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Huawei P20 Manual/User Guide

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Huawei P20 Manual/User Guide

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Huawei P20 Manual/User Guide

  1. 1. User Guide
  2. 2. %QPVGPVU 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU (GCVWTGF 7UCIG 6KRU %COGTC 6KRU 5OCTV .KHG 0GY GXKEG +PUGTV VJG %CTFU 0GY GXKEG %QPʏIWTCVKQP 5OCTV %JCTIKPI %JCTIG ;QWT GXKEG (CUVGT CPF 5CHGT )GUVWTGU CPF 1RGTCVKQPU 5ETGGPUJQVU CPF 5ETGGP 4GEQTFKPI *QOG 5ETGGP 0CXKICVKQP $CT 3WKEM 5YKVEJ 0QVKʏECVKQP 2CPGN CPF 5VCVWU $CT 5ETGGP .QEM CPF 7PNQEM )Q $CEM VQ $CUKEU YKVJ 5KORNG /QFG *QOG 5ETGGP /CPCIGOGPV %QPVCEVU /CPCIKPI $WUKPGUU %CTFU 5GCTEJ %QPVCEVU /CPCIKPI %QPVCEVU /GTIKPI 6JKTFRCTV[ #RR %QPVCEVU KCNKPI $CUKE %CNNKPI (WPEVKQPU $NQEM 0WKUCPEG %CNNU )GV VJG 2GCEG CPF 3WKGV ;QW GUGTXG 8Q.6' 7UG 8Q9K(K HQT C 0GY %CNNKPI 'ZRGTKGPEG /GUUCIG $CUKE /GUUCIKPI (WPEVKQPU %COGTC $CUKE %COGTC (WPEVKQPU 2QTVTCKV /QFG 9KFG #RGTVWTG 2CPQTCOC 2CPQTCOC 2TQ /QFG L
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ʏECVKQPU #RR 6YKP .QI KP VQ 6YQ 5QEKCN /GFKC #EEQWPVU CV 1PEG 5QWPF CPF KURNC[ %QPʏIWTG Q 0QV KUVWTD /QFG %QPʏIWTG ;QWT 5QWPF 5GVVKPIU 'PCDNG '[G %QOHQTV /QFG VQ 2TGXGPV '[G 5VTCKP /QTG KURNC[ 5GVVKPIU 5VQTCIG 5VQTCIG %NGCPGT 5OCTV #UUKUVCPEG 0CXKICVKQP $CT CPF 0CXKICVKQP QEM 5[UVGO .CPIWCIG CPF +PRWV /GVJQF #EEGUUKDKNKV[ )GPGTCN 5GVVKPIU .GICN 0QVKEG .GICN 0QVKEG 2GTUQPCN +PHQTOCVKQP CPF CVC 5GEWTKV[ %QPVGPVU LLL
  5. 5. 9CVGT CPF WUV 4GUKUVCPEG 1DVCKPKPI JGNR %QPVGPVU LY
  6. 6. 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU (GCVWTGF 7UCIG 6KRU 6KRU )GV VQ )TKRU YKVJ (GCVWTGU QP ;QWT 2JQPG +H [QW JCXG C PGY 2JQPG DWV CTG WPHCOKNKCT YKVJ UQOG QH KVU HGCVWTGU VT[ WUKPI VJG 6KRU CRR 6KRU KU C RTGKPUVCNNGF CRR KP [QWT 2JQPG 6KRU KPVTQFWEGU UGNGEVGF HGCVWTGU CPF KPENWFGU NKPMU VQ VJG WUGT IWKFG JGNRKPI [QW VQ IGV CEEWUVQOGF YKVJ [QWT 2JQPG OQTG SWKEMN[ +PVWKVKXG UWIIGUVKQPU #HVGT [QW JCXG WUGF [QWT PGY 2JQPG HQT C YJKNG VJG UOCTV UWIIGUVKQP HGCVWTG YKNN DG CWVQOCVKECNN[ GPCDNGF QP [QWT 2JQPG 6JKU HGCVWTG QHHGTU KPVWKVKXG UWIIGUVKQPU HQT URGEKʏE WUCIG UEGPCTKQU YJKEJ UJQWNF JGNR [QW IGV OQTG QWV QH [QWT 2JQPG 7UG *WCYGK 5JCTG VQ 3WKEMN[ 5JCTG (KNGU $GVYGGP *WCYGK GXKEGU ;QW ECP WUG *WCYGK 5JCTG VQ SWKEMN[ VTCPUHGT RJQVQU XKFGQU CPF QVJGT ʏNGU DGVYGGP *WCYGK FGXKEGU *WCYGK 5JCTG WUGU $NWGVQQVJ VQ FGVGEV PGCTD[ *WCYGK FGXKEGU CPF 9K(K KTGEV VQ SWKEMN[ VTCPUHGT ʏNGU YKVJQWV WUKPI OQDKNG FCVC *WCYGK 5JCTG WUGU 9K(K CPF $NWGVQQVJ VQ VTCPUHGT FCVC 9JGP *WCYGK 5JCTG KU GPCDNGF 9K(K CPF $NWGVQQVJ CTG CWVQOCVKECNN[ GPCDNGF
  7. 7. Huawei Share 7UG *WCYGK 5JCTG VQ UGPF ʏNGU 5GNGEV VJG ʏNG [QW YCPV VQ UJCTG CPF VQWEJ 5JCTG 5GNGEV VJG TGEGKXKPI FGXKEG HTQO VJG NKUV QH PGCTD[ FGXKEGU VQ UGPF VJG ʏNG 7UG *WCYGK 5JCTG VQ TGEGKXG ʏNGU 5YKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT QRGP VJG PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ GPCDNG *WCYGK 5JCTG 6QWEJ #EEGRV YJGP C ʏNG VTCPUHGT PQVKʏECVKQP KU FKURNC[GF 4GEGKXGF ʏNGU CTG UCXGF VQ VJG *WCYGK 5JCTG HQNFGT KP (KNGU D[ FGHCWNV 0Q EQPʏTOCVKQP KU TGSWKTGF KH VJG VYQ *WCYGK FGXKEGU NQIIGF KP VQ WUG VJG UCOG *7#9'+ + 6TCPUHGT (KNGU DGVYGGP ;QWT 2JQPG CPF %QORWVGT 7UKPI *WCYGK 5JCTG 9KVJ *WCYGK 5JCTG [QW ECP GCUKN[ UJCTG RJQVQU CPF ʏNGU HTQO [QWT 2JQPG VQ [QWT EQORWVGT 2% /CE YKVJ PQ 75$ ECDNG PGEGUUCT[ z *WCYGK 5JCTG WUGU 9K(K CPF $NWGVQQVJ VQ VTCPUHGT FCVC 9JGP *WCYGK 5JCTG KU GPCDNGF 9K(K CPF $NWGVQQVJ CTG CWVQOCVKECNN[ GPCDNGF z WTKPI VJG FCVC VTCPUHGT GPUWTG VJCV [QWT 2JQPG CPF EQORWVGT CTG EQPPGEVGF VQ VJG UCOG PGVYQTM HQT GZCORNG VQ VJG UCOG 9K(K PGVYQTM 5JCTG ʏNGU QP [QWT 2JQPG YKVJ C 2% 1RGP 5GVVKPIU VJGP VQWEJ GXKEG EQPPGEVKQP *WCYGK 5JCTG VQ GPCDNG *WCYGK 5JCTG 4GEQTF 0COG UJQYP QP EQORWVGTU (TQO [QWT 2% QRGP VJG 0GVYQTM HQNFGT CPF FQWDNGENKEM 0COG UJQYP QP EQORWVGTU 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  8. 8. 6JGP GPVGT VJG RCUUYQTF ;QW ECP XKGY VJG RCUUYQTF WPFGT GXKEG EQPPGEVKQP *WCYGK 5JCTG 8GTKʏECVKQP QP EQORWVGTU 8KGY [QWT CNDWOU QT KPVGTPCN UVQTCIG 5JCTG ʏNGU QP [QWT 2JQPG YKVJ C /CE EQORWVGT 1RGP 5GVVKPIU VJGP VQWEJ GXKEG EQPPGEVKQP *WCYGK 5JCTG VQ GPCDNG *WCYGK 5JCTG 4GEQTF 0COG UJQYP QP EQORWVGTU (TQO [QWT /CE QRGP (KPFGT CPF FQWDNGENKEM VJG TGEQTFGF 0COG UJQYP QP EQORWVGTU %JQQUG VQ TGIKUVGT C PGY WUGT VJGP GPVGT VJG WUGT PCOG CPF RCUUYQTF ;QW ECP VJGP XKGY VJG RCUUYQTF WPFGT GXKEG EQPPGEVKQP *WCYGK 5JCTG 8GTKʏECVKQP QP EQORWVGTU 8KGY [QWT CNDWOU QT KPVGTPCN UVQTCIG #EEGUU 2JQPG (WPEVKQPU HTQO #P[YJGTG YKVJ 0CXKICVKQP QEM +P QTFGT VQ ENQUG CP CRR QT TGVWTP VQ VJG JQOG UETGGP [QW OWUV WUG VJG PCXKICVKQP DCT CV VJG DQVVQO QH [QWT 2JQPG ;QW ECP GPCDNG VJG 0CXKICVKQP FQEM HGCVWTG QP [QWT 2JQPG VQ CXQKF WUKPI PCXKICVKQP DWVVQPU CPF VQ EQOHQTVCDN[ QRGTCVG [QWT FGXKEG YKVJ QPG JCPF 1RGP 5GVVKPIU )Q VQ 5[UVGO 5[UVGO PCXKICVKQP 0CXKICVKQP FQEM CPF GPCDNG 0CXKICVKQP FQEM 6JG 0CXKICVKQP FQEM YKNN CRRGCT QP VJG UETGGP ;QW ECP VJGP FTCI KV VQ [QWT RTGHGTTGF NQECVKQP 6JG 0CXKICVKQP FQEM ECP RGTHQTO VJG HQNNQYKPI CEVKQPU z $CEM 6QWEJ VJG 0CXKICVKQP FQEM QPEG VQ IQ DCEM QPG UVGR QT VQWEJ KV VYKEG VQ IQ DCEM VYQ UVGRU z *QOG 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJG 0CXKICVKQP FQEM CPF VJGP TGNGCUG KV VQ IQ VQ VJG JQOG UETGGP z 8KGY DCEMITQWPF CRRU 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJG 0CXKICVKQP FQEM CPF VJGP UYKRG NGHV QT TKIJV VQ XKGY CP[ CRRU VJCV CTG TWPPKPI KP VJG DCEMITQWPF 6CMG 5ETQNNKPI 5ETGGPUJQVU VQ %CRVWTG 'PVKTG 2CIGU 6KTGF QH JCXKPI VQ VCMG UGXGTCN UETGGPUJQVU VQ ECRVWTG NQPI CTVKENGU QT EJCV TGEQTFU! ;QW ECP WUG [QWT 2JQPG U UETQNNKPI UETGGPUJQV HGCVWTG VQ VCMG C UETGGPUJQV VJCV UETQNNU CNN VJG YC[ FQYP VQ VJG DQVVQO QH VJG RCIG ECRVWTKPI CNN QH VJG KPHQTOCVKQP QP VJG RCIG KP C UKPING UETGGPUJQV 7UG UJQTVEWVU VQ VCMG C UETQNNKPI UETGGPUJQV 5YKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT VQ QRGP VJG PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN VJGP VQWEJ VQ VCMG C UETQNNKPI UETGGPUJQV 6QWEJ YKVJKP VJTGG UGEQPFU QH VCMKPI VJG UETGGPUJQV CPF VJG UETGGP YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ UETQNN FQYP CPF MGGR VCMKPI VJG UETGGPUJQV WTKPI VJG UETQNNKPI RTQEGUU VQWEJ VJG UETQNNKPI CTGC VQ GPF VJG UETGGPUJQV 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  9. 9. 7UG MPWEMNG IGUVWTGU VQ VCMG C UETQNNKPI UETGGPUJQV 6CR VJG UETGGP YKVJ QPG MPWEMNG CPF FTCY CP 5 UJCRG YKVJQWV VCMKPI [QWT MPWEMNG QHH VJG UETGGP 6JG UETGGP YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ UETQNN FQYP VQ VJG DQVVQO QH VJG RCIG YJKNG VCMKPI C UETGGPUJQV WTKPI VJG UETQNNKPI RTQEGUU VQWEJ VJG UETQNNKPI CTGC VQ GPF VJG UETGGPUJQV 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
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ʏECVKQPU #RR VYKP 'PCDNG #RR VYKP CU TGSWKTGF 9JGP #RR VYKP KU GPCDNGF HQT CP CRR VYQ CRR KEQPU CTG FKURNC[GF HQT VJG CRR QP VJG JQOG UETGGP 6JKU OGCPU VJCV [QW ECP NQI KP VQ VYQ CEEQWPVU CV VJG UCOG VKOG 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJG VYKPPGF CRR KEQP QP VJG JQOG UETGGP VQ SWKEMN[ FKUCDNG #RR VYKP 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  11. 11. %COGTC 6KRU 6CMG $NCEM CPF 9JKVG 2JQVQU 6JG YQTNF KU CP COCKPIN[ EQNQTHWN RNCEG $WV UQOGVKOGU VQQ OWEJ EQNQT ECP DG FKUVTCEVKPI /QPQEJTQOG OQFG ʏNVGTU QWV EQNQT JGNRKPI VQ DTKPI QWV NKIJV CPF UJCFQYU CPF IKXG RJQVQU OQTG OQQF CPF CVOQURJGTG 1RGP IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG /QPQEJTQOG CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ VCMG RJQVQU KP DNCEM CPF YJKVG 7UG 2QTVTCKV /QFG VQ 6CMG 5VWPPKPI 2QTVTCKVU 9CPV VQ OCMG [QWT UGNʏGU QT ITQWR UJQVU GXGP OQTG DGCWVKHWN! 2QTVTCKV OQFG RTQXKFGU [QW YKVJ EWUVQOKGF QRVKQPU VQ OCMG GXGT[ RJQVQ DGCWVKHWN CPF OGOQTCDNG 'PCDNG 2QTVTCKV OQFG VQ ECRVWTG OQTG DGCWVKHWN RJQVQU 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC 2QTVTCKV TCI VJG UNKFGTU NGHV CPF TKIJV VQ CFLWUV DGCWVKʏECVKQP UGVVKPIU # JKIJGT $GCWV[ NGXGN YKNN OCMG VJG DGCWVKʏECVKQP GHHGEVU OQTG FKUVKPEV 6QWEJ VJG 3D3D KEQP KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT CPF UGNGEV 0Q NKIJVKPI 5QHV NKIJVKPI $WVVGTʐ[ NKIJVKPI 5RNKV NKIJVKPI 5VCIG NKIJVKPI CPF %NCUUKE NKIJVKPI #HVGT OCMKPI VJG CFLWUVOGPVU VQWEJ VQ VCMG RJQVQU 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  12. 12. 'PCDNG 2GTHGEV UGNʏG OQFG VQ EWUVQOKG DGCWVKʏECVKQP UGVVKPIU 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC 2QTVTCKV VQ GPVGT VJG %COGTC UGVVKPIU UETGGP 6QWEJ2GTHGEV UGNʏG VQ GPCDNG KV (QNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ VCMG RJQVQU QH [QWTUGNH NQQMKPI VQ VJG HTQPV UKFGU CPF FQYPYCTFU CPF VJGP UGV VJG DGCWV[ RCTCOGVGTU .CTIGT RCTCOGVGT XCNWGU RTQFWEG OQTG RTQPQWPEGF UNKOOKPI CPF DGCWVKʏECVKQP GHHGEVU #HVGT EQPʏTOKPI [QWT UGVVKPIU VQWEJ VQ UCXG [QWT RGTUQPCNKGF DGCWV[ KPHQTOCVKQP z 4GGPVGT RGTUQPCN KPHQTOCVKQP +P %COGTC UGVVKPIU UETGGP IQ VQ %WUVQO DGCWV[ #FF RGTUQPCN KPHQ VJGP HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ TGVCMG RJQVQU QH [QWTUGNH NQQMKPI VQ VJG HTQPV UKFGU CPF FQYPYCTFU 6JKU YKNN TGUGV VJG DGCWV[ RCTCOGVGTU z #FLWUV DGCWV[ RCTCOGVGTU +P %COGTC UGVVKPIU UETGGP IQ VQ %WUVQO DGCWV[ 5GV DGCWV[ GHHGEVU VQ CFLWUV RCTCOGVGTU UWEJ CU UMKP UOQQVJPGUU CPF VQPG 7UG 2CPQTCOC VQ 6CMG FGITGG 2JQVQU 6T[ VJG RCPQTCOC HWPEVKQP VQ ECRVWTG C FGITGG XKGY QH C UEGPG QT RGTUQP 6JGTG CTG VJTGG UJQQVKPI OQFGU HQT VJG RCPQTCOC HWPEVKQP z 5JQQV QDLGEVU 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG RCPQTCOC 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJGP HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ UNQYN[ OQXG [QWT 2JQPG CTQWPF [QWT UWDLGEV KP QPG FKTGEVKQP 4GNGCUG VQ UVQR UJQQVKPI #HVGT UJQQVKPI VQWEJ VJG ECOGTC VJWODPCKN CPF VJGP VQWEJ 3D CDQXG VJG RJQVQ VQ IGPGTCVG C RCPQTCOKE RJQVQ 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  13. 13. z 5JQQV UEGPGT[ 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG RCPQTCOC 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJGP HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ UNQYN[ OQXG [QWT 2JQPG CTQWPF [QWT UWDLGEV KP QPG FKTGEVKQP 4GNGCUG VQ UVQR UJQQVKPI #HVGT UJQQVKPI VQWEJ VJG ECOGTC VJWODPCKN CPF VJGP VQWEJ 3D CDQXG VJG RJQVQ VQ IGPGTCVG C RCPQTCOKE RJQVQ 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  14. 14. z 6CMG UGʐKGU 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG RCPQTCOC 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJGP HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ OQXG VJG 2JQPG UNQYN[ CTQWPF [QW KP QPG FKTGEVKQP 4GNGCUG VQ UVQR UJQQVKPI #HVGT UJQQVKPI VQWEJ VJG ECOGTC VJWODPCKN CPF VJGP VQWEJ 3D CDQXG VJG RJQVQ VQ IGPGTCVG C RCPQTCOKE RJQVQ #HVGT C RCPQTCOC JCU DGGP IGPGTCVGF [QW ECP VKNV [QWT 2JQPG QT FTCI VJG RJQVQ VQ XKGY VJG GHHGEV 7UG 9KFG #RGTVWTG /QFG VQ *KIJNKIJV ;QWT 5JQQVKPI 5WDLGEVU 9KFG CRGTVWTG OQFG RTQFWEGU RJQVQITCRJU YKVJ C UJCNNQY FGRVJ QH ʏGNF 6JKU ETGCVGU C DNWTTGF DCEMITQWPF VJCV NGPFU ITGCVGT GORJCUKU VQ VJG RJQVQ U UWDLGEV 6CMG C YKFG CRGTVWTG RJQVQ 1RGP %COGTC +P TGCT ECOGTC UJQQVKPI OQFG VQWEJ VJG #RGTVWTG KEQP CV VJG DQVVQO QH VJG UETGGP VQ GPCDNG 9KFG CRGTVWTG OQFG 'ZKV VJKU OQFG CPF GPVGT QVJGT UJQQVKPI OQFGU 9JGP UJQQVKPI VQWEJ VJG UETGGP VQ UGNGEV C HQECN RQKPV CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ VCMG VJG RJQVQ z (QT QRVKOCN TGUWNVU GPUWTG VJCV VJG UWDLGEV KU RQUKVKQPGF PQ OQTG VJCP O HV CYC[ HTQO VJG ECOGTC z 6QWEJ CPF FTCI VJG UNKFGT DCT VQ VJG NGHV QT TKIJV VQ CFLWUV VJG CRGTVWTG NGXGN 6JG UOCNNGT VJG CRGTVWTG XCNWG VJG OQTG DNWTTGF VJG DCEMITQWPF YKNN CRRGCT 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  15. 