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  2. 2. e ye witness tr avel15-minuteGERMAN
  3. 3. e ye witness tr avel15-minuteGERMAN LEARN GERMAN in just 15 minutes A DAYSYLVIA GOULDING
  4. 4. London, New York, Munich, Melbourne, Contents and Delhi Dorling Kindersley Limited How to use this book 6 Senior Editor Angeles Gavira Project Art Editor Vanessa Marr DTP Designer John Goldsmid Week 1 Production Controller Luca Frassinetti Publishing Manager Liz Wheeler Introductions Managing Art Editor Philip Ormerod Hello 8 Publishing Director Jonathan Metcalf Art Director Bryn Walls Relatives 10 My family 12 Language content for Dorling Kindersley by g-and-w publishing To be and to have 14 Review and repeat 16 Produced for Dorling Kindersley by Schermuly Design Co. Art Editor Hugh Schermuly Week 2 Project Editor Cathy Meeus Eating and drinking Special photography Mike Good In the café 18 First American Edition, 2005 In the restaurant 20 Published in the United States by To want 22 DK Publishing, Inc., 375 Hudson Street, Dishes 24 New York, New York 10014 Review and repeat 26 05 06 07 08 09 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Copyright © 2005 Dorling Kindersley Limited Week 3 All rights reserved under International and Making arrangementsPan-American Copyright Conventions. No partof this publication may be reproduced, stored Days and months 28 in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any Time and numbers 30form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, Appointments 32photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright On the telephone 34 owner. Published in Great Britain by Dorling Review and repeat 36 Kindersley Limited.A Cataloging-in-Publication record for this book Week 4 is available from the Library of Congress. Travel ISBN 0-7566-0923-2 At the ticket office 38 15-Minute German is also available in a pack To go and to take 40 with two CDs (ISBN 0-7566-0930-5) Public transportation 42 Color reproduction by Colourscan, Singapore Printed and bound in China by Leo Paper On the road 44 Products Limited Review and repeat 46 Discover more at www.dk.com
  5. 5. Week 5 At the hospital 94Getting around Review and repeat 96Around town 48Finding your way 50 Week 10 At homeSightseeing 52At the airport 54 At home 98Review and repeat 56 In the house 100 The backyard 102Week 6 Pets 104Accommodation Review and repeat 106Booking a room 58In the hotel 60 Week 11 ServicesCamping 62Descriptions 64 Bank and post office 108Review and repeat 66 Services 110 To come 112Week 7 Police and crime 114Shopping Review and repeat 116Shopping 68At the market 70 Week 12 Leisure and socializingAt the supermarket 72Clothes and shoes 74 Leisure time 118Review and repeat 76 Sports and hobbies 120 Socializing 122Week 8 Review and repeat 124Work and studyJobs 78 Reinforce and progress 126The office 80Academic world 82 Menu guide 128In business 84Review and repeat 86 English–German dictionary 132Week 9 German–English dictionary 146HealthAt the pharmacy 88 Acknowledgments 160The body 90At the doctor 92
  6. 6. 6 H OW TO U S E T H I S B O O KHow to use this bookThis main part of the book is devoted to 12 themedchapters, broken down into five 15-minute daily lessons,the last of which is a revision lesson. So, in just 12 weeksyou will have completed the course. A concludingreference section contains a menu guide and English-to-German and German-to-English dictionaries. 