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Use of drone for field observation - Presentation of applications in emergency response

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Presentation organized at the Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, in the frame of our GeoHealth Thai Platform project.

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Use of drone for field observation - Presentation of applications in emergency response

  1. 1. Use of drone for field observation Presentation of applications in emergency response Arnaud Vandecasteele | Mapali Vincent Herbreteau | IRD & SEAS-OI Kraichat Tantrakarnapa | Mahidol University Mapali | Cartographics’ innovation designer
  2. 2. 2/43 Introduction Drones myths and realities How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Conclusion 1 2 3
  3. 3. 3/43 Introduction Arnaud Vandecasteele Aerial Drones And Remotely Operated Vehicles
  4. 4. 4/43 Arnaud Vandecasteele | Mapali Specialized in geographic data acquisition and analysis www.mapali.re 0693 06 25 81 mapali_gis Introduction Gathering data Analysis Development Support
  5. 5. 5/43 UMR ESPACE-DEV Linking Earth observation, information systems and environmental integrated approaches towards environmental observatories dedicated to sustainable development Research group on “Environment, Societies and health Risks” (ESoR) focuses on:  Infectious human diseases in the Tropics  Health issues with spatial and environmental components Introduction
  6. 6. 6/43 Introduction • A precise map of your study area? • Up to date data? • Very accurate pictures of an area? • Same area mapped on different time period? • … Have you ever wanted to have
  7. 7. 7/43 Part I Drones : Myths and Realities
  8. 8. 8/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Drones: a hot topic & a gray area
  9. 9. 9/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Are you ready for the weirdest drone ?
  10. 10. 10/43 Seriously? Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  11. 11. 11/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Ok, go back to something more serious!
  12. 12. 12/43 Benefits & limitations Delayed deployment Few hours to days 24 to 48 hours Few hours Monitoring capability 1-5 days <12 hr <1 h Coverage area (km²) 25 to 1000 10 to 1000 Up to 10 Spatial resolution >= 50cm/px 3 to 60 cm/px 3 to 15 cm/px Source: The potential of aerial platforms in a ‘rapid’ emergency response context Peter Spruyt, Guido Lemoine JRC Scientific and policy reports 2013 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  13. 13. 13/43 Aerial drones type Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  14. 14. 14/43 Rotary Fixed Wind Civilian Drones Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  15. 15. 15/43 Be careful of your local drone’s regulation Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  16. 16. 16/43 Agriculture Mining Monitoring Environmental protection Emergency response … https://www.sensefly.com/applications/overview.html Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Drone use cases
  17. 17. 17/43 Partie II How does a mapping drone work?
  18. 18. 18/43 Fully automated Flies, acquires images & lands itself Optimised range Up to 50 min flight time For coverage of up 12 km2 Super lightweight < 1kg equipment included On board artificial intelligence Automatic safeties procedures (GPS Loss, strong wind, etc.) Green technology Brushless electric motor Low noise, low pollution Nadir & oblique pictures Images transformed into 2D orthomosaics & 3D models Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response A focus on the eBee
  19. 19. 19/43 Intuitive planning, monitoring & control software Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  20. 20. 20/43 Optical & Infrared Multi Spectral Thermal Mapping Sensors Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Type of sensors
  21. 21. 21/43 RGB Sensor Accuracy up to 2.5cm/px Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  22. 22. 22/43 Near Infrared Sensor Widely use for for vegetation analysis Red Edge Sensor Water stress detection Multispectral Sensor 4 bands (R, G, Nir and red Edge) in the same time Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  23. 23. 23/43 Thermal sensor water distribution, check irrigation systems, assess the functionality of solar panels Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  24. 24. 24/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response From aerial pictures to …
  25. 25. 25/43 Orthophotography (georefrenced image) Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  26. 26. 26/43 Digital Elevation Model Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  27. 27. 27/43 Point Cloud Volumetric computation 3D Modelling Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  28. 28. 28/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Mapping the impossible
