramarstand stood stood estar de pieunderstand understood understood comprender WHICH BOOK DID YOU WANT? Which Did you want? Which bookAsk questions with "which" and then answer them. Look at the examples.Examples: / like S1: Which car did you like? S2: I liked the blue car. / wear S1: Which shoes did you wear to the dance? S2: I wore my brown shoes. - 13 – Ms. Carcasi
  16. 16. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.1. / study ____________________________________ ? ____________________________________2. / like ____________________________________ ? ____________________________________3. / hurt ____________________________________ ? ____________________________________4. / bring ____________________________________ ? ____________________________________5. / is ____________________________________ ? ____________________________________6. / wear ____________________________________ ? ____________________________________LETS TALK!Make pairs and ask and answer the following questions. Then tell the class what yourclassmate said.Which Peruvian dish do you like?Which city do you like the most?Which TV program did you watch last night?GRAMMAR WHICH ONE?Mrs. King: Which book are you reading?Sgt King: Im reading the new one. The one I bought on Sunday.Mrs. King: Is that the one about the military?Sgt King: Yes, thats the one. I DONT LIKE THE PURPLE ONES.Clerk: Here are the ties you wanted to see. - 14 – Ms. Carcasi
  17. 17. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.Henry: Thank you.Clerk: Which ones do you like?Henry: I like the yellow one and the blue one. I dont like the purple ones. IS THIS THE ONE?Ask and answer questions with "one". Look at the examples.Examples: S1: Which is your pencil? S2: The blue one. S1: Is this the one? S2: No, my pencil is the long one. S1: This one? S2: Yes, thats the one. HE DOESNT WANT A BLUE ONE.Read and replace some words using one(s). Look at the example.Example: "I dont want a blue shirt. I want a white shirt, said John. One oneJohn went to the store yesterday. He wanted to buy a shirt. A clerk helped him.The clerk said, ―May 1 help you?‖John said. ―Yes, I want to buy a white shirt‖.―This week, our blue shirts cost $8.99,‖ the clerk said.―I dont want a blue shirt. I want a white shirt,‖ said John.―Our yellow shirts are $7.99, and the gray shirts over here are $ 7.50. the clerk said.Then John said, "Ma‘am, I dont want a blue shirt. I dont want a yellow shirt. I want a whiteshirt!―We dont have white shirts this week,‖ the clerk said.John left the store. He was mad.LETS TALK! How much do you know about our history?Make pairs to ask the following questions in turns and write the answers in the blanks.Then check the answers with the rest of the class.1. When did Francisco Pizarro found Lima? ________________________________________________________2. Was Moquegua city founded? ________________________________________________________3. When did the battle of Ayacucho take place? ________________________________________________________ - 15 – Ms. Carcasi
  18. 18. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.4. When did Jose de San Martin declare our independence? ________________________________________________________5. When did the combat of Angamos occur? ________________________________________________________6. When did Ramon Castilla declare the abolition of the slavery in Peru? ________________________________________________________GRAMMAR THERE IS / THERE ARE There + be is used to say that something exists. There is a book on your desk. There are three pens under the table. There + is = theres There + are = there re Is there a map on the wall? Yes, there is. No, there isnt. Are there desks in the classroom? Yes, there are. No, there arent. IS THERE CHALK IN THE CLASSROOM?Read these sentences.1. There are ten desks in the classroom.2. Theres a chalkboard, too.3. There are books on the desks.4. Are there students in the classroom? Yes, there are.5. Is there a teacher in the classroom? Yes, there is.6. Are there cars in the classroom? No, there arent.7. There was a good show on TV last night.8. There wasnt a good game on TV last night.9. There were two good movies on TV on Saturday. - 16 – Ms. Carcasi
  19. 19. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. WHAT IS THERE IN THE CLASSROOM?Look around the classroom and make sentences using "there is" or "there are". Look atthe examples.Examples: calendar. There is a calendar in the classroom. books There are books in the classroom.1. __________________________________________________2. __________________________________________________3. __________________________________________________4. __________________________________________________5. __________________________________________________6. __________________________________________________7. __________________________________________________8. __________________________________________________9. __________________________________________________10. __________________________________________________GRAMMAR I HAVE A LOT OF MONEY. a lot of / lots of / some a few a little desks, pencils, students, teachers, salt, sugar, soup, shampoo, tables, chairs, books, stores, clothes, toothpaste, butter, soap, orange dollars, apples, etc. juice, milk, water, rice, money, fruit, meat, etc.Read the words in the box, then repeat the sentences. 1. I have some pencils. 2. Theres some shampoo. I have a few pencils. Theres a little shampoo. - 17 – Ms. Carcasi
  20. 20. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. 3. There are a lot of pencils. 4. Theres a lot of shampoo. There are lots of pencils. Theres lots of shampoo. DO YOU WANT A LITTLE OR A LOT OF WATER?Ask and answer questions using "a little or a lot of" or "a few or a lot of. Look at theexamples. Examples: want / rice S1: Do you want a little or a lot of rice? S2: I want a little rice. have / books S1: Do you have a few or a lot of books` S2: I have a few books.1. drink / milk _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________2. see /desks _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________3. eat / soup _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________4. have / money _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________5. want / sugar _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ - 18 – Ms. Carcasi
