Manoocher's portfolio

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Manoocher's portfolio

  1. 1. MANOOCHER
  2. 2. People gather inside a saint’s mausoleum in a village on the road between Isfahan and Shiraz, Iran, on Ashura 1980. 2
  3. 3. Qashqai nomad girls play at a puddle in Fars region, Southwestern Iran, 1978. 3
  4. 4. Worshippers participate in the Ashura ceremonies in Qom, Iran, 1979. 4
  5. 5. Men flagellate themselves at Ashura in Qom 1979. 5
  6. 6. Workers of a glass factory in southern Tehran, 1979. 6
  7. 7. A Kurdish refugee girl sleeps in a wheelbarrow on a construction site near Ardabil in Northern Iran where her family works, 1980. 7
  8. 8. A mullah follows a woman along a narrow alley in a village near Nain, Iran, 1981. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Children look down on a canal in Venice, 1976. I took this photo while I was studying cinema in Italy at the Rome Film School. 10
  11. 11. A former political prisoner during the regime of the Shah demonstrates how he was tortured on this torture chair called "Apollo". 1979 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. A man shows a poster depicting Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi as a devil during an Anti-Shah demonstration, 1980, in front of the U.S. embassy in Tehran where the American hostages were held. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. Protestors gather for a demonstration against the Shah in Tehran during Ashura 1978. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Demonstrators carry a picture of Ayatollah Khomeini through the streets of the holy city of Qom during the first Ashura after the Iranian Revolution in September 1979. 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. On the speaker’s stand on Imam Hossein Square in Tehran during a speech on the anniversary of Ayatollah Khomeini’s exile, stands Ahmad Khomeini, his son. The three portraits show, from left to right: Ali Akbar Rafsanjani, Khomeini and Hussein Ali Montazeri. 1982 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. A parade of Islamic Revolutionary Guards (Pasdaran) marches over a U.S. flag in Ahwaz, at the front line of the Iran-Iraq war in 1983. 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. Hostage takers walk around in front of the snowy U.S. embassy in Tehran in which the hostages were kept, 1980. 23
  24. 24. A female hostage taker guards the roof of the U.S. embassy in Tehran with a machine gun, 1980. 24
  25. 25. Followers of Ayatollah Khomeini sit in front of the U.S. embassy during the hostage crisis. 25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. Ayatollah Khalkhali walks near the remains of the U.S. marines killed near Tabas in the attempt to free the American hostages held in Tehran, in April 1980. 27
  28. 28. Shortly after the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq war, mullahs, in arms, march past Ayatollah Khomeini’s residence in Jamaran, in May 1980, thus affirming their support for the revolution. 28
  29. 29. High school students in Tehran practice the manual of arms, trained by the Mujaheddin-e Khalgh (Mujaheddin of the people), in March 1980. 29
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. A member of the Hezbollahi (center) stabs an Anti-Khomeini demonstrator in Tehran, 1980. Thousands of people were killed in the streets all over Iran in 1979 and 1980. After having taken this picture, I was arrested by Revolutionary Guards, beaten, threatened with execution, and escaped only by chance. 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. Hojatoleslam Hadi Ghaffari, spiritual leader of the Hezbollahi, leads a demonstration in Tehran, holding a gun and a hand grenade in his hands. 1980 33
  34. 34. 34
  35. 35. Supporters of Ayatollah Shariat Madari tear up Khomeini’s portrait in Tabriz, 1980. Violent incidents between partisans of the two Ayatollahs broke out in January 1980 in Tabriz, the capital of Iranian Azerbaijan, Shariat Madari’s native region. They redoubled intensity after the execution, on January 12th, of eleven members of the Republican Party of the Muslim People, which invoked the name of Madari, who was under house arrest in Qom. As an ayatollah that was politically moderate, he supported the revolutionary movement but soon diverged from the evolving radical options. In 1982, he was stripped of his title of “Grand Ayatollah” and “Model for Believers”. He died in 1986. 35
  36. 36. A Peshmarga fighter shows unexploded devices during the siege and bombing of the Kurdish town of Sanandaj by Islamic revolutionary guards and army in which thousands of Kurds died, 1979. 36
  37. 37. 37