15. 5OCTV .KHG *KIJNKIJVU 6WTP ;QWT 2JQVQU KPVQ C 2GTUQPCNKGF 8KFGQ *KIJNKIJVU ETGCVGU C UJQTV ENKR QH [QWT RJQVQU DCUGF QP VKOG CPF NQECVKQP KPHQTOCVKQP ;QW ECP GFKV VJG XKFGQ ENKR CPF UJCTG KV YKVJ [QWT HTKGPFU z 2JQPG CWVQOCVKECNN[ ETGCVGU XKFGQU DCUGF QP VJG VKOG CPF IGQITCRJKECN KPHQTOCVKQP KP [QWT RJQVQU $GHQTG VCMKPI C RJQVQ QRGP %COGTC VQWEJ CPF EJGEM VJCV )25 VCI KU GPCDNGF z %JGEM VJCV [QWT 2JQPG KU EQPPGEVGF VQ VJG +PVGTPGV z *KIJNKIJVU CNDWOU CTG ETGCVGF CWVQOCVKECNN[ YJGP [QWT 2JQPG KU EJCTIKPI VJG UETGGP KU UYKVEJGF QHH CPF VJG DCVVGT[ KU CV NGCUV EJCTIGF +V OC[ VCMG UQOG VKOG HQT [QWT 2JQPG VQ ETGCVG VJG CNDWO *KIJNKIJVU CNDWOU YKNN PQV DG ETGCVGF KH VJGTG CTG KPUWHʏEKGPV RJQVQU QT XKFGQU NGUU VJCP RJQVQU KP )CNNGT[ ;QW ECP WUG *KIJNKIJVU VQ FQ VJG HQNNQYKPI z #WVQOCVKECNN[ ETGCVG VJGOGDCUGF CNDWOU *KIJNKIJVU CWVQOCVKECNN[ ETGCVGU CNDWOU QH RJQVQU DCUGF QP VKOG QT NQECVKQP UWEJ CU C DKTVJFC[ RCTV[ QT ITCFWCVKQP EGTGOQP[ # RWUJ PQVKʏECVKQP YKNN DG UGPV VQ [QWT 2JQPG YJGP C PGY CNDWO KU ETGCVGF 6QWEJ VJG PQVKʏECVKQP VQ XKGY VJG CNDWO z 4GOKPF [QW CDQWV RCUV CNDWOU ;QW YKNN DG RTQORVGF VQ XKGY RCUV CNDWOU QPG [GCT CHVGT CP CNDWO YCU ETGCVGF QT YJGP [QW TGVWTP VQ VJG NQECVKQP YJGTG VJG RJQVQU YGTG VCMGP z 'FKV CP CNDWO ;QW ECP EJCPIG VJG CNDWO PCOG CFF QT TGOQXG RJQVQU QT GFKV VJG DCEMITQWPF OWUKE QT CPKOCVKQP GHHGEVU #HVGT GFKVKPI VJG CNDWO UCXG VJG XKFGQ ENKR VQ 2JQPG QT UJCTG KV YKVJ [QWT HTKGPFU 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  16. 16. %QPPGEV ;QWT 2JQPG VQ CP 'ZVGTPCN KURNC[ HQT 2%.KMG (WPEVKQPCNKV[ 9JGP [QW EQPPGEV [QWT 2JQPG VQ CP GZVGTPCN FKURNC[ KV DGJCXGU NKMG C EQORWVGT UQ [QW PQ NQPIGT PGGF VQ NWI [QWT NCRVQR DCEM CPF HQTVJ DGVYGGP VJG QHʏEG CPF JQOG 5KORN[ WUG CP CFCRVGT UWEJ CU C 75$ 6[RG% VQ */+ CFCRVGT ECDNG VQ EQPPGEV [QWT 2JQPG VQ C FKURNC[ FGXKEG UWEJ CU C 2% OQPKVQT QT RTQLGEVQT ;QW ECP VJGP EQODKPG CNN VJG DGPGʏVU QH C FGUMVQR EQORWVGT YKVJ VJG EQPXGPKGPEG QH C OQDKNG 2JQPG 7UG VJG HQNNQYKPI HGCVWTGU YJGP [QWT 2JQPG KU EQPPGEVGF VQ CP GZVGTPCN FKURNC[ z 2TKXCE[ RTQVGEVKQP 0QVKʏECVKQPU KPEQOKPI ECNNU CPF EJCV OGUUCIGU CTG FKURNC[GF CU TGF FQVU KP VJG 2JQPG U PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN DWV CTG PQV XKUKDNG QP VJG GZVGTPCN FKURNC[ z WCN FKURNC[U KURNC[ YQTMTGNCVGF EQPVGPV QP VJG GZVGTPCN FKURNC[ YJKNG [QW EJCV YKVJ HTKGPFU QP [QWT 2JQPG z GUMVQR GZRGTKGPEG 'PLQ[ C FGUMVQR GZRGTKGPEG YKVJ #PFTQKF CRRU 1RGP OWNVKRNG YKPFQYU OCPCIG ʏNGU UGCTEJ [QWT 2JQPG QT EJCPIG VJG FGUMVQR YCNNRCRGT ;QW ECP CNUQ EQPPGEV C OQWUG MG[DQCTF CPF QVJGT RGTKRJGTCNU 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  17. 17. 'ZEKVKPI (GCVWTGU
  18. 18. 0GY GXKEG +PUGTV VJG %CTFU z Q PQV KPUGTV QT TGOQXG VJG 5+/ ECTF YJGP [QWT FGXKEG KU RQYGTGF QP z 'PUWTG VJCV VJG ECTF KU EQTTGEVN[ CNKIPGF CPF VJCV VJG ECTF VTC[ KU NGXGN YJGP [QW KPUGTV KV KPVQ [QWT FGXKEG z $G ECTGHWN PQV VQ UETCVEJ [QWT FGXKEG QT JWTV [QWTUGNH YJGP WUKPI VJG GLGEV RKP 5VQTG VJG GLGEV RKP QWV QH VJG TGCEJ QH EJKNFTGP VQ RTGXGPV CEEKFGPVCN UYCNNQYKPI QT KPLWT[ z Q PQV WUG EWV QT OQFKʏGF 5+/ ECTFU YKVJ [QWT FGXKEG CU VJGUG OC[ PQV DG TGEQIPKGF CPF EQWNF FCOCIG VJG ECTF VTC[ UNQV 1 2 1 2 0GY GXKEG %QPʏIWTCVKQP %QPPGEVKPI VQ VJG +PVGTPGV %QPPGEV VQ 9K(K PGVYQTMU GHHQTVNGUUN[ YKVJ [QWT FGXKEG %QPPGEVKPI VQ C 9K(K PGVYQTM 5YKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT VQ QRGP VJG PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN
  19. 19. 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VQ QRGP VJG 9K(K UGVVKPIU UETGGP 5YKVEJ QP 9K(K ;QWT FGXKEG YKNN NKUV CNN CXCKNCDNG 9K(K PGVYQTMU CV [QWT NQECVKQP 5GNGEV VJG 9K(K PGVYQTM [QW YCPV VQ EQPPGEV VQ +H [QW UGNGEV CP GPET[RVGF PGVYQTM [QW YKNN CNUQ PGGF VQ GPVGT VJG 9K(K RCUUYQTF %QPPGEVKPI WUKPI OQDKNG FCVC $GHQTG WUKPI OQDKNG FCVC GPUWTG VJCV [QW JCXG C FCVC RNCP YKVJ [QWT ECTTKGT VQ CXQKF KPEWTTKPI GZEGUUKXG FCVC EJCTIGU 5YKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT VQ QRGP VJG PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN 6QWEJ VQ GPCDNG OQDKNG FCVC 9JGP [QW FQP V PGGF VQ CEEGUU VJG +PVGTPGV FKUCDNG OQDKNG FCVC VQ UCXG DCVVGT[ RQYGT CPF TGFWEG FCVC WUCIG 'PTQNN C (KPIGTRTKPV ;QW ECP GPTQNN C ʏPIGTRTKPV QP [QWT 2JQPG CPF VJGP WUG [QWT ʏPIGTRTKPV VQ WPNQEM [QWT UETGGP QT CEEGUU [QWT 5CHG QT #RR .QEM YKVJQWV C RCUUYQTF z (KPIGTRTKPV WPNQEMKPI KU QPN[ CXCKNCDNG YJGP [QWT WPNQEM OGVJQF KU UGV VQ 2CVVGTP 2+0 QT 2CUUYQTF ;QW YKNN DG TGSWKTGF VQ WPNQEM [QWT 2JQPG WUKPI VJG UETGGP WPNQEM RCUUYQTF CHVGT VJG FGXKEG KU TGUVCTVGF QT KH [QWT ʏPIGTRTKPV KU PQV TGEQIPKGF z $GHQTG GPTQNNKPI C ʏPIGTRTKPV OCMG UWTG [QWT ʏPIGT KU ENGCP CPF FT[ 1RGP 5GVVKPIU )Q VQ 5GEWTKV[ RTKXCE[ (KPIGTRTKPV + UGNGEV 2CVVGTP 2+0 QT 2CUUYQTF CPF VJGP HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ UGV CP WPNQEM RCUUYQTF 1PEG [QW JCXG UGV CP WPNQEM RCUUYQTF VQWEJ 0GY ʏPIGTRTKPV VQ GPTQNN C ʏPIGTRTKPV 2NCEG [QWT ʏPIGTVKR QP VJG ʏPIGTRTKPV UGPUQT 2TGUU FQYP NKIJVN[ QP VJG UGPUQT WPVKN [QWT FGXKEG XKDTCVGU 4GRGCV VJKU UVGR WUKPI FKHHGTGPV RCTVU QH [QWT ʏPIGTVKR #HVGT GPTQNNOGPV KU EQORNGVG VQWEJ 1- 6Q WPNQEM VJG UETGGP UKORN[ RNCEG [QWT ʏPIGTVKR QP VJG ʏPIGTRTKPV UGPUQT %QPPGEV VQ 9K(K %QPPGEV VQ C 9K(K PGVYQTM VQ EQPUGTXG [QWT OQDKNG FCVC 6Q RTGXGPV WPCWVJQTKGF CEEGUU VQ [QWT RGTUQPCN FCVC CPF ʏPCPEKCN KPHQTOCVKQP CNYC[U GZGTEKUG ECWVKQP YJGP EQPPGEVKPI VQ RWDNKE 9K(K PGVYQTMU 0GY GXKEG
  20. 20. %QPPGEV VQ 9K(K 1RGP 5GVVKPIU IQ VQ 9KTGNGUU PGVYQTMU 9K(K CPF GPCDNG 9K(K 5GNGEV VJG PGVYQTM [QW YCPV VQ EQPPGEV VQ GRGPFKPI QP VJG PGVYQTM UGVVKPIU [QW OC[ JCXG VQ GPVGT C RCUUYQTF (QNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ EQORNGVG CWVJGPVKECVKQP KH TGSWKTGF z 4GHTGUJ C 9K(K JQVURQV 6QWEJ 5ECP VQ UGCTEJ CICKP HQT CXCKNCDNG YKTGNGUU PGVYQTMU z /CPWCNN[ CFF C 9K(K JQVURQV 5ETQNN VQ VJG DQVVQO QH VJG OGPW VQWEJ #FF PGVYQTMe CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ GPVGT VJG PGVYQTM 55+ CPF RCUUYQTF %QPPGEV VQ C 9K(K PGVYQTM VJTQWIJ 925 +P VJG 9K(K UETGGP IQ VQ #FXCPEGF 9K(K UGVVKPIU 925 EQPPGEVKQP 2TGUU VJG 925 DWVVQP QP [QWT TQWVGT VQ GUVCDNKUJ C EQPPGEVKQP %QPPGEVKPI VQ C 925GPCDNGF TQWVGT QXGT 925 CNNQYU [QW VQ SWKEMN[ EQPPGEV VQ VJG PGVYQTM YKVJQWV GPVGTKPI C RCUUYQTF 5OCTV %JCTIKPI %JCTIG ;QWT GXKEG (CUVGT CPF 5CHGT /CP[ RGQRNG ʏ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
  21. 21. 0GY GXKEG
  22. 22. )GUVWTGU CPF 1RGTCVKQPU 5ETGGPUJQVU CPF 5ETGGP 4GEQTFKPI 6CMG 5ETQNNKPI 5ETGGPUJQVU VQ %CRVWTG 'PVKTG 2CIGU 6KTGF QH JCXKPI VQ VCMG UGXGTCN UETGGPUJQVU VQ ECRVWTG NQPI CTVKENGU QT EJCV TGEQTFU! ;QW ECP WUG [QWT 2JQPG U UETQNNKPI UETGGPUJQV HGCVWTG VQ VCMG C UETGGPUJQV VJCV UETQNNU CNN VJG YC[ FQYP VQ VJG DQVVQO QH VJG RCIG ECRVWTKPI CNN QH VJG KPHQTOCVKQP QP VJG RCIG KP C UKPING UETGGPUJQV 7UG UJQTVEWVU VQ VCMG C UETQNNKPI UETGGPUJQV 5YKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT VQ QRGP VJG PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN VJGP VQWEJ VQ VCMG C UETQNNKPI UETGGPUJQV 6QWEJ YKVJKP VJTGG UGEQPFU QH VCMKPI VJG UETGGPUJQV CPF VJG UETGGP YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ UETQNN FQYP CPF MGGR VCMKPI VJG UETGGPUJQV WTKPI VJG UETQNNKPI RTQEGUU VQWEJ VJG UETQNNKPI CTGC VQ GPF VJG UETGGPUJQV 7UG MPWEMNG IGUVWTGU VQ VCMG C UETQNNKPI UETGGPUJQV 6CR VJG UETGGP YKVJ QPG MPWEMNG CPF FTCY CP 5 UJCRG YKVJQWV VCMKPI [QWT MPWEMNG QHH VJG UETGGP 6JG UETGGP YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ UETQNN FQYP VQ VJG DQVVQO QH VJG RCIG YJKNG VCMKPI C UETGGPUJQV WTKPI VJG UETQNNKPI RTQEGUU VQWEJ VJG UETQNNKPI CTGC VQ GPF VJG UETGGPUJQV
  23. 23. #HVGT VCMKPI VJG UETGGPUJQV VQWEJ QT VQ GFKV QT UJCTG VJG UETGGPUJQV 6JG UETGGPUJQV YKNN DG UCXGF KP )CNNGT[ D[ FGHCWNV 4GEQTF 'ZEKVKPI /QOGPVU QP ;QWT 5ETGGP 6JG UETGGP TGEQTFKPI HGCVWTG EQOGU KP JCPF[ YJGP [QW CTG OCMKPI VWVQTKCN XKFGQU QT KH [QW YCPV VQ TGEQTF [QWT ICOKPI GZRNQKVU VQ UJCTG YKVJ [QWT HTKGPFU WUKPI [QWT 2JQPG z 5ETGGP TGEQTFKPI YKNN GPF KH [QW OCMG QT CPUYGT C ECNN z +H [QW CTG WUKPI VJG TGEQTFKPI HGCVWTG QP [QWT 2JQPG CV VJG UCOG VKOG VJGP [QW ECP UGNGEV GKVJGT 5[UVGO QT 0QPG HTQO 5QWPF UQWTEG z +H [QW JCXG UGNGEVGF /KETQRJQPG HTQO 5QWPF UQWTEG VJGP [QWT 2JQPG YKNN RKEM WR CNN UQWPFU CPF CEVKQPU KPENWFKPI VJCV YJKEJ KU RTQFWEGF D[ [QW VQWEJKPI VJG UETGGP +V KU TGEQOOGPFGF VJCV [QW QPN[ TGEQTF [QWT UETGGP KP C SWKGV GPXKTQPOGPV YKVJ PQ CODKGPV PQKUG 7UG UJQTVEWV VQ UVCTV TGEQTFKPI 5YKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT VQ QRGP VJG PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN VJGP VQWEJ VQ UVCTV TGEQTFKPI VJG UETGGP 5GNGEV /KETQRJQPG 5[UVGO QT 0QPG HTQO 5QWPF UQWTEG DCUGF QP [QWT PGGFU 6Q GPF VJG TGEQTFKPI VQWEJ KP VJG WRRGT NGHV EQTPGT QH VJG UETGGP )GUVWTGU CPF 1RGTCVKQPU
  24. 24. 7UG MG[ EQODKPCVKQP VQ UVCTV TGEQTFKPI 5KOWNVCPGQWUN[ RTGUU VJG 2QYGT DWVVQP CPF VJG 8QNWOG WR DWVVQP VQ DGIKP TGEQTFKPI 5GNGEV /KETQRJQPG 5[UVGO QT 0QPG HTQO 5QWPF UQWTEG DCUGF QP [QWT PGGFU 6Q GPF VJG TGEQTFKPI UKOWNVCPGQWUN[ RTGUU VJG 2QYGT DWVVQP CPF VJG 8QNWOG WR DWVVQP CICKP )GUVWTGU CPF 1RGTCVKQPU
  25. 25. 7UG MPWEMNG VQ UVCTV TGEQTFKPI -PQEM VYQ QH [QWT MPWEMNGU VQ VJG UETGGP VYKEG KP SWKEM UWEEGUUKQP VQ UVCTV TGEQTFKPI 5GNGEV /KETQRJQPG 5[UVGO QT 0QPG HTQO 5QWPF UQWTEG DCUGF QP [QWT PGGFU 6Q GPF VJG TGEQTFKPI IGPVN[ CPF TCRKFN[ FQWDNGVCR VJG UETGGP YKVJ VYQ QH [QWT MPWEMNGU CICKP ;QW ECP XKGY [QWT UETGGP TGEQTFKPIU KP )CNNGT[ 6CMG C 5ETGGPUJQV QH ;QWT 'PVKTG 5ETGGP 7UG EQODQ MG[ VQ VCMG UETGGPUJQV 5KOWNVCPGQWUN[ RTGUU CPF JQNF VJG 2QYGT DWVVQP CPF VJG 8QNWOG FQYP DWVVQP VQ VCMG C UETGGPUJQV QH VJG HWNN UETGGP 7UG UJQTVEWV UYKVEJ VQ VCMG UETGGPUJQV 5YKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT CPF QRGP VJG UJQTVEWVU RCPGN VJGP VQWEJ VQ VCMG C UETGGPUJQV QH VJG HWNN UETGGP 7UG MPWEMNG VQ VCMG UETGGPUJQV 7UG C MPWEMNG VQ IGPVN[ FQWDNGVCR VJG UETGGP KP SWKEM UWEEGUUKQP VQ VCMG C UETGGPUJQV QH VJG HWNN UETGGP )GUVWTGU CPF 1RGTCVKQPU
  26. 26. #HVGT VCMKPI VJG UETGGPUJQV VQWEJ QT VQ GFKV QT UJCTG VJG UETGGPUJQV 6JG UETGGPUJQV YKNN DG UCXGF KP )CNNGT[ D[ FGHCWNV )GUVWTGU CPF 1RGTCVKQPU
  27. 27. *QOG 5ETGGP 0CXKICVKQP $CT 7UG VJG 4GEGPV -G[ VQ /CPCIG $CEMITQWPF #RRU +H [QW YCPV VQ SWKEMN[ UYKVEJ VQ C TGEGPVN[ WUGF CRR [QW OKIJV VT[ WUKPI VJG 4GEGPV MG[ 6JG 4GEGPV MG[ ECP JGNR [QW SWKEMN[ UYKVEJ DGVYGGP UGXGTCN TGEGPVN[ WUGF CRRU ;QW ECP CNUQ WUG KV VQ ENQUG [QWT DCEMITQWPF CRRU VQ KPETGCUG [QWT 2JQPG U QRGTCVKPI URGGF (QT 2JQPGU VJCV HGCVWTG C HTQPV PCXKICVKQP DWVVQP VJG XKTVWCN PCXKICVKQP DCT KU FKUCDNGF D[ FGHCWNV +H [QW YCPV VQ GPCDNG VJG PCXKICVKQP DCT IQ VQ 5GVVKPIU 5[UVGO 5[UVGO PCXKICVKQP 8KTVWCN PCXKICVKQP DCT #HVGT [QW GPCDNG VJG XKTVWCN PCXKICVKQP DCT VJG HTQPV PCXKICVKQP DWVVQP YKNN DG FKUCDNGF 6JGTG YKNN DG PQ TGURQPUG HTQO [QWT 2JQPG KH [QW VQWEJ CPF JQNF QT UYKRG VJG HTQPV PCXKICVKQP DWVVQP 6QWEJ ;QW ECP XKGY UYKVEJ VQ ENQUG QT NQEM TGEGPVN[ WUGF DCEMITQWPF CRRU z 8KGY TGEGPVN[ WUGF CRRU 4GEGPVN[ WUGF CRRU YKNN DG FKURNC[GF QP VJG UETGGP CPF [QW ECP UYKVEJ DGVYGGP VJGO D[ UYKRKPI WR QT FQYP z 5YKVEJ VQ C TGEGPVN[ WUGF CRR 5YKRG WR QT FQYP QP VJG UETGGP VQ ʏPF VJG CRR [QW YCPV VQ WUG CPF VQWEJ VJG CRR VCD VQ QRGP KV z %NQUG CP CRR 5YKRG NGHV QT TKIJV QP VJG CRR VCD QT VQWEJ KP VJG WRRGT TKIJV EQTPGT QH VJG CRR VCD VQ ENQUG VJG EQTTGURQPFKPI CRR z %NQUG CNN CRRU 6QWEJ VQ ENQUG CNN CRRU z .QEM CP CRR +H [QW YCPV CP CRR VQ EQPVKPWG TWPPKPI KP VJG DCEMITQWPF CPF PQV DG ENQUGF [QW ECP NQEM VJG CRR #HVGT CP CRR KU NQEMGF D[ VQWEJKPI KV ECPPQV DG ENQUGF 6QWEJ KP VJG WRRGT TKIJV EQTPGT QH VJG CRR VCD 9JGP CP CRR KU NQEMGF [QW ECP WPNQEM KV D[ VQWEJKPI KP VJG WRRGT TKIJV EQTPGT QH VJG CRR VCD %QPʏIWTG ;QWT 0CXKICVKQP $CT .C[QWV 7UKPI VJG PCXKICVKQP DCT [QW ECP EQPXGPKGPVN[ CEEGUU VJG JQOG UETGGP TGVWTP VQ VJG RTGXKQWU UETGGP GZKV CP CRR QT XKGY TGEGPV CRRU WUGF +H [QWT 2JQPG JCU C HTQPV PCXKICVKQP DWVVQP VJG XKTVWCN PCXKICVKQP DCT KU FKUCDNGF D[ FGHCWNV #HVGT [QW GPCDNG VJG XKTVWCN PCXKICVKQP DCT VJG HTQPV PCXKICVKQP DWVVQP YKNN DG FKUCDNGF 6JGTG YKNN DG PQ TGURQPUG HTQO [QWT 2JQPG KH [QW VQWEJ RTGUU CPF JQNF QT UYKRG VJG HTQPV PCXKICVKQP DWVVQP 6Q EQPʏIWTG [QWT PCXKICVKQP DCT NC[QWV QRGP 5GVVKPIU IQ VQ 5[UVGO 5[UVGO PCXKICVKQP CPF EJQQUG 8KTVWCN PCXKICVKQP DCT 6JGP VQWEJ 5GVVKPIU VQ UGNGEV VJG PCXKICVKQP MG[ EQODKPCVKQP [QW YCPV