  21. 21. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. SOMETING ANYTHING NOTHING Something and nothing are used in affirmative statements. Examples: Let‘s order something for dessert. There‘s nothing in this suitcase. Something and anything are used in questions. Examples: would you like something to drink? Did the teacher say anything about the quiz? Anything is used in negative statements. Example: I didn‘t eat anything for breakfast. DO YOU WANT ANYTHING?Read these sentences. 1. Does your friend want something? No, he doesn‘t want anything. 2. I want something for desert. Would you like some ice cream? 3. Would you like to buy something? Yes, I need a pen. 4. I heard something. Did you hear anything? No, I didn‘t. 5. Did you buy anything? Yes, I bought something. 6. I saw something? I didn‘t see anything. 7. Can you think of something? Yes, I‘ll think of something. - 19 – Ms. Carcasi
  22. 22. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. 8. Did you buy anything? No, nothing. I didn‘t buy anything.VOCABULARY DO YOU WANT SOMETHING TO DRINK?Ask and answer question like the examples. Use anything, something, or nothing.Examples: buy Did you buy anything? Yes, I bought something. Learn Did you learn something? No, I didn‘t learn anything. No, I learned nothing. 1. Want __________________________________________ ? Yes, _______________________________________ 2. get ___________________________________________ No, ________________________________________ 3. hear ___________________________________________ Yes, _______________________________________ 4. do ___________________________________________ No, ________________________________________ 5. see ___________________________________________ Yes, _______________________________________ 6. order ___________________________________________ No, _______________________________________ 7. say ___________________________________________ Yes, _______________________________________ - 20 – Ms. Carcasi
  23. 23. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.VOCABULARY SOMETHING ELSE, ANYTHING ELSE, NOTHING ELSERead the sentences. 1. Jim studied all weekend. He didn‘t do anything else. 2. I don‘t like coffee. Is there anything else to drink? 3. John‘s blue suit was dirty. He had to wear something else. 4. I saw that movie last week. Can we see something else? 5. There‘s only one desk in the room. There‘s nothing else.SPEAKING SKILL ANYTHING ELSE?Repeat the dialog. Then recite one of them.Waiter: Do you want anything else, sir?Mr. Bean: No, nothing else. Thank you.Waite: Do you want something else, ma‘am?Mrs. Bean: Yes, please bring me a glass of water.Waiter: And you? Do you need anything else?Miss Bean: No, thank you, I don‘t want anything else. MANY / MUCH Many is used with nouns you can count. It means ―a lot of‖. He has many books. Do they have many children? We didnt see many pilots there. Much is used with nouns you cannot count. It also means "a lot of. It is used in negative sentences and questions. Ted has a lot of money. He didnt drink much coffee. Did he have much work last week? - 21 – Ms. Carcasi
  24. 24. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. THEY HAVE MANY CHILDREN. THEY DON´T HAVE MUCH MONEY.1. She has many shoes.2. He doesnt have many clothes.3. Do they have many children?4. They cant play many sports.5. Ted doesnt have much time.6. The bottle doesnt have much milk in it.7. Will you have much homework this weekend?8. Did Jane have much money in her pocket?9. Liz drinks a lot of water every day. WE DON´T HAVE MUCH HOMEWORKAnswer the questions with "No" and negative complete answers. Use "much" in youranswer. Examples: Do you have a lot of work right now? No, I dont have much work right now. Did you have much work last year? No, I didnt have much work last year. Is there a lot of sugar in the tea? No, there isnt much sugar in the tea.1. Is there a lot of shampoo in the bottle?2. Did she put much pepper in the soup?3. Do you have lots of money in your pocket?4. Is there much salt in the soup?5. Is there a lot of fruit on the table?6. Did she put much buffer on the bread?7. Did she drink a lot of juice this morning?8. Will she eat much food tomorrow?9. Did the barber put lots of soap on his face? BAIT BETRead the words.1. bet bet 2. late let 3. rake wreck 4. pain pen5. fade fed 6. age edge 7. gate get 8. Abe ebb - 22 – Ms. Carcasi
  25. 25. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.GRAMMAR: HOW MANY ... ? HOW MUCH ...? How many is used with nouns you can count. QUESTIONS ANSWER How many children do you have? Five. I have five children. How many books did he buy? Two. He bought two books. How much is used with nouns you cannot count QUESTIONS ANSWER How much tea do you drink Three cups. I drink three cups every day? of tea a day. How much sugar Did she buy? Five pounds. She bought five pounds of sugar. HOW MUCH DID YOU FAT?Write questions with "how much" or "how many" and the underlined words. Then readquestions and answers.Examples: A: How much coffee did you drink? B: Three cups. I drank three cups of coffee. A: How many children does, he have? B: Two. He has two children.1. A: ________________________________________? B: Four. We had four pieces of pie.2. A: ________________________________________? B: Not much. She doesnt have much money.3. A: ________________________________________? B: Five pounds. I got five pounds of meat.4. A: ________________________________________? B: Ten. There are ten students in the classroom.5. A: ________________________________________? B: Three dozen. I made three dozer cookies. - 23 – Ms. Carcasi
