SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 43
Download to read offline
Use of drone for field observation
Presentation of applications in emergency response
Arnaud Vandecasteele | Mapali
Vincent Herbreteau | IRD & SEAS-OI
Kraichat Tantrakarnapa | Mahidol University
Mapali | Cartographics’ innovation designer
2/43
Introduction
Drones myths and realities
How does a mapping drone work?
Drones and emergency response
Conclusion
1
2
3
3/43
Introduction
Arnaud
Vandecasteele
Aerial Drones
And Remotely
Operated Vehicles
4/43
Arnaud Vandecasteele | Mapali
Specialized in geographic data acquisition and analysis
www.mapali.re
0693 06 25 81
mapali_gis
Introduction
Gathering data Analysis Development Support
5/43
UMR ESPACE-DEV
Linking Earth observation, information systems and environmental integrated approaches
towards environmental observatories dedicated to sustainable development
Research group on “Environment, Societies and health Risks” (ESoR) focuses on:
 Infectious human diseases in the Tropics
 Health issues with spatial and environmental components
Introduction
6/43
Introduction
• A precise map of your study area?
• Up to date data?
• Very accurate pictures of an area?
• Same area mapped on different time period?
• …
Have you ever wanted to have
7/43
Part I
Drones :
Myths and
Realities
8/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Drones: a hot topic & a gray area
9/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Are you ready for the
weirdest drone ?
10/43
Seriously?
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
11/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Ok, go back to something
more serious!
12/43
Benefits & limitations
Delayed deployment Few hours to days 24 to 48 hours Few hours
Monitoring capability 1-5 days <12 hr <1 h
Coverage area (km²) 25 to 1000 10 to 1000 Up to 10
Spatial resolution >= 50cm/px 3 to 60 cm/px 3 to 15 cm/px
Source: The potential of aerial platforms in a
‘rapid’ emergency response context
Peter Spruyt, Guido Lemoine
JRC Scientific and policy reports
2013
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
13/43
Aerial drones type
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
14/43
Rotary Fixed Wind
Civilian Drones
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
15/43
Be careful of your local drone’s regulation
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
16/43
Agriculture
Mining
Monitoring
Environmental
protection
Emergency
response
…
https://www.sensefly.com/applications/overview.html
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Drone use cases
17/43
Partie II
How does a
mapping drone
work?
18/43
Fully automated
Flies, acquires images
& lands itself
Optimised range
Up to 50 min flight time
For coverage of up 12 km2
Super lightweight
< 1kg equipment included
On board artificial intelligence
Automatic safeties procedures
(GPS Loss, strong wind, etc.)
Green technology
Brushless electric motor
Low noise, low pollution
Nadir & oblique pictures
Images transformed into
2D orthomosaics & 3D models
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
A focus on the eBee
19/43
Intuitive planning, monitoring & control software
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
20/43
Optical &
Infrared
Multi
Spectral
Thermal
Mapping Sensors
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Type of sensors
21/43
RGB Sensor
Accuracy up to
2.5cm/px
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
22/43
Near Infrared
Sensor
Widely use for
for vegetation
analysis
Red Edge Sensor
Water stress
detection
Multispectral
Sensor
4 bands (R, G, Nir
and red Edge)
in the same time
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
23/43
Thermal sensor
water distribution,
check irrigation
systems,
assess the
functionality
of solar panels
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
24/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
From aerial pictures to …
25/43
Orthophotography
(georefrenced
image)
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
26/43
Digital Elevation
Model
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
27/43
Point Cloud
Volumetric
computation
3D Modelling
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
28/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Mapping the impossible
29/43
ADD EXAMPLE
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
A concrete example
30/43
Part III
Drones and
emergency
response
31/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Why use a drone ?
Reduce
risk for
workers
Up to date
data
Different
sensors
Fly below
the clouds
Highly
deployab
le
Cost
efficient
Suited to perform the « 3-D Missions »
Dirty
Dull
Dangerous
32/43
Up to date data for emergency response
Source: The potential of aerial platforms in a
‘rapid’ emergency response context
Peter Spruyt, Guido Lemoine
JRC Scientific and policy reports
2013
Useful actionable situation information needs to be
integrated in the common operational organization
within 24 hours after the event
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
33/43
Typical disaster relief lifecycle
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
• Temporary Infrastructure /
Supply Delivery
• Wildfire – Detection and
Extinguishing
• Dealing with Chemical,
Biological, …, Explosive
(CBRNE) Event
• Search and Rescue Operations
• Reconnaissance and Mapping
• Structural integrity Assessment
• Insurance Claims Response and
Risk Assessment
• Logistics Support
Recovery Prevention
PreparationResponse
34/43
Missions
Year Event UAV
Fixed
Wing
Rotary Search Mapping
Structural
Inspection
Estimate
of debris
2011 Thailand Floods Fibo UAV-1
FIBO UAV
2012 Finale Emilia Earthquake (Italy) NIFTi 1
NIFTi 2
2013 Typhoon Haiyan (Philippines) unknow
2013 Lushan China earthquake HW 18
2013 Earthquake & Hurricane
recovery in Haiti
eBee
2014 Fukushima Tsunami recovery eBee
2015 Bennet Landfill SC (USA) Precision
Hawk
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
In January 2015, drones have been used in 43 disasters in 13 countries
35/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Realized by :
Drone Adventures
In coordination with
IOM (International Organization
for Migration)
and OpenStreetMap
45 km² covered
Outputs : Aerial map and 3D Model
Examples of use :
3D terrain models of some dangerous
ravine was used to perform water-
flow simulations and decide where to
build infrastructure to mitigate
flooding
Haiti Hearthquake
http://droneadventures.org/haiti/#1
36/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Fukushima – reconstructions after earthquake & tsunami
http://droneadventures.org/fukushima/#1
37/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Realized by :
Drone Adventures
In coordination with
Center for Spatial Information
Science at the University of Tokyo
Three sites mapped:
Lidate village: received some of the
highest levels of contamination of
radioactive elements
Hisanohama: Highly damaged after
the tsunami damage
Tomioka: the closest town from a
nuclear wasteland
Fukushima
38/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
39/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
Source: Fornace et al. Mapping infectious disease landscapes:
unmanned aerial vehicles and epidemiology. Trends in
Parasitology, 2014
Study of macaque movements
and malaria cases in Malaysia
40/43
Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
GOOGLE X-Project:
Goods delivery by drones
41/43
Study Ecology of pathogens and vectors
• High-resolution mapping of the habitats of
pathogens and vectors
• Acquisition of data below the cloud cover and at
specific dates:
Follow the dynamics of water bodies during
different seasons
Possibility to iterate rapidly the observations
(ex. weekly)
Population exposure
• Identify the houses exposed to hazards
• Identify social inequalities (from a typology of
housing)
Conclusion
Possible use of drones for health studies
Vector control
• Target specific areas for vector control
(such as spray of insecticides), in order to
reduce the amount of products sprayed
and the exposure of people manipulating
products
Health care management
• Drug delivery in areas with difficult access
42/43
Green Technology
Almost no noise
Electric motor
Relatively affordable
You own your data
Many possible outputs
Easy and fast to deploy
Can fly under the clouds
Conclusion
43/43
Questions ?
Relevant readings
Adams, Stuart M. and Carol J. Friendland , 2014, “A Survey of UAV Usage for Imagery Collection in Disaster Research
and Management.”
Adams, Stuart M., Marc Levitan, and Carol Friendland, 2014, “High Resolution Imagery Collection Utilizing
UAVs for Post-Disaster Studies.”
Carlos Alphonso F. Ezequiel, 2014, “UAV Aerial Imaging Applications for Post-Disaster Assessment, Environmental
Management and Infrastructure Development.”
America Red Cross, 2015, “ Drones for Disaster Response and Relief Operations.”