  28. 28. *KFG QT UJQY PCXKICVKQP DCT 1P VJG 8KTVWCN PCXKICVKQP DCT UETGGP VQWEJ 5GVVKPIU VQ GPCDNG 0CXKICVKQP DCT 6JGP [QW ECP VQWEJ QP VJG PCXKICVKQP DCT VQ JKFG VJG DCT #HVGT VJG PCXKICVKQP DCT KU JKFFGP UYKRG WR HTQO VJG DQVVQO QH VJG UETGGP VQ UJQY VJG PCXKICVKQP DCT CICKP z $CEM MG[ 6QWEJ VQ TGVWTP VQ VJG RTGXKQWU UETGGP QT GZKV CP CRR 6QWEJ VQ ENQUG VJG QPUETGGP MG[DQCTF YJGP KPRWVVKPI VGZV z *QOG MG[ 6QWEJ VQ TGVWTP VQ VJG JQOG UETGGP 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VQ FKURNC[ VJG *K8QKEG KEQP CPF UYKRG WRYCTFU QP VJG KEQP VQ GPCDNG *K8QKEG HGCVWTGU z 4GEGPV MG[ 6QWEJ VQ QRGP C NKUV QH TGEGPVN[ WUGF CRRU 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VQ GPCDNG URNKV UETGGP OQFG z QYPYCTF UYKRG PQVKʏECVKQP MG[ 6QWEJ VQ QRGP VJG PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN 3WKEM 5YKVEJ 7UG 5JQTVEWV 5YKVEJGU VQ 3WKEMN[ 'PCDNG (TGSWGPVN[ 7UGF (GCVWTGU 9CPV VQ SWKEMN[ GPCDNG QT FKUCDNG OQDKNG FCVC QT JQVURQV! ;QW ECP GPCDNG HTGSWGPVN[ WUGF HGCVWTGU D[ WUKPI UJQTVEWV UYKVEJGU Display all shortcut switches Touch the shortcut switch to enable the feature Touch and hold to enter settings Rearrange shortcut switches *QOG 5ETGGP
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
  30. 30. 0QVKʏECVKQP 2CPGN CPF 5VCVWU $CT 0QVKʏECVKQP CPF 5VCVWU +EQPU CPF GUETKRVKQPU 6JG KEQPU KP VJG UVCVWU DCT IKXG [QW C SWKEM XKGY QH VJG QXGTCNN UVCVWU QH [QWT 2JQPG KPENWFKPI KVU PGVYQTM EQPPGEVKQP DCVVGT[ NGXGN CPF CP[ PGY OGUUCIGU TGEGKXGF YJGP [QWT 2JQPG KU KP 5KNGPV OQFG 5VCVWU KEQPU $[ EJGEMKPI VJG UVCVWU KEQPU [QW ECP SWKEMN[ NGCTP VJG UVCVWU QH [QWT FGXKEG UWEJ CU PGVYQTM EQPPGEVKQP UKIPCN UVTGPIVJ DCVVGT[ NGXGN VKOG CPF OQTG 6JG PGVYQTM UVCVWU KEQPU OC[ XCT[ D[ TGIKQPU CPF UGTXKEG RTQXKFGTU 5KIPCN UVTGPIVJ 0Q UKIPCN ) PGVYQTM EQPPGEVGF ) PGVYQTM EQPPGEVGF ) PGVYQTM EQPPGEVGF *52# PGVYQTM EQPPGEVGF ) PGVYQTM EQPPGEVGF LTELTE .QPI 6GTO 'XQNWVKQP .6' PGVYQTM EQPPGEVGF LTELTE .6' PGVYQTM EQPPGEVGF 0(% GPCDNGF 'XQNXGF *KIJ5RGGF 2CEMGV #EEGUU *52# PGVYQTM EQPPGEVGF #KTRNCPG OQFG GPCDNGF 8Q.6' CXCKNCDNG 9K(K PGVYQTM EQPPGEVGF 4QCOKPI 4GEGKXKPI NQECVKQP FCVC HTQO )25 $NWGVQQVJ GPCDNGF 5KNGPV OQFG GPCDNGF 9K(K PGVYQTM FGVGEVGF %JCTIKPI 8KDTCVKQP OQFG GPCDNGF $CVVGT[ NGXGN NQY #NCTO GPCDNGF 0Q 5+/ ECTF FGVGEVGF $CVVGT[ HWNN[ EJCTIGF *GCFUGV RNWIIGF KP 0QVKʏECVKQP KEQPU 9JGP VJGTG KU C PGY OGUUCIG PQVKʏECVKQP QT TGOKPFGT QP [QWT 2JQPG VJG TGNGXCPV KEQP YKNN DG FKURNC[GF KP [QWT UVCVWU DCT /KUUGF ECNN 0GY GOCKNU *QOG 5ETGGP
  31. 31. QYPNQCFKPI FCVC 0GY XQKEGOCKNU 'XGPV TGOKPFGT 7RNQCFKPI FCVC 5[PEJTQPKKPI FCVC 2JQPG OGOQT[ HWNN 5KIPKP QT U[PEJTQPKCVKQP RTQDNGO 5[PE HCKNGF 820 EQPPGEVGF /QTG PQVKʏECVKQPU 1RGP VJG 0QVKʏECVKQP 2CPGN VQ )GV +ORQTVCPV +PHQTOCVKQP 9CPV VQ GPUWTG VJCV [QW FQ PQV OKUU QWV QP CP[ KORQTVCPV PQVKʏECVKQPU! (TQO [QWT 2JQPG U UVCVWU DCT [QW ECP XKGY TGCN VKOG PQVKʏECVKQP KPHQTOCVKQP CPF [QWT FGXKEG U QRGTCVKPI UVCVWU 9JGP VJGTG KU C PQVKʏECVKQP TGOKPFGT [QW ECP VWTP QP VJG UETGGP CPF UYKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT VQ XKGY VJG PQVKʏECVKQP ;QW ECP CEEGUU PQVKʏECVKQP CPF UVCVWU DCT UGVVKPIU KP VJG HQNNQYKPI YC[U z #EEGUU PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN UGVVKPIU YJGP VJG UETGGP KU NQEMGF 6WTP QP VJG UETGGP CPF UYKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT VQ QRGP VJG PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN ;QW ECP VWTP QP QT QHH RCTV QH UJQTVEWV UYKVEJGU QT XKGY RCTV QH PQVKʏECVKQPU 6Q XKGY VJG FGVCKNU QH VJG OGUUCIGU QT OQTG PQVKʏECVKQPU WPNQEM VJG UETGGP ʏTUV z #EEGUU PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN YJGP VJG UETGGP KU WPNQEMGF 5YKRG FQYP HTQO VJG UVCVWU DCT VQ QRGP VJG PQVKʏECVKQP RCPGN ;QW ECP VWTP QP QT QHH UJQTVEWV UYKVEJGU QT VQWEJ PQVKʏECVKQPU VQ XKGY VJG FGVCKNU 9CPV VJG PQVKʏECVKQP CPF UVCVWU DCT VQ FKURNC[ QPN[ VJG PWODGT QH PQVKʏECVKQPU QT VQ FKURNC[ PQ PQVKʏECVKQPU! 6QWEJ 5GVVKPIU CPF IQ VQ #RRU PQVKʏECVKQPU 0QVKʏECVKQPU UVCVWU DCT 0QVKʏECVKQP OGVJQF 6JGP UGNGEV 0WODGTU QT 0QPG CU TGSWKTGF *QOG 5ETGGP
  32. 32. KUCDNG KUTWRVKXG #RR 0QVKʏECVKQPU (KPF KV CPPQ[KPI VQ TGEGKXG UQ OCP[ FKHHGTGPV V[RGU QH CRR PQVKʏECVKQPU! ;QW ECP UGV CPF FKUCDNG CRR PQVKʏECVKQPU VQ RTGXGPV VJKU HTQO JCRRGPKPI 1RGP 5GVVKPIU CPF IQ VQ #RRU PQVKʏECVKQPU 0QVKʏECVKQPU OCPCIGOGPV ;QW ECP z 2TGXGPV CP CRR HTQO RWUJKPI PQVKʏECVKQPU 1P VJG 0QVKʏECVKQPU OCPCIGOGPV UETGGP ʏPF VJG CRR CPF VQWEJ KV CPF VJGP VWTP QHH #NNQY PQVKʏECVKQPU z 2TGXGPV CNN CRRU HTQO RWUJKPI PQVKʏECVKQPU 6QWEJ $CVEJ OCPCIGOGPV CPF VJGP VWTP QHH #NN %WUVQOKG 0QVKʏECVKQPU 0QV C HCP QH VJG FGHCWNV PQVKʏECVKQP TGOKPFGTU! ;QW ECP EWUVQOKG [QWT PQVKʏECVKQP TGOKPFGTU UQ VJCV [QW IGV [QWT PQVKʏECVKQPU VJG YC[ [QW YCPV VJGO 1RGP 5GVVKPIU VJGP IQ VQ #RRU PQVKʏECVKQPU 0QVKʏECVKQPU UVCVWU DCT (TQO JGTG [QW ECP z 'PCDNG 0QVKʏECVKQPU VWTP QP UETGGP 'PCDNG 0QVKʏECVKQPU VWTP QP UETGGP 9JGP [QWT 2JQPG UETGGP KU QHH KV YKNN VWTP QP YJGP C PQVKʏECVKQP KU TGEGKXGF z 5GV 2WNUG PQVKʏECVKQPU NKIJV 6WTP QP 2WNUG PQVKʏECVKQP NKIJV CPF VJG PQVKʏECVKQP NKIJV YKNN ʐCUJ YJGPGXGT [QW TGEGKXG PGY PQVKʏECVKQPU z KURNC[ OQTG KPHQTOCVKQP KP VJG UVCVWU DCT GRGPFKPI QP [QWT RTGHGTGPEGU [QW ECP GPCDNG KURNC[ ECTTKGT PCOG QT KURNC[ PGVYQTM URGGF z 5GV PQVKʏECVKQP OGVJQF 6QWEJ 0QVKʏECVKQP OGVJQF GRGPFKPI QP [QWT RTGHGTGPEGU [QW ECP UGNGEV +EQPU 0WODGTU QT 0QPG z 'PCDNG $CVVGT[ RGTEGPVCIG OQFG 6QWEJ $CVVGT[ RGTEGPVCIG GRGPFKPI QP [QWT RTGHGTGPEGU [QW ECP UGNGEV 0GZV VQ DCVVGT[ KEQP +PUKFG DCVVGT[ KEQP QT Q PQV UJQY 5ETGGP .QEM CPF 7PNQEM 5GV 7R /CICKPG 7PNQEM /CICKPG WPNQEM FKURNC[U C HTGUJ KOCIG QP [QWT NQEMGF UETGGP GCEJ VKOG [QW WPNQEM [QWT FGXKEG UQ VJCV [QW PGXGT IGV DQTGF QH VJG UCOG QNF DCEMITQWPF 6Q FKURNC[ VJG /CICKPG WPNQEM UJQTVEWV RCPGN UYKRG WR HTQO VJG DQVVQO QH VJG NQEMGF UETGGP 5WDUETKDG VQ EQXGTU 6QWEJ CPF CFF VJG OCICKPG V[RGU [QW NKMG VQ VJG UWDUETKRVKQP NKUV #FF [QWT QYP EQXGTU 6QWEJ CPF VJGP VQWEJ #FFGF D[ OG 6QWEJ CPF EJQQUG VJG KOCIGU [QW YCPV VQ CFF CPF VJGP VQWEJ #FF EQXGTU VQ [QWT (CXQTKVGU 6QWEJ CPF CFF VJG OCICKPG EQXGTU [QW NKMG VQ [QWT (CXQTKVGU 1PN[ VJG EQXGTU VJCV [QW CFFGF VQ [QWT (CXQTKVGU ECP DG XKGYGF KP )CNNGT[ #NDWOU /CICKPG WPNQEM *QOG 5ETGGP
  33. 33. 5GV C .QEM 5ETGGP 2CUUYQTF VQ 2TQVGEV ;QWT 2TKXCE[ 2GTUQPCN RJQVQU EQPVCEV KPHQTOCVKQP CPF DCPMKPI CRRU [QWT 2JQPG UVQTGU C NQV QH UGPUKVKXG KPHQTOCVKQP 5GV C NQEM UETGGP RCUUYQTF UQ VJCV C RCUUYQTF KU TGSWKTGF GCEJ VKOG [QW WPNQEM [QWT 2JQPG # NQEM UETGGP RCUUYQTF JGNRU VQ RTQVGEV [QWT RTKXCVG KPHQTOCVKQP KH [QWT 2JQPG KU NQUV QT CEEGUUGF D[ CP WPCWVJQTKGF WUGT 5GV C NQEM UETGGP RCUUYQTF 1RGP 5GVVKPIU IQ VQ 5GEWTKV[ RTKXCE[ 5ETGGP NQEM RCUUYQTFU CPF UGV VJG V[RG QH NQEM UETGGP RCUUYQTF [QW RTGHGT z 5GV C 2+0 # 2+0 PWODGT KU C UGSWGPEG QH FKIKVU 'PVGTKPI C 2+0 VQ WPNQEM [QWT FGXKEG KU SWKEM CPF UKORNG (QT DGVVGT UGEWTKV[ WUG C NQPI UGSWGPEG QH TCPFQO PWODGTU CU [QWT 2+0 )Q VQ 2CUUYQTF 2+0 HQNNQY VJG RTQORVU VQ UGV WR C 2+0 VJGP VQWEJ 1- z 5GV C RCVVGTP 7PNQEM [QWT FGXKEG D[ FTCYKPI C RTGUGV RCVVGTP QP VJG UETGGP (QT DGVVGT UGEWTKV[ WUG C RCVVGTP VJCV KPENWFGU QXGTNCRRKPI NKPG UGIOGPVU )Q VQ 2CUUYQTF 2CVVGTP CPF FTCY VJG UCOG RCVVGTP VYKEG 6JG RCVVGTP OWUV EQPPGEV CV NGCUV FQVU z 5GV C RCUUYQTF # RCUUYQTF OCFG WR QH PWODGTU NGVVGTU CPF URGEKCN EJCTCEVGTU KU OQTG UGEWTG VJCP C 2+0 QT RCVVGTP (QT DGVVGT UGEWTKV[ WUG C RCUUYQTF YKVJ QT OQTG EJCTCEVGTU VJCV KPENWFGU PWODGTU NGVVGTU CPF URGEKCN EJCTCEVGTU 2NGCUG OGOQTKG VJG RCUUYQTF UQ VJCV [QW FQP V IGV NQEMGF QWV QH [QWT FGXKEG KH [QW HQTIGV KV )Q VQ 2CUUYQTF 2CUUYQTF HQNNQY VJG RTQORVU VQ UGV WR C RCUUYQTF VJGP VQWEJ 1- z 7PNQEM [QWT FGXKEG WUKPI C UOCTV DCPF +H [QWT FGXKEG UWRRQTVU WPNQEMKPI YKVJ C UOCTV DCPF VJG UETGGP YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ NKIJV WR YJGP VJG DCPF EQOGU YKVJKP C TGNKCDNG FKUVCPEG HTQO VJG FGXKEG 5YKRKPI QP VJG UETGGP YKNN KPUVCPVN[ WPNQEM VJG FGXKEG 6QWEJ 5OCTV WPNQEM CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ EQORNGVG VJG UGVWR z 7PNQEM [QWT FGXKEG WUKPI C ʏPIGTRTKPV +H [QWT FGXKEG UWRRQTVU ʏPIGTRTKPV WPNQEM VJKU KU VJG TGEQOOGPFGF WPNQEM OGVJQF 7UKPI C ʏPIGTRTKPV KU C UGEWTG CPF SWKEM YC[ VQ WPNQEM VJG FGXKEG #HVGT UGVVKPI C NQEM UETGGP RCUUYQTF VQWEJ 'PTQNN KP VJG FKCNQI DQZ VJCV RQRU WR CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ GPTQNN [QWT ʏPIGTRTKPVU z (QT UGEWTKV[ TGCUQPU RNGCUG FQ PQV FKUCDNG VJG NQEM UETGGP RCUUYQTF # NQEM UETGGP RCUUYQTF RTGXGPVU WPCWVJQTKGF CEEGUU VQ [QWT FGXKEG (QT VJG UGEWTKV[ QH [QWT FGXKEG FQ PQV UGNGEV 0QPG CU VJG UETGGP NQEM OGVJQF z 4GIWNCT RCUUYQTF RTQORVU JGNR [QW VQ TGOGODGT [QWT RCUUYQTF +H [QW JCXG PQV GPVGTGF [QWT UETGGP NQEM RCUUYQTF HQT FC[U VJG U[UVGO YKNN TGSWKTG VJCV [QW GPVGT VJG RCUUYQTF VQ WPNQEM [QWT FGXKEG .QEM VJG 5ETGGP VQ 3WKEMN[ 5GEWTG ;QWT 2JQPG +H [QW FQP V WUG [QWT 2JQPG HQT C UGV RGTKQF QH VKOG VJG UETGGP YKNN VWTP QHH CPF NQEM #U NQPI CU VJG UETGGP UVC[U QP [QW ECP WUG [QWT 2JQPG YKVJQWV PGGFKPI VQ WPNQEM VJG UETGGP .QEM [QWT UETGGP YJGP [QW CTG PQV WUKPI [QWT 2JQPG VQ RTQVGEV [QWT RTKXCE[ CPF RTGXGPV OKUVCMGP KPRWVU 5GV C NQEM UETGGP RCUUYQTF VQ JGNR RTQVGEV [QWT RTKXCE[ ;QW ECP NQEM [QWT FGXKEG KP VJG HQNNQYKPI YC[U *QOG 5ETGGP
  34. 34. .QEM VJG UETGGP KPUVCPVN[ YKVJ VJG 2QYGT DWVVQP 2TGUU VJG 2QYGT DWVVQP VQ NQEM VJG UETGGP CV CP[ VKOG .QEM VJG UETGGP YKVJ QPGVQWEJ UETGGP NQEM 2KPEJ VYQ ʏPIGTU VQIGVJGT QP VJG JQOG UETGGP VQ GPVGT VJG GFKVKPI UETGGP 6QWEJ 9KFIGVU 5ETGGP .QEM CPF CFF VJG 5ETGGP .QEM YKFIGV VQ [QWT JQOG UETGGP 6JKU JGNRU TGFWEG YGCT CPF VGCT QP [QWT RQYGT DWVVQP #HVGT NGCXKPI VJG JQOG UETGGP GFKVKPI OQFG VQWEJ VJG 5ETGGP .QEM YKFIGV VQ KPUVCPVN[ NQEM [QWT UETGGP 6Q NQEM [QWT UETGGP VJKU YC[ ʏTUV UYKVEJ VQ VJG JQOG UETGGP RCIG YJGTG VJG 5ETGGP .QEM YKFIGV KU NQECVGF )Q $CEM VQ $CUKEU YKVJ 5KORNG /QFG QGU [QWT JQOG UETGGP NQQM ENWVVGTGF YKVJ CRR KEQPU CPF UOCNN VGZV! 5KORNG OQFG FKURNC[U NCTIGT KEQPU CPF HQPVU QP VJG JQOG UETGGP CFQRVKPI C OQTG EQPEKUG NC[QWV VJCV CNNQYU [QW VQ PCXKICVG OQTG GCUKN[ 1RGP 5GVVKPIU IQ VQ 5[UVGO 5KORNG OQFG CPF VQWEJ +P 5KORNG OQFG [QW ECP z 'FKV JQOG UETGGP KEQPU 6QWEJ CPF JQNF CP[ QH VJG KEQPU VQ GPVGT JQOG UETGGP GFKVKPI OQFG VJGP [QW ECP CFF QT TGOQXG CRR KEQPU CEEQTFKPIN[ z 'ZKV 5KORNG OQFG 6Q GZKV 5KORNG OQFG VQWEJ 5VCPFCTF OQFG *QOG 5ETGGP
  35. 35. *QOG 5ETGGP /CPCIGOGPV /CPCIG *QOG 5ETGGP +EQPU +U [QWT JQOG UETGGP ENWVVGTGF YKVJ CRR KEQPU! ;QW ECP OQXG QT FGNGVG KEQPU HTQO VJG JQOG UETGGP QT UQTV CPF OQXG VJGO VQ HQNFGTU HQT OQTG EQPXGPKGPV WUG /QXG C JQOG UETGGP KEQP (TQO VJG JQOG UETGGP VQWEJ CPF JQNF CP CRR KEQP WPVKN [QWT 2JQPG XKDTCVGU VJGP FTCI KV VQ CP[ RQUKVKQP QP VJG JQOG UETGGP GNGVG CP CRR (TQO VJG JQOG UETGGP VQWEJ CPF JQNF VJG KEQP QH VJG CRR [QW YCPV VQ WPKPUVCNN WPVKN [QWT 2JQPG XKDTCVGU CPF VJGP FTCI KV VQ (QNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ FGNGVG VJG CRR 6Q GPUWTG VJCV VJG U[UVGO TWPU PQTOCNN[ UQOG RTGKPUVCNNGF U[UVGO CRRU ECPPQV DG WPKPUVCNNGF %TGCVG C HQNFGT (TQO VJG JQOG UETGGP VQWEJ CPF JQNF CP CRR KEQP WPVKN [QWT 2JQPG XKDTCVGU VJGP FTCI KV QP VQR QH CPQVJGT KEQP 6JG VYQ KEQPU YKNN PQY DG RNCEGF KP C PGY HQNFGT GNGVG C HQNFGT 1RGP VJG HQNFGT VQWEJ FGUGNGEV CNN VJG CRRU VJGP VQWEJ 1- 6JG HQNFGT YKNN DG FGNGVGF CWVQOCVKECNN[ CPF CNN VJG CRR KEQPU KP VJG HQNFGT YKNN DG OQXGF VQ [QWT JQOG UETGGP 4GPCOG C HQNFGT 1RGP VJG HQNFGT VQWEJ VJG HQNFGT PCOG CPF GPVGT C PGY PCOG *QOG 5ETGGP