  38. 38. A group of prisoners is executed publicly in Jamshid Street in Tehran, 1980, sentenced to death by Ayatollah Khalkhali (“The Hangman of the Revolution”). The construction on which they should be hung up collapsed, so the prisoners were shot dead. 38
  39. 39. 39
  40. 40. Women prisoners in the notorious Evin prison in Tehran. On the third anniversary of the advent of the Islamic Republic, in February 1982, journalists were shown oppositional prisoners at Evin prison who were said to have “repented”. A thousand men and women were thus exhibited at the time of prayer in the prison mosque. They were obliged to sing religious or revolutionary songs. A political prison of sinister reputation, Evin became the symbol of all prisons of the Khomeini regime. Thousands of people, oppositionists or suspected oppositionists, were tortured or executed without the least form of due process. During this demonstration to the press, in speeches, it was no longer a question of prison but of “university” or “hospital” and of “re-education” destined to show the “right path” to these “sick people”. 40
  41. 41. 41
  42. 42. A soldier stands in front of a convoy of tanks driving along the horizon at the front near Khoramshahr. Occupied since October 1980 by the Iraqis, Khoramshahr became the objective of a major Iranian offensive, dubbed “Jerusalem”. On both sides, it became one of the bloodiest battles of the war (50,000 dead in the first few days). Launched 29-30th April 1982, it ended May 23rd by the reconquest of the city by Iran. 42
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. A group of mullahs, sent especially to the front in Shalamsheh, on the Iranian side of the Iran-Iraq border near Abadan, by Ayatollah Khomeini, observes the oil port of Faw in Iraq burning in 1983. 44
  45. 45. A young boy wearing a combat volunteer’s uniform holds a gun during a parade of female basijis in Tehran, December 1983. The white band around his head is an invocation of Ayatollah Khomeini. (World Press Photo 1st prize 1983, category news) 45
  46. 46. Boys sing a revolutionary song on the tribune during a celebration for the 1982 anniversary of Ayatollah Khomeini's rebellion against the Shah. The posters show the late Ayatollah Dr. Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Beheshti (left), founder of the Islamic Republican Party who was assassinated in 1981, and Grand Ayatollah Hossein-Ali Montazeri. 46
  47. 47. 47
  48. 48. Young basijis ("volunteers") march through Tehran in April 1984 before departing to the front line of Iran-Iraq war. Many of them died in war. Behind them is a portrait of Ayatollah Beheshti. 48
  49. 49. 49
  50. 50. Young basijis are put into action at the Iran-Iraq front. 50
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. Young Iranian soldiers at the front near Khoramshahr, 1982. 52
  53. 53. 53
  54. 54. An Iranian child soldier is in charge of collecting mines along the Iran-Iraq border. 54
  55. 55. 55
  56. 56. Wounded Iranian soldiers near Khoramshahr wait to be evacuated to hospital, April 1982. 56
  57. 57. 57
  58. 58. This situation during the battle of Khoramshahr has always reminded me of the battle of Kerbela the way the story had always been told to us as children. 58
  59. 59. A mullah holds the drip bottle for one of the many soldiers injured in the battle of Khoramshahr. 59
  60. 60. On a wall in Khoramshahr, a portrait of Ayatollah Khomeini almost disappears under the impact of bullet and shrapnel. Khoramshahr was occupied for two years by Iraq before being retaken by Iran in May 1982. Baptized the “bloody city”, it was completely destroyed. 60
  61. 61. 61
  62. 62. An Iraqi officer, in underwear, goes into captivity as a prisoner of war, November 1981. 62
  63. 63. 63
  64. 64. Iraqi prisoners of war are forced to pray with a portrait of Khomeini in the military base of Parandak, 50 km from Tehran, in spring 1982. After the battle of Desfuz, during the victorious offensive aimed at recovering the city of Khoramshahr, about 15,000 Iraqi prisoners from all the prison camps of the country were assembled and shown to the press. Although they were members of the Sunni branch of Islam, they were subjected to “re- education” in Shia Islam beliefs and practices. 64
  65. 65. 65
  66. 66. The bodies of Iranian soldiers lie dead a few seconds after the explosion of a shell in their trench at the Iran-Iraq front, September 1982. 66
  67. 67. 67
  68. 68. An Iranian soldier hangs dead inside his tank. 68
  69. 69. 69
  70. 70. A bulldozer buries the bodies of Iraqi soldiers inside a mass grave near Khoramshahr, 1982. 70
  71. 71. 71
  72. 72. Behind the front line, weapons, shoes and uniforms of dead or wounded soldiers pile up. 72
  73. 73. 73
  74. 74. A woman moans and weeps during the funeral of a war victim on the cemetery in Ahwaz, Southwestern Iran, in April 1981. More than one million people died in the war. 74