More Related Content

What's hot

gis project planning and management
gis project planning and managementgis project planning and management
gis project planning and managementAbhiram Kanigolla
 
Applications of gis
Applications of gisApplications of gis
Applications of gisPramoda Raj
 
Basics of Remote Sensing
Basics of Remote SensingBasics of Remote Sensing
Basics of Remote SensingAkash Tikhe
 
Environmental Remote Sensing
 Environmental Remote Sensing  Environmental Remote Sensing
Environmental Remote Sensing Ghassan Hadi
 
Chapter 1 (Introduction to remote sensing)
Chapter 1 (Introduction to remote sensing)Chapter 1 (Introduction to remote sensing)
Chapter 1 (Introduction to remote sensing)Shankar Gangaju
 
Iirs overview -Remote sensing and GIS application in Water Resources Management
Iirs overview -Remote sensing and GIS application in Water Resources ManagementIirs overview -Remote sensing and GIS application in Water Resources Management
Iirs overview -Remote sensing and GIS application in Water Resources ManagementTushar Dholakia
 
Geometry of Aerial photograph
Geometry of Aerial photographGeometry of Aerial photograph
Geometry of Aerial photographApoorva Mathur
 
Introduction to MAPS,Coordinate System and Projection System
Introduction to MAPS,Coordinate System and Projection SystemIntroduction to MAPS,Coordinate System and Projection System
Introduction to MAPS,Coordinate System and Projection SystemNAXA-Developers
 
groundtruth collection for remotesensing support
groundtruth collection for remotesensing supportgroundtruth collection for remotesensing support
groundtruth collection for remotesensing supportThiruvengadam .
 