  36. 36. #FF QT TGOQXG CRR KEQPU HTQO C HQNFGT 1RGP VJG HQNFGT VQWEJ UGNGEV QT FGUGNGEV CRRU CPF VJGP VQWEJ 1- 6JG UGNGEVGF CRR KEQPU YKNN DG CWVQOCVKECNN[ CFFGF VQ VJG HQNFGT YJKNG VJG FGUGNGEVGF CRRU YKNN DG TGOQXGF HTQO VJG HQNFGT #PQVJGT YC[ VQ TGOQXG CP CRR KEQP HTQO C HQNFGT KU VQ VQWEJ CPF JQNF VJG KEQP KP VJG HQNFGT WPVKN [QWT 2JQPG XKDTCVGU CPF VJGP FTCI KV VQ VJG JQOG UETGGP /CPCIG ;QWT *QOG 5ETGGP 6QQ OCP[ KEQPU QP [QWT JQOG UETGGP! ;QW ECP CFF C PGY RCIG VQ [QWT JQOG UETGGP CPF EWUVQOKG KV VQ [QWT NKMKPI 6QWEJ CPF JQNF CP GORV[ CTGC QP VJG JQOG UETGGP VQ GPVGT JQOG UETGGP GFKVKPI OQFG ;QW ECP FQ VJG HQNNQYKPI z #FF C PGY UETGGP RCIG 6QWEJ CV VJG NGHV QT TKIJV UKFG QH VJG UETGGP VQ CFF C PGY UETGGP RCIG z GNGVG CP GORV[ UETGGP RCIG 6QWEJ CV VJG VQR QH C UETGGP RCIG VQ FGNGVG VJG RCIG 5ETGGP RCIGU YKVJ CRR KEQPU QT YKFIGVU QP VJGO ECPPQV DG FGNGVGF z /QFKH[ UETGGP RCIG QTFGT 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJG UETGGP RCIG [QW YCPV VQ OQXG VJGP FTCI KV VQ VJG FGUKTGF RQUKVKQP z 5GV C FGHCWNV JQOG UETGGP RCIG 6QWEJ KP VJG WRRGT RCTV QH VJG JQOG UETGGP VQ UGV VJG UGNGEVGF UETGGP RCIG CU [QWT FGHCWNV JQOG UETGGP RCIG 5GV ;QWT *QOG 5ETGGP 9CNNRCRGT 6KTGF QH FGHCWNV YCNNRCRGTU! 5GV C RJQVQ [QW NKMG CU [QWT JQOG UETGGP YCNNRCRGT VQ RGTUQPCNKG [QWT JQOG UETGGP 1RGP 5GVVKPIU IQ VQ KURNC[ 9CNNRCRGT CPF [QW ECP z 5GV C RJQVQ CU [QWT JQOG UETGGP YCNNRCRGT 6QWEJ 5GV YCNNRCRGT (TQO /QTG QT )CNNGT[ UGNGEV C RJQVQ VJCV [QW NKMG CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ UGNGEV .QEM UETGGP *QOG UETGGP QT $QVJ z 4CPFQON[ UYKVEJ YCNNRCRGT 'PCDNG 4CPFQON[ EJCPIG JQOG UETGGP YCNNRCRGT CPF UGV VJG +PVGTXCN CPF #NDWO VQ FKURNC[ 5GV C RJQVQ CU [QWT YCNNRCRGT HTQO )CNNGT[ *CXG C ITGCV RJQVQ [QW YCPV VQ UGV CU [QWT YCNNRCRGT! +P )CNNGT[ QRGP VJG RJQVQ VJCV [QW NKMG IQ VQ 5GV CU 9CNNRCRGT CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ UGV VJG RJQVQ CU [QWT JQOG UETGGP YCNNRCRGT /CPCIG ;QWT *QOG 5ETGGP 9KFIGVU 9CPV VQ SWKEMN[ OCPCIG YKFIGVU QP [QWT JQOG UETGGP! ;QW ECP CFF OQXG QT FGNGVG JQOG UETGGP YKFIGVU VQ VKF[ WR [QWT JQOG UETGGP CPF OCMG KV GCUKGT VQ WUG #FF YKFIGVU 6QWEJ CPF JQNF CP GORV[ CTGC QP VJG JQOG UETGGP VQ GPVGT JQOG UETGGP GFKVKPI OQFG 6QWEJ 9KFIGVU UGNGEV C YKFIGV CPF FTCI KV VQ CP GORV[ CTGC QP VJG JQOG UETGGP *QOG 5ETGGP
  37. 37. %JGEM VJCV VJGTG CTG GPQWIJ GORV[ URCEGU QP VJG JQOG UETGGP HQT VJG YKFIGV +H VJGTG KU PQV GPQWIJ URCEG CFF CP GORV[ UETGGP RCIG QT HTGG WR UQOG URCEG QP VJG EWTTGPV JQOG UETGGP RCIG GNGVG YKFIGVU 6QWEJ CPF JQNF C YKFIGV QP VJG JQOG UETGGP WPVKN [QWT 2JQPG XKDTCVGU TCI VJG YKFIGV VQ 4GOQXG CV VJG VQR QH VJG UETGGP /QXG YKFIGVU 6QWEJ CPF JQNF C YKFIGV QP VJG JQOG UETGGP WPVKN [QWT 2JQPG XKDTCVGU TCI VJG YKFIGV VQ CP[ RQUKVKQP QP VJG UETGGP 7UG #RR TCYGT VQ 5VQTG #RRU 9CPV VQ UVQTG [QWT CRRU KP QPG NQECVKQP QP [QWT JQOG UETGGP VQ OCMG [QWT JQOG UETGGP NQQM ENGCPGT! ;QW ECP GPCDNG CRR FTCYGT QP [QWT JQOG UETGGP VQ UVQTG CNN [QWT CRRU CPF HTGG WR URCEG QP [QWT JQOG UETGGP 1RGP 5GVVKPIU IQ VQ KURNC[ *QOG UETGGP UV[NG CPF UGNGEV TCYGT +H [QW YCPV VQ UYKVEJ DCEM VQ C UVCPFCTF JQOG UETGGP UGNGEV 5VCPFCTF #FF CP CRR KEQP HTQO CRR FTCYGT VQ VJG JQOG UETGGP #HVGT [QW GPCDNG CRR FTCYGT VQWEJ QP VJG JQOG UETGGP VQ GPVGT VJG CRR NKUV (TQO VJG CRR NKUV VQWEJ CPF JQNF VJG CRR KEQP VJCV [QW YCPV VQ CFF WPVKN [QWT 2JQPG XKDTCVGU CPF VJGP FTCI KV VQ VJG FGUKTGF RQUKVKQP QP VJG JQOG UETGGP *QOG 5ETGGP
  38. 38. %QPVCEVU /CPCIKPI $WUKPGUU %CTFU $WUKPGUU %CTF /CPCIGOGPV #FF CPF 5JCTG $WUKPGUU %CTFU YKVJ 'CUG (KPF KV NCDQTKQWU VQ GPVGT VJG EQPVGPV QH RCRGT DWUKPGUU ECTFU KPVQ [QWT 2JQPG EQPVCEVU! 9CPV CP GCUKGT YC[ VQ UJCTG [QWT 2JQPG EQPVCEVU YKVJ HTKGPFU! $WUKPGUU ECTF OCPCIGOGPV CNNQYU [QW VQ EQPXGPKGPVN[ CFF CPF UJCTG DWUKPGUU ECTFU $WUKPGUU ECTF OCPCIGOGPV UWRRQTVU VJG HQNNQYKPI HGCVWTGU z #FF DWUKPGUU ECTFU VQ [QWT EQPVCEVU 9CPV VQ SWKEMN[ CFF OWNVKRNG RCRGT DWUKPGUU ECTFU KPVQ [QWT EQPVCEVU! 5KORN[ RNCEG C RCRGT DWUKPGUU ECTF KP HTQPV QH VJG ECOGTC VQ UCXG VJG KPHQTOCVKQP KPENWFKPI PCOG VGNGRJQPG PWODGT CPF VKVNG VQ [QWT EQPVCEVU z 5ECP 34 EQFG VQ CFF C EQPVCEV 5ECP VJG 34 EQFG QP C DWUKPGUU ECTF VQ SWKEMN[ UCXG VJG KPHQTOCVKQP VQ [QWT EQPVCEVU z 5JCTG [QWT RGTUQPCN DWUKPGUU ECTF %TGCVG [QWT RGTUQPCN DWUKPGUU ECTF KP [QWT EQPVCEVU CPF [QWT FGXKEG YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ IGPGTCVG C 34 EQFG ;QW ECP VJGP SWKEMN[ UJCTG [QWT DWUKPGUU ECTF WUKPI VJG 34 EQFG z 5JCTG EQPVCEVU 5GNGEV VJG EQPVCEV [QW YCPV VQ UJCTG CPF VQWEJ VJG 34 EQFG CV VJG VQR QH VJG EQPVCEV FGVCKNU UETGGP VQ SWKEMN[ UJCTG VJG EQPVCEV Anna Wu
  39. 39. 5ECP $WUKPGUU %CTFU VQ #FF 6JGO VQ %QPVCEVU 1RGP %QPVCEVU VQWEJ 5ECP CPF HTQO VJGTG [QW ECP z 5ECP C UKPING DWUKPGUU ECTF 2NCEG VJG DWUKPGUU ECTF QP C ʐCV UWTHCEG CFLWUV VJG ECOGTC U HQEWU UQ VJCV VJG VGZV QH VJG ECTF ECP DG ENGCTN[ TGCF KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT CPF VJGP VQWEJ z 5ECP OWNVKRNG DWUKPGUU ECTFU 5YKVEJ VQ $WTUV OQFG CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ ECRVWTG OWNVKRNG DWUKPGUU ECTFU 6JG KPHQTOCVKQP QP VJG DWUKPGUU ECTFU YKNN DG CWVQOCVKECNN[ EQPXGTVGF KPVQ EQPVCEV KPHQTOCVKQP CPF UCXGF KP $WUKPGUU ECTFU KP [QWT 2JQPG 6Q XKGY C DWUKPGUU ECTF [QW JCXG UCXGF QRGP %QPVCEVU UGNGEV UECPPGF EQPVCEVU VJGP IQ VQ GVCKNU 8KGY DWUKPGUU ECTF 5JCTG %QPVCEVU 7UKPI 'NGEVTQPKE $WUKPGUU %CTFU 5JCTG [QWT DWUKPGUU ECTF 1RGP %QPVCEVU CPF VQWEJ /G VQ UGV [QWT RTQʏNG RKEVWTG CPF GPVGT [QWT PCOG YQTM CFFTGUU VGNGRJQPG PWODGT CPF QVJGT KPHQTOCVKQP 6JGP VQWEJ CPF [QWT FGXKEG YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ IGPGTCVG [QWT 34 EQFG DWUKPGUU ECTF ;QW ECP UJCTG [QWT DWUKPGUU ECTF FKTGEVN[ WUKPI VJG 34 EQFG #NVGTPCVKXGN[ VQWEJ UGNGEV C UJCTKPI OGVJQF CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ UJCTG %QPVCEVU
  40. 40. 5JCTG EQPVCEVU 1RGP %QPVCEVU UGNGEV VJG EQPVCEV [QW YCPV VQ UJCTG CPF VQWEJ VJG 34 EQFG KEQP KP VJG WRRGT TKIJV EQTPGT VQ UJCTG VJG EQPVCEV WUKPI VJG 34 EQFG ;QW ECP CNUQ VQWEJ 5JCTG UGNGEV C UJCTKPI OGVJQF CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ EQORNGVG VJG UJCTKPI RTQEGUU +H VJG QVJGT RCTV[ U FGXKEG UWRRQTVU 34 EQFG CPCN[UKU VJG[ ECP FKTGEVN[ VCMG RKEVWTGU QH QT UECP 34 EQFGU VQ CFF EQPVCEVU 5GCTEJ %QPVCEVU 1RGP %QPVCEVU KP VJG EQPVCEVU NKUV [QW ECP WUG VJG HQNNQYKPI UGCTEJ OGVJQFU (QT OQUV CEEWTCVG UGCTEJ TGUWNVU GPUWTG [QWT FGXKEG KU FKURNC[KPI CNN EQPVCEVU 1P VJG EQPVCEVU NKUV UETGGP IQ VQ KURNC[ RTGHGTGPEGU CPF VQWEJ #NN EQPVCEVU z TCI VJG KPFGZ QP VJG UKFG VQ SWKEMN[ UETQNN VJTQWIJ VJG NKUV z +P VJG UGCTEJ DCT CV VJG VQR QH VJG EQPVCEVU NKUV GPVGT VJG EQPVCEV PCOG KPKVKCNU VGNGRJQPG PWODGT QT GOCKN CFFTGUU CPF VJG UGCTEJ TGUWNVU YKNN DG FKURNC[GF DGNQY VJG UGCTEJ DCT ;QW ECP CNUQ GPVGT OWNVKRNG MG[YQTFU HQT [QWT UGCTEJ UWEJ CU ,QJP .QPFQP CPF VJG U[UVGO YKNN SWKEMN[ ʏPF CNN OCVEJKPI EQPVCEVU +H CP GTTQT QEEWTU YJKNG [QW TG UGCTEJKPI HQT C EQPVCEV QP VJG EQPVCEVU NKUV UETGGP IQ VQ 1TICPKG EQPVCEVU CPF VJGP VQWEJ 4GDWKNF KPFGZ FCVC %QPVCEVU
  41. 41. /CPCIKPI %QPVCEVU +ORQTV CPF 'ZRQTV %QPVCEVU 9JGP [QW UYKVEJ VQ C PGY 2JQPG [QW NN PGGF VQ VTCPUHGT [QWT GZKUVKPI EQPVCEVU 1RGP %QPVCEVU IQ VQ +ORQTV'ZRQTV CPF VJGP UGNGEV QPG QH VJG HQNNQYKPI z +ORQTV EQPVCEVU 5GNGEV +ORQTV HTQO UVQTCIG +ORQTV HTQO 5+/ +ORQTV HTQO CPQVJGT FGXKEG CPF HQNNQY VJG KPUVTWEVKQPU z 'ZRQTV EQPVCEVU 5GNGEV 'ZRQTV VQ UVQTCIG QT 'ZRQTV VQ 5+/ 5JCTG EQPVCEVU CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU $[ FGHCWNV XEH ʏNGU GZRQTVGF VJTQWIJ 'ZRQTV VQ UVQTCIG CTG UCXGF KP VJG TQQV FKTGEVQT[ QH [QWT FGXKEG U KPVGTPCN UVQTCIG 1RGP (KNGU VQ XKGY GZRQTVGF ʏNGU ;QW ECP CNUQ KORQTV QT GZRQTV EQPVCEVU WUKPI VJG $CEMWR HGCVWTG $CEMWR TGEQTFU CTG UCXGF KP VJG *WCYGK HQNFGT QH (KNGU .QECN +PVGTPCN UVQTCIG D[ FGHCWNV /CPCIG ;QWT %QPVCEVU 6JG %QPVCEVU CRR IKXGU [QW C JQUV QH HGCVWTGU HQT OCPCIKPI [QWT EQPVCEVU ;QW ECP UKORNKH[ [QWT EQPVCEVU NKUV EJQQUG VQ QPN[ XKGY EQPVCEVU QP [QWT 2JQPG QT 5+/ ECTF CPF GCUKN[ ʏPF [QWT HTGSWGPV EQPVCEVU /GTIG FWRNKECVG EQPVCEVU +H VJGTG CTG FWRNKECVGU KP [QWT EQPVCEVU NKUV [QW ECP WUG VJG /GTIG FWRNKECVG EQPVCEVU HWPEVKQP VQ OGTIG FWRNKECVG EQPVCEVU (TQO VJG EQPVCEVU NKUV )Q VQ 1TICPKG EQPVCEVU /GTIG FWRNKECVG EQPVCEVU UGNGEV VJG EQPVCEVU [QW YCPV VQ OGTIG CPF VJGP VQWEJ KURNC[ EQPVCEVU HQT FKHHGTGPV CEEQWPVU 9CPV VQ QPN[ XKGY EQPVCEVU QP [QWT 2JQPG QT 5+/ ECTF! )Q VQ KURNC[ RTGHGTGPEGU CPF UGNGEV VJG CEEQWPVU VJCV [QW YCPV VQ FKURNC[ ;QW ECP CNUQ z 'PCDNG 5KORNG NC[QWV 9CPV VQ JKFG VJG RTQʏNG RKEVWTGU EQORCPKGU CPF VKVNGU KP VJG EQPVCEVU NKUV! (TQO VJG EQPVCEVU NKUV UETGGP IQ VQ KURNC[ RTGHGTGPEGU CPF GPCDNG 5KORNG NC[QWV z 8KGY EQPVCEV UVQTCIG URCEG 9CPV VQ EJGEM [QWT EQPVCEV UVQTCIG URCEG! (TQO VJG EQPVCEVU NKUV IQ VQ KURNC[ RTGHGTGPEGU +P VJG #EEQWPVU UGEVKQP [QW ECP UGG VJG VQVCN UVQTCIG URCEG CXCKNCDNG QP [QWT FGXKEG QT 5+/ ECTF /CPCIG %QPVCEV )TQWRU 9CPV VQ UGPF C OGUUCIG VQ C ITQWR QH EQNNGCIWGU QT JQUV C IGVVQIGVJGT! 5OCTV ITQWRU CWVQOCVKECNN[ ITQWRU [QWT EQPVCEVU D[ EQORCP[ EKV[ CPF OQUV TGEGPV EQPVCEV VKOG UQ [QW ECP SWKEMN[ UGPF C ITQWR GOCKN QT OGUUCIG %TGCVG C EQPVCEV ITQWR (TQO VJG ITQWRU NKUV VQWEJ GPVGT VJG ITQWR PCOG UWEJ CU (COKN[ QT (TKGPFU CPF VJGP VQWEJ 1- (QNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ CFF EQPVCEVU CPF VJGP VQWEJ %QPVCEVU
  42. 42. 5GPF C OGUUCIG VQ UOCTV ITQWR EQPVCEVU (TQO VJG ITQWRU NKUV HTQO VJG 5OCTV ITQWRU UGEVKQP QRGP C ITQWR CPF VQWEJ VQ UGPF C OGUUCIG QT VQ UGPF CP GOCKN 'FKV C ITQWR (TQO VJG ITQWRU NKUV UGNGEV VJG ITQWR [QW YCPV VQ GFKV CPF VQWEJ VQ CFF C EQPVCEV QT VQWEJ VQ 4GOQXG OGODGTU )TQWR TKPIVQPG GNGVG ITQWR QT 4GPCOG GNGVG C ITQWR (TQO VJG ITQWRU NKUV VQWEJ CPF JQNF C ITQWR CPF VJGP VQWEJ GNGVG #FF %QPVCEVU VQ VJG $NCEMNKUV ;QW ECP CFF C EQPVCEV PWODGT VQ VJG DNCEMNKUV VQ CXQKF TGEGKXKPI JCTCUUKPI QT URCO ECNNU HTQO VJGO 1RGP %QPVCEVU VQWEJ CPF JQNF VJG EQPVCEV [QW YCPV VQ CFF VQ VJG DNCEMNKUV CPF VJGP VQWEJ #FF VQ DNCEMNKUV ;QWT FGXKEG YKNN DNQEM CNN ECNNU CPF OGUUCIGU HTQO EQPVCEVU KP VJG DNCEMNKUV 8KGY DNCEMNKUVGF EQPVCEVU 1RGP 2JQPG /CPCIGT IQ VQ $NQEMGF CPF VJGP VQWEJ 0WODGTU DNCEMNKUV VQ XKGY VJG DNCEMNKUV 4GOQXG C EQPVCEV HTQO VJG DNCEMNKUV 1RGP %QPVCEVU VQWEJ CPF JQNF VJG EQPVCEV [QW YCPV VQ TGOQXG HTQO VJG DNCEMNKUV CPF VJGP VQWEJ 4GOQXG HTQO DNCEMNKUV 'TCUG %CNN CPF /GUUCIG 4GEQTFU 7UG 'TCUG VTCEGU VQ GTCUG ECNN CPF OGUUCIG TGEQTFU HQT C EQPVCEV VQ RTQVGEV [QWT RTKXCE[ 1RGP %QPVCEVU UGNGEV C EQPVCEV CPF IQ VQ 'TCUG VTCEGU 'TCUG #NN QH [QWT ECNN CPF OGUUCIG TGEQTFU HQT VJCV EQPVCEV YKNN DG GTCUGF /GTIKPI 6JKTFRCTV[ #RR %QPVCEVU +PVGITCVGF 5QEKCN 0GVYQTMU $TKPI 2GQRNG 6QIGVJGT 9CPV VQ GZRCPF [QWT UQEKCN PGVYQTM! 9CPV VQ U[PE KPHQTOCVKQP HTQO C UQEKCN OGFKC CEEQWPV VQ [QWT EQPVCEVU! ;QW ECP NQI KP VQ C UQEKCN OGFKC CEEQWPV UWEJ CU .KPMGF+P CPF U[PE [QWT EQPVCEVU KPHQTOCVKQP KPENWFKPI EQORCP[ VKVNG CPF GOCKN VQ [QWT NQECN EQPVCEVU CPF GPTKEJ [QWT UQEKCN PGVYQTM #UUQEKCVG %QPVCEV +PHQTOCVKQP YKVJ ;QWT 5QEKCN #EEQWPV 9JCV FQGU GCEJ EQPVCEV KP [QWT 2JQPG FQ! 9JCV CTG VJGKT GOCKNU! 9JCV CTG VJGKT LQD VKVNGU! ;QW ECP WUG VJKTFRCTV[ UQEKCN OGFKC CRRU UWEJ CU .KPMGF+P VQ ʏPF QWV OQTG KPHQTOCVKQP CDQWV [QWT EQPVCEVU #UUQEKCVG .KPMGF+P CEEQWPV 1RGP %QPVCEVU IQ VQ 5GVVKPIU #UUQEKCVG .KPMGF+P CEEQWPV CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ NQI KP VQ [QWT .KPMGF+P CEEQWPV 1PEG NQIIGF KP [QWT 2JQPG YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ WRFCVG [QWT NQECN EQPVCEVU KPHQTOCVKQP 6Q U[PE CNN [QWT .KPMGF+P EQPVCEVU KPHQTOCVKQP HTQO VJG .KPMGF+P UGVVKPIU UETGGP QH %QPVCEVU IQ VQ 5[PE .KPMGF+P EQPVCEVU #NN .KPMGF+P EQPVCEVU CPF UGNGEV 5[PE %QPVCEVU