  26. 26. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.6. A: ________________________________________? B: One brother and two sisters. He has one brother and two sisters.7. A: ________________________________________? B: A dozen. Theres a dozen oranges in the box.8. A: B: Two bowls. He cooked two bowls of rice.Now write questions beginning "how much" or "how many — for these answers.1. one fifth. __________________________________________2. 11%. __________________________________________3. 2,000 million. __________________________________________4. 35,000. __________________________________________5. about 40 liters. __________________________________________6. about 10,000 __________________________________________Choose the correct word.1. How much / many people are there in your family?2. How much / many children are there in your school?3. How much / many Cheese do you want on your spaghetti?4. How much / many potato chips are there in the bag?5. How much / many water does your dog, drink‘6. How much / many milk is there in the fridge?7. How much / many apples do you have in your refrigerator?8. How much / many fruit do you eat?.9. How much / many time do you have?10. How much / many times a day do you brush your teeth?GRAMMAR: PREPOSITIONSESTUDIO DE LAS PREPOSICIONES A-Ba) ABOUT sobre, alrededor de, acerca de, por Puede tener distintos significados dependiendo de su función en la frase (lugar, tiempo o circunstancia) This is a book about the universe / Es un libro sobre el universo - 24 – Ms. Carcasi
  27. 27. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. There are some papers spread about the room / Hay papeles esparcidos por la habitaciónb) ABOVE por encima de, sobre Se usa en general para expresar superioridad. He flew aboye the mountains / Volaba por encima de las montañas La Paz is 3600 meters aboye the sea level / La Paz está a 3600 metros sobre el nivel del mar.c) ACROSS a través de, al otro lado de Se usa para indicar la ubicación relativa en un lugar. She lives across the street / Ella vive al otro lado de la called) AFTER detrás de, después de Puede indicar tiempo o lugar. She left after lunch. / Se marchó después de comer.e) AGAINST contra Indica lugar o circunstancia Put the table against the wall. Pon la mesa contra la pared. I have nothing against him. No tengo nada en contra de él.f) ALONG a lo largo de The ship sails along the coastline / El barco navega a lo largo de la costag) AMONG entre (Varios) Indica lugar o circunstancia A house among the trees / Una casa entre los árboles I was among the last to leave / Estaba entre los últimos en marcharse.h) AROUND alrededor (le Puede indicar tiempo, lugar o circunstancia. We were sitting around the table / Estábamos sentados alrededor de la mesa - 25 – Ms. Carcasi
  28. 28. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. Around seven o’clock / Alrededor de las sietei) AT en a) Ubicación en lugares: He is a London now / Está en Londres ahora b) El momento exacto en que ocurre una determinada acción: She was there at five oclock / Ella estaba allí a las cinco c) El precio: At what price is this car sold? / ¿A que precio se vende este coche? d) El estado de una persona o de un animal She is quite at ease / Se encuentra a gusto. Diferencia entre “at”, “in”, y “on” At refiere la posición en un punto determinado, mientras que in implica la posición dentro de algo y ‗on‘ sobre algo. At the bus-stop In the filing Cabinet On te armchair Cuando hace referencia al tiempo, at se emplea para horas o momentos determinados, mientras que in refiere meses, años o estaciones y on días de la semana y fechas. At seven oclock / A las siete en punto At Christmas / En navidades In July / En julio In 2001 / En el año 2001 In summer / En verano On Saturday / El sábado On August, 24th / El 24 de agostoj) BEFORE delante de, ante Puede indicar tiempo, lugar o circunstancia He arrived before me / Llegó antes que yo Turn lefT just before the theatre / Gire a la izquierda justo antes del teatro.k) BEHIND detrás de - 26 – Ms. Carcasi
  29. 29. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. Puede indicar tiempo, lugar o circunstancia I put it behind the painting / Lo puse detrás del cuadro Hes the man behind the scheme / Él es el hombre que está tras el proyectol) BELOW por debajo de Below sea level / Bajo el nivel del mar Diferencia entre belosw y under (ambos significan por debajo de) ‗Below‘ implica un nivel inferior al que se hace referencia, con el que no existe contiguidad, mientras que under` implica una cierta inmediatez, una proximidad mayor. Below sea level Under the covers Debajo del nivel del mar Debajo de las mantasm) BESIDE junto a Puede indicar lugar o circunstancia Sit beside your classmate / Siéntate junto a tu compañero de clasen) BETWEEN entre (entre dos) Puede indicar tiempo, lugar o circunstancia To drive between Madrid and Barcelona / Conducir entre Madrid y Barcelona Between seven oclock and eight oclock / Entre las siete y las ochoñ) BEYOND más allá de Puede indicar tiempo, lugar o circunstancia Beyond the horizon / Más allá del horizonte He lives beyond his means / Vive por encima de sus posibilidadeso) BY junto a, al lado de Se usa para expresar: Vecindad: Come and sit by me / Ven a sentarte junto a mí Medio o instrumento: - 27 – Ms. Carcasi