18 WEEK 2Warm up and clock 1 Warm up Im CaféEach day starts with a one-minute warm-up that Count to ten. (pp.10–11) At the caféencourages you to recall vocabulary or phrases Say “hello” and “goodbye.” (pp.8–9) In a German Café the busiest time is the afternoon, when people stop for coffee and cake. Some savory dishesyou have learned previously. A clock to the right Ask “Do you have a brother?” (pp.12–13) are also usually available, but the emphasis is on pastries and cakes.of the heading bar indicates the amount of time der Zucker dair tsook-keryou are expected to spend on each exercise. sugar 2 Match and repeatInstructions Familiarize yourself with the words below. Then test yourself by hiding the German with the cover flap.Each exercise is numbered and introduced by Practice the words on the picture also. der Kaffee ohne black coffeeinstructions that explain what to do. In some Milch dair kuf-fay oh-ne milkhcases additional information is given about the der Tee mit Milch dair tay mit milkh tea with milklanguage point being covered. das Gebäck duss ge-beck pastry das Sandwich sandwich der schwarze Tee duss zent-vitch dair shvar-tse tay black tea Cultural tip Coffee is always served with milk Cultural/Conversational tip and sugar, but tea drinkers should specify if they want milk (“mit Milch”) or lemon (“mit Zitrone”). These panels provide additional 3 In conversation insights into life in Germany and language usage. Text styles Ich hätte gern eine Sonst noch etwas? Haben Sie Kuchen? Tasse Tee mit Milch. zonsst nokh et-vuss hah-ben zee koo-khen Distinctive text ikh het-te gairn ie-ne tuss-se tay mit milkh Anything else? Do you have any cake? styles differentiate I would like a cup of tea with milk, please. German and English, and the pronunciation In conversation guide (see right). Illustrated dialogues reflecting how vocabulary and phrases are used in everyday situations appear throughout the book.How to use the flap 86 WEEK 8 Antworten Wiederholung WO R K A N D ST U DY Antworten 87 Answers AnswersThe book’s cover flaps Cover with flap Review and repeat Cover with flap 1 At the office 1 At the office 3 Work 3 Workallow you to conceal 1 das Heftgerät duss heft-ge-rayt Name these items. Answer these questions following 1 Ich bin selbstständig. the English ikh bin zelpst-shten-the German so that 2 die Lampe dee lum-pe 3 der Laptop prompts. Bei welcher Firma arbeiten dikh 2 Ich bin von der Universität Köln.you can test whether dair lap-top 4 der Stift dair shtift 2 lamp Sie? 1 Say: I work for myself. ikh bin fon dair oo- nee-vair-zee-tayt kewln Von welcher 3 Ich betreibeyou have remembered 5 der Schreibtisch dair shriep-tish 6 der Notizblock laptop 1 3 Universität sind Sie? 2 Say: I’m at the University of Forschungen in der Medizin. ikh be-trie-be for- shoong-en in daircorrectly. dair no-teets-blok 7 die Uhr dee oor 1 stapler 4 pen clock 7 Köln. Was ist Ihr Gebiet? may-dee-tseen 4 Ja, meine Sekretärin hat 3 Say: I’m doing den Zeitplan. medical research. yah, mye-ne zek-re-tair-in hut Haben wir uns dayn tsiet-plahn auf einen Zeitplan geeinigt? 4 Say: Yes, my secretary has the schedule.Revision pages 5 desk notepad 6A recap of selected 2 Jobs 1 Arzt/Ärztin artst/airts-tin 2 Jobs What are these jobs in German? 4 How much? Answer the question with the amount 4 How much? 1 Das macht zwei Euro fünfzig. shown in brackets.elements of previous 2 Klempner(in) klemp-ner(in) 1 doctor 2 plumber 1 Was kostet der Kaffee? ( 2.50) duss makht tsvie oy-roe fewnf-tsik 2 Es kostet sieben-lessons helps to 3 Verkäufer(in) fer-koy-fer(in) 4 Buchhalter(in) 3 store clerk 4 accountant 2 Was kostet das Zimmer? ( 47) undvierzig Euro. es kos-tet zee-ben- oont-feer-tsik oy-roe bookh-hull-ter(in) 5 teacherreinforce your 5 Lehrer(in) lay-rer(in) 6 lawyer 3 Was kostet das Kilo 3 Das macht drei Euro fünfund- zwanzig. duss makht drieknowledge. 6 Rechtsanwalt/ Rechtsanwältin rekhts-un-vullt/ rekhts-un-vel-tin Tomaten? ( 3.25) oy-roe fewnf-oont- tsvun-tsik 4 Er kostet fünfzig 4 Was kostet der Parkplatz für Euro. drei Tage? ( 50) air kos-tet fewnf- tsik oy-roe