  29. 29. 29/43 ADD EXAMPLE Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response A concrete example
  30. 30. 30/43 Part III Drones and emergency response
  31. 31. 31/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Why use a drone ? Reduce risk for workers Up to date data Different sensors Fly below the clouds Highly deployab le Cost efficient Suited to perform the « 3-D Missions » Dirty Dull Dangerous
  32. 32. 32/43 Up to date data for emergency response Source: The potential of aerial platforms in a ‘rapid’ emergency response context Peter Spruyt, Guido Lemoine JRC Scientific and policy reports 2013 Useful actionable situation information needs to be integrated in the common operational organization within 24 hours after the event Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  33. 33. 33/43 Typical disaster relief lifecycle Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response • Temporary Infrastructure / Supply Delivery • Wildfire – Detection and Extinguishing • Dealing with Chemical, Biological, …, Explosive (CBRNE) Event • Search and Rescue Operations • Reconnaissance and Mapping • Structural integrity Assessment • Insurance Claims Response and Risk Assessment • Logistics Support Recovery Prevention PreparationResponse
  34. 34. 34/43 Missions Year Event UAV Fixed Wing Rotary Search Mapping Structural Inspection Estimate of debris 2011 Thailand Floods Fibo UAV-1 FIBO UAV 2012 Finale Emilia Earthquake (Italy) NIFTi 1 NIFTi 2 2013 Typhoon Haiyan (Philippines) unknow 2013 Lushan China earthquake HW 18 2013 Earthquake & Hurricane recovery in Haiti eBee 2014 Fukushima Tsunami recovery eBee 2015 Bennet Landfill SC (USA) Precision Hawk Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response In January 2015, drones have been used in 43 disasters in 13 countries
  35. 35. 35/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Realized by : Drone Adventures In coordination with IOM (International Organization for Migration) and OpenStreetMap 45 km² covered Outputs : Aerial map and 3D Model Examples of use : 3D terrain models of some dangerous ravine was used to perform water- flow simulations and decide where to build infrastructure to mitigate flooding Haiti Hearthquake http://droneadventures.org/haiti/#1
  36. 36. 36/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Fukushima – reconstructions after earthquake & tsunami http://droneadventures.org/fukushima/#1
  37. 37. 37/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Realized by : Drone Adventures In coordination with Center for Spatial Information Science at the University of Tokyo Three sites mapped: Lidate village: received some of the highest levels of contamination of radioactive elements Hisanohama: Highly damaged after the tsunami damage Tomioka: the closest town from a nuclear wasteland Fukushima
  38. 38. 38/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response
  39. 39. 39/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response Source: Fornace et al. Mapping infectious disease landscapes: unmanned aerial vehicles and epidemiology. Trends in Parasitology, 2014 Study of macaque movements and malaria cases in Malaysia
  40. 40. 40/43 Drone, myths and reality How does a mapping drone work? Drones and emergency response GOOGLE X-Project: Goods delivery by drones
  41. 41. 41/43 Study Ecology of pathogens and vectors • High-resolution mapping of the habitats of pathogens and vectors • Acquisition of data below the cloud cover and at specific dates: Follow the dynamics of water bodies during different seasons Possibility to iterate rapidly the observations (ex. weekly) Population exposure • Identify the houses exposed to hazards • Identify social inequalities (from a typology of housing) Conclusion Possible use of drones for health studies Vector control • Target specific areas for vector control (such as spray of insecticides), in order to reduce the amount of products sprayed and the exposure of people manipulating products Health care management • Drug delivery in areas with difficult access
  42. 42. 42/43 Green Technology Almost no noise Electric motor Relatively affordable You own your data Many possible outputs Easy and fast to deploy Can fly under the clouds Conclusion
  43. 43. 43/43 Questions ? Relevant readings Adams, Stuart M. and Carol J. Friendland , 2014, “A Survey of UAV Usage for Imagery Collection in Disaster Research and Management.” Adams, Stuart M., Marc Levitan, and Carol Friendland, 2014, “High Resolution Imagery Collection Utilizing UAVs for Post-Disaster Studies.” Carlos Alphonso F. Ezequiel, 2014, “UAV Aerial Imaging Applications for Post-Disaster Assessment, Environmental Management and Infrastructure Development.” America Red Cross, 2015, “ Drones for Disaster Response and Relief Operations.”

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