  30. 30. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. I went to Mexico by air / Fui a Mexico en avión Medida The room measures 10 metres by 6 / La, habitación mide 10 metros por 6 Movimiento We went to Poland by land / Fuimos a Polonia por tierra El complemento de agente en la voz pasiva: The bridge was designed by Calatrava / El puente fue diseñado por Calatrava. La expresión española "a cierta hora" I was back by six / estuve de regreso por las seis Juramentos I sesear by almighty God to tell the truth / Juro por Dios decir la verdad EXERCISESElige la preposición adecuada para cada frase.1. He arrived below / among / before me.2. The house is between / among /about two pines3. The temperature crept up to just by /above / between 35 degrees.4. I stood by the tree, looking above / about /around.5. The feast was served by / across / behind his mother6. behind / after / beyond breakfast, John ordered the local taxi to the airport7. They walked about / at / among the trees in Central Park.8. I‘m going to take the train in / on / at half past three.9. The sun had already sunk below / at / across the horizon.10. She lives in the house below / at / across the roadPREPOSICIONES C-Oa) DESPITE (in spite of) a pesar de - Indica circunstancia Despite what she says / A pesar de lo que ella diceb) DOWN abajo Esta preposición se usa para expresar movimiento de arriba hacia abajo - 28 – Ms. Carcasi
  31. 31. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. Come down from that threel / ¡Baja de ese árbol!c) DURING (durante) Indica tiempo. During the summer / Durante el verano Diferencia entre during y for Se usa during para referirse al tiempo o al momento en que se desarrolla una acción y contesta a la pregunta When ... ? I began to feel ill during the concert / Me empecé a encontrar mal durante el concierto. For se utiliza cuando se especifica la duración de la acción y contesta a la pregunta How long...? Yesterday it rained for two hours / Ayer llovió durante dos horas.d) FOR para, hacia (lugar), durante (tiempo), por (circunstancia) Esta preposición puede adoptar distintos sentidos o significados dependiendo de su contexto específico (lugar, tiempo o circunstancia) Se usa para expresar: Movimiento hacia un lugar Shee will soon start for France /Pronto saldrá hacia Francia. Causa For the following reasons... / Por las siguientes razones... Fin To pray for peace / Rezar por la paz Duración (el término español desde hace) I havent seen him for five days / No lo veo desde hace cinco días Sustitución She is writing a letter for me / Ella escribe una carta por mí (en mi lugar) Diferencia entre for y since Cuando for se traduce por "desde hace" se puede confundir con since, "desde". Ambas preposiciones se usan para expresar el tiempo que ha durado la acción del verbo, pero for expresa la duración de la acción y since el comienzo de la misma. - 29 – Ms. Carcasi
  32. 32. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. Ive been living in London for two months / Vivo en Londres desde hace dos meses. Ive been living in London since February / Vivo en Londres desde febrero. NOTA. Observa el uso en ambos casos del pretérito perfecto y nunca del presente.e) FROM de, desde Indica lugar, tiempo o circunstancia. Se usa para expresar: Procedencia, origen Im from Spain / Soy español Separación Take the scissors from the child / Quítale las tijeras al niño Causa He did it from spite / Lo hizo por despecho Relación de tiempo I study from morning till night / Estudio desde la mañana hasta la noche From 20 July / Desde el 20 de juliof) IN en, dentro de Puede indicar tiempo o circunstancia. Se usa para expresar: Situación (en ciudades, regiones, naciones, continentes, etc.) We live in Valencia / Vivimos en Valencia Períodos de tiempo, como meses, años, estaciones. In the year 2001 / En el año 2001 In winter / En invierno You arrived in Madrid in september / Llegaste a Madrid en Septiembre La construcción adverbial española "dentro de", en expresiones de tiempo:. The see you in a weeks time / Te veré dentro de una semana.g) INSIDE interior, dentro de The inside of the box / El interior de la cajah) INTO en Puede indicar lugar o circunstancia I went into the bedroom / Entré en la habitación - 30 – Ms. Carcasi
  33. 33. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. A journey into the unknown / Un viaje hacia lo desconocido The car ran into a wall / El coche chocó con un muro. Diferencia entre in e into In significa en (dentro) generalmente en posición estática (no implica movimiento) into (en) implica movimiento. He was in the room He went finto the room Él estaba en la habitación Él entró en la habitacióni) LIKE como Se usa en comparaciones y ejemplos. You think like my mother / Piensas como mi madre I want a skirt like that / Quiero una falda como esaj) NEAR cerca de Puede indicar lugar, tiempo o circunstancia Is there a police station near here? / ¿Hay una comisaría por aquí cerca? Near midday / Cerca del mediodíak) OF de Made of steel / Hecho de acero East of London / Al este de Londres NOTA.- Es diferente of, el genitivo sajón (posesivo) El Bar de Pedro = Peters Bar ( y no The bar of Peter) He is proud of her daughter / Está orgulloso de su hijal) OFF de, fuera de, sale de Indica lugar o circunstancia She fell of the ladder / Se cayó de la escalera A street off the main place / Una calle que sale de la plaza principalm) ON, (equivalente a UPON, que es menos usual) sobre, encima de, el (fechas) Puede indicar lugar, tiempo o circunstancia. Se usa para expresar: - 31 – Ms. Carcasi
  34. 34. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. Contacto directo (un objeto descansa sobre otro). My hat is on the table / Mi sombrero está sobre la mesa Un día (como fecha) We will see you on Saturday / Te veremos el sábado. Causa, fin Im here on business / Estoy aquí por negocios Argumento, tema To lecture on Shakespeare / Dar clases sobre Shakespeare Posición Tisis room looks out on Sesame, Street / Esta habitación da a la calle Sesamon) OUTSIDE fuera de Indica lugar Outside the prison walls / Fuera de los muros de la prisiónñ) OVER sobre, por encima de Puede indicar lugar, tiempo o circunstancia. Se usa para expresar: Contacto indirecto (un objeto a cierta distancia por encima del otro). We flew over New York / Volamos sobre Nueva York Contacto total (un objeto sobre otro cubriéndolo). Put a cloth over the table / Pon un mantel sobre la mesa De un lado a otro A bridge over the River Kwai / Un puente sobre el Río Kwai Durante, mientras Well discuss it over dinner / Lo discutiremos durante la cena Con números, edades, dinero y tiempo Hes over 30 / Tiene más de 30 añosEXERCISESElige la preposición correcta para cada frase.1. He cried like / of / despite a child.2. His house is for / down / of the hill - 32 – Ms. Carcasi