Thermal remote sensing
Thermal remote sensing   Thermal remote sensing
Thermal remote sensing Rahat Malik
 
Iirs lecure notes for Remote sensing –An Overview of Decision Maker
Iirs lecure notes for Remote sensing –An Overview of Decision MakerIirs lecure notes for Remote sensing –An Overview of Decision Maker
Iirs lecure notes for Remote sensing –An Overview of Decision MakerTushar Dholakia
 
How to download Landsat data from USGS Earth Explorer
How to download Landsat data from USGS Earth ExplorerHow to download Landsat data from USGS Earth Explorer
How to download Landsat data from USGS Earth ExplorerGowtham Gollapalli
 
Introduction to gis and arc gis
Introduction to gis and arc gis Introduction to gis and arc gis
Introduction to gis and arc gis Saad Raja
 

What's hot (20)

GIS Map Projection
GIS Map ProjectionGIS Map Projection
GIS Map Projection
 
gis project planning and management
gis project planning and managementgis project planning and management
gis project planning and management
 
Applications of gis
Applications of gisApplications of gis
Applications of gis
 
Basics of Remote Sensing
Basics of Remote SensingBasics of Remote Sensing
Basics of Remote Sensing
 
Geo-spatial Analysis and Modelling
Geo-spatial Analysis and ModellingGeo-spatial Analysis and Modelling
Geo-spatial Analysis and Modelling
 
Environmental Remote Sensing
 Environmental Remote Sensing  Environmental Remote Sensing
Environmental Remote Sensing
 
Chapter 1 (Introduction to remote sensing)
Chapter 1 (Introduction to remote sensing)Chapter 1 (Introduction to remote sensing)
Chapter 1 (Introduction to remote sensing)
 
Introduction to Remote Sensing
Introduction to Remote SensingIntroduction to Remote Sensing
Introduction to Remote Sensing
 
Iirs overview -Remote sensing and GIS application in Water Resources Management
Iirs overview -Remote sensing and GIS application in Water Resources ManagementIirs overview -Remote sensing and GIS application in Water Resources Management
Iirs overview -Remote sensing and GIS application in Water Resources Management
 
Geometry of Aerial photograph
Geometry of Aerial photographGeometry of Aerial photograph
Geometry of Aerial photograph
 
Introduction to MAPS,Coordinate System and Projection System
Introduction to MAPS,Coordinate System and Projection SystemIntroduction to MAPS,Coordinate System and Projection System
Introduction to MAPS,Coordinate System and Projection System
 
Introduction of photogrammetry
Introduction of photogrammetryIntroduction of photogrammetry
Introduction of photogrammetry
 
groundtruth collection for remotesensing support
groundtruth collection for remotesensing supportgroundtruth collection for remotesensing support
groundtruth collection for remotesensing support
 
Thermal remote sensing
Thermal remote sensing   Thermal remote sensing
Thermal remote sensing
 
Iirs lecure notes for Remote sensing –An Overview of Decision Maker
Iirs lecure notes for Remote sensing –An Overview of Decision MakerIirs lecure notes for Remote sensing –An Overview of Decision Maker
Iirs lecure notes for Remote sensing –An Overview of Decision Maker
 
Photogrammetry
PhotogrammetryPhotogrammetry
Photogrammetry
 
Introduction to Aerial Photogrammetry
Introduction to Aerial PhotogrammetryIntroduction to Aerial Photogrammetry
Introduction to Aerial Photogrammetry
 
How to download Landsat data from USGS Earth Explorer
How to download Landsat data from USGS Earth ExplorerHow to download Landsat data from USGS Earth Explorer
How to download Landsat data from USGS Earth Explorer
 
GIS Data Types
GIS Data TypesGIS Data Types
GIS Data Types
 
Introduction to gis and arc gis
Introduction to gis and arc gis Introduction to gis and arc gis
Introduction to gis and arc gis
 

Viewers also liked

Drone-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
Drone-Unmanned Aerial VehicleDrone-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
Drone-Unmanned Aerial Vehicleshivu1234
 
Using mapping drones for disaster prevention & response
Using mapping drones for disaster prevention & responseUsing mapping drones for disaster prevention & response
Using mapping drones for disaster prevention & responseDrone Adventures
 
Tracxn Startup Research Drones Landscape, July 2016
Tracxn Startup Research   Drones Landscape, July 2016Tracxn Startup Research   Drones Landscape, July 2016
Tracxn Startup Research Drones Landscape, July 2016Tracxn
 
Drones and their Increasing Number of Applications
Drones and their Increasing Number of ApplicationsDrones and their Increasing Number of Applications
Drones and their Increasing Number of ApplicationsJeffrey Funk
 
AVORA I successful participation in SAUC-E'12
AVORA I successful participation in SAUC-E'12AVORA I successful participation in SAUC-E'12
AVORA I successful participation in SAUC-E'12avora_auv
 
Merging Technology Ui2009
Merging Technology Ui2009Merging Technology Ui2009
Merging Technology Ui2009Kenneth Fersht
 
Autonomous Unmanned Vehicles
Autonomous Unmanned VehiclesAutonomous Unmanned Vehicles
Autonomous Unmanned VehiclesAnirudh Kannan
 