  75. 75. 75
  76. 76. In Tehran’s biggest cemetery, Behesht-e-Zahra, a fountain of water colored red, a symbol of martyrs, was installed. 76
  77. 77. 77
  78. 78. Women gather for the burial of war victims. 78
  79. 79. 79
  80. 80. A child sleeps near the Iran-Iraq front. 80
  81. 81. 81
  82. 82. Actors dressed as Iranian soldiers re-enact the battle of Majnun Island at the metro construction site in Tehran, Iran, 1984. Several actors died during the performance. 82
  83. 83. 83
  84. 84. War veterans celebrate the anniversary of the Iranian Revolution in Azadi Square in Tehran, 1983. 84
  85. 85. 85
  86. 86. Kurdish Peshmargas take me with them in their pick-up in Iranian Kurdistan, 1979. I had marked my hand with what I believed to be my blood group: it was incorrect, and fortunately I was not wounded. 86
  87. 87. I left Iran in 1985, just for a short while – or so I thought. But I remained exiled from my home country until the present day. 87
  88. 88. 88
  89. 89. Members of the first group of Afghan Mujaheddin, Jamiyat Islamiyya, dance before going to the front line against the Soviet army in 1980. 89
  90. 90. 90
  91. 91. Fighters of the Mujaheddin group Jamiyat Islamiyya ride towards battle near Herat, Afghanistan, 1980. 91
  92. 92. 92
  93. 93. Trainees exercise in Jante Hezbollah training camp in Bekaa valley, Lebanon, during the civil war in 1981. 93
  94. 94. 94
  95. 95. A trainee marks the victory sign in Jante Hezbollah training camp in Bekaa valley, 1981. 95
  96. 96. Isa, an ex-marine from U.S. Special Forces who converted to Islam and came to Lebanon to train Shia fighters, demonstrates the use of fire arms in a position around Beirut, 1981. He later went to Iran where he was arrested for unclear reasons. 96
  97. 97. 97
  98. 98. An Amal woman fighter, and my guide, fires a machine gun from a position at the Lebanese- Israeli border, 1981. 98
  99. 99. A mother in Beirut holds the picture of her killed son, 1981. 99
  100. 100. 100
  101. 101. A Palestinian girl in Rashidiya refugee camp in Lebanon peaks through a window, 1981. 101
  102. 102. 102
  103. 103. An elderly royalist woman protests in front of British riot police during clashes between members of the Orange Order and security forces in Northern Ireland 1986. This photo was the last frame I shot before I was wounded by a stone thrown by one of the demonstrators. 103
  104. 104. MEDICAL CERTIFICATE 104
  105. 105. 105
  106. 106. San Salvador Cathedral, El Salvador, during the time of the offensive by FMLN Guerillas in November 1989. 106
  107. 107. Workers line up to deliver coffee during harvest season in Costa Rica in January 1989. 107
  108. 108. 108
  109. 109. A Maya boy carries goods to the market in the Guatemalan highlands in December 1990. 109
  110. 110. 110
  111. 111. A family of street performers dances on glass shards in Honduras as residents crowd around to watch their performance in September 1988. 111
  112. 112. 112
  113. 113. Night scene in the closed market of Managua, Nicaragua. Street children live in gangs in the streets or in abandoned buildings. These photos were taken while shooting of a documentary film, "Casita", about the subject in 2000. 113
  114. 114. 114
  115. 115. Mono (“monkey”), a 15-year old gang member, shows his tattooed body. 115
  116. 116. 116
  117. 117. A gang member carries her jar of glue for sniffing which the street kids always keep with them to stand their harsh day. 117
  118. 118. 118
  119. 119. Pregnant Mercedes looks into her mirror while waiting for clients at Cathedral Square in Managua. 119
  120. 120. 120
  121. 121. A member of the street gang poses in the dark. 121
  122. 122. 122
  123. 123. A street boy romps around in Managua’s East Market. 123
  124. 124. 124
  125. 125. U.S. troops take position after landing in Santiago, north of Panama City, to take a Panamanian military base, December 21st, 1989. I was one of the first photojournalists to arrive in Panama during the U.S. invasion, as all flights had been cancelled, but I crossed the border by car from Costa Rica where I was living. 125
  126. 126. 126
  127. 127. Supporters of President Daniel Ortega sit on a billboard depicting Ortega and reading: "We win and everything will be better", in Managua, during the election campaign in February 1990. 127
  128. 128. 128
  129. 129. Families of Contra fighters and refugees from Nicaragua gather in Yamales Camp in Honduras. 129
  130. 130. 130
  131. 131. Pedestrians pass by an electoral mural in Guatemala City during the Campaign rally of Guatemala presidential elections in November 1990. 131
  132. 132. 132
  133. 133. Costa Rican school girls in their school uniforms lay down on the streets in San José to protest against traffic accidents since many children had been killed in the streets by accidents. 133