  35. 35. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.3. The picture is on /outside/ in the wall.4. The Everest is the highest mountain on /of /in the world.5. Hurricanes are common for /durinq/ in the Caribbean summer.6. Hes French. Hes of /for /from France.7. Cuba is over/ into/ near Florida.8. I can see the sky on/ outside/ over our heads.9. inside /despite/ into a thorough investigation, no trace of Osama Bin London has been found.10 The aim for/ of / in this course is to help students.ESTUDIO DE LAS PREPOSICIONES DE LA P – Za) PAST por delante de, más allá de Puede indicar lugar, tiempo o circunstancia She walked past the bank / Pasó por delante del banco Its ten past five / Son las cinco y diezb) ROUND alrededor de Puede indicar lugar, tiempo o circunstancia We were sitting round (around) the table / Estábamos sentados alrededor de la mesa Round (about) five oclock / Alrededor de las cincoc) SINCE desde Indica un período de tiempo cuyo comienzo está bien determínalo. I have not seen him since January / No /o he visto desde enerod) TILL (UNTIL) hasta Indica tiempo I shall be here until tomorrow / Estaré aquí hasta mañana I shall be here till tomorrow Diferencia entre till y until: till es más informal y no suele aparecer al comienzo de una frase - 33 – Ms. Carcasi
  36. 36. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.e) TO a, hacia, hasta (tiempo) Puede indicar lugar, tiempo o circunstancia. Se usa para expresar: Movimiento hacia un lugar. Lets go to the cinema! / ¡Vámonos al cine! Se omite normalmente delante de la palabra home (casa, en el sentido de hogar propio): She came home at eight / Ella llegó a casa a las ocho A excepción de cuando va precedida de un adjetivo posesivo o si se usa con un genitivo sajón, en cuyo caso es obligatoria. We went to Peters home / Fuimos a casa de Peter We went to his home / Fuimos a su casa El complemento indirecto He gave it to John / Se lo dió a John Comparación I prefer walking to driving / Prefiero caminar a conducir Proporción, relación One goal to nil / Un gol a cero Tiempo A quarter to eight / Las ocho menos cuarto NOTA.- TO se emplea también para formar el infinitivo de los verbos.f) TOWARDS hacia Puede indicar lugar, tiempo o circunstancia. She went towards the door / Fue hacia la puerta Towards the end of the film / Hacia el final de la películag) UNDER debajo de, bajo Puede indicar lugar o circunstancia Under the chair / Debajo de la silla Children under six / Menores de seis años - 34 – Ms. Carcasi
  37. 37. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.h) UP en lo alto de Indica lugar o movimiento hacia arriba. Tiene el significado contrario a la preposición down Up the mountain / En lo alto de la montaña She went up the ladder / Subió por la escalerai) WITH con Indica circunstancia. Se usa para expresar.- El complemento de compañía. With you / Contigo El complemento de medio o instrumento. Cut it with a knife / Córtalo con un cuchillo A causa de To tremble with fear / Temblar de miedo Con descripciones A girl with blond hair / Una chica rubiaEXERCISESElige la preposición adecuada para cada frase.1. We went through /to /till a party at the leisure centre.2. The post office is just round /since /to the corner.3. They found a labyrinth of tunnels up/under /with the pyramid.4. Its the first on the right since /till /past the museum.5. Cut the cheese with/ towards/ through a knife.6. I have been here since/ until /towards five oclock.7. Where would you rather be? past/ until /up a mountain or under /until /up the ocean?.8. He could see the island through /to/ towards the mist.9. I wont be there to/ since/ till Monday.10. Were saving money. Were looking through /towards /past the future. - 35 – Ms. Carcasi
  38. 38. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.EXERCISESPlace and position at in on between The woman is …… the door. The child is …… the house. The bird is …… the roof. The bicycle is …… the house and the tree. over above below under inside outside The picture is …… .. the fireplace. The picture is …… .. the fireplace. The fireplace is …… .. the picture. The fireplace is …… .. the picture. It is warm …… .. the house. It is cold …… .. the house. - 36 – Ms. Carcasi
  39. 39. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. by near behind ahead of beside against in front of The dog sits …… .. the chair. The bill is …… .. the house. The boy is …… .. the chair. The girl is in …… .. …… .. The tree is …… .. the house. the house. The bicycle leans …… ..the tree The truck is …… ..the busDirection and motion in to out of into toward from The woman is …… .. the house. The child goes …… .. the house. The man goes …… .. the car. The car points …… .. the corner. The girl gets …… .. the car. The boy walks …… .. the car …… .. the house. - 37 – Ms. Carcasi
  40. 40. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. across through up beyond over down The school is …… .. the street. The next house is …… .. the hill. We walk …… .. the field. Birds fly …… .. the house. Children are running …… .. the hill. The roan is walking …… .. the hill.GRAMMAR: ADJETIVOS INTERROGATIVOSLos adjetivos interrogativos son:1. What, ¿qué?, ¿cuál(es)?. Se utiliza WHAT cuando la pregunta es por información específica sobre la que se quiere conocer algo en particular. What time is it? / ¿Qué hora es? Whats his telephone number? / ¿Cuál es su número de teléfono?2. Which?, ¿cuál(es)? Se usa WHICH en preguntas en las cuales hay dos o más posibles respuestas o alternativas. Which road should I take? / ¿Qué carretera debo tomar? Do you know which one is your? / ¿Sabes cuál es el tuyo? WHICH hace referencia a uno o más elementos de un grupo limitado, mientras que WHAT se utiliza cuando el grupo es más amplio. Para preguntar por la naturaleza de una persona o cosa se utiliza usualmente what kind of? o what sort of? What kind of books do you prefer? / ¿Qué clase de libros prefieres? - 38 – Ms. Carcasi