  7. 7. H OW TO U S E T H I S B O O K 7 Pronunciation guide Many German sounds will already be familiar to you, but a few require special attention. Take note of how these letters are pronounced: Useful phrases ch pronounced from the back of the Selected phrases throat, as in the Scottish loch relevant to the topic j pronounced y as in yes help you speak and r rolled, produced from the back of the understand. throat s pronounced either s as in see or z E AT I N G A N D D R I N K I N G 19 as in zoo 4 Useful phrases Practice these phrases and then test yourself sch pronounced sh as in ship ein Stück Kuchen using the cover flap. ß a special character that represents a ine shtewck Ich hätte gern eine koo-khen slice of cake Tasse Kaffee, bitte. ikh het-te gairn ie-ne tuss-se kuf-fay, bit-te double ss I’d like a cup of coffee, v pronounced f as in foot please. w pronounced v as in van Sonst noch etwas? zonsst nokh et-vuss z/tz pronounced ts as in pets Anything else? German vowels can be tricky, with the same vowel having a number of different Ja, ein Teilchen, bitte. yah, ine tile-khen, bit-te pronunciations. Watch out also for these Yes, a Danish pastry, combinations that may look like familiar please. Was macht das? English sounds, but are pronounced vuss mukht duss differently in German: How much is that? au as the English now der Kaffee dair kuf-fay (white) coffee ee as the English lay ei as the English high eu as the English boy ie as the English see After each word or phrase you will find aJa, selbstverständlich.yah, zelpst-fer- Danke. Was macht das? Vier Euro, bitte. feer oy-roe, bit-te pronunciation transcription. Read this, bearingshtend-likhYes, certainly. dun-ke. vuss mukht duss Four euros, please. in mind the tips above, and you will achieve a Thank you. How much is that? comprehensible result. But remember that the transcription can only ever be an approximation and that there is no real substitute for Say it listening to and mimicking native speakers. In these exercises you are asked to apply what you have learned Dictionary 132 D I C T I O N A RY using different A mini-dictionary Dictionary English to German vocabulary. provides ready In German, the gender of a noun is indicated by the word for the: der for a masculine noun, die for feminine, and das for neuter. Die is also used with plural nouns, reference from and the abbreviations “(m pl),” “(f pl),” and “(nt pl)” are used to indicate their gender here. The feminine form of most occupations and personal attributes is English to German made by adding -in to the masculine form: accountant 5 Say it and German to Buchhalter(in), for example. Exceptions to this rule are listed separately. Where necessary, adjectives are denoted by the abbreviation “(adj).” America Amerika in der Nacht; at 3 A Do you have a single English for 2,500 about: about 16 etwa 16 accelerator das Gaspedal American der/die Amerikaner(in); (adj) amerikanisch and und o’clock um 3 Uhr athletic shoes die Turnschuhe ATM der Geldautomat room, please? words. accident der Unfall accommodation die Unterkunft accountant der/die ankle der Knöchel another (different) ein anderer; (one more) noch ein; another time attic der Dachboden attractive attraktiv August August aunt die Tante Buchhalter(in) ein andermal; another Australia Australien ache der Schmerz room ein anderes Australian der/die across from: across from Zimmer; another Australier(in); (adj) the hotel gegenüber coffee, please noch australisch For six nights. 