  43. 43. 8KGY EQPVCEVU KPHQTOCVKQP RTQXKFGF D[ .KPMGF+P 1RGP C .KPMGF+P EQPVCEV CPF VQWEJ 8KGY .KPMGF+P RTQʏNG QPNKPG KUCUUQEKCVG .KPMGF+P EQPVCEVU )Q VQ 5GVVKPIU .KPMGF+P CPF UGNGEV KUCUUQEKCVG 8KGY CP 5GPFGT U ,QD GUETKRVKQP +H [QW XG LWUV UVCTVGF C PGY LQD [QW NN PGGF VQ SWKEMN[ ʏIWTG QWV YJCV CNN QH [QWT PGY EQNNGCIWGU FQ ;QW ECP CUUQEKCVG C UQEKCN OGFKC CEEQWPV UWEJ CU .KPMGF+P YKVJ [QWT GOCKN EQPVCEVU 6JG LQD KPHQTOCVKQP QH GOCKN UGPFGTU YKNN VJGP DG FKURNC[GF QP VJG GOCKN FGVCKNU UETGGP (TQO VJG 'OCKN KPDQZ QRGP CP GOCKN [QW JCXG TGEGKXGF )Q VQ GOCKN FGVCKNU VJGP VQWEJ VJG UGPFGT U RTQʏNG RKEVWTG CPF UGNGEV 8KGY .KPMGF+P RTQʏNG %QPVCEVU
  44. 44. KCNKPI $CUKE %CNNKPI (WPEVKQPU /CMG %CNNU 1P VJG FKCNGT UETGGP GPVGT RCTV QH VJG VGNGRJQPG PWODGT QT VJG ʏTUV NGVVGT QT RKP[KP KPKVKCNU QH VJG EQPVCEV U PCOG ;QWT 2JQPG YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ UGCTEJ HQT VJG TGNGXCPV EQPVCEVU 1RGP KCNGT (TQO VJG FKCNGT UETGGP GPVGT VJG VGNGRJQPG PWODGT QT VJG ʏTUV NGVVGT QH VJG EQPVCEV U PCOG ;QWT FGXKEG YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ UGCTEJ %QPVCEVU CPF ECNN NQIU 6QWEJ VJG EQPVCEV [QW YCPV VQ ECNN KP VJG NKUV +H [QW JCXG C FWCN5+/ FGXKEG VQWEJ 1 QT 2 VQ OCMG VJG ECNN ;QW ECP EJGEM [QWT EQPVCEV U UVCVWU QP [QWT UETGGP UWEJ CU TKPIKPI QT ECNN HQTYCTFKPI GPCDNGF 6QWEJ VQ JCPI WR 2TGUU VJG RQYGT DWVVQP VQ JCPI WR #EEKFGPVCNN[ FKCNGF VJG YTQPI PWODGT CPF JKF VJG ECNNKPI UETGGP CPF YCPV VQ JCPI WR SWKEMN[! ;QW ECP UGV 2QYGT DWVVQP GPFU ECNN 1P VJG KCNGT UETGGP IQ VQ 5GVVKPIU #FXCPEGF CPF GPCDNG 2QYGT DWVVQP GPFU ECNN VQ SWKEMN[ JCPI WR ECNNU /CMG 'OGTIGPE[ %CNNU +P CP GOGTIGPE[ UKVWCVKQP KH [QWT 2JQPG KU RQYGTGF QP CPF YKVJKP VJG UGTXKEG CTGC [QW ECP OCMG GOGTIGPE[ ECNNU GXGP KH VJG UETGGP KU NQEMGF QT VJGTG KU PQ OQDKNG TGEGRVKQP 6JG GOGTIGPE[ ECNN HGCVWTG KU UWDLGEV VQ [QWT NQECN TGIWNCVKQPU CPF +PVGTPGV UGTXKEG RTQXKFGT 0GVYQTM KUUWGU QT GPXKTQPOGPVCN KPVGTHGTGPEG OC[ NGCF VQ HCKNGF GOGTIGPE[ ECNNU +P GOGTIGPE[ UKVWCVKQPU FQ PQV TGN[ QP [QWT 2JQPG CU [QWT QPN[ OGVJQF QH EQOOWPKECVKQP 1RGP KCNGT QT VQWEJ 'OGTIGPE[ QP VJG NQEM UETGGP GPVGT VJG NQECN GOGTIGPE[ PWODGT QP VJG FKCNGT CPF VJGP VQWEJ +H [QWT NQECVKQP JCU UVTQPI OQDKNG TGEGRVKQP CPF [QWT 2JQPG KU EQPPGEVGF VQ VJG +PVGTPGV [QWT NQECVKQP YKNN DG QDVCKPGF CPF FKURNC[GF QP [QWT UETGGP HQT [QWT TGHGTGPEG 'PCDNG %CNN 9CKVKPI VQ 0GXGT /KUU +ORQTVCPV 6JKTF2CTV[ %CNNU 4GEGKXKPI CP KPEQOKPI ECNN YJKNG [QW TG CNTGCF[ QP C ECNN! %CNN YCKVKPI CNNQYU [QW VQ CPUYGT VJG PGY ECNN CPF VJGP UYKVEJ DGVYGGP VJG VYQ ECNNU 5QOG ECTTKGTU OC[ PQV UWRRQTV VJKU HGCVWTG 1RGP KCNGT IQ VQ 5GVVKPIU #FFKVKQPCN UGVVKPIU CPF GPCDNG %CNN YCKVKPI 9JGP TGEGKXKPI CPQVJGT ECNN VQWEJ VQ CPUYGT VJG ECNN CPF RNCEG [QWT ʏTUV ECNN QP JQNF 6QWEJ QT VJG ECNN QP JQNF KP VJG ECNN NKUV VQ UYKVEJ DGVYGGP ECNNU
  45. 45. 'PCDNG %CNN (QTYCTFKPI CPF 0GXGT /KUU C %CNN +H [QW CTG WPCXCKNCDNG VQ CPUYGT ECNNU [QW ECP UGV [QWT FGXKEG VQ HQTYCTF ECNNU VQ CPQVJGT PWODGT 5QOG ECTTKGTU OC[ PQV UWRRQTV VJKU HGCVWTG 1RGP KCNGT CPF IQ VQ 5GVVKPIU %CNN HQTYCTFKPI +H [QW JCXG C FWCN5+/ FGXKEG KP VJG 5+/ QT 5+/ UGEVKQP VQWEJ %CNN HQTYCTFKPI CPF UGNGEV C HQTYCTFKPI OGVJQF 'PVGT VJG PWODGT [QW YCPV VQ HQTYCTF [QWT ECNNU VQ VJGP EQPʏTO 9JGP ECNN HQTYCTFKPI KU GPCDNGF [QWT FGXKEG YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ HQTYCTF GNKIKDNG ECNNU VQ VJG RTGUGV PWODGT GNGVG %CNN .QIU ;QW ECP FGNGVG ECNN NQIU VJCV [QW PQ NQPIGT PGGF 1RGP KCNGT CPF VQWEJ VQ JKFG VJG FKCNRCF ;QW ECP PQY RGTHQTO QPG QH VJG HQNNQYKPI z GNGVG C UKPING TGEQTF 6QWEJ CPF JQNF CP GPVT[ VJGP VQWEJ GNGVG GPVT[ z GNGVG OWNVKRNG TGEQTFU 6QWEJ UGNGEV VJG GPVTKGU [QW YCPV VQ FGNGVG QT VQWEJ 5GNGEV CNN VJGP VQWEJ 3WKEM %CNNKPI +PKVKCVG %CNNU 9JGP VJG 5ETGGP +U 1HH 9CPV VQ OCMG C ECNN YKVJQWV JCXKPI VQ WPNQEM VJG UETGGP CPF FKCN! 'PCDNG 3WKEM ECNNKPI VQ SWKEMN[ KPKVKCVG ECNNU YJGP VJG UETGGP KU QHH KCNKPI
  46. 46. 1RGP KCNGT IQ VQ 5GVVKPIU 8QKEG EQPVTQN 3WKEM ECNNKPI CPF GPCDNG 3WKEM ECNNKPI 2TGUU CPF JQNF VJG XQNWOG FQYP DWVVQP HQT CDQWV QPG UGEQPF YJKNG VJG UETGGP KU QHH 9JGP [QW JGCT VJG RTQORV TGNGCUG VJG DWVVQP CPF UC[ VJG PCOG QH VJG EQPVCEV VQ SWKEMN[ KPKVKCVG C ECNN 'PCDNG 8QKEGOCKN 9QTT[ CDQWV OKUUKPI KORQTVCPV ECNNU YJGP [QWT 2JQPG KU VWTPGF QHH! 8QKEGOCKN TGEQTFU TGCNVKOG OGUUCIGU HTQO ECNNGTU UQ [QW NN PGXGT JCXG VQ YQTT[ CDQWV OKUUKPI CP KORQTVCPV ECNN 8QKEGOCKN TGSWKTGU ECTTKGT UWRRQTV 2NGCUG EJGEM VJCV [QW JCXG GPCDNGF VJKU UGTXKEG %QPVCEV [QWT ECTTKGT VQ NGCTP OQTG CDQWV [QWT XQKEGOCKN PWODGT UGTXKEG FGVCKNU CPF HGG KPHQTOCVKQP 'PCDNG XQKEGOCKN 1RGP KCNGT IQ VQ 5GVVKPIU VQWEJ #FFKVKQPCN UGVVKPIU HQT FWCN5+/ 2JQPGU KP VJG 5+/ QT 5+/ UGEVKQP VQWEJ #FFKVKQPCN UGVVKPIU VJGP IQ VQ 8QKEGOCKN 8QKEGOCKN PWODGT CPF GPVGT VJG XQKEGOCKN PWODGT RTQXKFGF D[ [QWT ECTTKGT %JGEM XQKEGOCKN OGUUCIGU 1P VJG FKCNGT VQWEJ CPF JQNF VQ ECNN VJG XQKEGOCKN CPF NKUVGP VQ OGUUCIGU #EVKXCVG +PVGTPCVKQPCN 4QCOKPI HQT $QTFGTNGUU %QOOWPKECVKQP 9JGP [QW VTCXGN CDTQCF HQT YQTM QT C JQNKFC[ [QW ECP OCMG ECNNU YJGP [QWT 2JQPG KU TQCOKPI YKVJQWV JCXKPI VQ FKCN VJG EQWPVT[ EQFG 6JKU HGCVWTG TGSWKTGU ECTTKGT UWRRQTV 2NGCUG GPUWTG VJCV TQCOKPI QT KPVGTPCVKQPCN TQCOKPI JCU DGGP GPCDNGF HQT [QWT 5+/ ECTF (QT OQTG KPHQTOCVKQP EQPVCEV [QWT ECTTKGT 1RGP KCNGT QT %QPVCEVU VQ OCMG C ECNN $NQEM 0WKUCPEG %CNNU )GV VJG 2GCEG CPF 3WKGV ;QW GUGTXG (GF WR QH PWKUCPEG ECNNU CPF VGNGRJQPG UECOU! 6T[ WUKPI $NQEMGF %QPʏIWTG KPVGTEGRVKQP TWNGU 1RGP KCNGT IQ VQ $NQEMGF CPF VJGP VQWEJ %QPʏIWTG VJG KPVGTEGRVKQP TWNGU CPF DNCEMNKUV QT YJKVGNKUV CEEQTFKPI VQ [QWT RTGHGTGPEGU KCNKPI
  47. 47. 8Q.6' 8Q.6' /CMG %CNNU CPF 7UG CVC CV VJG 5COG 6KOG 8Q.6' 8QKEG QXGT .6' CNNQYU DQVJ ECNN CPF FCVC UGTXKEGU VQ DG ECTTKGF QP VJG UCOG ) PGVYQTM YJKEJ OGCPU [QW ECP WUG VJG +PVGTPGV GXGP YJKNG OCMKPI ECNNU 8Q.6' CNUQ RTQXKFGU [QW YKVJ UJQTVGT ECNN EQPPGEVKQP VKOGU CPF JKIJGT SWCNKV[ XQKEG CPF XKFGQ ECNNU $QVJ QH [QWT 2JQPG U 5+/ ECTF UNQVU UWRRQTV ) 8Q.6' CPF 8Q9K(K UQ VJGTG KU PQ PGGF VQ UYKVEJ 5+/U DCEM CPF HQTVJ z WCN ) $QVJ QH [QWT 2JQPG U 5+/ ECTF UNQVU UWRRQTV ) z WCN 8Q.6' $QVJ QH [QWT 2JQPG U 5+/ ECTF UNQVU UWRRQTV 8Q.6' CNNQYKPI [QW VQ WUG VJG +PVGTPGV YJKNG OCMKPI * ECNNU z WCN 8Q9K(K $QVJ QH [QWT 2JQPG U 5+/ ECTF UNQVU UWRRQTV 8Q9K(K YJKEJ CNNQYU ECNNU VQ DG OCFG WUKPI 9K(K ;QW ECP WUG 8Q9K(K VQ OCMG ECNNU GXGP KP #KTRNCPG OQFG 5QOG ECTTKGTU OC[ PQV UWRRQTV VJKU HGCVWTG 'PCDNG 8Q.6' VQ 'PLQ[ * %CNNU 1PN[ FWCN5+/ RJQPGU UWRRQTV DQVJ 5+/ ECTF UNQVU GPCDNKPI ) 8Q.6' CPF 8Q9K(K 1RGP 5GVVKPIU CPF IQ VQ 9KTGNGUU PGVYQTMU /QDKNG PGVYQTM +P VJG UGVVKPIU UGEVKQP HQT 5+/ QT KH UWRRQTVGF D[ [QWT ECTTKGT PGVYQTM [QW ECP z 'PCDNG ) 6WTP QP ) WG VQ ECTTKGT EWUVQOKCVKQP VJGTG OC[ PQV DG C ) UYKVEJ QP [QWT FGXKEG 6JKU KPFKECVGU ) KU CNTGCF[ GPCDNGF CPF FQGU PQV PGGF VQ DG VWTPGF QP OCPWCNN[ z 'PCDNG 8Q.6' ECNNKPI 6WTP QP 8Q.6' ECNNU z 'PCDNG 9K(K ECNNKPI 6WTP QP 9K(K ECNNKPI 7UG 8Q9K(K HQT C 0GY %CNNKPI 'ZRGTKGPEG ;QW ECP WUG 8Q9K(K VQ OCMG XQKEG CPF XKFGQ ECNNU KP CP[ NQECVKQP VJCV JCU C 9K(K PGVYQTM GXGP YJGP VJGTG KU PQ OQDKNG PGVYQTM TGEGRVKQP 6JKU HGCVWTG OWUV DG UWRRQTVGF D[ [QWT ECTTKGT %QPVCEV [QWT ECTTKGT HQT OQTG KPHQTOCVKQP KPENWFKPI HGGU CPF EJCTIGU 1RGP KCNGT IQ VQ 5GVVKPIU 9K(K ECNNKPI GPCDNG 9K(K ECNNKPI 6QWEJ /QFG CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ UGV VJG RTGHGTTGF PGVYQTM KCNKPI
  48. 48. /GUUCIG $CUKE /GUUCIKPI (WPEVKQPU 5GPF /GUUCIGU 6GZV OGUUCIGU IKXG [QW C SWKEM CPF GCU[ YC[ VQ EQOOWPKECVG YKVJ HTKGPFU HCOKN[ CPF EQNNGCIWGU +P CFFKVKQP VQ VGZV [QW ECP CNUQ CFF GOQLKU QT KPUGTV RKEVWTGU CPF CWFKQ ʏNGU VQ GPTKEJ [QWT OGUUCIGU 5GPF C OGUUCIG 1RGP /GUUCIGU (TQO VJG /GUUCIKPI NKUV UETGGP VQWEJ CPF UGNGEV EQPVCEVU QT ITQWRU 'PVGT [QWT OGUUCIG EQPVGPV VQWEJ VQ CFF QVJGT V[RGU QH EQPVGPV CPF VQWEJ VQ UGPF VJG OGUUCIG 5CXG C FTCHV OGUUCIG 6QWEJ $CEM MG[ VQ UCXG C OGUUCIG CU C FTCHV /CPCIG /GUUCIGU 6JG /GUUCIKPI CRR OCMGU KV GCU[ VQ UVC[ QP VQR QH [QWT OGUUCIGU 1RGP /GUUCIGU +P VJG NKUV QH OGUUCIG VJTGCFU VQWEJ C EQPVCEV PCOG QT RJQPG PWODGT VQ XKGY VJG EQPXGTUCVKQP VJTGCF 4GRN[ VQ OGUUCIGU 'PVGT VJG OGUUCIG EQPVGPV KP VJG VGZV DQZ CPF VQWEJ #TEJKXG C OGUUCIG 9QTTKGF CDQWV CEEKFGPVCNN[ FGNGVKPI CP KORQTVCPV OGUUCIG! 6QWEJ CPF JQNF C OGUUCIG CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ CTEJKXG VJG OGUUCIG GNGVG C OGUUCIG 6KTGF QH VJG ENWVVGT ETGCVGF D[ VQQ OCP[ OGUUCIGU! GNGVG WPPGGFGF EQPXGTUCVKQPU QT OGUUCIGU VQ ENGCP WR [QWT /GUUCIKPI NKUV 6Q FGNGVG EQPXGTUCVKQPU QT OGUUCIGU VQWEJ CPF JQNF VJG EQPXGTUCVKQPU QT OGUUCIGU VQ GPVGT VJG GFKVKPI UETGGP UGNGEV VJG EQPXGTUCVKQP QT OGUUCIG CPF VQWEJ GNGVGF OGUUCIGU ECPPQV DG TGEQXGTGF 5GCTEJ OGUUCIGU 9CPV VQ ʏPF C OGUUCIG SWKEMN[! (TQO VJG /GUUCIKPI NKUV UETGGP GPVGT VJG MG[YQTFU KP VJG UGCTEJ DCT CPF VJG TGNGXCPV TGUWNVU YKNN DG FKURNC[GF DGPGCVJ VJG UGCTEJ DCT $NQEM C EQPVCEV 9CPV VQ UVQR UQOGQPG HTQO UGPFKPI [QW URCO OGUUCIGU! 6QWEJ CPF JQNF C OGUUCIG CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ DNQEM VJG EQPVCEV $NQEM 5RCO /GUUCIGU 6KTGF QH TGEGKXKPI URCO OGUUCIGU! 'PCDNG OGUUCIG DNQEMKPI CPF UC[ IQQFD[G VQ URCO OGUUCIGU 1RGP /GUUCIGU 7UG VJG JCTCUUOGPV ʏNVGT VQ RGTHQTO VJG HQNNQYKPI $NQEM OGUUCIGU 6QWEJ CPF JQNF C OGUUCIG CPF VQWEJ VQ DNQEM OGUUCIGU CPF ECNNU HTQO VJCV PWODGT
  49. 49. 7PDNQEM OGUUCIGU 6QWEJ CPF VQWEJ $NQEMGF EQPVCEVU 6QWEJ CV VJG GPF QH VJG RJQPG PWODGT VQ WPDNQEM VJG PWODGT 5GV //5 /GUUCIG #WVQOCVKE QYPNQCF 4WNGU 5GV //5 OGUUCIG CWVQOCVKE FQYPNQCF TWNGU VQ RTGXGPV EQUVN[ OQDKNG FCVC WUCIG 1RGP /GUUCIGU CPF VQWEJ )Q VQ 5GVVKPIU #FXCPEGF (TQO JGTG [QW ECP EQPʏIWTG VJG HQNNQYKPI 9JGVJGT VQ TGVTKGXG //5 OGUUCIGU CWVQOCVKECNN[ KUCDNG #WVQFQYPNQCF //5 VQ RTGXGPV [QWT FGXKEG HTQO CWVQOCVKECNN[ FQYPNQCFKPI //5 OGUUCIGU 9JGVJGT VQ TGVTKGXG //5 OGUUCIGU CWVQOCVKECNN[ YJGP TQCOKPI KUCDNG #WVQFQYPNQCF //5 YJGP TQCOKPI VQ RTGXGPV [QWT FGXKEG HTQO CWVQOCVKECNN[ FQYPNQCFKPI //5 OGUUCIGU KP TQCOKPI OQFG /GUUCIG
  50. 50. %COGTC $CUKE %COGTC (WPEVKQPU 7UG VJG $CUKE %COGTC (GCVWTGU 7PFGTUVCPF [QWT ECOGTC U DCUKE HGCVWTGU VQ JGNR [QW VCMG DGVVGT RKEVWTGU $CUKE RJQVQ OQFG 1RGP %COGTC +P VJG XKGYʏPFGT VQWEJ VQ VCMG C RJQVQ ;QW ECP CNUQ UGV VJG XQNWOG FQYP DWVVQP CU C UJWVVGT DWVVQP HQT [QWT ECOGTC 5GNGEV C ECOGTC OQFG 1RGP %COGTC VQ EJQQUG C ECOGTC OQFG CEEQTFKPI VQ [QWT PGGFU QQO KP QT QWV 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJG ECOGTC UETGGP YKVJ VYQ ʏPIGTU 5GRCTCVG [QWT ʏPIGTU VQ QQO KP CPF RKPEJ VJGO VQIGVJGT VQ QQO QWV +H [QW QQO KP DG[QPF [QWT ECOGTC U QRVKECN QQO NKOKV VJG KOCIG SWCNKV[ YKNN FGETGCUG #HVGT [QW VQWEJ VJG UETGGP YKVJ VYQ ʏPIGTU CPF QQO KP QT QWV C QQO DCT YKNN CRRGCT QP VJG UKFG QH VJG UETGGP YJKEJ [QW ECP CNUQ WUG VQ QQO [QWT ECOGTC KP QT QWV #FLWUV [QWT ECOGTC U GZRQUWTG ;QWT ECOGTC YKNN CFLWUV KVU GZRQUWTG CWVQOCVKECNN[ FGRGPFKPI QP VJG CODKGPV NKIJV NGXGN +PETGCUKPI VJG GZRQUWTG YKNN OCMG RKEVWTGU CRRGCT DTKIJVGT YJGTGCU FGETGCUKPI VJG GZRQUWTG YKNN OCMG RKEVWTGU CRRGCT FCTMGT ;QW ECP CFLWUV VJG GZRQUWTG OCPWCNN[ HTQO VJG XKGYʏPFGT D[ VQWEJKPI VJG UETGGP CPF FTCIIKPI VJG KEQP WR QT FQYP 'PCDNG QT FKUCDNG ʐCUJ (NCUJ KU WUGF VQ RTQXKFG GZVTC NKIJVKPI HQT VCMKPI RJQVQU KP NQY NKIJV EQPFKVKQPU (TQO VJG XKGYʏPFGT VQWEJ VQ UGNGEV QPG QH VJG HQNNQYKPI ʐCUJ OQFGU z #WVQ 6JG ECOGTC CWVQOCVKECNN[ GPCDNGU QT FKUCDNGU ʐCUJ FGRGPFKPI QP VJG CODKGPV NKIJV NGXGN z 1HH KUCDNG ʐCUJ z 1P 'PCDNG ʐCUJ z #NYC[U QP (NCUJ KU CNYC[U QP YJKNG [QW CTG KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT 'PCDNG IGQNQECVKQP ;QWT IGQITCRJKE NQECVKQP YKNN DG TGEQTFGF YJGP [QW VCMG C RKEVWTG VQ CNNQY [QW VQ UGCTEJ VJTQWIJ [QWT RKEVWTGU D[ NQECVKQP (TQO VJG XKGYʏPFGT VQWEJ VQ GPVGT VJG UGVVKPIU OGPW CPF GPCDNG )25 VCI 7UG %COGTC VQ 4GEQTF 8KFGQU $GUKFGU VCMKPI RKEVWTGU [QW ECP CNUQ WUG VJG ECOGTC VQ ECRVWTG JKIJ TGUQNWVKQP XKFGQU 4GEQTF C XKFGQ 1RGP %COGTC CPF VQWEJ VQ UVCTV TGEQTFKPI C XKFGQ 6CMG C RKEVWTG YJKNG TGEQTFKPI C XKFGQ ;QW ECP VQWEJ YJGP TGEQTFKPI C XKFGQ VQ VCMG C RKEVWTG 'PCDNG (NCUJ CNYC[U QP 9JGP TGEQTFKPI C XKFGQ KP NQY NKIJV EQPFKVKQPU [QW ECP VQWEJ CPF UGNGEV VQ CNYC[U VWTP QP VJG ʐCUJ