  41. 41. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. What sort of woman is she? / ¿Qué clase de mujer es?3. Whose? de quién?. Se utiliza generalmente en preguntas sobre personas o cosas que guardan alguna posible asociación entre sí. Whose house is that? / ¿De quién es esa casa?4. How much?, ¿cuánto?. Se utiliza con sustantivos "no contables‖ How much wine shall I buy? / ¿Cuánto vino compro?5. How many?, ¿cuántos?. Se utiliza con sustantivos "contables" How many bottles of wine shall I buy? / ¿Cuántas botellas de vino compro?NOTA: Todos ellos son invariables en género y númeroEXERCISESI. Pon el adjetivo interrogativo que corresponda _________ time is it? (What) _________ road should I take? (Which) _________ much wine shall I buy? (How) _________ house is that? (Whose) II. Completa con el adjetivo interrogativo correcto. l. _________ book is this? "Its mine". 2. _________ is your favourite car? 3. _________ trousers are these? 4. _________ is your nationality? 5. _________ ationality are you, English or Irish? 6. _________ kind of music do you prefer? 7. _________ fast is your car? 8. Theres tea and coffee, __________ would you like? 9. _________ old is he? 10. _________ shirt are you going to wear, the Brown or the black? - 39 – Ms. Carcasi
  42. 42. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. HOW MUCH …? do the shoes cost? How much are the shoes? are they? does the shirt cost? How much is the shirt? is it? did the shoes cost? How much were the shoes were they? did the shirt cost? How much was the shirt? was it? - 40 – Ms. Carcasi
  43. 43. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. HOW MUCH DOES IT COST?Repeat and then read the questions and answers.1. How much is the blue shirt? Its $15.00.2. How much does the suit cost? It costs $250.00.3. How much did your new car cost? It cost $15,000.00.4. How much was it? It was $2.95.5. How much did your black pants cost? They cost $ 8.00.6. How much were they? They were $51.99LET’S TALK! (How much do you know about prices?)Make groups of two or three students each. Ask questions to one another about prices ofdifferent items and give the answers.Example: S1: How much is a can of milk? S2: Its S/ 2. How much is a kg of meat? S3: Its S/ 12. How much ... - 41 – Ms. Carcasi
  44. 44. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.Look at the pictures. Ask and answer questions using how much. Look at the examples.Examples S1 : How much do the shoes cost? S2 : They cost $35.S2 How much is the hat? S1 Its $15.00.VOCABULARY HE RECORDS MUSIC1. Pam likes music. 2. Sometimes her sister records music with her She always takes her tape recorder recorder. and headset to listen to music. She likes to put on her headphones. ANN AND HARRY LIKE TO DANCE1. dance Harry and Ann dance every weekend. They went to a dance last night.2. store He bought a tie at the store. This is a clothing store.3. clerk Sue works in that store. Shes a clerk. I asked that clerk to help me.4. help Sue helped Harry in the store. Help your brother with his homework. - 42 – Ms. Carcasi
  45. 45. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.5. sell / sold They sell good clothes at that store. I sold my old car.6. take / took I‘m taking my books to my dormitory. They took their coats to school.7. headphones / headset Harry always puts on his headphones. His mother doesnt like to hear his music. She bought Harry his headset. HE WENT TO THE STORE AND BOUGHT A SHIRT.Harry dances every Friday. Last Friday, he wanted to wear his new pants. On Thursday, Harrywent to the store and bought a new shirt. A clerk helped Harry. He said, "May I help you? "Yes, "Harry said. "I want to buy a shirt". "What color?," the clerk asked. " I want a white and blue shirt," Harry said. "Here you are," the clerk said. He brought six white and blue shirts. Harry chose one shirt and said, "I like this one. How much is it?‖ "Its $19.89," the clerk said. "Good. I want this shirt" The clerk sold Harry the shirt. Harry wore his new pants and his new shirt to the dance. - 43 – Ms. Carcasi
  46. 46. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.Read the statements. Circle T for true statements. Circle F for false statements.1. Harry likes to dance. T F2. Harry bought new pants last Thursday. T F3. Harry helped the clerk. T F4. He asked the clerk, "How much is it?‖ T F5. Harry sold the shirt. T F6. The shirt cost $9.98 T F - 44 – Ms. Carcasi
  47. 47. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. UNIT IIBE IN THE PAST SIMPLEA. The past Simple of be is like this: Positive Negative Question 1 was I was not (wasnt) Was I....? Singular You were, You were not(werent) Were you ... He/she/it was He/she/it was not (wasnt) Was he/she/it ...? We were We were not (werent) Were we ...? Plural You were You werent not (werent) Were you ...? They were They were not (werent) Were they...?We usually use the short forms (wasnt/weren‘t) when we are speaking or writing a friendlyletter:She wasnt at the dance yesterday, so her boyfriend wasnt happy.B. We use was and were to talk about the past:I was a student from 1986 to 1991. Kyoto was the capital of Japan.(not now)It was very hot last August. They were at club until midnight.C. We use there was.../there were ... to talk about something in the past:There was a panty in the school last Saturday.There were steam trains in England in 1950. - 45 – Ms. Carcasi
