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Indionesia

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Indionesia

  1. 1. INDONESIAA. MARKET FOR FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES1. Market Trends and Opportunities Items 2002 2006 Change in % Major Markets in % Value Qty Value Qty Value Qty US 000 Tons US 000 Tons Grapes 18,640 16,218 43,638 26,366 134% 62% USA(30%), Australia (25%) & China (18%) Mango 193 283 785 1,103 306% 289% Thailand (59%), Peru (17%), South Africa (8%) Onions 12,754 45,842 37,468 99,690 193% 117% Thailand (44%), Philippines (17%) and Vietnam (12%) Chilli 24 25 138 145 475% 480% Australia (50%), Singapore(21%) and Taiwan (10%) Tomato 552 1,711 200 227 -66% -87% Australia (58%), Singapore(33%) and Malaysia (8%)The consumption pattern shows positively increasing trends for most of the fresh fruitsand vegetables in Indonesian market. Imports of major fruits and vegetables excepttomatoes increased drastically. The major partner countries are Australia, Singapore, USA,China, and Thailand.2. Import AnalysisGrapes: Indonesia imported US$ 43.6 million worth of grapes in 2006 .The majorexporters of grapes to Indonesia are United States of America and Australia. United Statesshare in Indonesia import of grapes is 29.6%. Total Quantity exported by USA is 12,919tons valued at US $ 1758 per tons. Australia and China shared market in Indonesia by25% and 17.8 % respectively. The average per unit price of grapes was US $ 1,655 per tonin 2006. The imports of grapes in the five years grew by 25% in value and by 17% inquantity.Mango: Indonesia imported 1103 tons of mangoes valued at US$ 785 thousands in 2006.The major exporters of mangoes to Indonesia are Thailand (59% of total import value),Peru (17%), and S.Africa (8%). Total Quantity exported by Thailand is 620 tons valued atUS $737 per tons. The average price per ton is US $ 712 for imports in Indonesia. Theannual growth in the last five years in terms of value was 35% and in quantity 32%.Onions: Indonesia imported 45,800 tons of onions valued at US$ 37. 5 million in 2006.The major exporter of Onions to Indonesia are Thailand (44% of total import value),Philippines (17%) and Vietnam (12%). Total Quantity imported by Indonesia in the year2006 was 99,690 tons. Average import unit price was US $ 376 per tons. The annualaverage import growth in the value and quantity in the last five were 28% and 21%respectively. Thailand which is the major exporter of onions to Indonesia has increased itsexport in the five years by 67%.Chilli: Indonesia imported 145 tons of chillies valued at US$ 138 thousands in 2006 .Themajor exporter of pepper or Chilli to Indonesia is Australia, representing 49% in total 22
  2. 2. import value. Total quantity exported by Australia is 68 tons. Unit export value ofAustralia was US $ 1659 per tons while the average price of total import volume was US $952 per ton. Singapore and Taiwan took 21% and 9.4% of market share respectively.Australia’s export increased from 22 tons in 2002 to 68 tons in 2006. Annual averageimport growth rates between 2002 – 2006 were 68% in value and 76% in quantity.Tomatoes: Indonesia imported 227 tons of tomatoes valued at US$ 200 thousands in2006. The leading exporter of tomatoes to Indonesia is Australia representing 58% in totalimport of Indonesia. Total quantity exported by Australia is 71 tons valued at US $ 1634per ton. After Australia, Singapore and Malaysia took the market share of 33% and 8 %respectively.The import growth in the last five years is negative: -23% in terms of value and -40% interms of volume. 23
  3. 3. a. GrapesTable – I: Imports of Grapes from 2002 – 2006 in Value in USD 000Exporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 18,640 18,090 25,642 30,812 43,638United States of America 10,072 8,475 11,401 17,777 12,919Australia 6,813 5,305 7,985 6,039 10,931China 510 797 1,020 1,477 7,748Chile 264 1,325 1,939 1,514 6,727South Africa 279 1,067 1,733 971 2,120Peru 0 1 199 313 1,146Argentina 67 186 324 570 1,082Singapore 47 24 103 1,101 352Hong Kong (SARC) 32 33 87 131 215Egypt 10 17 16 64 125Table – II: Imports of Grapes from 2003 – 2007 in Quantity in Tons‘World 16,218 14,469 28,715 25,330 26,366United States of America 7,241 6,959 11,605 11,011 7,350Australia 7,338 4,060 10,547 7,164 6,387China 420 802 1,446 1,269 4,720Chile 274 967 2,169 1,835 4,322South Africa 280 782 1,474 881 1,292Argentina 75 142 265 578 717Peru 0 1 238 360 702Singapore 52 34 126 1,268 448Hong Kong (SARC) 27 27 83 141 124New Zealand 27 3 0 18 103Egypt 7 12 14 61 60 24
