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Nano computing


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Nano computing

  1. 1. Nano Computing
  2. 2. What is nano computing? <ul><li>Nano computing describes computing that uses extremely small, or nano scale, devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Nano computing come from two sources: </li></ul><ul><li>It will be integrated into existing products and technology (disk drives, for example). </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamentally new products, software, and architectures will be developed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why bother? <ul><li>Nano computing change the computer industry in many ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Existing technologies, like memory and backing storage, will become even more plentiful than they already are. </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies will be created to replace obsolete machines. </li></ul><ul><li>New standards and architectures will be needed to make use of the new systems when they are created . </li></ul><ul><li>All of this requires enormous effort and resources. So why bother? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of nano computers <ul><li>Nano electronic computers </li></ul><ul><li>Nano mechanical computers </li></ul><ul><li>Nano chemical and biochemical computers </li></ul><ul><li>Nano Quantum computers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Basic terms <ul><li>Quantum-Computer : A quantum computer is a machine, that performs calculations based on the behavior of particles at the sub-atomic level . </li></ul><ul><li>Qubits : Engineers have coined the term qubit ( pronounced KYEW - bit ) to denote the fundamental data unit in a quantum computer. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Basic terms (contd…) <ul><li>Teleportation : it involves dematerializing an object at one point, and sending the details of that object's precise atomic configuration to another location, where it will be reconstructed. </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum mechanics : a quantum computer involves quantum mechanics quantum computer uses subatomic particles, such as electrons and protons, to solve problems </li></ul>
  7. 7. Devices of nano computing ipad, iPhone, HP Slate, Android devices like ICD Gemini etc
  8. 8. How nano computing works? <ul><li>Nano computer would work by storing data in the form of atomic quantum states or spin. (SEM and quantum dots) </li></ul><ul><li>There are several methods of nano electronic data storage currently being researched. Among the most promising are set electron transistors and quantum dots. </li></ul><ul><li>All of these devices function based upon the principles of quantum mechanics… </li></ul>
  9. 9. Potential <ul><li>The simple answer is that it should be worth it </li></ul><ul><li>Nano computers could be small enough to fit in a jacket pocket and still have enough storage to fit all of today’s Internet and more </li></ul><ul><li>The same computer would have processing capabilities surpassing today’s super computers by far. </li></ul><ul><li>Not for at least 15 years, though. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Risks in nano computing <ul><li>Electrons scientists need to develop new circuits to cope with nano circuits working with carbon nano tubes. </li></ul><ul><li>The transistors will be 100 times smaller than the thickness of human hair. </li></ul><ul><li>The ultra capacitors produces high heat till today there is no remedy given to cool it. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Application of nano technologies <ul><ul><ul><li>Washing machine that inhibits bacterial growth it washes the cloths. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is on the market today and 60% of cars these fuel lines. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They make a refrigerator. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contact lens that let you check your blood sugar level by looking at a mirror. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Advantages <ul><li>High computing performance </li></ul><ul><li>Low power computing </li></ul><ul><li>Easily portable flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Faster processing </li></ul><ul><li>Lighter and small computer devices </li></ul><ul><li>Noise Immunity : isolating the circuits from noise from both inside and outside the circuit. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Disadvantages <ul><li>Possible loss of jobs in the traditional farming and manufacturing industry </li></ul><ul><li>It is very expensive and developing it can cost you a lot of money. It is also pretty difficult to manufacture, which is probably why products made with nanotechnology are more expensive. </li></ul><ul><li>These particles are very small, problems can actually arise from the inhalation of these minute particles. </li></ul><ul><li>Products made with nanotechnology are more expensive. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Future of nano computing <ul><li>National science and technology council (USA) claim that </li></ul><ul><li>“ Nano computing is an enabling technology that change the nature of almost every human made object in the next century.” </li></ul>