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Module 7 Topic 1


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Module 7 Topic 1

  1. 1. Module 7<br />Topic 1 – Article Usage<br />
  2. 2. Module 7 Outline<br />Review of previous module<br />Grammar: Article Usage<br />Writing: Editing your own writing<br />Writing Assignments<br />Timed Writing: Operations Management / Performance<br />
  3. 3. Review of previous modules<br />At the bottom of this page, look for a link to upload your Module 6 feedback document after you have addressed the comments. I hope that you found the comments helpful. Please do not hesitate to contact me with questions.<br />In order for me to provide useful feedback, I will need your best writing. Please make sure that you allocate enough time to complete all the assignments. <br />
  4. 4. Review of the Passive Voice<br />In addition to correctly using and forming the passive voice, you must also use the correct verb tense. <br />When preparing the sentences to be included in the report for the Proposed Incentive Plan, there were two main sections of the report to consider. <br />The first half described what procedures you had completed. These sentences should have been written in the past tense.<br />For example: Managers were interviewed privately by independent researchers.<br />The second half were recommendations. The present or future tense could have been used. As well as modals of advice such as “should.”<br />For example: In order to further boost productivity, non-financial incentives should be investigated and discussed at the next board of directors meeting. <br />Let me know if you have any questions. <br />
  5. 5. Let’s begin this module….<br />
  6. 6. 3 Rules for Avoiding Common Article Mistakes<br />Use a, an, or the (or another word such as my or this) in front of a singular count noun.<br />Incorrect: Steve Jobs was CEO of Apple.<br />Correct: Steve Jobs was the CEO of Apple.<br />Use the with specific noun references<br />Incorrect: I answered client’s questions in an email.<br />Correct: I answered the client’s questions in an email.<br />Do not use the with general noun references.<br />Incorrect: Some claim that the unemployment is under control.<br />Correct: Some claim that unemployment is under control.<br />
  7. 7. Indefinite Articles<br />Use a and an to introduce a singular count noun. (first reference to the noun)<br />Use a and an to define or classify something.<br />He is an accountant.<br />Use a and an to show that you are talking about one (of the item).<br />Solyndra was a solar power company.<br />Use a and an for a general truth about a singular count noun.<br />A loss leader is an article that a store sells at a low price to tempt customers to buy other goods.<br />
  8. 8. The Definite Article<br />Use the to refer to a specific thing or person or when the items is known to both the writer and the reader.<br />I will meet you in the reception area.<br />Use the for the second and all subsequent references to the same item.<br />Use the with a superlative or with ranking.<br />Use the with the parts of something.<br />The audit report is almost complete. We are just waiting for the management response. <br />Use the before adjectives to specify a category of people are things.<br />the rich, the middle class, theunemployed, <br />
  9. 9. No Articles<br />No article is needed when you are referring to the whole group or whole class.<br />No article is needed when you are referring to a thing in general, rather than to a specific member of a group.<br />No article is needed with names of cities, states and countries. Exceptions include place names that include the words: united, union, or republic of as well as plural names.<br />Not article is need with a lake, but use the with all other bodies of water.<br />
  10. 10. No Articles (cont.)<br />No article is need with diseases, but use a with injuries, symptoms, and other non-diseases.<br />No article is need with people’s names.<br />No article is needed with months, dates, days, or holidays.<br />No article is needed with common place words in certain idiomatic expressions.<br />
  11. 11. Article Practice<br />Article usage can be very difficult if your native language does not use a form of articles.<br />The best way to improve your article usage is with practice, practice, practice.<br />Good luck! Let me know if you have any questions.<br />
  12. 12. Go to the practice activity….<br />