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  5. 5. b. MangoesTable - I: Imports of Mangoes from 2002 – 2006 in USD 000Exporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 193 525 689 625 785Thailand 141 285 386 419 457Peru 0 0 0 0 128South Africa 0 0 21 53 62Taiwan, Province of China 0 31 20 0 45Singapore 1 0 8 101 36China 5 160 173 0 33Malaysia 0 7 11 13 7India 0 0 0 0 3United States of America 1 4 20 28 3Australia 8 16 9 3 2Table – II: Imports of Mangoes from 2002 – 2006 in Quantity in TonsExporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 283 1,001 1,442 1,059 1,103Thailand 215 332 606 726 620Peru 0 0 0 0 214South Africa 0 0 71 149 66China 19 550 547 1 58Singapore 1 0 13 131 49Malaysia 0 22 32 37 38Taiwan, Province of China 0 25 22 0 29India 0 0 0 0 7United States of America 1 16 81 2 5Australia 7 23 8 2 2Pakistan 39 10 43 0 1 26
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  7. 7. c. OnionsTable - I: Imports of Onions from 2002 – 2006 in USD 000Exporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 12,754 16,065 19,298 22,163 37,468Thailand 1,863 728 1,815 2,703 16,327Philippines 3,917 8,390 8,503 5,881 6,203Viet Nam 742 2,064 2,583 4,631 4,631Netherlands 1,541 1,935 2,288 3,273 3,609Malaysia 714 455 823 917 1,849New Zealand 1,349 1,058 2,173 1,634 1,561India 77 262 69 116 1,361Myanmar 1,535 88 0 1,002 653China 290 343 592 1,211 608Australia 453 715 311 579 430Table –II: Imports of Onions from 2002 – 2006 in Quantity in TonsExporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 45,842 54,351 66,312 75,205 99,690Thailand 6,489 2,341 6,213 9,893 41,134Philippines 14,044 27,832 28,959 20,235 15,900Viet Nam 2,630 7,181 9,057 15,937 11,716Netherlands 5,554 6,899 7,966 9,938 10,079Malaysia 2,894 1,764 2,950 2,814 5,492New Zealand 4,885 3,488 7,687 6,354 5,419India 293 883 249 415 5,165China 1,066 1,643 2,131 4,167 1,746Myanmar 5,797 488 0 3,401 1,685Australia 1,224 1,734 600 1,647 815 28
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  9. 9. d. ChilliesTable – I: Imports of Chillies from 2002 – 2006, in USD 000Exporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 24 39 54 211 138Australia 22 39 32 63 68Singapore 0 0 9 24 29Taiwan, Province of China 0 0 12 0 13Japan 0 0 0 0 10Republic of Korea 0 0 0 0 9China 0 0 1 90 5Malaysia 1 0 0 6 4Table – II: Imports of Chillies from 2002 – 2006 in Quantity in Tons 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006Exporters Imported Imported Imported Imported Imported quantity, quantity, quantity, quantity, quantity, Tons Tons Tons Tons TonsWorld 25 34 112 291 145Singapore 0 0 30 46 49Australia 25 34 20 41 41Republic of Korea 0 0 0 0 18Taiwan, Province ofChina 0 0 58 0 15Malaysia 0 0 0 19 11China 0 0 1 137 7Japan 0 0 0 0 4India 0 0 0 37 0 30
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  11. 11. e. TomatoesTable -I: Imports of Tomato from 2002 – 2006 Value in USD 000 Imported Imported Imported Imported ImportedExporters value in value in value in value in value in 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 552 255 98 142 200Australia 239 105 88 108 116Singapore 1 0 6 26 66Malaysia 0 0 2 1 16China 221 15 3 8 2Table –II: Imports of Tomato from 2002 – 2006 in Quantity in TonsExporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 1,711 380 120 125 227Singapore 1 0 11 36 107Australia 398 98 94 71 71Malaysia 0 0 10 1 42China 978 62 5 17 7Myanmar 76 115 0 0 0Republic of Korea 105 0 0 0 0 32