  48. 48. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.We use there was with a singular noun: There was a football match in the car park last week.with an uncountable noun: There was some* bread in the cupboard yesterday.We use there were with a plural noun: There were two hundred people at the wedding.D. Questions and short answers are like this:Was there a football match yesterday?Yes, there was. Or No, there wasnt.Were there any* good programmes on TV last week?Yes, there were. Or No, there werent.EXERCISES1. Look at the conversation from The History Quiz, a TV show, and underlineall the past forms of be. "Are you ready? Now, Miss Jones; this is your first question. Who was William Shakespeare?" "Was he a famous general?" "No, he wasnt a general, he was a dramatist. Bad luck! Now, Mr. Smith, heres your question. Who was Napoleon7 "Was he a famous footballer?" "No, he wasnt a footballer, he was a general. Now, Miss Jones, who was Leonardo da Vinci?"2. Now continuo the conversation in exercise 1 and fill the gaps. Use one wordfor each gap."(1) was (2) he a famous actor?"."No, (3) (4) a famous actor, (5) (6) an artist.Now, Mr. Smith, who (7)Romulus and Remus?.―(8)………………………….. (9)………………….. circus clowns?"No, they(10) ……………………….. clowns, they (11) ………………… the founders ofRome. Well, Miss Jones and Mr. Smith, you have zero points. I‘m sorry. - 46 – Ms. Carcasi
  49. 49. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.3. Your friend was at a party last weekend at the house of a millionaire. Useitems from the list to make sentences.delicious luxurious heart-shaped by Picasso old and uglyinteresting young and beautiful full of roses very expensivevery polite famous antiquea. The millionaire was old and ugly . b. The millionaire‘s wife ……………….c. The other guests …………………….. d. The servants ………………………….e. The house ……………………………. f. The swimming pool ………………….g. The furniture ……………………….. h. The paintings ………………………..i. The gardens ………………………….. j. The food ………………………………k. The wine ……………………………. l The conversation ……………………..4. Here are some items from the news. For each news item, write a sentenceswith There was or There were or There is or There are. a. A car accident (yesterday) There was a car accident. b. A plane crash (yesterday) ……………………………….. c. A party at the White House (this evening, now) ……………………………….. d. An earthquake on Pacific island (yesterday) ……………………………….. e. No economic problems in Peru (last month) ……………………………….. f. Two bomb explosions (last night) ……………………………….. g. A music festival in Hyde Park (today, now) ……………………………….. h. A meeting between the Presidents of the USA ……………………………….. and Russia (last week). i. An important football match at Wembley (today, now). ……………………………….. j. No rain in Chiclayo (last month) ……………………………….. k. A royal wedding (last month) ……………………………….. 1. Three firework displays in London (tonight, now) ……………………………….. - 47 – Ms. Carcasi
  50. 50. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.5. Look at these pictures of Bob and Sue and complete the sentences below.Here are some useful words: babies dark energetic friendly generous happy healthy pretty smooth thin very intelligent 1962 now1. Bob and Sue are old now but then they were young.2. Bob and Sue are sad now but then ………………………………..3. Sue is fat now but then ………………………………..4. They are often ill now but then ………………………………..5. Their skin is wrinkled ( = with lines ) now but then it ………………………………..6. They are often angry now but then ………………………………..7. Their hair is grey now but then it ………………………………..8. They are often tired now but then ………………………………..9. Sue is forgetful now but then ………………………………..10. Bob and Sue are rich now but then ………………………………..11. They are mean ( = not generous ) now but then ………………………………..12. Their children are adults now but then ………………………………..13. Sue is ugly now but then ………………………………..6. Look at this. As you read, put was or were or wasn’t or weren’t in the gaps. Jim and Barbara: We were at the zoo yesterday. Sarah: Was it good? Jim: No, it was terrible. There (1) weren‘t any lions. Barbara: And there(2) …………………… any tigers, Jim: There (3)…………….. any kangaroos. Barbara: And there(4) …………….. any elephants. Sarah: (5) …………….. there any snakes? Barbara: Yes, there(6) …………….. one. It was only five centimeters long. Jim: There (7) …………….. a monkey but he was very old and fat. - 48 – Ms. Carcasi
  51. 51. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. Barbara: And there(8) …………….. a camel with only one eye. Jim: There (9) …………….. two crocodiles with no teeth. Barbara: And there(10) …………….. a parrot with no feathers. Jim: There(11) …………….. any penguins. Barbara: And there(12) …………….. enough food for the animals. Jim: There(13) …………….. only one zoo keeper. He was old and folish.7. Now make questions about the zoo. Give short answers. 1. Lions ? Were there any lions at. the zoo? No, there werent 2. Crocodiles? ……………………………………………………... 3. Parrots? ……………………………………………………... 4. Largo snakes? ……………………………………………………... 5. Enough food the animals? ……………………………………………………... 6. A young zoo keeper? ……………………………………………………...OPEN EXERCISES8. Where were you last weekend? Look at this table: Place Friday Saturday Sunday Beach Disco Shopping 2 p.m. - 5 p.m. Centre 9 a.m. - 11 a.m. Restaurant 11 a.m. - 2 p.m. Cinema ZooWrite more times (e.g. 5 p.m. - 8 p.m.) in the empty spaces in the table. Then write thestory of your weekend. Use was and were.For example: Last Friday, the weather was fine. I was at the shops from nine o‘clock to eleven o‘clock. From eleven o‘clock to two o‘clock, I was at restaurant. The food was delicious but the waiters weren‘t very polite.9. Invent similar questions about the places below. Do you remember the questions about the zoo in exercise 7 ? a. The beach: Were there any lifeguards at the beach? b. The museum c. The circus d. The disco e. The park f. The hotel - 49 – Ms. Carcasi
