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Module 4 Topic 1.1


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Module 4 Topic 1.1

  1. 1. Module 4<br />Topic 1.1 – Transitions<br />
  2. 2. Module 4 Outline<br />Review of previous modules<br />Sentence Structure Part 2<br />Cohesion and Sentence Connectors<br />Sentence Structure Errors<br />Writing: Organization & Coherence<br />Paragraph Structure<br />Topic Sentences<br />Feedback on Mini-Case Study<br />Writing Assignments<br />Revise Mini-Case Study <br />Timed Writing: Financial Management<br />
  3. 3. Review of previous modules<br />At the bottom of this page, look for a link to upload your Module 2 feedback document after you have addressed the comments. I hope that you found the comments helpful. Please do not hesitate to contact me with questions.<br />In order for me to provide useful feedback, I will need your best writing. Please make sure that you allocate enough time to complete all the assignments.<br />The last section of Module 4 is feedback of your mini-case studies. Please read this section carefully in order to revise your writing.<br />
  4. 4. Let’s begin this module….<br />
  5. 5. Module 4 Topic 1<br />In the last module, we learned about the different types of sentences:<br />Simple (SV, SSV, SVV, SSVV)<br />Compound (SV, + Coordinating Conjunction + SV)<br />Complex (SV + subordinator + SV / subordinator + SV, + SV)<br />In this module, we will discuss another way of connecting simple sentences to create better cohesion in your writing.<br />
  6. 6. What is Cohesion?<br />A paragraph has cohesion when all the supporting sentences connect to each other in their support of the topic sentence.<br />The methods of connecting sentences to each other are called cohesive devices. <br />The following are 4 types of cohesive devices<br />connectors<br />definite articles<br />personal pronouns<br />demonstrative pronouns<br />
  7. 7. 4 Types of Cohesive Devices<br />Connectors: FANBOYS, subordinators, transitions, and prepositional phrases<br />Definite articles: “The”<br />The use of the word “the” indicates you are talking about the same book in both sentences. <br />Example: I bought a history book yesterday. I needed the history book for my class.<br />personal pronouns:<br />The use of “he” indicates” you are talking about John. <br />Example: John is a history teacher. He just got a job at the local high school.<br />
  8. 8. 4 Types of Cohesive Devices<br />Demonstrative Adjective and Pronouns (This / That / These / Those)<br />The use of “these” indicates you are talking about the Wampanoag people. <br />Example: The history of the Wampanoag people is typical. These peoplelost land and their way of life.<br />Let’s focus on the first type of cohesive device…connectors.<br />
  9. 9. Cohesive Device #1 - Connectors<br />We have already learned about:<br />Coordinating Conjunctions<br />Subordinators<br />This module will focus on:<br />transitions or sentence connectors<br />prepositional phrases<br />
  10. 10. Transitions or Sentence Connectors<br />Transitions are connectors that you use to make two simple sentences into one.<br />Many transitions words can go at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of sentence. <br />Transition words should be set off by commas. <br />If a short single-syllable transition (then, now, first) comes at the beginning of a sentence, a comma is not necessary.<br />
  11. 11. Comma Rules - Examples<br />Notice that the transition word (however) is always separated from the rest of the sentence by either a period or a comma.<br />I was not feeling well. However, I stayed up late to complete Module 3.<br />I was not feeling well. I, however, stayed up late to complete Module 3.<br />I was not feeling well. I stayed up late to complete Module 3, however.<br />
  12. 12. Semicolon Rule for transition words<br />To show a stronger connection between two sentences, replace a period with a semicolon.<br />Independent clause ; transition , Independent. clause<br />For example:<br />I was not feeling well. However, I stayed up late to complete Module 3.<br />I was not feeling well; however, I stayed up late to complete Module 3.<br />
  13. 13. Prepositional Phrases<br />A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and its object, which is always a noun. Nouns can be single words, phrases, or gerunds.<br />Unlike mangoes, apples can be bought all year long.<br />Blind people use their fingers to read instead of their eyes.<br />In addition to baking, Mary also enjoys tasting.<br />
  14. 14. Useful Prepositional Phrase<br />
  15. 15. Punctuation Rules for Prepositional Phrases<br />The punctuation for a prepositional phrase is similar to a complex sentence.<br />If the prepositional phrase comes at the beginning of a clause, a comma is necessary.<br />Despite the calories, I can’t resist chocolate.<br />If the prepositional phrase comes at the end of the clause, a comma is not necessary.<br />I cannot resist chocolate despite the calories.<br />
  16. 16. Go to the practice activity….<br />