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  13. 13. B. MARKET FOR TURMERIC 1. Market Trends and Opportunities Items 2002 2006 Change in % Major Markets in % Value Qty Value Qty Value Qty US 000 Tons US000 Tons Turmeric 15 17 20 1 33 -95 India, UK, Hong Kong Annual 9 -46 Average Growth 2002- 2006The import of Turmeric has gone down by 95% in terms of quantity in the five yearsperiod. However, the data indicated that import value increased by 33%. The majorpartner countries for import of Turmeric powder in Indonesia are India, UK & HongKong.2. Import AnalysisIndonesia imported US$ 20 thousands worth of turmeric in 2006. The major exporter ofturmeric to Indonesia is India. Total Quantity exported by India is 1 tons. The exportvalue was in US $16,000 per tons.Shares of Myanmar and china in imports of turmeric into Indonesia are minimums. Indiasexport increased from 2750 tons in 2002 to 3258 tons in 2006 representing a growth of87% in the five years time.Table – I : Imports of Turmeric Powder from 2002– 2006 in USD 000Exporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 15 13 7 18 20India 1 0 0 2 16United Kingdom 2 1 4 9 3Malaysia 2 1 0 0 0United States of America 0 1 0 1 0Table – II : Imports of Turmeric Powder from 2002– 2006 in Quantity in TonsExporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 17 5 1 3 1India 2 0 0 2 1Malaysia 14 4 0 0 0 34
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  15. 15. C. MARKETS FOR SESAMUM SEEDS1 Market Trends and Opportunities Items 2002 2006 Change in % Major Markets in % Value Quantity Value Quantity Value Quantity (US 000) (Tons) (US (Tons) (US (Tons) 000) 000) Sesamum 2,004 4,669 1,535 3,413 -25% -27% India(93%) SeedsImports of sesamum seeds into Indonesia are decreased both in terms of values and in thequantities. The major partner country in importing of Sesamum seeds is India with themarket share of 93%2. Import AnalysisAccording to a recent available data, Indonesia imported 3413 tons of Sesamum seedsvalued at US $ 1.5 million 2006. The major exporter of Sesames seeds to Indonesia isIndia. Total Quantity exported by India was 3,258 tons in 2006representing 92.2% in totalimport. Export was followed by Malaysia and United States of America, whose shareswere 2.5 % and 1.8 % respectively. Indias export increased from 2,750 tons in 2002 to3,258 tons in 2006. 36
  16. 16. Table – I: Imports of Sesame Seeds from 2003 – 2007 in USD 000 Imported Imported Imported Imported ImportedExporters value in value in value in value in value in 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 2,004 1,119 865 1,189 1,535India 1,254 924 769 1,085 1,415Malaysia 10 1 20 36 39United States of America 15 0 36 26 28China 261 176 12 2 27Singapore 0 7 3 0 18Thailand 2 11 0 0 4Mexico 0 0 15 29 3Australia 4 1 4 3 1Viet Nam 459 0 5 3 0Germany 0 0 0 4 0Table – II: Imports of Sesame Seeds from 2003 – 2007 in Quantity in TonsExporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 4,669 2,994 2,114 2,804 3,413India 2,750 2,396 2,013 2,676 3,258Malaysia 27 2 25 81 66China 706 536 31 5 55USA 8 0 25 19 20Thailand 6 20 0 0 6Singapore 0 39 2 0 5Viet Nam 1,172 0 8 9 0 37
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  18. 18. D. MARKETS FOR SOYA MEALS1 Market Trends and OpportunitiesItems 2002 2006 Change in Major Markets in % % Value Quantity Value Quantity Value Qty US Million 000Tons US Million 000TonsSoya-bean 278 1,326 493 2,116 77% 60% Argentina 44, IndiaOil-cake 32 & Brazil 20Annual 15% 12%Growthbetween2002-2006The consumption and imports of Soya-bean cake have increased in Indonesia in the recentpast. The major partner countries for import are Argentina, India and Brazil. The change inpercentage of the value of Soya meal is 77% in the five years, similarly the importquantity increased by 60%.2. Import AnalysisIndonesia imported US$ 493 million worth of Soya-bean cake in 2006 .The leadingexporter to Indonesia is Argentina. Total Quantity exported by Argentina is 925 thousandtons valued at $ 215 million, representing 43% in total import. After Argentina there isIndia and Brazil, whose shares in import into Indonesia are 31.5% and 19.8 %respectively. Indias export increased from 483,323 tons in 2002 to 691,246 tons in 2006.The average price per ton was US $ 233 in 2006, where as price paid to Indian originrecorded at $ 225 per ton.Table – I: Imports of Soya meals from 2002 – 2006 in Value in USD 000 Imported Imported Imported Imported Imported Exporters value in value in value in value in value in 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 World 278,405 362,161 532,000 474,166 493,327 Argentina 25,733 46,486 154,725 200,962 215,442 India 96,653 53,306 195,572 107,234 155,215 Brazil 87,139 139,713 136,116 115,730 97,456 United States of America 62,709 120,505 30,990 41,912 13,494 United Arab Emirates 0 0 13,121 7,078 9,485 Singapore 22 570 656 843 1,455 Malaysia 741 287 81 59 268 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 197 China 5,211 530 35 174 154 Bulgaria 0 0 0 42 83 Netherlands 75 15 8 75 60 Denmark 0 8 19 9 16 Taiwan, Province of China 42 483 172 0 3 39
