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The indian question’ppt

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This is my presentation about the so called "Indian Question".

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The indian question’ppt

  1. 1. ‘THE INDIAN QUESTION’ FROM FREEDOM TO RESERVATION Marika Łańczak
  2. 2. THE INDIAN PROBLEM- fear against the unknown  New land and it’s odd-inhabitants. Christopher Columbus wrote in his journal after first contact with Natives: "The y sho uld be g o o d se rvants . . . . I, o ur Lo rd be ing ple ase d, willtake he nce , at the tim e o f m y de parture , six native s fo r yo ur Hig hne sse s. "  First White Settlers : confusions, fear and violence.
  3. 3. THE REAL LOSERS OF THE WAR OF 1812  32 month, between the United States of America and The British Empire with their Indian allies  Reasons for the war: trade restrictions by Britain, the impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy, British support of American Indian tribes against American expansion, etc.  Battle of Horseshoe Bend  Real losers- Status quo ante bellum, except end of plans for an independent Indian State
  4. 4. PRESIDENT A. JACKSON AND HIS INDIAN REMOVAL ACT - 1830  7th President of USA and general – Andrew Jackson.  From Jefferson’s acceptance of Native Americans rights to Jackson’s military removal of Natives  Five Civilized Tribes
  5. 5. THE TRAIL OF TEARS - 1831  Over 20,000 Cherokees were forced to march westward along the Trail of Tears. About a quarter of them died along the way.
  6. 6. THE TRAIL OF TEARS - 1831  According to legend, a Cherokee rose, the state flower of Georgia, grew in every spot a tear fell on the Trail of Tears.
  7. 7. TRAIL OF TEARS - 1831
  8. 8. 1851 – RESERVATIONS YEAR  Seeking for the final solution to the „Indian Problem”  1851 Indian Appropriations Act  What is an Indian reservation?  Nowadays, there are 566 federally recognized tribes in reservations.
  9. 9. TREATY OF FORT LARAMIE -1851  Treaty of Fort Laramie was signed on September 17, 1851  Treaty was signed between United States treat commissioners and representatives of the Cheyenne, Sioux, Arapho, Crow, Assiniboine, Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara nations
  10. 10. SHERIDAN’S CAMPAIGN  General Philip Sheridan 1831-1888  Born in Albany, New York  „The only good Indian is a dead Indian”  1866 – Fort Martin Scott, Texas  1867 – head of the Department of the Missouri
  11. 11. ONE MAN’S DREAM IS ANOTHER MAN’S NIGTHMARE – THE SIOUX TREATY AND THE BLACK HILLS GOLD RUSH  1868 Treaty of Fort Larami, known as The Sioux Treaty  1874 – gold was found in The Black Hills and the Gold Rush began  1877 – U.S. governement confiscated The Black Hills
  12. 12. GREAT SIOUX WAR OF 1876  Battle of Little Bighorn 1876 – Custer’s army vs Chayenne and Sioux forces  General George Custer 1839-76  Sitting Bull 1834-1890 „George Washington of Sioux’s” W.H. Murray  Crazy Horse 1840-77 – chief of the Lakota, a warrior and a Holy Man
  13. 13. GREAT SIOUX WAR OF 1876 General Custer Sitting Bull Crazy Horse
  14. 14. GREAT SIOUX WAR OF 1876
  15. 15. DAWES ACT OF 1887  The law which will „civilize” the Indians  Federal law intended to turn Native Americans into farmers
  16. 16. 1890 WOUNDED KNEE MASSACRE  December 29, 1890 – Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota  Big Foot – Lakota Sioux leader  Ghost Dance

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