“Securing underwater wireless communication networks” 2
“Securing underwater wireless communication networks” 2“Securing underwater wireless communication networks” 2
“Securing underwater wireless communication networks” 2Naveena N
 
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)Ahmed ElSheikh
 
Underwater Wireless Communication
Underwater Wireless CommunicationUnderwater Wireless Communication
Underwater Wireless CommunicationShubham Srivastava
 
Iver2 AUV Control Design Thesis Defense
Iver2 AUV Control Design Thesis DefenseIver2 AUV Control Design Thesis Defense
Iver2 AUV Control Design Thesis Defenseelev0083
 
The unmanned system in hydrographic applications (Z-Boat)
The unmanned system in hydrographic applications (Z-Boat)The unmanned system in hydrographic applications (Z-Boat)
The unmanned system in hydrographic applications (Z-Boat)Hydrographic Society Benelux
 
The Future of Unmanned Undersea and Surface Vehicles
The Future of Unmanned Undersea and Surface VehiclesThe Future of Unmanned Undersea and Surface Vehicles
The Future of Unmanned Undersea and Surface VehiclesSteve Shaker
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Drone-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
Drone-Unmanned Aerial VehicleDrone-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
Drone-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
 
Using mapping drones for disaster prevention & response
Using mapping drones for disaster prevention & responseUsing mapping drones for disaster prevention & response
Using mapping drones for disaster prevention & response
 
Drones: Present & Future
Drones: Present & FutureDrones: Present & Future
Drones: Present & Future
 
Drone Technology
Drone TechnologyDrone Technology
Drone Technology
 
Drones
DronesDrones
Drones
 
Tracxn Startup Research Drones Landscape, July 2016
Tracxn Startup Research   Drones Landscape, July 2016Tracxn Startup Research   Drones Landscape, July 2016
Tracxn Startup Research Drones Landscape, July 2016
 
Drones and their Increasing Number of Applications
Drones and their Increasing Number of ApplicationsDrones and their Increasing Number of Applications
Drones and their Increasing Number of Applications
 
AVORA I successful participation in SAUC-E'12
AVORA I successful participation in SAUC-E'12AVORA I successful participation in SAUC-E'12
AVORA I successful participation in SAUC-E'12
 
Drone Patent Strategy
Drone Patent StrategyDrone Patent Strategy
Drone Patent Strategy
 
Kongsberg Maritime AUVs
Kongsberg Maritime AUVs Kongsberg Maritime AUVs
Kongsberg Maritime AUVs
 
Merging Technology Ui2009
Merging Technology Ui2009Merging Technology Ui2009
Merging Technology Ui2009
 
Autonomous Unmanned Vehicles
Autonomous Unmanned VehiclesAutonomous Unmanned Vehicles
Autonomous Unmanned Vehicles
 
“Securing underwater wireless communication networks” 2
“Securing underwater wireless communication networks” 2“Securing underwater wireless communication networks” 2
“Securing underwater wireless communication networks” 2
 
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)
 
Underwater Wireless Communication
Underwater Wireless CommunicationUnderwater Wireless Communication
Underwater Wireless Communication
 
Iver2 AUV Control Design Thesis Defense
Iver2 AUV Control Design Thesis DefenseIver2 AUV Control Design Thesis Defense
Iver2 AUV Control Design Thesis Defense
 
The unmanned system in hydrographic applications (Z-Boat)
The unmanned system in hydrographic applications (Z-Boat)The unmanned system in hydrographic applications (Z-Boat)
The unmanned system in hydrographic applications (Z-Boat)
 
The Future of Unmanned Undersea and Surface Vehicles
The Future of Unmanned Undersea and Surface VehiclesThe Future of Unmanned Undersea and Surface Vehicles
The Future of Unmanned Undersea and Surface Vehicles
 
2013_UTS_Fall_web
2013_UTS_Fall_web2013_UTS_Fall_web
2013_UTS_Fall_web
 
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUVs)
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUVs)Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUVs)
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUVs)
 

Similar to Use of drone for field observation - Presentation of applications in emergency response

Use of Drones in Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management
Use of Drones in Humanitarian Action and Disaster ManagementUse of Drones in Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management
Use of Drones in Humanitarian Action and Disaster ManagementNepal Flying Labs
 
Design of the Stampede Preventing Monitoring and Early Warning System Based o...
Design of the Stampede Preventing Monitoring and Early Warning System Based o...Design of the Stampede Preventing Monitoring and Early Warning System Based o...
Design of the Stampede Preventing Monitoring and Early Warning System Based o...IJRES Journal
 
Dear Writer,Please do a PowerPoint presentation on my .docx
Dear Writer,Please do a PowerPoint presentation on my .docxDear Writer,Please do a PowerPoint presentation on my .docx
Dear Writer,Please do a PowerPoint presentation on my .docxrandyburney60861
 