  19. 19. Table – II : Imports of Soya Meals from 2003 – 2007 in Quantity in Tons Exporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 World 1,325,833 1,558,558 1,730,015 1,852,702 2,116,058 Argentina 115,945 210,356 456,269 776,087 925,406 India 483,323 228,260 710,150 443,140 691,246 Brazil 407,217 601,944 409,074 432,785 399,695 United States of America 291,850 509,688 105,268 169,271 52,308 United Arab Emirates 0 0 44,804 26,739 37,990 Singapore 5 2,500 2,224 3,544 6,365 Malaysia 2,891 1,143 216 219 1,293 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 923 Bulgaria 0 0 0 170 384 China 24,035 2,043 57 437 320 Netherlands 125 25 13 133 100 Denmark 0 14 28 14 24 Taiwan, Province of China 116 1,750 372 0 4 British Virgin Islands 0 0 525 0 0 40
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  21. 21. E. MARKET FOR COTTON1. Market Trends and Opportunities Items 2002 2006 Change in % Major Markets in % Value Qty Value Qty ’000 Value Qty US Million 000 Tons US Million Tons Cotton, not 705 625 620 463 -13% -25% USA (35%), carded and Australia (21%), not combed India (8%)Use of imported cotton in Indonesian textile industry is declining in the recent past. In thelast five years the import value of Cotton decrease by 13% from 2002 to 2006 and importin quantity also decrease by 25%. This also shows that Indonesia is becoming strong itselfin cotton production or cotton textile mills are reducing their capacities. The major marketleaders in export to Indonesia are USA, Australia and India.2. Import AnalysisAccording to a recent available data Indonesia imported 463 thousand tons of cottonvalued at US$ 620 million in 2006 .The major leading of Cotton to Indonesia is UnitedStates of America. United States share in Indonesias import of cotton is 35.8%. TotalQuantity exported by USA is 159,301 tons. The export value was in US $ 1,393 per tons.Australia and India other major exporters, whose shares in export of cotton to Indonesiaare 21.6 % and 8.4 % respectively.Between 2002- 2006 in India’s export of cotton to Indonesia grew by 278% in terms ofvalue. Indias export in volume increased from 204 tons in 2002 to 52, 051 tons in 2006.The reason behind the increase in Indias export is comparatively lower price than othercountries. The unit price in the year 2006 is US $1,222 per ton.Indonesia is also the major destination of India for the Cotton export. Indonesia comesunder top 5 places for the export of cotton. Indonesia share is 5.1 % of India total cottonexport. The growth in India export to Indonesia is 238 % in Value and 210 % in Quantity. 42
  22. 22. Table -I: Cotton, not carded and not combed imported from 2002 – 2006 in USD000Exporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 704,792 644,483 679,914 576,004 619,895United States of America 222,357 226,315 224,150 224,802 221,840Australia 285,827 218,093 144,109 121,651 133,928India 204 1,006 19,508 9,163 52,051Brazil 11,980 10,876 54,347 50,537 46,318South Africa 13,558 10,249 35,688 13,987 20,341Burkina Faso 4,339 3,807 10,861 8,418 12,055Côte dIvoire 24,623 15,225 13,655 9,639 9,747Uzbekistan 1,953 2,928 2,705 10,257 9,287Mali 3,890 4,470 8,024 6,874 9,182United Republic of Tanzania 5,922 10,939 10,745 8,215 8,079Table – II: Cotton, not carded and not combed imported from 2002 – 2006 in Quantity inTonsExporters 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006World 625,153 523,124 448,690 455,384 463,205United States of America 197,803 182,890 143,543 180,605 159,301Australia 240,139 168,038 89,736 84,495 92,326India 356 768 12,456 8,030 42,596Brazil 10,614 8,957 40,022 40,378 36,626South Africa 12,130 8,790 24,095 10,402 15,522Burkina Faso 4,026 3,531 7,018 7,291 9,720Côte dIvoire 22,640 13,056 10,187 8,056 7,634Mali 3,992 3,997 5,887 6,218 7,438United Republic of Tanzania 5,158 9,372 8,032 6,824 7,314Uzbekistan 2,100 2,622 2,061 8,908 7,237 43
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