350 年前，歐登堡(Henry Oldenburg) 建立的學術傳播系統，已陷入危機，即使最富裕的圖書館
1665 年，歐登堡創建英語世界第一個學術期刊 The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal
作。10/90 gap, 祗有 3% 的研究內容與開發中國家有關
六倍，健康保險的二倍半。在化學和物理學領域的期刊，1975 年的平均售價是 79 美元，2005
年的平均售價漲為 1,880 美元。
Library budgets, open access, and the future of scholarly communication: Transformations in academic
publishing / by David W. Lewis, C&RL News, May 2008, Vol. 69, No. 5, http://tinyurl.com/6js6f2
同一時間，圖書館的預算並沒有等比例上揚。據估計，全球有 23,700 種同儕評閱學刊，每年刊
登 160 萬篇論文，總值約 500 億美元左右。
Activities, costs and funding flows in the scholarly
communications system in the UK : Report commissioned by the Research Information Network (RIN)
: Full Report / Research Information Network in association with Publishing Research
Consortium(PRL), Society of College, National and University Libraries(SCONUL), Research
Libraries UK(RLUK). -- 88 p. -- May 2008, http://tinyurl.com/6elag9
Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai (IMSc) 是印度一家重要的研究機構，
Consider this for instance: Recently Infochange reported that that total annual budget for one of the
premier scientific institutes in India, the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai (IMSc), is
currently around Rs 13.3 crore, of which Rs 2.55 crore is spent subscribing to academic journals.
"Around 55% of this Rs 2.55 crore is paid to the two largest publishing companies — Reed-Elsevier
and Springer — for the privilege of receiving a selection of the journals that they publish."
In other words, Infochange pointed out, "more than 10% of the total budget for IMSc (more than the
entire budget for faculty salaries) is paid directly to these two multi-national companies."
We should add that while for the developing world this is a historic problem (and comparable to the
problems it faces in providing researchers with labs) for the West it is a relatively new problem —
although as we say, one that means even the wealthiest institutions in the world are now struggling to
What we learn from all this is that the scholarly communication system created by Oldenburg was now
broken, and the future development of science compromised as a result.
"Knowledge for all," By Nick Gill, InfoChange India News & Features development news India -
Knowledge for all, June 23, 2008, http://tinyurl.com/629cye66