  52. 52. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. PAST PROGRESSIVEGRAMMAR: ANNE WAS STUDYING IN THE LIBRARY The past progressive is used to show that an action took place over period of time. I Was studying Mark Was studying Last night Mark and Al Were studying What were you doing last night? I was studying in the library. I WAS THINKING ABOUT MY VACATIONRead your part and learn it well enough to say it without looking at your bookJan: Why were you smiling a minute ago?Tom: I was thinking.Jan: What were you thinking about?Tom: My vacation next week. - 50 – Ms. Carcasi
  53. 53. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C.Rita: What were you doing last night?Jane: I was studying at the library.Rita: What were you studying?Jane: French. I was reviewing for today‘s test.Steve: I don‘t understand this exercise.Larry: Were you listening to the teacher?Steve: No. What was he saving?Larry: He was explaining this exercise.SUBSTITUTION DRILLOral cueOral responseIndividual 1. Jane was watching a movie night. (TV) 2. Studying math 3. Mark an Al 4. this morning 5. playing soccer 6. baseball 7. I 8. Yesterday 9. washing the car 10. My brother and I. WHO WAS READING A BOOK LAST NIGTH?Your instructor will read a sentence and then give you a word or phrase to substitute. Make anew sentence with that word or phrase. Look at the pattern.PATTERN: I: Helen was reading a book last night I: Jane S1: Jane was reading a book last night. I: watching a movie S2: Jane was watching a movie last night. - 51 – Ms. Carcasi
  54. 54. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. WHAT WAS LAURA DOING YESTERDAY? SHE WAS WAITING FOR THE BUSAsk and answer the question about the pictures. Remember to use the past progressive.EXAMPLE: What was Laura doing at 6:30? She was eating breakfast. 1. Where was Laura standing 2. Who was Laura talking to at 7:00? at 9:00? (She was standing at the (She was talking to a bus stop.) student.) 1. When was Laura running? 2. What was Laura buying at 4:30? (She was running at noon.) (She was talking to a student.) - 52 – Ms. Carcasi
  55. 55. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. 1. When was Laura cooking 2. Who was Laura talking to dinner? at 8:00? (She was cooking dinner at (She was talking to her 4:30.) mother at 8:00.) INDIRECT QUESTIONS – NOUNS IN INDIRECT SPEECH Noun clauses in indirect speechIt is often necessary to represent an idea, question, or statement as having been thought of,asked, or pronounced by someone else. We do this in the form of indirect speech, and theoriginal utterance, usually somewhat changed, is presented in the form of a noun clause: Original utterance: ―I am glad to be here.‖A report of this utterance: He says (that) he is glad to be here. The connecting word that inclauses of this type may be omitted, and usually is, in informal English.As a rule, the tense of reported speech is affected by, the tense of the main verb in thesentence. Using the same original utterance as above, but putting the report of it in the pasttense, we have this form. He said (that) he was glad to be here.The speaker has choice in the tense of the verb in the clause. If he wants to stress that theaction of the main verb and that of the verb in the clause are contemporary, he makes themagree. Or he may use the present tense in the clause to suggest that the information containedthere is still true or is still of interest. The settlers learned that the land in the valley was fertile. (Present condition of the land in the valley is of no interest at the moment.) - 53 – Ms. Carcasi
  56. 56. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. The settlers learned that the turkey is an elusive bird. (It was and still is elusive.) Indirect questionsWhen questions are reported in an indirect way (not using the actual words of the person whooriginally said them), the following rules apply.Yes-no questions. In indirect speech, yes-no questions (which have no question word in directspeech) are introduced by if or whether, and the subject and verb are in their ordinarystatement word order. Original question: Is John coming to the party? Indirect question: Do you know if John is coming to the Party? Do you know whether John is coming to the party? Find out if John is coming to the party.If the main verb is past tense, then the verb in the indirect question is almost always past tense,too: Is he here? They asked if he was here.Question-word questions. These questions retain the sane question word they would have intheir original form, and in addition, subject and verb are in statement word order, as in yes-noquestions. Why does he call you every day? I dont know why he calls you every day. Why does he go to New York? I wonder why he went to New York.Many other changes are required in indirect questions, to make the pronouns, as well as thetense of the verb, correct. When are you coming back from Europe? I asked him when he was coming back from Europe. He asked me when I was coming back from Europe. Which do you prefer? I don‘t know which he prefers. He didn‘t tell me which he preferred. He wanted to know which I preferred. - 54 – Ms. Carcasi
  57. 57. UNIVERSIDAD JOSE CARLOS MARIATEGUI R.M.C. EXERCISESQuestion words. Make questions to which these sentences are the answers. Use the questionword suggested by the italicized word in the answer.Example: He went to school. Where did he go?1. John likes ice cream.2. Bob answered the question.3. The letter came yesterday.4. Helen found some eggs in the barn.5. Mr. Simms put his keys in the drawer.6. I saw Carla at the dance.7. Mrs. Douglas is writing a letter.8. The weather was sunny.9. Dave broke the stick with his hands.10. We met them a long time ago.11. Rita was holding a kitten.12. The movie was terrible.13. This book is Howard’s.14. Al is outside.15. He took the history book.16. This is Jerry’s.17. He came in because it was raining.18. She spells her name with two f’s.19. Water boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit.20. The rear door was damaged. - 55 – Ms. Carcasi

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