128 MENU GUIDE dem Hotel adapter der Adapter address die Adresse admission charge der einen Kaffee, bitte answering machine der Anrufbeanworter antique shop das Austria Österreich Austrian der/die Österreicher(in); (adj) österreichisch Menu guide Eintrittspreis after nach aftershave das Antiquitätengeschäft antiseptic das Antiseptikum automatic automatisch away: is it far away? ist es weit von hier?; go This guide lists the most common Rasierwasser apartment die Wohnung away! gehen Sie weg! Is breakfast included? terms you may encounter on German menus or when shopping for food. If again nochmal against gegen agenda die aperitif der Aperitif appetite der Appetit appetizer die Vorspeisen awful furchtbar you can’t find an exact phrase, try Tagesordnung (f pl) B das Baby looking up its component parts. agent der Vertreter apple der Apfel baby air die Luft application form das back (not front) die air conditioning die Antragsformular Rückseite; (part of Bouillon clear soup Endiviensalat endive Klimaanlage appointment der Termin body) der Rücken A Braten roast meat salad aircraft das Flugzeug airline die Fluglinie apricot die Aprikose are: you are (singular backpack der Rucksack bacon der Speck; bacon Aal eel Brathering pickled and englisch rare am Spieß on the spit fried herring, served cold Entenbraten roast duck airmail die Luftpost informal) du bist; and eggs Eier mit Speck Ananas pineapple Bratkartoffeln fried entgrätet bones (fish) air mattress (singular formal; bad schlecht Äpfel apple potatoes Erbsen peas die Luftmatratze plural formal) Sie bag die Tasche Apfel im Schlafrock baked Bratwurst grilled pork Erdbeertorte strawberry airport der Flughafen sind; (plural informal) baggage das Gepäck; apple in puff pastry sausage cake airport bus ihr seit; we are wir baggage claim die Apfelsaft apple juice Brot bread Essig vinegar der Flughafenbus sind; they are sie sind Gepäckausgabe Apfelsinen oranges Brötchen roll aisle der Gang arm der Arm bait der Köder Apfelstrudel apple strudel Brühwurst large alarm clock der Wecker armchair der Sessel bake backen Apfeltasche apple turnover frankfurter Brust breast F Hase meat loaf Falscher alcohol der Alkohol all alle(s); all the streets arrivals die Ankunft art die Kunst baker der Bäcker bakery die Konditorei Menu guide Apfelwein cider Aprikosen apricots Arme Ritter bread soaked in milk and egg then fried Bückling smoked red herring Buletten burgers; rissoles Bunte Platte mixed platter Fasan pheasant Fenchel fennel Fett fat Filet fillet (steak) alle Straßen; that’s all das ist alles allergic allergisch almost fast art gallery die Kunstgalerie artist der/die Künstler(in) as: as soon as possible balcony der Balkon ball der Ball ballet das Ballett Baltic die Ostsee Use this guide as a Artischocken artichokes Auberginen eggplant Auflauf baked pudding or omelet Burgundersoße Burgundy wine sauce Buttercremetorte cream cake Fisch fish Fischfrikadellen fishcakes Fischstäbchen fish sticks Flädlesuppe consommé alone allein already schon always immer am: I am ich bin so bald wie möglich ashtray der Aschenbecher asthma das Asthma at: at the post office auf banana die Banane band (musicians) die Band bandage der Verband; reference for food Aufschnitt cold meats Austern oysters Buttermilch buttermilk C, D with crepe strips flambiert flambéed Fleischbrühe bouillon Fleischkäse meat loaf ambulance der Krankenwagen der Post; at the station am Bahnhof; at night (adhesive) das Pflaster B dried fruit terminology and Backobst Backpflaume prune Baiser meringue Champignons mushrooms Cordon bleu veal cordon bleu Currywurst mit Pommes