  51. 51. #FLWUV %COGTC 5GVVKPIU 1P VJG %COGTC UGVVKPI UETGGP [QW ECP CFLWUV C XCTKGV[ QH ECOGTC UGVVKPIU OQFGU CPF URGEKʏECVKQPU VQ UWKV [QWT PGGFU 6QWEJ XKGYʏPFGT VQ UJQQV 1RGP %COGTC VQWEJ VQ QRGP %COGTC 5GVVKPIU CPF GPCDNG 6QWEJ VQ ECRVWTG 0QY YJGP [QW VQWEJ CP QDLGEV KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT VJG ECOGTC YKNN HQEWU CPF VCMG C RKEVWTG CWVQOCVKECNN[ %CRVWTG UOKNGU CWVQOCVKECNN[ (TQO 5GVVKPIU GPCDNG %CRVWTG UOKNGU 6JG ECOGTC YKNN PQY VCMG C RKEVWTG CWVQOCVKECNN[ YJGP KV FGVGEVU C UOKNG KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT .QEM HQEWU NGPIVJ (TQO 5GVVKPIU VQWEJ 6QWEJ JQNF UJWVVGT KEQP CPF UGNGEV .QEM HQECN NGPIVJ 0QY YJGP [QW VQWEJ CPF JQNF VJG UJWVVGT DWVVQP VJG ECOGTC YKNN PQ NQPIGT CWVQ HQEWU 7UG VJG XQNWOG DWVVQP VQ VCMG RKEVWTGU HQEWU C UJQV QT QQO KP QT QWV (TQO 5GVVKPIU VQWEJ 8QNWOG DWVVQP HWPEVKQP CPF UGNGEV 5JWVVGT QQO QT (QEWU OQFG CEEQTFKPI VQ [QWT WUCIG PGGFU 5CXG 4#9 HQTOCV RKEVWTGU 4#9 HQTOCV RKEVWTGU TGEQTF OQTG FGVCKNU CNNQYKPI [QW VQ RGTHQTO RQUV RTQEGUUKPI +P VJG 2TQ OQFG VQWEJ VQ GPVGT VJG 5GVVKPIU UETGGP CPF GPCDNG 4#9 HQTOCV 0QY YJGP [QW VCMG C RKEVWTG VJG RKEVWTG YKNN DG UCXGF KP 4#9 HQTOCV CU YGNN CU VJG UVCPFCTF RKEVWTG HQTOCV CPF UVQTGF KP C URGEKCN HQNFGT KP )CNNGT[ /WVG RJQVQITCRJ[ (TQO VJG 5GVVKPIU UETGGP GPCDNG /WVG 4#9 HQTOCV RKEVWTGU VCMG WR OQTG UVQTCIG URCEG VJCP VTCFKVKQPCN RKEVWTGU 2NGCUG EJGEM VJCV [QW JCXG GPQWIJ HTGG UVQTCIG URCEG CXCKNCDNG 7UG #UUKUVKXG )TKF VQ %QORQUG ;QWT 2JQVQU 'XGT IGV CPPQ[GF VJCV [QWT RJQVQU VWTP QWV NQQMKPI UMGYGF QT VJG UWDLGEV CNYC[U UGGOU VQ DG QHH EGPVGT! ;QW ECP WUG [QWT ECOGTC U CUUKUVKXG ITKF HGCVWTG VQ JGNR [QW NKPG WR VJG RGTHGEV UJQV 6Q UGNGEV CP CUUKUVKXG ITKF QRGP %COGTC CPF VQWEJ VQ GPVGT 5GVVKPIU 6JGP VQWEJ #UUKUVKXG ITKF CPF UGNGEV VJG V[RG QH ITKF QT NKPGU [QW YCPV VQ WUG 4WNG QH VJKTFU EQORQUKVKQP OGVJQF 7UG GKVJGT )TKF QT 2JK ITKF 6JG HQWT KPVGTUGEVKQP RQKPVU KP VJG ITKF CTG VJG HQEWU CTGCU QH VJG RKEVWTG 2NCEG VJG UWDLGEV QH [QWT RJQVQ QP QPG QH VJG KPVGTUGEVKQP RQKPVU VQ CEJKGXG C IQQF EQORQUKVKQP %COGTC
  52. 52. 5RKTCN EQORQUKVKQP OGVJQF 7UG GKVJGT (KDQPCEEK URKTCN NGHV QT (KDQPCEEK URKTCN TKIJV 2NCEG VJG UWDLGEV QH [QWT RJQVQ YKVJKP VJG EGPVGT QH VJG URKTCN %COGTC
  53. 53. 2QTVTCKV /QFG 7UG 2QTVTCKV /QFG VQ %CRVWTG 5VWPPKPI 2QTVTCKVU 9CPV VQ CNYC[U NQQM [QWT DGUV KP [QWT UGNʏGU! 2QTVTCKV OQFG NGVU [QW EQPʏIWTG FKHHGTGPV DGCWVKʏECVKQP UGVVKPIU CPF ETGCVG CP KPHQTOCVKQP FCVCDCUG HQT EWUVQO DGCWVKʏECVKQP z 2QTVTCKV OQFG 'PCDNG 2QTVTCKV OQFG VQ CWVQOCVKECNN[ CRRN[ DGCWVKʏECVKQP GHHGEVU VQ GXGT[QPG KP VJG HTCOG CPF NKIJVKPI GHHGEVU UWEJ CU 0Q NKIJVKPI 5QHV NKIJVKPI $WVVGTʐ[ NKIJVKPI 5RNKV NKIJVKPI 5VCIG NKIJVKPI CPF %NCUUKE NKIJVKPI z 2GTHGEV UGNʏG 'PCDNG 2GTHGEV UGNʏG CPF [QWT 2JQPG YKNN ETGCVG C EWUVQO DGCWV[ RNCP HQT [QW 6JG JKIJGT VJG DGCWVKʏECVKQP NGXGN VJG OQTG RTQPQWPEGF VJG GHHGEVU 9JGP VJG HTQPV ECOGTC KU WUGF VQ VCMG RJQVQU CV PKIJV QT KP QVJGT FCTM GPXKTQPOGPVU CPF VJG ʐCUJ KU UGV VQ #WVQ KH VJG 2JQPG FGVGEVU VJCV VJG EWTTGPV GPXKTQPOGPV KU VQQ FCTM KV YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ GPCDNG NKIJV EQORGPUCVKQP VQ GPJCPEG UETGGP DTKIJVPGUU 6JKU KORTQXGU VJG SWCNKV[ QH RJQVQU VCMGP D[ VJG HTQPV ECOGTC 7UG 2QTVTCKV /QFG VQ 6CMG 5VWPPKPI 2QTVTCKVU 9CPV VQ OCMG [QWT UGNʏGU QT ITQWR UJQVU GXGP OQTG DGCWVKHWN! 2QTVTCKV OQFG RTQXKFGU [QW YKVJ EWUVQOKGF QRVKQPU VQ OCMG GXGT[ RJQVQ DGCWVKHWN CPF OGOQTCDNG %COGTC
  54. 54. 'PCDNG 2QTVTCKV OQFG VQ ECRVWTG OQTG DGCWVKHWN RJQVQU 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC 2QTVTCKV TCI VJG UNKFGTU NGHV CPF TKIJV VQ CFLWUV DGCWVKʏECVKQP UGVVKPIU # JKIJGT $GCWV[ NGXGN YKNN OCMG VJG DGCWVKʏECVKQP GHHGEVU OQTG FKUVKPEV 6QWEJ VJG 3D3D KEQP KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT CPF UGNGEV 0Q NKIJVKPI 5QHV NKIJVKPI $WVVGTʐ[ NKIJVKPI 5RNKV NKIJVKPI 5VCIG NKIJVKPI CPF %NCUUKE NKIJVKPI #HVGT OCMKPI VJG CFLWUVOGPVU VQWEJ VQ VCMG RJQVQU 'PCDNG 2GTHGEV UGNʏG OQFG VQ EWUVQOKG DGCWVKʏECVKQP UGVVKPIU 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC 2QTVTCKV VQ GPVGT VJG %COGTC UGVVKPIU UETGGP 6QWEJ2GTHGEV UGNʏG VQ GPCDNG KV (QNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ VCMG RJQVQU QH [QWTUGNH NQQMKPI VQ VJG HTQPV UKFGU CPF FQYPYCTFU CPF VJGP UGV VJG DGCWV[ RCTCOGVGTU .CTIGT RCTCOGVGT XCNWGU RTQFWEG OQTG RTQPQWPEGF UNKOOKPI CPF DGCWVKʏECVKQP GHHGEVU #HVGT EQPʏTOKPI [QWT UGVVKPIU VQWEJ VQ UCXG [QWT RGTUQPCNKGF DGCWV[ KPHQTOCVKQP z 4GGPVGT RGTUQPCN KPHQTOCVKQP +P %COGTC UGVVKPIU UETGGP IQ VQ %WUVQO DGCWV[ #FF RGTUQPCN KPHQ VJGP HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ TGVCMG RJQVQU QH [QWTUGNH NQQMKPI VQ VJG HTQPV UKFGU CPF FQYPYCTFU 6JKU YKNN TGUGV VJG DGCWV[ RCTCOGVGTU z #FLWUV DGCWV[ RCTCOGVGTU +P %COGTC UGVVKPIU UETGGP IQ VQ %WUVQO DGCWV[ 5GV DGCWV[ GHHGEVU VQ CFLWUV RCTCOGVGTU UWEJ CU UMKP UOQQVJPGUU CPF VQPG 9KFG #RGTVWTG 9KFG #RGTVWTG /QFG 'ORJCUKG ;QWT 5WDLGEV 9CPV VQ UJQYECUG C RGQP[ KP C UGC QH ʐQYGTU JKIJNKIJV [QWT UWDLGEV KP C ETQYF QT KPETGCUG VJG DTKIJVPGUU KP C NQY NKIJV GPXKTQPOGPV! 'PCDNG 9KFG CRGTVWTG OQFG VQ DNWT VJG DCEMITQWPF CPF JKIJNKIJV [QWT UWDLGEV VQ VCMG ETKUR RJQVQU GXGP KP NQY NKIJV z 3WKEM HQEWU VQ ECRVWTG ʐGGVKPI OQOGPVU 9KFG CRGTVWTG OQFG ECP JGNR [QW SWKEMN[ ECRVWTG C ʐGGVKPI OQOGPV FWTKPI [QWT VTCXGNU YJKNG CXQKFKPI CP[ RQUUKDNG DNWTTKPI ECWUGF D[ OQXKPI VJG NGPU QT HQEWUKPI VQQ UNQYN[ z $NWT VJG DCEMITQWPF VQ JKIJNKIJV VJG UWDLGEV 7PCDNG VQ RKEM QWV VJG HQEWU KP C ETQYF! 'PCDNG 9KFG CRGTVWTG OQFG VQ DNWT VJG DCEMITQWPF UQ [QW ECP UVCPF QWV YKVJ GCUG GXGP QP C ETQYFGF UVTGGV z %CRVWTG OQOGPVU YKVJ GCUG GXGP CV PKIJV #TG [QWT RJQVQU FCTM YJGP VCMGP CV PKIJV QT KP NQY NKIJV! 'PCDNG 9KFG CRGTVWTG OQFG VQ EWUVQOKG [QWT RJQVQ DTKIJVPGUU UQ [QW ECP ECRVWTG VJG DGUV NKV OQOGPV GXGP KP NQY NKIJV %COGTC
  55. 55. 7UG 9KFG #RGTVWTG /QFG VQ *KIJNKIJV ;QWT 5JQQVKPI 5WDLGEVU 9KFG CRGTVWTG OQFG RTQFWEGU RJQVQITCRJU YKVJ C UJCNNQY FGRVJ QH ʏGNF 6JKU ETGCVGU C DNWTTGF DCEMITQWPF VJCV NGPFU ITGCVGT GORJCUKU VQ VJG RJQVQ U UWDLGEV 6CMG C YKFG CRGTVWTG RJQVQ 1RGP %COGTC +P TGCT ECOGTC UJQQVKPI OQFG VQWEJ VJG #RGTVWTG KEQP CV VJG DQVVQO QH VJG UETGGP VQ GPCDNG 9KFG CRGTVWTG OQFG 'ZKV VJKU OQFG CPF GPVGT QVJGT UJQQVKPI OQFGU 9JGP UJQQVKPI VQWEJ VJG UETGGP VQ UGNGEV C HQECN RQKPV CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ VCMG VJG RJQVQ z (QT QRVKOCN TGUWNVU GPUWTG VJCV VJG UWDLGEV KU RQUKVKQPGF PQ OQTG VJCP O HV CYC[ HTQO VJG ECOGTC z 6QWEJ CPF FTCI VJG UNKFGT DCT VQ VJG NGHV QT TKIJV VQ CFLWUV VJG CRGTVWTG NGXGN 6JG UOCNNGT VJG CRGTVWTG XCNWG VJG OQTG DNWTTGF VJG DCEMITQWPF YKNN CRRGCT 2CPQTCOC 7UG 2CPQTCOC /QFG VQ 6CMG 2CPQTCOKE 5GNʏGU 9CPV VQ ʏV OQTG HTKGPFU QT UEGPGT[ KP C UGNʏG! 7UG 2CPQTCOC VQ VCMG UGNʏGU YKVJ C YKFGT ʏGNF QH XKGY 1RGP %COGTC CPF VQWEJ VQ UYKVEJ VQ VJG HTQPVHCEKPI ECOGTC )Q VQ /QTG 2CPQTCOC %COGTC
  56. 56. *QNF [QWT 2JQPG UVGCF[ CPF VQWEJ VQ VCMG VJG ʏTUV RKEVWTG (QNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU CPF RCP [QWT 2JQPG JQTKQPVCNN[ WPVKN VJG DNWG HTCOG QXGTNCRU YKVJ VJG USWCTG UETGGP HTCOG ;QWT ECOGTC YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ VCMG CPQVJGT RKEVWTG (QNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU CICKP CPF RCP [QWT 2JQPG KP VJG QRRQUKVG FKTGEVKQP WPVKN VJG DNWG HTCOG QXGTNCRU YKVJ VJG USWCTG UETGGP HTCOG ;QWT ECOGTC YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ VCMG VJG NCUV RKEVWTG 1PEG EQORNGVG VJG ECOGTC YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ EQODKPG VJG VJTGG RKEVWTGU KPVQ C YKFGCPING UGNʏG 7UG 2CPQTCOC /QFG VQ 6CMG 2CPQTCOKE 2JQVQU 2CPQTCOCU RTQXKFG C YKFGT XKGYKPI CPING VJCP QTFKPCT[ RJQVQU NGVVKPI [QW VCMG UYGGRKPI NCPFUECRG UJQVU 6Q ECRVWTG C RCPQTCOC UJQV VJG ECOGTC VCMGU OWNVKRNG RJQVQU QH QDLGEVU YKVJKP QWT XKUWCN ʏGNF CPF UVKVEJGU VJGO VQIGVJGT KPVQ C UKPING RJQVQ 9JGP VCMKPI C RCPQTCOC ʏPF C YKFG QRGP URCEG VJCV KU UQOG FKUVCPEG CYC[ HTQO VJG UWDLGEV CPF VT[ VQ CXQKF DCEMITQWPFU VJCV CTG CNN KP QPG EQNQT )Q VQ %COGTC /QTG 2CPQTCOC 6QWEJ CV VJG DQVVQO QH VJG UETGGP VQ EQPʏIWTG VJG UJQQVKPI FKTGEVKQP *QNF [QWT 2JQPG UVGCF[ CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ UVCTV UJQQVKPI 5NQYN[ OQXG VJG 2JQPG KP VJG FKTGEVKQP KPFKECVGF JQNFKPI VJG FGXKEG UVGCF[ CPF GPUWTKPI VJCV VJG CTTQY UVC[U NGXGN YKVJ VJG EGPVGT NKPG 6QWEJ YJGP [QW CTG ʏPKUJGF 6JG ECOGTC YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ UVKVEJ VJG RJQVQU VQIGVJGT VQ ETGCVG C RCPQTCOC 2CPQTCOC 2CPQTCOC %CRVWTG 2JQVQU KP /QVKQP 9CPV VQ DTKPI [QWT RCPQTCOCU VQ NKHG! RCPQTCOC IKXGU [QW C ITGCV YC[ VQ NKXGP WR [QWT RCPQTCOCU ;QW ECP VKNV [QWT 2JQPG QT FTCI [QWT RJQVQU VQ XKGY VJG GHHGEV %COGTC
  57. 57. RCPQTCOC KU C RTGKPUVCNNGF ECOGTC OQFG KP [QWT 2JQPG ;QW ECP WUG RCPQTCOC VQ ETGCVG OQXKPI RCPQTCOKE UJQVU QH QDLGEVU RGQRNG CPF NCPFUECRGU 7UG 2CPQTCOC VQ 6CMG FGITGG 2JQVQU 6T[ VJG RCPQTCOC HWPEVKQP VQ ECRVWTG C FGITGG XKGY QH C UEGPG QT RGTUQP 6JGTG CTG VJTGG UJQQVKPI OQFGU HQT VJG RCPQTCOC HWPEVKQP z 5JQQV QDLGEVU 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG RCPQTCOC 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJGP HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ UNQYN[ OQXG [QWT 2JQPG CTQWPF [QWT UWDLGEV KP QPG FKTGEVKQP 4GNGCUG VQ UVQR UJQQVKPI #HVGT UJQQVKPI VQWEJ VJG ECOGTC VJWODPCKN CPF VJGP VQWEJ 3D CDQXG VJG RJQVQ VQ IGPGTCVG C RCPQTCOKE RJQVQ %COGTC
  58. 58. z 5JQQV UEGPGT[ 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG RCPQTCOC 6QWEJ CPF JQNF VJGP HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP RTQORVU VQ UNQYN[ OQXG [QWT 2JQPG CTQWPF [QWT UWDLGEV KP QPG FKTGEVKQP 4GNGCUG VQ UVQR UJQQVKPI #HVGT UJQQVKPI VQWEJ VJG ECOGTC VJWODPCKN CPF VJGP VQWEJ 3D CDQXG VJG RJQVQ VQ IGPGTCVG C RCPQTCOKE RJQVQ %COGTC
  59. 59. z 6CMG UGʐ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
  60. 60. Ulteriori informazioni sulla Modalità Pro Seleziona una modalità di metering Regola l'ISO Modifica la velocità dell'otturatore Imposta un valore di compensazione dell'esposizione Seleziona una modalità di bilanciamento del bianco Seleziona una modalità di messa a fuoco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ʐQYGT QT C VTGG #FLWUV DTKIJVPGUU DCUGF QP VJG UJQQVKPI GPXKTQPOGPV z #FLWUV +51 1P VJG 2TQ OQFG UETGGP VQWEJ CPF UYKRG NGHV QT TKIJV QP VJG +51 UNKFGT VQ CFLWUV KVU XCNWG 6Q CXQKF GZEGUUKXG PQKUGU VJG TGEQOOGPFGF +51 KU DGNQY 6JG TGEQOOGPFGF +51 HQT VJG FC[VKOG KU DGVYGGP CPF CPF CDQXG HQT PKIJV UEGPGU %COGTC