Drone Image LLC | Drone Operators and Inspectors | Washington.pdf
Drone Image LLC | Drone Operators and Inspectors | Washington.pdfDrone Image LLC | Drone Operators and Inspectors | Washington.pdf
Drone Image LLC | Drone Operators and Inspectors | Washington.pdfVograce
 
Andy Hardy-Enfermedades transmitidas por vectores
Andy Hardy-Enfermedades transmitidas por vectoresAndy Hardy-Enfermedades transmitidas por vectores
Andy Hardy-Enfermedades transmitidas por vectoresFundación Ramón Areces
 
15 fa transportation-system_ws2015
15 fa transportation-system_ws201515 fa transportation-system_ws2015
15 fa transportation-system_ws2015Luca Marescotti
 
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docxEXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docxlmelaine
 
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docxEXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docxmecklenburgstrelitzh
 
DJI Presentation at European Commission "RPAS for Civil Protection Experts", ...
DJI Presentation at European Commission "RPAS for Civil Protection Experts", ...DJI Presentation at European Commission "RPAS for Civil Protection Experts", ...
DJI Presentation at European Commission "RPAS for Civil Protection Experts", ...Visual- Aerials
 
ThompsonMark_CapstoneResearch
ThompsonMark_CapstoneResearchThompsonMark_CapstoneResearch
ThompsonMark_CapstoneResearchMark Thompson
 
SATCEN and the Copernicus Service for Support to External Action
SATCEN and the Copernicus Service for Support to External ActionSATCEN and the Copernicus Service for Support to External Action
SATCEN and the Copernicus Service for Support to External ActionThe European GNSS Agency (GSA)
 
Usages and Challenges of using DRONES in Reconstruction Efforts of NEPAL
Usages and Challenges of using DRONES  in Reconstruction Efforts of NEPALUsages and Challenges of using DRONES  in Reconstruction Efforts of NEPAL
Usages and Challenges of using DRONES in Reconstruction Efforts of NEPALNepal Flying Labs
 
Use of UAS for hydraulic monitoring
Use of UAS for hydraulic monitoringUse of UAS for hydraulic monitoring
Use of UAS for hydraulic monitoringSalvatore Manfreda
 
Is Space technology contributing enough to Disaster Risk Reduction?
Is Space technology contributing enough to Disaster Risk Reduction?Is Space technology contributing enough to Disaster Risk Reduction?
Is Space technology contributing enough to Disaster Risk Reduction?UN-SPIDER
 
Drones_in_Horticulture.pptx
Drones_in_Horticulture.pptxDrones_in_Horticulture.pptx
Drones_in_Horticulture.pptxakashdodke3
 

Similar to Use of drone for field observation - Presentation of applications in emergency response (20)

11. Future of Drones
11. Future of Drones11. Future of Drones
11. Future of Drones
 
Use of Drones in Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management
Use of Drones in Humanitarian Action and Disaster ManagementUse of Drones in Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management
Use of Drones in Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management
 
Design of the Stampede Preventing Monitoring and Early Warning System Based o...
Design of the Stampede Preventing Monitoring and Early Warning System Based o...Design of the Stampede Preventing Monitoring and Early Warning System Based o...
Design of the Stampede Preventing Monitoring and Early Warning System Based o...
 
Dear Writer,Please do a PowerPoint presentation on my .docx
Dear Writer,Please do a PowerPoint presentation on my .docxDear Writer,Please do a PowerPoint presentation on my .docx
Dear Writer,Please do a PowerPoint presentation on my .docx
 
Drone Image LLC | Drone Operators and Inspectors | Washington.pdf
Drone Image LLC | Drone Operators and Inspectors | Washington.pdfDrone Image LLC | Drone Operators and Inspectors | Washington.pdf
Drone Image LLC | Drone Operators and Inspectors | Washington.pdf
 
Drone Presentation Edit
Drone Presentation EditDrone Presentation Edit
Drone Presentation Edit
 
Forest fires
Forest firesForest fires
Forest fires
 
Andy Hardy-Enfermedades transmitidas por vectores
Andy Hardy-Enfermedades transmitidas por vectoresAndy Hardy-Enfermedades transmitidas por vectores
Andy Hardy-Enfermedades transmitidas por vectores
 
15 fa transportation-system_ws2015
15 fa transportation-system_ws201515 fa transportation-system_ws2015
15 fa transportation-system_ws2015
 
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docxEXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
 
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docxEXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
EXPLORING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MQ-8B FIRE SCOUT TO PROVISION H.docx
 
DJI Presentation at European Commission "RPAS for Civil Protection Experts", ...
DJI Presentation at European Commission "RPAS for Civil Protection Experts", ...DJI Presentation at European Commission "RPAS for Civil Protection Experts", ...
DJI Presentation at European Commission "RPAS for Civil Protection Experts", ...
 