Fleischklößchen meatball(s) Fleischpastete meat vol- au-vent Balkansalat cabbage and frites curried pork Fleischsalat diced meat popular German pepper salad Bananen bananas Bandnudeln ribbon sausage with fries Dampfnudeln sweet yeast dumpling salad with mayonnaise Fleischwurst pork sausage noodles Deutsches Beefsteak Fond meat juices dishes. Basilikum basil Bauernauflauf bacon and potato omelet ground meat or patty Dicke Bohnen broad beans Forelle trout Forelle Müllerin (Art) breaded trout with Bauernfrühstück fried Dillsoße dill sauce butter and lemon potato, bacon, and egg durchgebraten well-done Frikadelle rissole Bauernomelett bacon durchwachsen with fat Frikassee fricassee and potato omelet durchwachsener Speck fritiert (deep-) fried Bechamelkartoffeln bacon Froschschenkel frog’s potatoes in creamy sauce legs Bedienung service Fruchtsaft fruit juice Beilagen side dishes E Frühlingsrolle spring roll Berliner jelly doughnut Eier eggs Bier beer Eierauflauf omelet Birnen pears Eierkuchen pancake G Biskuit sponge cake Eierpfannkuchen pancake Gans goose Bismarckhering filleted Eierspeise egg dish Gänseleberpastete pickled herring eingelegt pickled goose-liver pâté Blätterteig puff pastry Eintopf stew garniert garnished blau cooked in vinegar; Eintopfgericht stew Gebäck pastries, cakes
  8. 8. 8 WEEK 1 www.freide.ru 1 Warm up Guten Tag The Warm Up panel appears at the beginning of each Hello topic. Use it to In formal situations, Germans greet reinforce what you have already learned each other with a handshake. They and to prepare are addressed with title—Herr (for yourself for moving men) and Frau (for women)—and last ahead with the new subject. name. Nowadays the title Fräulein (Miss) is rarely used for adult women. Young people may greet each other with a kiss on each cheek. Hallo! 2 Words to remember Hal-loe Hello! Learn these expressions. Conceal the German with the cover flap and test yourself. Guten Tag. Hello/Good day. goo-ten tahk Guten Abend/Nacht. Good evening/night. goo-ten ah-bent /nukht Bis bald/morgen. See you biss balt/mor-gen soon/tomorrow. Auf Wiedersehen/ Goodbye. Tschüss. (formal/informal) owf vee-der-zay- en/tchews Cultural tip In addition to proper names, all nouns start with a capital letter in German—for example, “der Tag” (the day), as in “Guten Tag” (good day). 3 In conversation: formalGuten Tag. Ich heiße Guten Tag. Michael Freut mich.Martina Li. Brand, freut mich. froyt mikhgoo-ten tahk. ikh high- goo-ten tahk. mikh-ah-se mar-teen-a lee ail brant, froyt mikh Pleased to meet you.Hello. My name is Hello. Michael Brand,Martina Li. pleased to meet you.
  9. 9. I NT R O D U C T I O N S 9 4 Put into practice Join in this conversation. Read the German beside the pictures on the left and then follow the instructions to make your reply. Then test yourself by concealing the answers with the cover flap. Guten Abend, Herr Guten Abend. Gohl. goo-ten ah-bent goo-ten ah-bent, hair goel Good evening, Mr. Gohl. Say: Good evening. Ich heiße Ilse Gerlach. Freut mich. ikh high-se ilze gair-lakh. froyt mikh My name is Ilse Gerlach. Say: Pleased to meet you. 5 Useful phrases Familiarize yourself with these words. Read them aloud several times and try to memorize them. Conceal the German with the cover flap and test yourself. What’s your name? Wie heißen Sie? vee high-sen zee My name is Thomas. Ich heiße Thomas. ikh high-se toe-mass Pleased to meet you. Freut mich. froyt mikh Thank you. Danke. dun-ke 6 In conversation: informalAlso, bis morgen? Ja, auf Wiedersehen. Tschüss. Bis bald.ull-zoe, biss mor-gen yah, owf vee-der-zay-en tchews. biss baltSo, see you tomorrow? Yes, goodbye. Goodbye. See you soon.
