DEFINITION "PlayTherapy is based upon the fact that play is the childs natural medium of self- expression. Play therapy is generally employed with children aged 3 through 11 and provides a way for them to express their experiences and feelings
INDICATIONS Children dealing with parental conflict, separation or divorce Traumatized children (sexual, physical or emotional abuse) Children who have been adopted or are in foster care dealing with issues of loss Children who have been hospitalized Children who have witnessed domestic violence Children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD/ADHD) Children who have experienced serious accidents or disasters.
TYPES OF PLAY Group play therapy Individual play therapy Free play therapy Directive play Non-Directive play
PURPOSES OF PLAY Reduces anxiety about traumatic events in the childs life Facilitates a childs expression of feelings Promotes self-confidence and a sense of competence Develops a sense of trust in self and others Defines healthy boundaries Creates or enhances healthy bonding in relationships Enhances creativity and playfulness Promotes appropriate behavior
DEFINTION Music therapy is a interpersonal process in which the trained music therapist uses music and all of its facets- physical, emotional, mental, social, aesthetic and spiritual – to help the client to improve and maintain their health.
FUNCTIONS OF MUSIC Enhances relaxation of mind. Client’s needs are directly addressed through music. Improves in learning & helps in building self-esteem Reduces stress and support physical exercise. Diverts mind in stressful situation Reduces anxiety, tension and fear Induces sleep Enhances cognitive skills. Stimulates social interaction Sharper concentration and more alert thinking Bring a positive state of mind
PLACES WHERE MUSIC THERAPY CAN BE CONDUCTED Labour room Operating room Massage therapy session room Counseling halls Addiction treatment halls
USES Promotes psychotherapeutic usage of body movements. Clients will learn to express his ideas, thoughts and feelings through their motor activity. Enhances interaction and communication pattern. Improves self-confidence and contentment. Relieves tension, stress, anxiety and worries. Serves as a sort of enjoyment and entertainment. Exhibits talents and abilities of the clients. Channelizes the emotional experiences into expression of body movements.