Kerala Perspective Plan 2030

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  • Goals
  • Kerala Perspective Plan 2030

    1. 1. Perspective Plan 2030 Dr. Anuradha Balaram Member Secretary & Chief Economic Advisor Kerala State Planning Board
    2. 2. Scope of this address  What is a Perspective Plan?  Why did we need a Perspective Plan?  Why did we select NCAER to partner with us?  What are the fundamental ideas brought out in the draft plan?  How have we sought people‟s participation?  What are the next steps?
    3. 3. Major concerns that need to be addressed today  Ageing population  Urbanization  Unemployment  Inequality  Food Security  Low productivity  Inflation  Stress related behavior  High debt
    4. 4. Vision  Kerala will achieve economic and living standards equivalent to Nordic countries.  It will be   A prosperous and socially cohesive society,   A global knowledge hub, Cleaner, safer, and have a healthier environment. Kerala‟s per capita income will be equivalent to a high middle income country by 2030.
    5. 5. Mission “Sustainable Prosperity” This means:     Economic Prosperity Human well-being Social Prosperity Green Prosperity Mission statement: Quantity alone is not enoughquality matters
    6. 6. Goals Economic prosperity  Achieve annual per capita income of USD 36,000 from the current (approximately) USD 4,700 (2005 PPP) by 2040  Achieve a compound rate of 7.5% during the next 20 years to reach the level of USD 19,000 equivalent to a middle high income country by 2030.  With sectoral growth rates of  2% in agriculture  9% in manufacturing  9% in construction  7.5% in communication  10% in education and health sectors  Brand Kerala as a „global education and health hub‟ driving India‟s exports in education and health care services
    7. 7. Goals High quality of life  Increase the share of education and health sectors in GDP to 10% of GDP from the current 5−6%  Increase in enrolment ratio in higher education to 50%  Health security for all  Upgrade to highest category of UNDP human development index  High standards of living with focus on  The growth of smart urban and rural areas  Transforming Kochi into a global city Just and equal society  Reduction in  Unemployment rate to 4% from 7.7%  Gini coefficient to 23% from 45%  Poverty rates to 1% ( $2 per day PPP)  Culturally diverse, safe and just society
    8. 8. Goals Clean and Safe Environment  Upgrade ecosystems, biodiversity, resources, sustainable production systems and consumption  through Protect forests and wetlands  Conserve the World Heritage bio-diversity of Western Ghats  20% increase in energy and water use efficiency  Recycle targets of 60-75 of waste generation depending on the type of waste  Identify and maximize the use of sustainable resources.
    9. 9. Knowledge Economy  Wealth Generation through creation, production, distribution & consumption of knowledge and knowledge based products  Clean and ethical work force – emphasis on high skills and relevance  Quality of education  Master trainers to the world in a few key areas  Use expertise of retired people  Collaborative mindset
    10. 10. Education  To make quality education affordable to all  To create a global brand name in education by 2030 Goals  100% enrolment in primary schools  95% of all young people shall complete general or vocational upper secondary education by 2015  50% of all young people shall complete a higher education programme by 2015  Everyone shall be engaged in lifelong learning  Kerala will be a knowledge hub by 2030  6% of the GSDP should be spent on education, of which 1.5–2% should be set aside for higher education.
    11. 11. Health Goals           Increase the health expenditure to GSDP ratio from 0.6 per cent in 2012 to 4−5 per cent by 2027−31. This will be achieved by 1 percentage point increase spread over the next 5 years plans. Reduce MMR from 81 to 12 per 1 lakh live births Reduce IMR from 13 to 6 per 1,000 live births Eradicate communicable diseases Prioritise health areas to include mental diseases, alcoholism & suicides Increase the no: of hospital beds from 34.6 per 10,000 in 2004 to 70 per 10,000 by 2030 Increase the no: of nurses from 12.4 in 2004 to 65 by 2030 Increase the no: of doctors from 9.9 per 10,000 population to 17.2 in 2030 Provide Health insurance cover to all Set up three medical cities by 2030
    12. 12. Agriculture Goals  Agriculture will be prosperous, environmentally friendly socially inclusive, and  There will be a paradigm shift from subsistence farming to highly knowledge – intensive, competitive farming.  Farmers will be agripreneurs and their performance will be viewed not as a means to livelihood, but as a means of economic prosperity  The younger generation will take pride and dignity in agriculture as an occupation and sector.
    13. 13. Livestock Goals  Self-sufficiency in supply to the local market, with fish milk, dairy products and meat  Meet internally about 80% of the demand for egg.  Entry into export markets for milk products and meat by 2030
    14. 14. Forestry Goals  Increase the share of forestry in GSDP to 0.5%  Increase the productivity of forests through improved management of resources  Improve the forest resources in terms of increases in growing stocks to 345m3/ha  Combat the greenhouse effect and absorb carbon dioxide  Identify new technologies & implement them to make the sector dynamically more productive
    15. 15. Industry Goals  Increase the share of manufacturing from the current 8% to 10% of GSDP by 2030;  Shift of the structure of industry from resource-driven to efficiency driven over the next 20 years. This will be on track to develop innovation-driven industrial sector;  Share of the registered sector in total manufacturing will rise to 80%  Sustained increase in employment in manufacturing  Adoption of clean production systems
    16. 16. Transport Goal  Green sustainable and safe transport  Transport Shares  Share of road transport in Kerala in passengers-billion-km70%  Share of rail transport in Kerala in passenger-billion-km-25%  Share of water transport in Kerala in passenger-billion-km-4%
    17. 17. Energy Goal  Economically affordable and environmentally clean power to all Targets  Exploit the full potential of hydro-electric generation  Assess and capture the full potential of non-hydro renewable energy  Reduce the transmission and distribution losses in the electricity sector to 9% from the current 15.7%  Improve energy conservation by 20% from energy use  100% electrified households with 24*7 availability of electricity
    18. 18. Labour  State should formulate a comprehensive “ Growth oriented labour welfare policy” with following objectives   Increasing employment opportunities   Connecting supply with demand for labour Ensuring social security net for labour The Labour policy should be based on  Transformational changes in education  A well-developed labour information system  Encourage entrepreneurship  Labour market management – flexicurity
    19. 19. Marginalized People  Vision  To cerate a society in which every Keralite is entitled to live with human dignity  Objectives  Identification  Equity of the vulnerable population in service delivery  Efficiency in service delivery  Accessibility for all
    20. 20. Some major concerns raised by stakeholders  Inadequate emphasis to agriculture  Health & Education are being commercialized  Public sector has not been given a boost  No mention of comprehensive social security  Kerala‟s best practices to be highlighted  Local Self Government to be added
    21. 21. Questions?

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