  10. 10. 10 WEEK 1 1 Warm up Die Verwandten Say “hello” and “goodbye” in German. (pp.8–9) Relatives In German things are masculine, Now say “My name is…”. (pp.8–9) feminine, or neuter, taking a different form of “the” according Say “Mr” and “Mrs”. to gender: der (masculine), die (pp.8–9) (feminine), and das (neuter). There is no easy way of knowing the gender of a word; you will have to memorize them individually.2 Match and repeatLook at the numbered family members in this scene and matchthem with the vocabulary list at the side. Read the German wordsaloud. Now, conceal the list with the cover flap and test yourself.1 der Großvater 1 grandfather dair groes-fah-ter 3 sister2 der Bruder brother 2 4 father dair broo-der 5 mother3 die Schwester dee shvess-ter4 der Vater dair fah-ter5 die Mutter dee moot-ter6 die Großmutter dee groes-moot-ter7 der Sohn dair zoen8 die Tochter dee tokh-ter grandmother 6 7 son 8 daughter Conversational tip In German the word “ein” (a/an) changes according to the gender of the noun—for example, “Ich habe eine Schwester” (I have a sister), but “Ich habe einen Sohn” (I have a son).
  11. 11. I NT R O D U C T I O N S 11 3 Words to remember: relatives Germans commonly refer to their spouses as mein Mann (my man) or meine Frau (my woman). This is not impolite, but a shortened version of mein Ehemann and meine Ehefrau. der die children die KinderEhemann Ehefrau dee kin-der dair deeay-amunn ay-afrow brother-in-law/ der Schwager/diehusband wife sister-in-law Schwägerin dair shvar-ger/dee shvay-ge-rin half-brother/half- der Halbbruder/die sister Halbschwester dair hulp-broo-der/dee hulp-shvess-ter stepson/stepdaughter der Stiefsohn/die Stieftochter dair shteef-zohn/dee shteef-tokh-ter stepfather/stepmother der Stiefvater/die Stiefmutter dair shteef-fah-ter/dee shteef-moot-terIch bin verheiratet. I have two sons Ich habe zwei Söhne.ikh bin fer-hye-rah-tet ikh hah-be tsvie zer-ne.I’m married. 4 Words to remember: numbers Memorize these words and then test yourself using the cover flap.In German the plural one einsis formed by adding an ients“en,” “e,” “er,” or “s”to the end of the word, two zweias in Frau/Frauen tsvie(woman/women), three dreiTag/Tage (day/days), drieMann/Männer (man/men), Auto/Autos four vier(car/cars). In many feercases the main vowelchanges to an umlaut, five fünfas in der Bruder/die fewnfBrüder (brother/ six sechsbrothers). In others zeksthere is no change. seven sieben 5 Say it zee-ben One sister. eight acht akht Three sons. nine neun Two brothers. noyn ten zehn tsayn
  12. 12. 12 WEEK 1 1 Warm up Meine FamilieSay the German for asmany members of thefamily as you can. My family(pp.10–11) There are two ways of saying “you”Say “I have two sons.” in German: Sie for people you have(pp.10–11) just met or don’t know very well, and du for family and friends. There are also different words for “your” (see below). It is best to use Sie when you first meet someone and wait until he or she invites you to use du. 2 Words to rememberThe words for “my” and “your” change, depending on the gender andnumber of the word to which they relate. mein my (with masculine mine or neuter) meine my (with feminine) mye-ne meine my (with plural) mye-ne dein your (informal, with dine masculine or neuter) deine your (informal, with dye-ne feminine) deine your (informal, with dye-ne plural) Ihr your (formal, with eer masculine or neuter) Das sind meine Eltern. Ihre your (formal, with duss zint mye-ne ee-re feminine or plural) ell-tern These are my parents. 3 In conversationHaben Sie Kinder? Ja, ich habe zwei Hier sind meinehah-ben zee kin-der Töchter. Töchter. Und Sie? yah, ikh hah-be tsvie heer zint mye-ne terkh-Do you have any terkh-ter ter. oont zeechildren? Yes, I have two These are my daughters. daughters. And you?
