Stroke

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Stroke

  1. 1. STROKAvila Campanon Englaterra Libanan Yglesias E
  2. 2. A stroke, sometimes called a"brain attack," occurs when blood flow tothe brain is interrupted. When a strokeoccurs, brain cells in the immediate areabegin to die because they stop getting theoxygen and nutrients they need tofunction.
  3. 3. Two Major Kinds of Stroke. The first, called an ischemic stroke, iscaused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a bloodvessel or artery in the brain. About 80 percent of allstrokes are ischemic. The second, known as a hemorrhagicstroke, is caused by a blood vessel in the brainthat breaks and bleeds into the brain. About 20percent of strokes are hemorrhagic. Although stroke is a disease of the brain, itcan affect the entire body. The effects of a strokerange from mild to severe and can includeparalysis, problems with thinking, problems withspeaking, and emotional problems. Patients mayalso experience pain or numbness after a stroke.
  4. 4. Risk Factors: •High blood pressure •High cholesterol •Smoking •Diabetes •Increasing age
  5. 5. Symptoms of Stroke: •Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg (especially one side of the body) •Sudden confusion, trouble peaking or understanding speech •Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes •Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination •Sudden severe headache with no known cause
  6. 6. NINE EMERGENCY RULES FOR A SUDDEN STROKE1.Determine whether it is a stroke. Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS) Smile: The face should move symmetrically Raise both arms: Looking for weakness on one side of the body Speak simple sentence *Note: If a patient cannot perform these tasks, activate EMS.
  7. 7. 2.Make home care well such as keeping the environment quiet and the patient’s mood stable, otherwise, the noisy environment will make the patient feel nervous.3.Lift the head to about 30 degrees to avoid aggravating the bleeding.4.Repose motionless and minimize moving. Don’t shake the patient’s head because he did not respond to you.5.Loosen the tight clothing such as tie to maintain the patient’s ventilation volume enough.
  8. 8. 6. In case of aggravating head bleeding, we should maintain relative stability of head whether we move him or pat his back.7. Do not give patient sugar water, because glucose is significantly higher than normal in stress state.8. Set ice bag on the head, for the sake of reducing the consumption of the oxygen and protecting brain cells.9. Better use stretcher or wood bed to carry the patient steadily. Do not carry him yourself.

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