Locke’s goal setting theory
• In 1990, Dr Edwin Locke and Latham published
their seminal work, "A Theory of Goal Setting
and Task Performance." The five characteristics
of successful goal setting are
– Clarity. (SMART) (Specific, Time bound)
– Challenge. (SMART) (Realistic and relevant)
– Commitment. (SMART) ( Agreed).
– Feedback. (SMART) (measurable).
– Task complexity (SMART) (Attainable)
• Clarify your SMART goals
– long term goals.
– Mid term goals.
– Short term Goals.
• Use visualization to remind these goals.
Backward goal setting
• Write down your ultimate goal.
• Ask yourself what milestone you need to
accomplish just before that, in order to achieve
your ultimate goal.
• What do you need to complete before that
• What do you need to do to make sure the
previous goal is reached?
• Continue to work back, in the same way, until you
identify the very first milestone that you need to
• Eating the elephant.
• Break It Down.
• Henry Ford, credited with
designing the first production
maintained, “Nothing is
particularly hard if you divide
it into small jobs.”
Managing time effectively, and achieving the
things that you want to achieve, means
spending your time on things that are
important and not just urgent.
– Important activities have an outcome that leads
to the achievement of your goals.
– Urgent activities demand immediate
attention, and are often associated with the
achievement of someone else's goals.
2. Planning, Prevention, le
arning, exercise, relatio
calls, visitors, small
Scheduling is the process by
which you look at the time
available to you, and plan
how you will use it to achieve
the goals you have identified
• Activity logs.
• To do list.
– ABCDE Method.
– Leak proof Clustering.
• Not to do list.
• False deadline strategy – Parkinson’s Law.
• Activity Logs are useful tools for analysing how
you use your time.
• To keep an Activity Log, set up the following
– Activity description.
– How I feel.
– Value (high, medium, low, none).
To do list
• To-Do Lists are prioritized
lists of all the tasks that
you need to carry out.
• By keeping a To-Do
List, you make sure that
your tasks are written
down all in one place so
you don't forget anything
1. A – Must do.
2. B – Should do.
3. C- Nice to do.
4. D – Delegate.
5. E - Eliminate
Leak proof Clustering
• The activity of organizing and assembling a group
of tasks that have something in common.
• For example, tasks might be grouped together
because they’re all small, requiring little time
• Gathering together documents that need to be
photocopied and copying them all at the same
time is an example of clustering. So is returning
all phone calls
• during the same hour or researching several
topics at the same time.
Not to do list
• Author Michael LeBoeuf offers a fascinating
idea to create a “not-to-do” list which includes
– All low-priority items.
– To be delegated.
– Minimal consequence.
• Work expands so as
to fill the time
available for its
• False deadline
• Myths about delegation.
• One minute manager.
• Situational leadership model.
• Direction of delegation.
Five myths of delegation
• I must do it myself to shield the company from
• It’s quicker to do it myself.
• I’d prefer to retain tasks I enjoy.
• If I delegate, I’ll lose touch with the details,
and with my current contacts.
• Nothing less than my level of perfection will
One minute manager
• One minute goals.
– Teach the Task.
– Demonstrate the Steps Yourself.
– Elicit Questions as You Go.
– Let Learners Demo and Play Back
• One minute praising.
– Don’t Interrupt to Correct Errors
• One minute reprimands.
– Set Mutual Checkpoints.
– Create Standard Tracking Methods.
– Provide Access as Needed.
– Assign and Announce Authority
Hersey and Blanchard
• Chronos and Kairos.
• Tips to improve concentration.
• Avoid multitasking.
• Flow model.
Tips to improve concentration.
• Find your prime time.
– Make sure that you're comfortable .
– Shut out distractions as much as possible.
– Drink water.
– Eat breakfast.
• Take short breaks.
• Switch between high- and low-attention tasks
• Multitasking can actually
result in us wasting around
20-40 percent of our time.
• Multitasking lower the
quality of our work.
• Multitasking increases our
In flow means being
completely involved in an
activity for its own sake.
– Having a clear understanding of
what you want to achieve.
– Being able to concentrate for a
sustained period of time.
– Losing the feeling of
consciousness of one's self.
– Finding that time passes quickly.
– Being completely absorbed in the
Being well organized
• 5 S systems.
• Art of filing
– 43 folder method.
Art of filing
• Avoid saving unnecessary documents .
• Follow a consistent method for naming your files
– Organize documents by dates.
• Store related documents together, whatever their
• Separate ongoing work from completed work
• Avoid overfilling folders.
• Make digital copies of paper documents with a
• Use tickle files – 43 folder.
Manu Melwin Joy
SMS, CUSAT, Kerala
Phone – 9744551114
Mail – firstname.lastname@example.org