  13. 13. I NT R O D U C T I O N S 13 Conversational tip The most common way to ask a question in German is to invert the verb and the subject: “Sie haben” (you have) becomes “Haben Sie…?” (have you?, or do you have?). Similarly, “Sie möchten Kaffee” (you want coffee) becomes “Möchten Sie Kaffee?” (Do you want coffee?). 4 Useful phrasesRead these phrases aloud several times and try to memorize them.Conceal the German with the cover flap and test yourself. Do you have any Haben Sie Brüder? brothers? (formal) hah-ben zee brew-der Do you have any Hast du Brüder? brothers? (informal) husst doo brew-der This is my husband. Hier ist mein Mann. heer isst mine munn That’s my wife. Dort ist meine Frau. dort isst mye-ne frow Is that your sister? Ist das Ihre (formal) Schwester? isst duss ee-re shvess-ter Is that your sister? Ist das deine (informal) Schwester? isst duss dye-ne shvess-ter 5 Say it Do you have any brothers and sisters? (formal) Do you have any children? (informal) I don’t have any sisters. This is my wife.Nein, aber ich habeeinen Stiefsohn.nine, ah-ber ikh hah-be ie-nen shteef-zohnNo, but I have astepson.
  14. 14. 14 WEEK 11 Warm up Sein und habenSay “See you soon.”(pp.8–9) To be and to haveSay “I am married” German verbs have more forms thanand “I have a wife.”(pp.10–11 and English ones, so learn them carefully.pp.12–13) The verbs sein (to be) and haben (to have) are used in many expressions, often differently from English. For example, in English you say “I’m hungry,” but in German you say Ich habe Hunger (literally, I have hunger).2 Sein: to beFamiliarize yourself with the different forms of sein (to be). Use thecover flaps to test yourself and, when you are confident, practice thesample sentences below. ich bin I am ikh bin du bist you are (informal, doo bisst singular) er/sie/es ist he/she/it is air/zee/ess isst wir sind we are veer zint ihr seid you are (informal, eer ziet plural) sie sind/Sie sind they are/you are Ich bin Engländerin. zee zint (formal) ikh bin ang-lan-darin I’m English. Ich bin müde. I’m tired. ikh bin mew-de Du bist/Sie sind You’re on time. pünktlich. doo bisst/zee zint pewnkt-likh Ist sie glücklich? Is she happy? isst zee glewk-likh Wir sind Deutsche. We’re German. veer zind doitche
  15. 15. I NT R O D U C T I O N S 15 3 Haben Learn this verb and the sample sentences. Use the flap to test yourself. I have ich habe ikh hah-be you have (informal, du hast singular) doo husst he/she/it has er/sie/es hat air/zee/ess hut we have wir haben veer hah-ben you have ihr habtHaben Sie Brokkoli? (informal, plural) eer hahpthah-ben zee brokoleeDo you have any they have/you have sie haben/Sie habenbroccoli? (formal) zee hah-ben He has a meeting. Er hat eine Besprechung. air hut ie-ne be-shpre-khoong Do you have a Haben Sie ein cell phone? Handy? hah-ben zee ine han-di They have a half- Sie haben einen brother. Halbbruder. zee hah-ben ie-nen hulp-broo-der 4 Negatives The most common way to make a sentence negative in German is to put nicht (not) in front of the word that is negated, much as in English: Wir sind nicht verheiratet (We are not married). Note the following special negative constructions: not a/not any becomes kein/keine, not ever/never becomes nie, and not anywhere/nowhere becomes nirgendwo. das Fahrrad I’m not tired. Ich bin nicht müde. duss fahr- ikh bin nikht mew-de raht bicycle He’s not married. Er ist nicht verheiratet. air isst nikht fer-hye-rah-tet We don’t have any Wir haben keine children. Kinder. veer hah-ben kye-ne kin-derIch habe kein Auto.ikh hah-be kine ow-toI don’t have a car.