drones
dronesdrones
drones
 
Natural Disaster
Natural DisasterNatural Disaster
Natural Disaster
 
ThompsonMark_CapstoneResearch
ThompsonMark_CapstoneResearchThompsonMark_CapstoneResearch
ThompsonMark_CapstoneResearch
 
SATCEN and the Copernicus Service for Support to External Action
SATCEN and the Copernicus Service for Support to External ActionSATCEN and the Copernicus Service for Support to External Action
SATCEN and the Copernicus Service for Support to External Action
 
Usages and Challenges of using DRONES in Reconstruction Efforts of NEPAL
Usages and Challenges of using DRONES  in Reconstruction Efforts of NEPALUsages and Challenges of using DRONES  in Reconstruction Efforts of NEPAL
Usages and Challenges of using DRONES in Reconstruction Efforts of NEPAL
 
Use of UAS for hydraulic monitoring
Use of UAS for hydraulic monitoringUse of UAS for hydraulic monitoring
Use of UAS for hydraulic monitoring
 
Is Space technology contributing enough to Disaster Risk Reduction?
Is Space technology contributing enough to Disaster Risk Reduction?Is Space technology contributing enough to Disaster Risk Reduction?
Is Space technology contributing enough to Disaster Risk Reduction?
 
Drones_in_Horticulture.pptx
Drones_in_Horticulture.pptxDrones_in_Horticulture.pptx
Drones_in_Horticulture.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxA Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxAna-Maria Mihalceanu
 
Digital Tools & AI in Career Development
Digital Tools & AI in Career DevelopmentDigital Tools & AI in Career Development
Digital Tools & AI in Career DevelopmentMahmoud Rabie
 
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...Jeffrey Haguewood
 
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)Kaya Weers
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...BookNet Canada
 
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks and Compliance Requirements i...
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks  and Compliance Requirements i...Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks  and Compliance Requirements i...
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks and Compliance Requirements i...itnewsafrica
 
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Hiroshi SHIBATA
 
React Native vs Ionic - The Best Mobile App Framework
React Native vs Ionic - The Best Mobile App FrameworkReact Native vs Ionic - The Best Mobile App Framework
React Native vs Ionic - The Best Mobile App FrameworkPixlogix Infotech
 
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and InsightsPotential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and InsightsRavi Sanghani
 
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdfSo einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdfpanagenda
 
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotesMuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotesManik S Magar
 
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...Farhan Tariq
 
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...amber724300
 
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examplesTesting tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examplesKari Kakkonen
 
Emixa Mendix Meetup 11 April 2024 about Mendix Native development
Emixa Mendix Meetup 11 April 2024 about Mendix Native developmentEmixa Mendix Meetup 11 April 2024 about Mendix Native development
Emixa Mendix Meetup 11 April 2024 about Mendix Native developmentPim van der Noll
 
Arizona Broadband Policy Past, Present, and Future Presentation 3/25/24
Arizona Broadband Policy Past, Present, and Future Presentation 3/25/24Arizona Broadband Policy Past, Present, and Future Presentation 3/25/24
Arizona Broadband Policy Past, Present, and Future Presentation 3/25/24Mark Goldstein
 
Decarbonising Buildings: Making a net-zero built environment a reality
Decarbonising Buildings: Making a net-zero built environment a realityDecarbonising Buildings: Making a net-zero built environment a reality
Decarbonising Buildings: Making a net-zero built environment a realityIES VE
 
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architecturesQCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architecturesBernd Ruecker
 
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdfConnecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdfNeo4j
 
Assure Ecommerce and Retail Operations Uptime with ThousandEyes
Assure Ecommerce and Retail Operations Uptime with ThousandEyesAssure Ecommerce and Retail Operations Uptime with ThousandEyes
Assure Ecommerce and Retail Operations Uptime with ThousandEyesThousandEyes
 

Recently uploaded (20)

A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxA Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
 
Digital Tools & AI in Career Development
Digital Tools & AI in Career DevelopmentDigital Tools & AI in Career Development
Digital Tools & AI in Career Development
 
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
Email Marketing Automation for Bonterra Impact Management (fka Social Solutio...
 
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
Design pattern talk by Kaya Weers - 2024 (v2)
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
 
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks and Compliance Requirements i...
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks  and Compliance Requirements i...Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks  and Compliance Requirements i...
Abdul Kader Baba- Managing Cybersecurity Risks and Compliance Requirements i...
 
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
 
React Native vs Ionic - The Best Mobile App Framework
React Native vs Ionic - The Best Mobile App FrameworkReact Native vs Ionic - The Best Mobile App Framework
React Native vs Ionic - The Best Mobile App Framework
 
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and InsightsPotential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
 
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdfSo einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
 
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotesMuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
MuleSoft Online Meetup Group - B2B Crash Course: Release SparkNotes
 
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
Genislab builds better products and faster go-to-market with Lean project man...
 