  61. 61. z #FLWUV VJG UJWVVGT URGGF 1P VJG 2TQ OQFG UETGGP VQWEJ UJWVVGT URGGF UNKFG QP VJG UJWVVGT URGGF UNKFGT CPF FTCI [QWT FGUKTGF URGGF VQ VJG EGPVGT 6JG TGEQOOGPFGF UJWVVGT URGGF HQT UVCVKE UEGPGU UWEJ CU OQWPVCKPU KU DGVYGGP CPF CPF HCUVGT NGUU VJCP UGEQPF HQT OQXKPI UWDLGEVU UWEJ CU YCXGU (QT VJG DGUV TGUWNV WUKPI C VTKRQF YJGP UJQQVKPI C OQXKPI UWDLGEV z #FLWUV '8 EQORGPUCVKQP 1P VJG 2TQ OQFG UETGGP VQWEJ UNKFG QP VJG '8 UNKFGT CPF FTCI VJG UGNGEVGF XCNWG VQ VJG EGPVGT #FLWUV #9$ 1P VJG 2TQ OQFG UETGGP VQWEJ UNKFG QP VJG #9$ UNKFGT CPF FTCI VJG UGNGEVGF XCNWG VQ VJG EGPVGT z 9JGP UJQQVKPI WPFGT UWPNKIJV [QW ECP UGNGEV +P C YGCM NKIJV GPXKTQPOGPV [QW ECP UGNGEV z 6QWEJ VQ CFLWUV VJG EQNQT VGORGTCVWTG +H [QW YCPV VQ IKXG [QWT RJQVQ C EQ[ PQUVCNIKE VQPG KPETGCUG VJG - XCNWG (QT C EQNF ECNO QT HWVWTKUVKE VQPG UGNGEV C NQYGT - XCNWG #FLWUV #( DCUGF QP VJG UJQQVKPI UWDLGEV 1P VJG 2TQ OQFG UETGGP VQWEJ UNKFG QP VJG #( UNKFGT CPF FTCI [QWT FGUKTGF OQFG VQ VJG EGPVGT #( OQFGU #RRNKECVKQP UEGPCTKQ #(5 OQFG 5VCVKE UEGPGU UWEJ CU OQWPVCKPU #(% OQFG /QXKPI UEGPGU UWEJ CU ʐQYKPI YCVGT CPF UGC YCXGU /( OQFG 2TQVTWFKPI QDLGEVU UWEJ CU C ENQUGWR QH C ʐQYGT *QNF [QWT FGXKEG UVGCF[ YJGP UJQQVKPI 1P VJG 2TQ OQFG UETGGP VQWEJ CPF GPCDNG *QTKQPVCN NGXGN #HVGT VJKU HGCVWTG KU GPCDNGF VYQ CUUKUVKXG NKPGU YKNN CRRGCT KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT 9JGP VJG FQVVGF NKPG QXGTNCRU YKVJ VJG UQNKF NKPG KV KPFKECVGU VJCV VJG ECOGTC KU RCTCNNGN VQ VJG JQTKQPVCN NGXGN 5CXG 4#9 HQTOCV RKEVWTGU +P VJG 2TQ OQFG VQWEJ CPF GPCDNG 4#9 HQTOCV #HVGT VJKU HGCVWTG KU GPCDNGF RKEVWTGU VCMGP KP 2TQ OQFG YKNN DG UCXGF KP DQVJ 4#9 CPF UVCPFCTF ,2) HQTOCVU z 5QOG UGVVKPIU KP 2TQ OQFG OC[ EJCPIG CHVGT [QW EJCPIG C UGVVKPI ;QW OC[ CFLWUV VJGO DCUGF QP [QWT CEVWCN PGGFU z 6JG TGEQOOGPFGF UGVVKPIU CDQXG CTG HQT TGHGTGPEG QPN[ ;QW OC[ CFLWUV VJGO DCUGF QP VJG CEVWCN EQPFKVKQP VQ CEJKGXG [QWT FGUKTGF GHHGEV 7UG 2TQ /QFG VQ %CRVWTG 2QTVTCKVU 9CPV VQ VCMG OQTG RTQHGUUKQPCN RQTVTCKVU! 6JG 2TQ OQFG CNNQYU [QW VQ CFLWUV [QWT ECOGTC UGVVKPIU VQ UJQQV RTQHGUUKQPCN RQTVTCKVU 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC 2TQ %COGTC
  62. 62. 5GNGEV C /GVGTKPI OQFG QT OQFG KU TGEQOOGPFGF HQT VCMKPI RQTVTCKVU 2NCEG [QWT UJQQVKPI UWDLGEVU VJGKT HCEGU HQT GZCORNG KP VJG EGPVGT QH VJG XKGYʏPFGT #FLWUV DTKIJVPGUU DCUGF QP VJG UJQQVKPI GPXKTQPOGPV z #FLWUV +51 6Q CXQKF GZEGUUKXG PQKUGU KV KU TGEQOOGPFGF VJCV [QW CFLWUV VJG +51 VQ C NQY NGXGN YJGP UJQQVKPI RQTVTCKVU ;QW OC[ CFLWUV VJG +51 DCUGF QP VJG CEVWCN UJQQVKPI GPXKTQPOGPVU 5JQQVKPI 'PXKTQPOGPV 4GEQOOGPFGF +51 1WVFQQTU $GVYGGP CPF +PFQQTU #TQWPF 0KIJV UEGPGU $GVYGGP CPF z #FLWUV UJWVVGT URGGF 6JG UJWVVGT URGGF UJQWNF DG UNQY KH VJG CODKGPV NKIJV KU NQY CPF HCUV YJGP VJG CODKGPV NKIJV KU UVTQPI 6JG TGEQOOGPFGF UJWVVGT URGGF HQT UVCVKE RQTVTCKVU KU DGVYGGP CPF 6Q UJQQV OQXKPI UWDLGEVU UGNGEV C UJWVVGT URGGF CV QT CDQXG z #FLWUV '8 EQORGPUCVKQP ;QW OC[ KPETGCUG VJG '8 EQORGPUCVKQP KH VJG NKIJV QP VJG UWDLGEVU QT DCEMITQWPF KU NQY CPF FGETGCUG VJG '8 EQORGPUCVKQP KH VJGTG KU VQQ OWEJ NKIJV #FLWUV #9$ 5GNGEV #9$ FGRGPFKPI QP VJG NKIJVKPI EQPFKVKQPU 9JGP UJQQVKPI WPFGT UWPNKIJV [QW ECP UGNGEV +P C NQY NKIJV GPXKTQPOGPV [QW ECP UGNGEV #FLWUV (QEWU 6Q DGVVGT JKIJNKIJV C UWDLGEV KV KU TGEQOOGPFGF VJCV [QW WUG OCPWCN HQEWU /( YJGP UJQQVKPI RQTVTCKVU +P VJG XKGYʏPFGT VQWEJ VQ HQEWU QP VJG RCTV VJG UWDLGEV U HCEG HQT GZCORNG [QW YCPV VQ JKIJNKIJV z +P 2TQ OQFG UQOG UGVVKPIU OC[ EJCPIG CHVGT [QW EJCPIG C UGVVKPI ;QW OC[ CFLWUV VJGO DCUGF QP [QWT CEVWCN PGGFU z 6JG TGEQOOGPFGF UGVVKPIU CDQXG CTG HQT TGHGTGPEG QPN[ ;QW OC[ CFLWUV VJGO DCUGF QP VJG CEVWCN WUCIG EQPFKVKQPU VQ CEJKGXG [QWT FGUKTGF GHHGEV /QPQEJTQOG /QPQEJTQOG %CRVWTG VJG 9QTNF KP $NCEM CPF 9JKVG 5QOGVKOGU VQQ OCP[ EQNQTU ECP DG FKUVTCEVKPI /QPQEJTQOG OQFG NGVU [QW ʏNVGT QWV EQNQT VQ ECRVWTG TKEJ RJQVQU YKVJ ʏPGT OQTG UVTKMKPI FGVCKNU 7UG /QPQEJTQOG VQ CEJKGXG VJG HQNNQYKPI TGUWNVU HQT [QWT RJQVQU z +PVTKECVG EQPVTCUV DGVYGGP NKIJV CPF UJCFQYU HQT FKUVKPEV NC[GTKPI /QPQEJTQOG JGNRU [QW HQEWU OQTG QP VJG EJCPIG KP NKIJV IKXKPI [QW EQPVTQN QXGT VJG FKURNC[ QH NKIJV CPF UJCFQYU KPENWFKPI VJG FKTGEVKQP CPF UVTGPIVJ QH NKIJV z # UVTQPI UGPUG QH JKUVQT[ $NCEM CPF YJKVG RJQVQU UGGO VQ DGNQPI VQ VJG RCUV CPF CTG WPCHHGEVGF D[ EJCPIGU KP VKOG QT NQECVKQP IKXKPI [QWT RJQVQU C ENCUUKE CPF VKOGNGUU VQWEJ %COGTC
  63. 63. z 5WDVNG KOCIGT[ VJCV GXQMGU PQUVCNIKC /QPQEJTQOG RTQXKFGU CP GZRTGUUKQP QH UGPVKOGPV GURGEKCNN[ YJGP KV EQOGU VQ RQTVTCKVU +V UVTGPIVJGPU VJG KORCEV QH HCEKCN FGVCKNU CPF IKXGU [QWT UWDLGEV C UGPUG QH O[UVGT[ CPF OGNCPEJQN[ 6CMG $NCEM CPF 9JKVG 2JQVQU 6JG YQTNF KU CP COCKPIN[ EQNQTHWN RNCEG $WV UQOGVKOGU VQQ OWEJ EQNQT ECP DG FKUVTCEVKPI /QPQEJTQOG OQFG ʏNVGTU QWV EQNQT JGNRKPI VQ DTKPI QWV NKIJV CPF UJCFQYU CPF IKXG RJQVQU OQTG OQQF CPF CVOQURJGTG 1RGP IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG /QPQEJTQOG CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ VCMG RJQVQU KP DNCEM CPF YJKVG %COGTC
  64. 64. .KIJV 2CKPVKPI /QFG .KIJV 2CKPVKPI 5JQQV .KIJV 6TCKNU .KIJV RCKPVKPI OQFG CWVQOCVKECNN[ UGVU C UNQY UJWVVGT URGGF VQ VCMG NQPIGZRQUWTG UJQVU QH NKIJV VTCKNU 6JKU OQFG RTQFWEGU UVWPPKPI RJQVQU VJCV JCXG CP GVJGTGCN SWCNKV[ .KIJV RCKPVKPI OQFG QHHGTU HQWT ETGCVKXG UJQQVKPI OQFGU HQT FKHHGTGPV UWDLGEVU CPF NKIJV EQPFKVKQPU z 6TCHʏE VTCKNU %CRVWTGU NKIJV VTCKNU ETGCVGF D[ ECTU CV PKIJV z .KIJV ITCHʏVK %CRVWTGU VTCKNU ETGCVGF D[ C OQXKPI NKIJV UQWTEG KP NQYNKIJV EQPFKVKQPU z 5KNM[ YCVGT %CRVWTGU UKNM[UOQQVJ RJQVQU QH YCVGTHCNNU CPF ʐQYKPI YCVGT z 5VCT VTCKNU %CRVWTGU UVWPPKPI RJQVQU QH UVCT VTCKNU KP VJG PKIJV UM[ %COGTC
  65. 65. 7UG 6CKN .KIJV 6TCKNU VQ %CRVWTG VJG .KIJVU QH VJG %KV[ 6CKN NKIJV VTCKNU NGVU [QW ETGCVG CTVKUVKE RJQVQU QH ECT VCKN NKIJVU CV PKIJV z 5JQQV HTQO C FKUVCPEG CPF UNKIJVN[ CDQXG [QWT UWDLGEV HQT DGUV TGUWNVU 'PUWTG VJCV ECT JGCFNKIJVU FQ PQV RQKPV FKTGEVN[ CV VJG ECOGTC CU VJKU ECP QXGTGZRQUG VJG KOCIG z 2NCEG [QWT FGXKEG QP C VTKRQF QT UQNKF UWTHCEG UQ VJCV KV FQGU PQV OQXG FWTKPI VJG GZRQUWTG 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG .KIJV RCKPVKPI *QNF [QWT 2JQPG UVGCF[ CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ UVCTV UJQQVKPI # RTGXKGY QH VJG KOCIG KU FKURNC[GF KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT 6QWEJ YJGP [QW CTG ʏPKUJGF %COGTC
  66. 66. 7UG .KIJV )TCHʏVK VQ %TGCVG .KIJV 2CVVGTPU .KIJV ITCHʏVK NGVU [QW ETGCVG RCVVGTPU QT YTKVG YQTFU D[ OQXKPI C NKIJV UQWTEG KP HTQPV QH VJG ECOGTC z (KPF C FCTM NQECVKQP CYC[ HTQO QVJGT NKIJV UQWTEGU CPF GPUWTG VJCV VJG UWDLGEV U UKNJQWGVVG KU PQV XKUKDNG %JQQUG C UWKVCDN[ DTKIJV NKIJV UQWTEG QH CP CRRTQRTKCVG EQNQT UWEJ CU C UOCNN VQTEJ QT INQY UVKEM z 2NCEG [QWT FGXKEG QP C VTKRQF QT UQNKF UWTHCEG UQ VJCV KV FQGU PQV OQXG FWTKPI VJG GZRQUWTG 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG .KIJV RCKPVKPI .KIJV ITCHʏVK *QNF [QWT 2JQPG UVGCF[ CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ UVCTV UJQQVKPI # RTGXKGY QH VJG KOCIG KU FKURNC[GF KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT 6QWEJ YJGP [QW CTG ʏPKUJGF %COGTC
  67. 67. 7UG 5KNM[ 9CVGT VQ %CRVWTG 4KXGTU CPF 9CVGTHCNNU 5KNM[ YCVGT NGVU [QW ECRVWTG UKNM[ UOQQVJ RJQVQITCRJU QH YCVGTHCNNU CPF TKXGTU z (QT DGVVGT TGUWNVU ʏPF C UVTGCO QT YCVGTHCNN YKVJ NQVU QH YCVGT z 2NCEG [QWT FGXKEG QP C VTKRQF QT UQNKF UWTHCEG UQ VJCV KV FQGU PQV OQXG FWTKPI VJG GZRQUWTG 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG .KIJV RCKPVKPI 5KNM[ YCVGT *QNF [QWT 2JQPG UVGCF[ CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ UVCTV UJQQVKPI # RTGXKGY QH VJG KOCIG KU FKURNC[GF KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT 6QWEJ YJGP [QW CTG ʏPKUJGF %COGTC
  68. 68. 7UG 5VCT 6TCEM VQ %CRVWTG VJG $GCWV[ QH 5VCTU 5VCT VTCEM NGVU [QW WUG [QWT ECOGTC VQ ECRVWTG VJG OQXGOGPV QH UVCTU KP VJG PKIJV UM[ z (QT DGUV TGUWNVU EJQQUG C NQECVKQP HTGG QH NKIJV RQNNWVKQP YKVJ CP WPQDUVTWEVGF XKGY QH VJG UM[ CPF QP C ENGCT PKIJV z 2NCEG [QWT FGXKEG QP C VTKRQF QT UQNKF UWTHCEG UQ VJCV KV FQGU PQV OQXG FWTKPI VJG GZRQUWTG 1RGP CPF IQ VQ %COGTC /QTG .KIJV RCKPVKPI 5VCT VTCKNU *QNF [QWT 2JQPG UVGCF[ CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ UVCTV UJQQVKPI # RTGXKGY QH VJG KOCIG KU FKURNC[GF KP VJG XKGYʏPFGT 6QWEJ YJGP [QW CTG ʏPKUJGF %COGTC
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
  70. 70. 6CMG OQXKPI RKEVWTGU 1RGP %COGTC VQWEJ QP VJG VQR QH [QWT UETGGP VJGP VQWEJ VQ ECRVWTG 8KGY OQXKPI RKEVWTGU 6JG ECRVWTGF OQXKPI RKEVWTG YKNN DG UCXGF VQ )CNNGT[ KP ,2) HQTOCV )Q VQ )CNNGT[ #NDWOU %COGTC 6QWEJ RKEVWTGU YKVJ KEQP CPF VQWEJ QP VJG VQR QH VJG RKEVWTG VQ XKGY VJG F[PCOKE GHHGEV 6JG OQXKPI RKEVWTG CWVQOCVKECNN[ UVQRU CHVGT C EQORNGVG RNC[DCEM ;QW ECP CNUQ VQWEJ VJG UETGGP VQ UVQR VJG RNC[DCEM 5JCTG /QXKPI RKEVWTGU )Q VQ )CNNGT[ #NDWOU VQWEJ VJG OQXKPI RJQVQ [QW YCPV VQ UJCTG VJGP VQWEJ UGNGEV C UJCTKPI OGVJQF CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ EQORNGVG VJG UJCTKPI /QXKPI RKEVWTGU ECP DG UJCTGF FKTGEVN[ VJTQWIJ 9K(K $NWGVQQVJ *WCYGK 5JCTG CPF OQTG 6JG TGEGKXKPI FGXKEG OWUV DG C *WCYGK FGXKEG VJCV UWRRQTVU VJG ECRVWTG QH OQXKPI RKEVWTGU KP QTFGT VQ RNC[ VJG OQXKPI RJQVQ GHHGEVU 9JGP [QW UJCTG OQXKPI RKEVWTGU VQ VJKTFRCTV[ CRRU QT WPUWRRQTVGF FGXKEGU VJG OQXKPI RKEVWTGU YKNN DG FKURNC[GF CU UVCVKE KOCIGU %COGTC
  71. 71. )CNNGT[ *KIJNKIJVU *KIJNKIJVU 6WTP ;QWT 2JQVQU KPVQ C 2GTUQPCNKGF 8KFGQ *KIJNKIJVU ETGCVGU C UJQTV ENKR QH [QWT RJQVQU DCUGF QP VKOG CPF NQECVKQP KPHQTOCVKQP ;QW ECP GFKV VJG XKFGQ ENKR CPF UJCTG KV YKVJ [QWT HTKGPFU z 2JQPG CWVQOCVKECNN[ ETGCVGU XKFGQU DCUGF QP VJG VKOG CPF IGQITCRJKECN KPHQTOCVKQP KP [QWT RJQVQU $GHQTG VCMKPI C RJQVQ QRGP %COGTC VQWEJ CPF EJGEM VJCV )25 VCI KU GPCDNGF z %JGEM VJCV [QWT 2JQPG KU EQPPGEVGF VQ VJG +PVGTPGV z *KIJNKIJVU CNDWOU CTG ETGCVGF CWVQOCVKECNN[ YJGP [QWT 2JQPG KU EJCTIKPI VJG UETGGP KU UYKVEJGF QHH CPF VJG DCVVGT[ KU CV NGCUV EJCTIGF +V OC[ VCMG UQOG VKOG HQT [QWT 2JQPG VQ ETGCVG VJG CNDWO *KIJNKIJVU CNDWOU YKNN PQV DG ETGCVGF KH VJGTG CTG KPUWHʏEKGPV RJQVQU QT XKFGQU NGUU VJCP RJQVQU KP )CNNGT[ ;QW ECP WUG *KIJNKIJVU VQ FQ VJG HQNNQYKPI z #WVQOCVKECNN[ ETGCVG VJGOGDCUGF CNDWOU *KIJNKIJVU CWVQOCVKECNN[ ETGCVGU CNDWOU QH RJQVQU DCUGF QP VKOG QT NQECVKQP UWEJ CU C DKTVJFC[ RCTV[ QT ITCFWCVKQP EGTGOQP[ # RWUJ PQVKʏECVKQP YKNN DG UGPV VQ [QWT 2JQPG YJGP C PGY CNDWO KU ETGCVGF 6QWEJ VJG PQVKʏECVKQP VQ XKGY VJG CNDWO z 4GOKPF [QW CDQWV RCUV CNDWOU ;QW YKNN DG RTQORVGF VQ XKGY RCUV CNDWOU QPG [GCT CHVGT CP CNDWO YCU ETGCVGF QT YJGP [QW TGVWTP VQ VJG NQECVKQP YJGTG VJG RJQVQU YGTG VCMGP z 'FKV CP CNDWO ;QW ECP EJCPIG VJG CNDWO PCOG CFF QT TGOQXG RJQVQU QT GFKV VJG DCEMITQWPF OWUKE QT CPKOCVKQP GHHGEVU #HVGT GFKVKPI VJG CNDWO UCXG VJG XKFGQ ENKR VQ 2JQPG QT UJCTG KV YKVJ [QWT HTKGPFU
  72. 72. %WUVQOKG VJG *KIJNKIJVU #NDWOU 9CPV VQ EJCPIG VJG RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU KP VJG *KIJNKIJVU CNDWO VJG DCEMITQWPF OWUKE QT VJG XKFGQ VGORNCVG QH C *KIJNKIJVU XKFGQ! ;QW ECP GFKV C *KIJNKIJVU CNDWO D[ EWUVQOKKPI RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU KP VJG CNDWO CPF RGTUQPCNKKPI VJG IGPGTCVGF XKFGQ YKVJ VJG DCEMITQWPF OWUKE QT VGORNCVG [QW NKMG z 6JG *KIJNKIJVU CNDWO KU IGPGTCVGF DCUGF QP VJG VKOG CPF NQECVKQPU QH RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU ;QWT 2JQPG YKNN IGPGTCVG C XKFGQ DCUGF QP VJG VKOG CPF NQECVKQPU QH RJQVQU $GHQTG VCMKPI C RJQVQ QRGP %COGTC VQWEJ CPF EJGEM VJCV )25 VCI KU GPCDNGF z 'PUWTG VJCV [QWT 2JQPG KU EQPPGEVGF VQ VJG +PVGTPGV z 9JGP [QWT 2JQPG KU EJCTIKPI KP UNGGR OQFG CPF JCU OQTG VJCP DCVVGT[ KV YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ UQTV CPF ETGCVG C *KIJNKIJVU CNDWO +V OC[ VCMG C YJKNG HQT [QWT FGXKEG VQ ʏPKUJ VJG CPCN[UKU ;QWT FGXKEG YKNN PQV CWVQOCVKECNN[ ETGCVG C *KIJNKIJVU CNDWO KH VJGTG CTG KPUWHʏEKGPV RJQVQU QT XKFGQU NGUU VJCP RJQVQU KP [QWT )CNNGT[ 1RGP )CNNGT[ CPF VQWEJ VJG *KIJNKIJVU CNDWO [QW YCPV VQ XKGY QT GFKV WPFGT KUEQXGT 6JGP [QW ECP RGTHQTO VJG HQNNQYKPI QRGTCVKQPU z 2NC[ QT GFKV *KIJNKIJVU 6QWEJ CPF [QW ECP GFKV VJG XKFGQ U VGORNCVG QT DCEMITQWPF OWUKE WUKPI VJG QRVKQPU DCT PGCT VJG DQVVQO QH VJG UETGGP FWTKPI RNC[DCEM )CNNGT[