  16. 16. 16 WEEK 1 Antworten Answers Wiederholung Cover with flap Review and repeat1 How many? 1 How many? 1 drei Conceal the answers with the cover flap. drie Then say these numbers in German. Check to see if you remembered correctly. 2 neun noyn 3 4 9 1 2 3 3 vier feer 4 zwei tsvie 2 8 10 5 5 acht 4 akht 6 6 zehn tsayn 5 76 7 fünf 7 9 fewnf 8 8 sieben zee-ben 9 sechs zeks2 Hello 2 Hello 1 Guten Tag. Ich You meet someone in a formal situation. heiße… [your Join in the conversation, replying in name]. German according to the English prompts. goo-ten tahk. ikh high-se… Guten Tag. Ich heiße Claudia. 2 Freut mich. 1 Answer the greeting and give your name. froyt mikh Das ist mein Mann, Norbert. 3 Ja, und ich habe 2 Say “Pleased to meet you.” zwei Söhne. Und Sie? Sind Sie verheiratet? yah, oont ikh 3 Say “Yes, and I have two sons. hah-be tsvie zer- And you?” ne. Oont zee? Wir haben drei Töchter. 4 Auf 4 Say “Goodbye. See you tomorrow.” Wiedersehen. Bis morgen. owf vee-der-zay- en. biss mor-gen
  17. 17. I NT R O D U C T I O N S 17 Antworten Answers Cover with flap3 To have or be 3 To have or beFill in the blanks with the correct form of 1 binhaben (to have) or sein (to be). Check to see if binyou remembered the German correctly. 2 ist isst1 Ich ____ verheiratet. 3 sind2 Sie (she) ____ müde. zint3 Wir ____ Deutsche. 4 haben hah-ben4 ____ Sie eine Besprechung? 5 hat hut5 Sie (she) ____ eine Schwägerin. 6 habe6 Ich ____ kein Handy. hah-be7 ____ du glücklich? 7 bist bisst8 Das ____ mein Mann. 8 ist isst4 Family 4 FamilySay the German for each of the numbered 1 der Großvaterfamily members. Check to see if you dair groes-fah-terremembered the German correctly. 2 der Bruder 3 sister dair broo-der brother 2 4 father 3 die Schwestergrandfather 1 dee shvess-ter 5 mother 4 der Vater dair fah-ter 5 die Mutter dee moot-ter 6 die Großmutter dee groes- moot-ter 7 der Sohn dair zohn 8 die Tochter dee tokh-tergrandmother 6 7 son 8 daughter
  18. 18. 18 WEEK 2 1 Warm up Im Café Count to ten. (pp.10–11) At the café Say “hello” and In a German Café the busiest time is “goodbye.” (pp.8–9) the afternoon, when people stop for Ask “Do you have a coffee and cake. Some savory dishes brother?” (pp.12–13) are also usually available, but the emphasis is on pastries and cakes. der Zucker dair tsook-ker sugar 2 Match and repeat Familiarize yourself with the words below. Then test yourself by hiding the German with the cover flap. Practice the words on the picture also. der Kaffee ohne black coffee Milch dair kuf-fay oh-ne milkh der Tee mit Milch tea with milk dair tay mit milkh das Gebäck pastry duss ge-beck das Sandwich sandwich der schwarze Tee duss zent-vitch dair shvar-tse tay black tea Cultural tip Coffee is always served with milk and sugar, but tea drinkers should specify if they want milk (“mit Milch”) or lemon (“mit Zitrone”). 3 In conversationIch hätte gern eine Sonst noch etwas? Haben Sie Kuchen?Tasse Tee mit Milch. zonsst nokh et-vuss hah-ben zee koo-khenikh het-te gairn ie-netuss-se tay mit milkh Anything else? Do you have any cake?I would like a cup oftea with milk, please.