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
 
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examplesTesting tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
Testing tools and AI - ideas what to try with some tool examples
 
Emixa Mendix Meetup 11 April 2024 about Mendix Native development
Emixa Mendix Meetup 11 April 2024 about Mendix Native developmentEmixa Mendix Meetup 11 April 2024 about Mendix Native development
Emixa Mendix Meetup 11 April 2024 about Mendix Native development
 
Arizona Broadband Policy Past, Present, and Future Presentation 3/25/24
Arizona Broadband Policy Past, Present, and Future Presentation 3/25/24Arizona Broadband Policy Past, Present, and Future Presentation 3/25/24
Arizona Broadband Policy Past, Present, and Future Presentation 3/25/24
 
Decarbonising Buildings: Making a net-zero built environment a reality
Decarbonising Buildings: Making a net-zero built environment a realityDecarbonising Buildings: Making a net-zero built environment a reality
Decarbonising Buildings: Making a net-zero built environment a reality
 
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architecturesQCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
QCon London: Mastering long-running processes in modern architectures
 
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdfConnecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
Connecting the Dots for Information Discovery.pdf
 
Assure Ecommerce and Retail Operations Uptime with ThousandEyes
Assure Ecommerce and Retail Operations Uptime with ThousandEyesAssure Ecommerce and Retail Operations Uptime with ThousandEyes
Assure Ecommerce and Retail Operations Uptime with ThousandEyes
 

Use of drone for field observation - Presentation of applications in emergency response

