ZERO CONDITIONAL• We use the ZERO CONDITIONAL to talk about general truths-situations that always happen given a certain condition.• Form: PRESENT+ IF PRESENT• It is possible to use when instead of if without any change in the meaning.
DONE EXERCISE:EXAMPLES: Create zero conditional phrases with the words given:If you stay under the rain, you get wet. a) My daughter / eat / too much chocolate If you heat water, it boils. / she /get / sick If my daughter eats too much chocolate she gets sick .If you get near a fire, you get burned. b) Ice / float / you / drop / it / in water Ice floats if you drop it in water . c) If / no / rain / the grass / not / grow If it doesn’t rain, the grass doesn’t grow . d) If / lights/ go off/ you / not / see / anything If lights go off, you don’t see anything.
FIRST CONDITIONAL• We use the FIRST CONDITIONAL to talk about what will or won’t happen given a specific condition.• Form: WILL/IF PRESENT SIMPLE UNLESS+POSITIVE VERB/IF PRESENT SIMPLE
• EXAMPLES • DONE EXERCISE-If it doesn´t rain we will go to the 1) If I go out tonight, I´ll go to beach. the cinema.-Unless it rains we will go to the 2) If you get back late, I´ll be beach. angry.-We will swim faster if we use a 3) If we don´t see each other better swimsuit. tomorrow, we´ll see each-If you don’t practise we won’t other next week. win. 4) If he comes , I´ll be surprised. 5) If we wait here, we´ll be late. 6) If we go on holiday this summer, we´ll go to Spain.
SECOND CONDITIONAL• We use the SECOND CONTIONAL to talk about hypothetical or imaginary situations.• It is also use to give advice.• Form: WOULD/IF PAST SIMPLE
• DONE EXERCISE• EXAMPLES: 1) If I were you, I´d get a new-If it were you, I wouldn’t do job. that. 2) If he were younger, he´d-If she studied harder, she travel more. would pass her test. 3) If we weren´t friends, I-Would you start a business if would be angry with you. you didn’t have money? 4) If I had enough money, I´d-If you didn’t go to bed late, buy a big house. you wouldn’t feel tired. 5) If she weren´t always so late, she´d be promoted. 6) If we won the lottery, we´d travel the world.
THIRD CONDITIONAL• We use the THIRD CONDITIONAL to talk about conditions that can no longer be fulfilled, since they refer to the past.• We often use it to show that we are sorry about something.• Form: WOULD HAVE+PAST PERFECT/IF HAD+PAST PERFECT
• DONE EXERCISE• EXAMPLES: 1) If you hadn´t been late, we-If she had gone to the concert wouldn´t have missed the bus. she would have enjoyed. 2) If she had studied she would have passed the exam.-Would you have chosen the 3) If we had arrived earlier, we players more carefully if you would have seen John. had taken your time? 4) If they had gone to bed-If I hadn’t trained so hard, I early, they wouldn´t have woken up late. wouldn’t have lost the race. 5) If he had become a musician, he would have recorded a CD. 6) If she had gone to art school, she would have become a painter.
•You can practise more exercises inthis English page:http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-exercise-conditionals.php