  73. 73. z #FF QT TGOQXG RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU KP VJG CNDWO 6QWEJ UGNGEV VJG RJQVQ QT XKFGQ [QW YCPV VQ CFF CPF VJGP VQWEJ VQ CFF VJG RJQVQ QT XKFGQ VQ VJG CNDWO 6QWEJ CPF JQNF CP[ RJQVQ QT XKFGQ KP VJG CNDWO VQWEJ CPF VJGP VQWEJ /QXG VQ TGOQXG VJG RJQVQ QT XKFGQ HTQO VJG CNDWO 1PN[ XKFGQU KP /2 HQTOCV ECP DG CFFGF VQ VJG CNDWO z 5JCTG RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU KP VJG CNDWO 6QWEJ CPF JQNF CP[ RJQVQ QT XKFGQ KP VJG CNDWO VQWEJ UGNGEV C UJCTKPI OQFG CPF EQORNGVG VJG UJCTKPI CU RTQORVGF z 4GPCOG C *KIJNKIJVU CNDWO 6QWEJ CPF GPVGT VJG PGY PCOG z GNGVG C *KIJNKIJVU CNDWO 6QWEJ CPF VJGP VQWEJ GNGVG 2JQVQ /CPCIGOGPV 5GCTEJ HQT 2JQVQU 3WKEMN[ D[ %CVGIQT[ 9CPV VQ SWKEMN[ ʏPF C RJQVQ KP )CNNGT[! 2JQVQ UGCTEJ YJKEJ KPVGNNKIGPVN[ UQTVU CPF TGEQIPKGU RJQVQU KP )CNNGT[ CNNQYU [QW VQ UGCTEJ HQT RJQVQU KP VJG UGCTEJ DCT +PVGNNKIGPV RJQVQ UGCTEJ ;QW ECP WUG VJG KPVGNNKIGPV RJQVQ UGCTEJ HWPEVKQP VQ UGCTEJ HQT RJQVQU D[ GPVGTKPI C MG[YQTF UWEJ CU HQQF QT UEGPGT[ KP VJG )CNNGT[ UGCTEJ DCT )CNNGT[
  74. 74. 2JQVQ 4GEQIPKVKQP *GNRU ;QW 5QTV 2JQVQU +PVGNNKIGPVN[ +U UQTVKPI [QWT RJQVQU VCMKPI VQQ NQPI! #TG [QW JCXKPI C JCTF VKOG ʏPFKPI VJG RJQVQ [QW TG NQQMKPI HQT! 2JQVQ TGEQIPKVKQP ECP CWVQOCVKECNN[ UQTV [QWT RJQVQU KPVQ ECVGIQTKGU UWEJ CU RQTVTCKVU NQECVKQPU UEGPGT[ CPF HQQF KP )CNNGT[ UQ [QW ECP SWKEMN[ ʏPF YJCV [QW TG NQQMKPI HQT 5QTV RJQVQU KPVGNNKIGPVN[ )CNNGT[ YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ UQTV VJG RJQVQU [QW VCMG KPVQ ECVGIQTKGU UWEJ CU RQTVTCKVU NQECVKQPU UEGPGT[ CPF HQQF UQ [QW ECP SWKEMN[ ʏPF YJCV [QW TG NQQMKPI HQT %WUVQOKG RJQVQ CIITGICVKQP #HVGT )CNNGT[ CWVQOCVKECNN[ CIITGICVGU FKHHGTGPV RQTVTCKV CNDWOU HQT [QW [QW ECP OCPWCNN[ EJCPIG VJG CNDWO PCOGU QH RQTVTCKVU CPF UGV VJG TGNCVKQPUJKR HQT GZCORNG $CD[ CPF /QO #HVGT VJG UGVVKPI KU EQORNGVG [QW ECP XKGY FKHHGTGPV RJQVQ CNDWOU D[ PCOG ;QW ECP CNUQ UGCTEJ HQT C RJQVQ D[ UGCTEJKPI HQT VJG PCOG CPF TGNCVKQPUJKR KP VJG )CNNGT[ UGCTEJ DCT #IITGICVG ITQWR RJQVQU KPVQ CNDWOU #HVGT )CNNGT[ KPVGNNKIGPVN[ KFGPVKʏGU VJG ECVGIQTKGU [QW ECP PCOG VJG IGPGTCVGF CNDWOU +H VJGTG CTG OQTG VJCP ITQWR RJQVQU )CNNGT[ YKNN ENWUVGT VJGO CPF IGPGTCVG C ITQWR RJQVQ CNDWO 'FKV 8KFGQU %TQR C XKFGQ 1RGP )CNNGT[ UGNGEV VJG XKFGQ [QW YCPV VQ GFKV CPF VQWEJ VQ GPVGT VJG XKFGQ GFKVKPI UETGGP ;QW ECP FTCI VJG UNKFGT KP VJG ETQR CTGC VQ UGNGEV VJG UGIOGPV [QW YCPV VQ MGGR CPF VQWEJ VQ ʏ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ʏGF UNQY OQVKQP XKFGQ CU C PGY XKFGQ VQWEJ QP VJG GFKVKPI UETGGP CPF UGNGEV 5CXG UNQYOQ ʏNG 'FKV 2JQVQU 9CPV VQ GFKV C RKEVWTG [QW LWUV VQQM VQ OCMG KV GXGP DGVVGT! ;QW ECP WUG VJG )CNNGT[ U GFKVKPI HGCVWTGU VQ ETQR TQVCVG CPF CRRN[ C XCTKGV[ QH GHHGEVU UWEJ CU ITCHʏVK RGTUQPCNKGF YCVGTOCTMU CPF ʏNVGTU VQ [QWT RJQVQU VQ OCMG VJGO OQTG UVTKMKPI )Q VQ )CNNGT[ UGNGEV VJG RJQVQ [QW YCPV VQ GFKV CPF VQWEJ VQ GPVGT VJG RJQVQ GFKVKPI UETGGP ;QW ECP WUG VJG HQNNQYKPI HGCVWTGU VQ GFKV [QWT RJQVQU )CNNGT[
  75. 75. z 4QVCVG C RJQVQ 6QWEJ CPF UNKFG VJG CPING FKCN VQ EWUVQOKG VJG TQVCVKQP CPING QH VJG RJQVQ ;QW ECP CNUQ VQWEJ 4QVCVG QT /KTTQT VQ TQVCVG [QWT RJQVQ FGITGGU QT ʐKR KV z %TQR C RJQVQ 6QWEJ CPF FTCI VJG ITKF VQQN DQZ QT KVU EQTPGTU VQ OCMG [QWT UGNGEVKQP ;QW ECP CNUQ UGNGEV C ʏZGF ETQR TCVKQ CPF FTCI VJG EQTPGTU QH VJG ITKF VQQN VQ ETQR VJG RJQVQ z #FF ʏNVGT GHHGEVU 6QWEJ CPF UGNGEV C ʏNVGT GHHGEV z %QNQT TGVGPVKQP 6QWEJ CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ UGNGEV VJG EQNQTU [QW YCPV VQ MGGR 6JG CTGCU UGNGEVGF VQ TGVCKP EQNQTU YKNN DG JKIJNKIJVGF z $NWT C RJQVQ 6QWEJ UGNGEV C DNWT OQFG CPF FTCI VJG UNKFGT VQ CFLWUV VJG FGITGG QH VJG DNWT z #FLWUV RJQVQ GHHGEVU 6QWEJ VQ CFLWUV VJG RJQVQ U DTKIJVPGUU EQPVTCUV UCVWTCVKQP CPF QVJGT RCTCOGVGTU z $GCWVKH[ C RQTVTCKV RJQVQ 9JGP VJG U[UVGO FGVGEVU C RQTVTCKV RJQVQ KV YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ RTQXKFG [QW YKVJ VJG $GCWV[ HGCVWTG ;QW ECP VQWEJ KP VJG RJQVQ GFKVKPI UETGGP VQ CRRN[ HGCVWTGU UWEJ CU 5OQQVJ $NGOKUJ 6JKP HCEG CPF 'PJCPEG G[GU VQ OCMG [QWT RQTVTCKV UJQV OQTG CVVTCEVKXG z %TGCVG RJQVQ OQUCKEU 6QWEJ CPF UGNGEV C OQUCKE UV[NG CPF UKG VQ ETGCVG C RJQVQ OQUCKE z )TCHʏVK QP RJQVQU 6QWEJ CPF UGNGEV C DTWUJ CPF EQNQT VQ CFF ITCHʏVK VQ RJQVQU z #FF YCVGTOCTMU 6QWEJ CPF UGNGEV C YCVGTOCTM UWEJ CU 6KOG .QECVKQP 9GCVJGT QT /QQF VQ RGTUQPCNKG [QWT RJQVQU z #FF C VCI 6QWEJ CPF UGNGEV CP CPPQVCVKQP UV[NG CPF HQPV HQTOCV VQ GPTKEJ [QWT RJQVQU $TQYUG CPF 5JCTG 2JQVQU CPF 8KFGQU $TQYUKPI VJTQWIJ QNF RJQVQU QT XKFGQU ECP DTKPI DCEM UQOG QH [QWT OQUV RTGEKQWU OGOQTKGU ;QWT RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU CTG UVQTGF KP [QWT FGXKEG U )CNNGT[ ;QW ECP XKGY VJGO D[ VKOG NQECVKQP QT D[ UGNGEVKPI CP CNDWO 8KGY RJQVQU KP HWNN UETGGP 1RGP )CNNGT[ CPF VQWEJ C RJQVQ VQ XKGY KV KP HWNN UETGGP OQFG 6QWEJ VJG UETGGP CICKP VQ JKFG VJG OGPW 9JGP XKGYKPI RJQVQU KP HWNN UETGGP OQFG [QW ECP z QQO KP QT QWV QP C RJQVQ 2NCEG VYQ ʏPIGTU QP VJG UETGGP CPF RKPEJ VJGO VQIGVJGT VQ QQO QWV QP VJG RJQVQ QT UVTGVEJ VJGO CRCTV VQ QQO KP +H VJG TGUQNWVKQP QH C RKEVWTG KU JKIJGT VJCP VJG UETGGP TGUQNWVKQP [QW ECP GPNCTIG VJG RKEVWTG WUKPI VYQ ʏPIGTU #HVGT TGOQXKPI [QWT ʏPIGT HTQO VJG UETGGP VJG RKEVWTG ECP DG GPNCTIGF VQ C OCZKOWO QH QQO CPF VJG GPNCTIGF RJQVQ YKNN DG FKURNC[GF CU VJG QTKIKPCN YCU z 8KGY UJQQVKPI RCTCOGVGTU 6Q XKGY VJG UJQQVKPI RCTCOGVGTU QH C RJQVQ VQWEJ CPF UYKRG WR CPF FQYP QP VJG FGVCKNU YKPFQY VQ XKGY VJG +51 UGPUKVKXKV[ '8 GZRQUWTG EQORGPUCVKQP TGUQNWVKQP CPF QVJGT RCTCOGVGTU QH VJG RJQVQ z 4GPCOG C RJQVQ )Q VQ 4GPCOG CPF GPVGT C PGY PCOG HQT VJG RJQVQ )CNNGT[
  76. 76. z 5GV RJQVQ CU EQPVCEV RJQVQ QT FGUMVQR YCNNRCRGT )Q VQ 5GV CU CPF UGV VJG RJQVQ CU C 9CNNRCRGT QT %QPVCEV RJQVQ 5JCTG C RJQVQ QT XKFGQ 1RGP )CNNGT[ VQWEJ CPF JQNF CP[ ʏNG VQ GPVGT VJG UGNGEVKQP UETGGP VJGP UGNGEV VJG ʏNGU [QW YCPV VQ UJCTG CPF VQWEJ 5GNGEV C UJCTKPI OGVJQF CPF HQNNQY VJG QPUETGGP KPUVTWEVKQPU VQ EQORNGVG UJCTKPI 8KGY D[ UJQQVKPI VKOG ;QW ECP XKGY VJG UJQQVKPI VKOG QH [QWT RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU KP VJG 2JQVQU VCD )Q VQ 5GVVKPIU CPF GPCDNG 5JQY VKOG CPF NQECVKQP VQ FKURNC[ VJG UJQQVKPI FCVG YJGP XKGYKPI RJQVQU KP HWNN UETGGP OQFG (TQO VJG 2JQVQU VCD [QW ECP RKPEJ VYQ ʏPIGTU VQIGVJGT VQ QQO QWV QT UVTGVEJ VJGO CRCTV VQ QQO KP QP VJG UETGGP CPF UYKVEJ DGVYGGP FC[ CPF OQPVJ FKURNC[ HQT RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU 8KGY D[ UJQQVKPI NQECVKQP +H [QW VQQM C RJQVQ QT XKFGQ YKVJ )25 VCI GPCDNGF KP VJG %COGTC UGVVKPIU OGPW [QW ECP XKGY RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU KP OCR OQFG (TQO VJG 2JQVQU VCD VQWEJ CPF VJG RJQVQU QT XKFGQU EQPVCKPKPI NQECVKQP KPHQTOCVKQP YKNN DG OCTMGF CV VJG EQTTGURQPFKPI UJQQVKPI NQECVKQPU QP VJG OCR ;QW ECP UGRCTCVG VYQ ʏPIGTU VQ QQO KP QP VJG OCR CPF XKGY VJG FGVCKNU QH C RJQVQ 6QWEJ VJG RJQVQ VJWODPCKN VQ XKGY CNN VJG RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU VCMGP CV VJCV NQECVKQP 8KGY D[ CNDWO ;QW ECP XKGY RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU D[ CNDWOU KP VJG #NDWOU VCD 5QOG RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU CTG UVQTGF KP FGHCWNV CNDWOU URGEKʏ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ʏNG YKNN DG TGOQXGF HTQO VJGKT QTKIKPCN NQECVKQP #FF RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU VQ (CXQTKVGU +H [QW YCPV VQ UVQTG UQOG QH [QWT HCXQTKVG RJQVQU QT XKFGQU UGRCTCVGN[ [QW ECP CFF VJGO VQ (CXQTKVGU HQT GCU[ OCPCIGOGPV CPF XKGYKPI 6Q CFF C RJQVQ QT XKFGQ VQ (CXQTKVGU QRGP VJG RJQVQ QT XKFGQ VJGP VQWEJ 6JG RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU [QW CFF YKNN UVKNN TGOCKP KP VJGKT QTKIKPCN NQECVKQPU CPF YKNN QPN[ CRRGCT CU FWRNKECVGU KP VJG /[ HCXQTKVGU CNDWO CNQPI YKVJ C U[ODQN )CNNGT[
  77. 77. 5QTV CNDWOU #FLWUV VJG QTFGTU QH [QWT OQUV HTGSWGPVN[WUGF CNDWOU VQ ʏPF CPF DTQYUG VJTQWIJ VJGO GCUKGT 6QWEJ CPF JQNF CP CNDWO WPVKN VJG U[ODQN CRRGCTU QP CNN VJG CNDWOU VJGP VQWEJ CPF JQNF CPF FTCI VJG CNDWOU VQ VJGKT CRRTQRTKCVG RQUKVKQPU 1PEG EQORNGVG VQWEJ VQ GZKV #NDWOU UWEJ CU %COGTC #NN XKFGQU /[ HCXQTKVGU CPF 5ETGGPUJQVU ECPPQV DG CFLWUVGF *KFG CNDWOU *KFG [QWT CNDWOU VQ MGGR RTKXCE[ ;QW ECP MGGR VJG CNDWOU JKFFGP (TQO VJG #NDWOU VCD IQ VQ *KFG CNDWOU VJGP VQIING QP VJG UYKVEJ QH VJG CNDWOU [QW YCPV VQ JKFG #NDWOU UWEJ CU %COGTC #NN XKFGQU /[ HCXQTKVGU CPF 5ETGGPUJQVU ECPPQV DG JKFFGP GNGVG RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU 6QWEJ CPF JQNF C RJQVQ QT CNDWO WPVKN VJG U[ODQN CRRGCTU UGNGEV VJG ʏNGU [QW YCPV VQ FGNGVG VJGP IQ VQ GNGVG GNGVGF RJQVQU QT XKFGQU CTG MGRV KP VJG 4GEGPVN[ FGNGVGF CNDWO CNQPI YKVJ C VCI KPFKECVKPI VJG PWODGT QH FC[U TGOCKPKPI WPVKN VJG KVGO KU RGTOCPGPVN[ TGOQXGF HTQO VJG U[UVGO 6Q RGTOCPGPVN[ FGNGVG C RJQVQ QT XKFGQ DGHQTG KV GZRKTGU HTQO VJG 4GEGPVN[ FGNGVGF CNDWO UGNGEV VJG RJQVQ QT XKFGQ [QW YCPV VQ FGNGVG VJGP IQ VQ GNGVG 4GEQXGT FGNGVGF RJQVQU QT XKFGQU (TQO VJG 4GEGPVN[ FGNGVGF CNDWO VQWEJ CPF JQNF C RJQVQ QT XKFGQ WPVKN VJG U[ODQN CRRGCTU UGNGEV VJG RJQVQU QT XKFGQU [QW YCPV VQ TGEQXGT VJGP VQWEJ 4GEQXGTGF RJQVQU CPF XKFGQU CTG TGUVQTGF VQ VJGKT QTKIKPCN CNDWOU +H VJG CNDWO KU FGNGVGF VJG U[UVGO YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ TGETGCVG VJKU CNDWO )CNNGT[
  78. 78. 2JQPG /CPCIGT 7UG 1PGVQWEJ 1RVKOKCVKQP *CXG [QW PQVKEGF VJCV [QWT 2JQPG JCU UNQYGF FQYP TGEGPVN[! Q [QW YQTT[ VJCV KV OKIJV DG XWNPGTCDNG VQ OCNYCTG CPF QVJGT UGEWTKV[ VJTGCVU! 7UG QPGVQWEJ QRVKOKCVKQP VQ OCMG [QWT 2JQPG TWP UOQQVJGT CPF RTQVGEV KV HTQO UGEWTKV[ VJTGCVU )Q VQ 2JQPG /CPCIGT CPF VQWEJ 126+/+' ;QWT 2JQPG YKNN KPETGCUG KVU TWPPKPI URGGF EJGEM HQT UGEWTKV[ TKUMU QRVKOKG RQYGT EQPUWORVKQP CPF OQPKVQT CPF KPVGTEGRV WPMPQYP RJQPG PWODGTU CPF JCTCUUKPI ECNNU /CPCIG /QDKNG CVC 7UCIG /CPCIG OQDKNG FCVC WUCIG VQ CXQKF KPEWTTKPI GZVTC EJCTIGU )Q VQ 2JQPG /CPCIGT CPF VQWEJ /QDKNG FCVC VQ XKGY FCVC WUCIG UVCVKUVKEU QT GPCDNG CVC UCXGT z CVC WUCIG TCPMKPI 8KGY FCVC WUCIG HQT GCEJ CRR z 0GVYQTMGF CRRU /CPCIG +PVGTPGV CEEGUU RGTOKUUKQPU HQT GCEJ CRR z CVC UCXGT 'PCDNG CVC UCXGT RTGXGPVU DCEMITQWPF CRRU HTQO WUKPI OQDKNG FCVC CPF UGNGEV VJG CRRU VJCV CTG GZGORV HTQO FCVC WUCIG TGUVTKEVKQPU
  79. 79. 1RVKOKG 2QYGT %QPUWORVKQP 4WPPKPI QWV QH DCVVGT[ CV CP KPQRRQTVWPG VKOG ECP ECWUG OCP[ KPEQPXGPKGPEGU 2QYGT UCXKPI HGCVWTGU ECP JGNR VQ RTQNQPI VJG DCVVGT[ NKHG QH [QWT 2JQPG CNNQYKPI [QW VQ RNC[ ICOGU QT GPLQ[ QVJGT HGCVWTGU HQT NQPIGT 1RGP 2JQPG /CPCIGT CPF VQWEJ TGOCKPKPI VQ RGTHQTO VJG HQNNQYKPI z 8KGY RQYGT EQPUWORVKQP FGVCKNU 6QWEJ $CVVGT[ WUCIG VQ XKGY RQYGT EQPUWORVKQP FGVCKNU +P VJG $CVVGT[ WUCIG FGVCKNU UGEVKQP VJG DNWG OCTMU DGPGCVJ %JCTIKPI KPFKECVG VJG VKOGU YJGP [QWT FGXKEG YCU EJCTIKPI )CRU DGVYGGP VJG OCTMU KPFKECVG VKOGU YJGP [QWT FGXKEG YCU PQV EJCTIKPI 6JKU HGCVWTG FQGU PQV EQPUWOG RQYGT 6QWEJ $CVVGT[ WUCIG VQ XKGY YJKEJ CRRU CPF JCTFYCTG CTG EQPUWOKPI VJG OQUV RQYGT z %QORTGJGPUKXG RQYGT EQPUWORVKQP EJGEM CPF QRVKOKCVKQP 6QWEJ 1RVKOKG DCVVGT[ WUCIG VQ EJGEM HQT RQYGT EQPUWORVKQP RTQDNGOU CPF CWVQOCVKECNN[ QRVKOKG RGTHQTOCPEG z 'PCDNG 2QYGT UCXKPI OQFG QT 7NVTC RQYGT UCXKPI OQFG 'PCDNG 2QYGT UCXKPI OQFG QT 7NVTC RQYGT UCXKPI OQFG %JQQUG VJG CRRTQRTKCVG RQYGT UCXKPI OQFG DCUGF QP [QWT 2JQPG U DCVVGT[ NGXGN VQ GZVGPF DCVVGT[ NKHG z #FLWUV UETGGP TGUQNWVKQP VQ UCXG RQYGT 'PCDNG 5ETGGP TGUQNWVKQP CPF UGNGEV 5OCTV TGUQNWVKQP ;QWT FGXKEG YKNN CWVQOCVKECNN[ NQYGT VJG UETGGP TGUQNWVKQP VQ UCXG RQYGT ;QW ECP CNUQ OCPWCNN[ UGV VJG UETGGP TGUQNWVKQP VQ UCXG RQYGT YJGP JKIJ TGUQNWVKQP KU WPPGEGUUCT[ 2JQPG /CPCIGT

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