  • 1. Use of drone for field observation Presentation of applications in emergency response Arnaud Vandecasteele | Mapali Vincent Herbreteau | IRD & SEAS-OI Kraichat Tantrakarnapa | Mahidol University Mapali | Cartographics’ innovation designer
  • 2. 2/43 Introduction Drones myths and realities How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Conclusion 1 2 3
  • 4. 4/43 Arnaud Vandecasteele | Mapali Specialized in geographic data acquisition and analysis www.mapali.re 0693 06 25 81 mapali_gis Introduction Gathering data Analysis Development Support
  • 5. 5/43 UMR ESPACE-DEV Linking Earth observation, information systems and environmental integrated approaches towards environmental observatories dedicated to sustainable development Research group on “Environment, Societies and health Risks” (ESoR) focuses on:  Infectious human diseases in the Tropics  Health issues with spatial and environmental components Introduction
  • 6. 6/43 Introduction • A precise map of your study area? • Up to date data? • Very accurate pictures of an area? • Same area mapped on different time period? • … Have you ever wanted to have
  • 8. 8/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Drones: a hot topic & a gray area
  • 9. 9/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Are you ready for the weirdest drone ?
  • 10. 10/43 Seriously? Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 11. 11/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Ok, go back to something more serious!
  • 12. 12/43 Benefits & limitations Delayed deployment Few hours to days 24 to 48 hours Few hours Monitoring capability 1-5 days <12 hr <1 h Coverage area (km²) 25 to 1000 10 to 1000 Up to 10 Spatial resolution >= 50cm/px 3 to 60 cm/px 3 to 15 cm/px Source: The potential of aerial platforms in a ‘rapid’ emergency response context Peter Spruyt, Guido Lemoine JRC Scientific and policy reports 2013 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 13. 13/43 Aerial drones type Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 14. 14/43 Rotary Fixed Wind Civilian Drones Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 15. 15/43 Be careful of your local drone’s regulation Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 17. 17/43 Partie II How does a mapping drone work?
  • 18. 18/43 Fully automated Flies, acquires images & lands itself Optimised range Up to 50 min flight time For coverage of up 12 km2 Super lightweight < 1kg equipment included On board artificial intelligence Automatic safeties procedures (GPS Loss, strong wind, etc.) Green technology Brushless electric motor Low noise, low pollution Nadir & oblique pictures Images transformed into 2D orthomosaics & 3D models Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response A focus on the eBee
  • 19. 19/43 Intuitive planning, monitoring & control software Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 20. 20/43 Optical & Infrared Multi Spectral Thermal Mapping Sensors Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Type of sensors
  • 21. 21/43 RGB Sensor Accuracy up to 2.5cm/px Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 22. 22/43 Near Infrared Sensor Widely use for for vegetation analysis Red Edge Sensor Water stress detection Multispectral Sensor 4 bands (R, G, Nir and red Edge) in the same time Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 23. 23/43 Thermal sensor water distribution, check irrigation systems, assess the functionality of solar panels Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 24. 24/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response From aerial pictures to …
  • 25. 25/43 Orthophotography (georefrenced image) Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 26. 26/43 Digital Elevation Model Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 27. 27/43 Point Cloud Volumetric computation 3D Modelling Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 28. 28/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Mapping the impossible
  • 29. 29/43 ADD EXAMPLE Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response A concrete example
  • 31. 31/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Why use a drone ? Reduce risk for workers Up to date data Different sensors Fly below the clouds Highly deployab le Cost efficient Suited to perform the « 3-D Missions » Dirty Dull Dangerous
  • 32. 32/43 Up to date data for emergency response Source: The potential of aerial platforms in a ‘rapid’ emergency response context Peter Spruyt, Guido Lemoine JRC Scientific and policy reports 2013 Useful actionable situation information needs to be integrated in the common operational organization within 24 hours after the event Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 33. 33/43 Typical disaster relief lifecycle Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response • Temporary Infrastructure / Supply Delivery • Wildfire – Detection and Extinguishing • Dealing with Chemical, Biological, …, Explosive (CBRNE) Event • Search and Rescue Operations • Reconnaissance and Mapping • Structural integrity Assessment • Insurance Claims Response and Risk Assessment • Logistics Support Recovery Prevention PreparationResponse
  • 34. 34/43 Missions Year Event UAV Fixed Wing Rotary Search Mapping Structural Inspection Estimate of debris 2011 Thailand Floods Fibo UAV-1 FIBO UAV 2012 Finale Emilia Earthquake (Italy) NIFTi 1 NIFTi 2 2013 Typhoon Haiyan (Philippines) unknow 2013 Lushan China earthquake HW 18 2013 Earthquake & Hurricane recovery in Haiti eBee 2014 Fukushima Tsunami recovery eBee 2015 Bennet Landfill SC (USA) Precision Hawk Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response In January 2015, drones have been used in 43 disasters in 13 countries
  • 35. 35/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Realized by : Drone Adventures In coordination with IOM (International Organization for Migration) and OpenStreetMap 45 km² covered Outputs : Aerial map and 3D Model Examples of use : 3D terrain models of some dangerous ravine was used to perform water- flow simulations and decide where to build infrastructure to mitigate flooding Haiti Hearthquake http://droneadventures.org/haiti/#1
  • 36. 36/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Fukushima – reconstructions after earthquake & tsunami http://droneadventures.org/fukushima/#1
  • 37. 37/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Realized by : Drone Adventures In coordination with Center for Spatial Information Science at the University of Tokyo Three sites mapped: Lidate village: received some of the highest levels of contamination of radioactive elements Hisanohama: Highly damaged after the tsunami damage Tomioka: the closest town from a nuclear wasteland Fukushima
  • 38. 38/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  • 39. 39/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Source: Fornace et al. Mapping infectious disease landscapes: unmanned aerial vehicles and epidemiology. Trends in Parasitology, 2014 Study of macaque movements and malaria cases in Malaysia
  • 40. 40/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response GOOGLE X-Project: Goods delivery by drones
  • 41. 41/43 Study Ecology of pathogens and vectors • High-resolution mapping of the habitats of pathogens and vectors • Acquisition of data below the cloud cover and at specific dates: Follow the dynamics of water bodies during different seasons Possibility to iterate rapidly the observations (ex. weekly) Population exposure • Identify the houses exposed to hazards • Identify social inequalities (from a typology of housing) Conclusion Possible use of drones for health studies Vector control • Target specific areas for vector control (such as spray of insecticides), in order to reduce the amount of products sprayed and the exposure of people manipulating products Health care management • Drug delivery in areas with difficult access
  • 42. 42/43 Green Technology Almost no noise Electric motor Relatively affordable You own your data Many possible outputs Easy and fast to deploy Can fly under the clouds Conclusion
  • 43. 43/43 Questions ? Relevant readings Adams, Stuart M. and Carol J. Friendland , 2014, “A Survey of UAV Usage for Imagery Collection in Disaster Research and Management.” Adams, Stuart M., Marc Levitan, and Carol Friendland, 2014, “High Resolution Imagery Collection Utilizing UAVs for Post-Disaster Studies.” Carlos Alphonso F. Ezequiel, 2014, “UAV Aerial Imaging Applications for Post-Disaster Assessment, Environmental Management and Infrastructure Development.” America Red Cross, 2015, “ Drones for Disaster Response and Relief Operations.”

Editor's Notes

  1. Drones are one of the most promising and powerful new technlogies to improve disaster response and relief operations. Drones naturally complement traditionnal manned relief operations by helping to ensure that operations can be conducted safer, faster and more efficiently. When a disater occur, drones may be used to provide relief workers with better situational awareness, locate survivors, permform structural analysis of damaged infrastructure. Among many other potential applications.
  2. The disaster relief lifecycle can be split into four major stages: prevention, preparation, response and recovery. Drones have applications in all four stages, though currently are mainly used in the response stage. During the first month of 2015, goverments approved drone operations have benn used in 43 distasters in 13 countries
  3. On january 10, 2010, a massive 7.0 magnitude earthquake rocked the Haitian capital of Port au Prince. Countless buildings collapsed or suffered from severe damage under the intense shaking, including the Presidential Palace or several major hospitals. The public telephone system shut down: two of haiti’s major cellular phone service companies could not provide signal; the control tower at the international airport was seriously damaged and the harbour was rendered unusable. In this chaos, emergency response teams were slow to reach many of the affected areas.