Open Access


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Open Access

  1. 1. Open Access ��.A Definition a. Budapest Open access Initiative b. The Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing, 畢士大開放近用出版宣言 c. Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities, 柏林 宣言 - 開放近用科學與人文學知識 ��.BPermission a. Barriers - price, permission b. Copyright law - Intellectual Property Rights, Moral Rights c. License i. Free Art License ii. GNU Free Documentation License iii. Common Documentation License iv. EFF Open Audio License v. Open Music Licenses vi. The Green OpenMusic License vii. The Yellow OpenMusic License viii. The Red OpenMusic License ix. Creative Commons Licenses • 創用 CC 2.5 - 姓名標示、 非商業性、 相同方式分享、 禁止改作 x. The Open Content License • A Guide To Open Content Licences / Lawrence Liang, Piet Zwart Institute, December 2004, [PDF], xi. Open Publication License xii. Design Science License xiii. Ethymonics Free Music License d. DRM - Digital Rights Management ��.CStrategies a. Self-Archiving of E-Prints i. 三種方式: 1. 作者個人網頁 2. 學科典藏所 3. 機構典藏所 ii. worldwide Directory of Open Access Repositories - OpenDOAR • Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) • Ranking Web of World Repositories, iii. Publisher's copyright & archiving policies - RoMEO 1. Gold - 立即開放
  2. 2. 2. Green - 作者自我典藏 Post-print 3. Pale green - 作者自我典藏 Pre-print 4. Gray - 以上皆不可 5. 拒收 preprint o Springer Open Choice iv. Open Citation Project [開放引用計畫] - Reference Linking and Citation Analysis for Open Archives 1. The effect of open access and downloads ('hits') on citation impact: a bibliography of studies / Steve Hitchcock, 2004.9.15 - v. ROARMAP (Registry of Open Access Repository Material Archiving Policies), as recommended by the Berlin Declaration, Open Access Journals - 機構典藏政 策 • Berkeley Research Impact Initiative - Faculty, post-doc and graduate students can apply for up to $3,000 to cover the cost of publishing an article in an open-access publication. The fund also gives up to $1,500 for the cost of so-called hybrid publications' paid access fees, where information is freely available but the journal limits the right to redistribute. The pilot program will last 18 months or until the initial $125,000 fund runs out. The hope - and challenge - is to find a permanent funding source. • Archive - 典藏, redistribtion - 再散布 vi. Free Software 1. DSpace 2. Fedora 3. Oaister 4. LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) b. Open Access Journals i. Directory of Open Access Journals, ii. OPEN J-Gate: World's biggest Open Access English Language Journals Portal, iii. Types: 1. Open Access Journals - Green 2. Free Access Journals - Cyan 3. Embargoed Access Journals - Yellow 4. Partial Access Journals - Orange 5. Restricted Access Journals - Red iv. Research funders archiving mandates and guidelines - JULIET v. Cost - charge the author, subsidize from library, from project vi. Free and open-source journal management software [學刊管理軟體 - 自由軟體] • A Survey and Evaluation of Open-Source Electronic Publishing Systems, 2007 • Roger Clarke, "The Cost-Profiles of Alternative Approaches to Journal- Publishing.", Pre-Print Version of 10 November 2007, Published in First Monday 12, 12 (December 2007), Post-Print
  3. 3. •Open access on a zero budget: a case study of Postcolonial Text / John Willinsky, Ranjini Mendis (Case studies in open access publishing. Number three), Information Research, Vol. 12 No. 3, April 2007 c. Other strategies i. Free Books - Thicker than Blood / by M.A. Newhall, 228 p. First CC community edited fiction book, Than-Blood.pdf ii. Copyright Law - copyright owner permit open access to it. ��.DBusiness Models of Open Access Journals a. Publication Fees - Author pay b. Commercial - BioMed Central morph Nonprofit - Public Library of Science c. Optional Open Access (Hybrid) - Oxford Open initiative of Oxford University Press Scholarly Communication System d. Economic analysis of scientific research publishing [科學研究出版的經濟分析] : A report commissioned by the Wellcome Trust, Revised edition 10/03 e. Costs and business models in scientific research publishing [科學研究出版的成本及經 營模式] : A report commissioned by the Wellcome Trust, April 2004, ��.EHarvesting a. Metadata Harvested - Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI- PMH) b. OAIster currently provides access to 16,264,816 records from 973 contributors. OAIster is a union catalog of digital resources. We provide access to these digital resources by "harvesting" their descriptive metadata (records) using OAI-PMH (the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting). c. cross-repository citation search engines  Citebase (mostly just physics now):  CiteseerX (mostly just computer science now): ��.FSerials Crisis ��.GKnowledge Explosion ��.HImpact Factor vs. Reading Factor ��.ILibraries a. Google Library b. Million Books Project c. Open Content Alliance ��.JAccess Barriers a. Price, permission, language, b. Lack of training in medical writing and critical appraisal c. Connectivity d. Copyright
  4. 4. e. Cultural f. Visibility of local/regional information g. Language and lack of translation services h. Govt. policies ��.KOpen Access to Knowledge (OAK)