  134. 134. 134
  135. 135. A boy rides his bike through the shore waters of flooded Managua Lake after Hurricane Joan crossed the country on October 22nd, 1989. 135
  136. 136. 136
  137. 137. 137
  138. 138. Anti-person and anti-tank mines are laid out in the desert in Kuwait by withdrawing Iraqi forces, along with the corps of a soldier. 138
  139. 139. 139
  140. 140. The U.S.S. George Washington passes the Suez Canal on its way to the Persian Gulf. 140
  141. 141. 141
  142. 142. Afghan Mujaheddin fighters sit on top of a bunker at the beach near Kuwait City, in March 1991. Afghanistan’s Mujaheddin sent some 300 people as part of the multinational coalition force. 142
  143. 143. 143
  144. 144. U.S. soldiers dry their laundry on a shattered Iraqi MIG-22 at Nasiriya air base in Iraq, 300 km south of Baghdad, in March 1991. 144
  145. 145. 145
  146. 146. U.S. marines in the Iraqi desert take a break on top of their tank in March 1991. 146
  147. 147. 147
  148. 148. U.S. President Bill Clinton holds a speech at Liberty Bridge in Kuwait on October 28th, 1994, during a brief stopover to visit U.S. soldiers stationed in Kuwait. 148
  149. 149. 149
  150. 150. A Kuwaiti boy waves a US flag in Kuwait City to celebrate the first anniversary of the liberation of Kuwait from Iraqi occupation, on February 26th, 1992. 150
  151. 151. 151
  152. 152. Oil well fire fighters approach a burning oil well for capping in Al Ahmadi, March 29th, 1991. 152
  153. 153. 153
  154. 154. Traditional dancers and musicians perform at the celebration of extinguishing the last oil well set ablaze by the Iraqi forces, in Al Ahmadi, nine months after the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. 154
  155. 155. 155
  156. 156. Two Shia Iraqis sit around in a refugee camp in northern Kuwait, 10 km south of the Iraqi border, where several hundreds of people fleeing the civil war sought refuge, in March 1991. 156
  157. 157. 157
  158. 158. U.S. marines arrest and expel me from Kuwait at the Iraqi border in 1991. (Photo: Abbas) 158
  159. 159. 159
  160. 160. Cafe Fishawi in downtown Cairo, a favorite place for the late Nobel-laureate writer Naguib Mahfouz. 160
  161. 161. 161
  162. 162. Young men watch a companion who cools himself down in sweltering Cairo by jumping into Nile River. 162
  163. 163. 163
  164. 164. Inhabitants of Muhandiseen district in Cairo pray at Eid al-Fitr, marking the end of Ramadan on March 2nd, 1995. 164
  165. 165. 165
  166. 166. Members of the Egyptian Muslim extremist movement Jama'a Islamiyya are taken to Heakstep Military Court near Cairo on October 20th, 1993. 166
  167. 167. 167
  168. 168. Egyptian policemen rebuff me in Cairo, after an assassination attempt on the Egyptian Prime Minister in 1993. 168
  169. 169. I was taken out of Mogadishu by a US military plane going to Cairo. When arriving at the military airport in Cairo the passport control was very surprised to see the holder of an Iranian passport traveling from Somalia with the US army. They decided that I must be very important, saluted and sent a limousine to take me from the airport. 169
  170. 170. 170
  171. 171. Bosnian children play war during the siege of Sarajevo in 1992 in which about 400,000 residents were trapped and cut off from all basic supplies. Thousands of civilians were killed and wounded, suffered from rape and starvation. 171
  172. 172. The old library of Sarajevo, once containing a huge collection of old and precious books and documents, was destroyed completely on August 26th, 1992, deliberately targeted by Serbian militia. The entire day small burned paper fragments filled the air of Sarajevo. 172
  173. 173. A young boy relieves himself next to a US marine in full armor in Mogadishu, Somalia, during the US operation in 1993. 173
  174. 174. Students of the Quranic University for women in Umm Durman, the sister city of Khartoum on the other bank of the Nile in Sudan, follow a lecture, 1993. After graduation they work as school teachers. 174
  175. 175. 175
  176. 176. A student of Sayma Dayma Quranic School in Umm Durman is chained around his legs as punishment. The traditional Quranic school is one of the oldest and most famous in Africa. The approximately 200 students, all boys, begin as early as five years old. They sleep in common rooms on the floor. Classes begin at 4.30 am after morning prayer and go on till late afternoon. 176
  177. 177. Boys parade as soldiers of the Militia of Popular Defense (Army of Prophet Muhammad). Armed forces demonstrate weapons and tactics during a parade in Khartoum, organized for participants of the Islamic Conference in December 1993. 177
  178. 178. 178
  179. 179. A girl pumps water in Jabal-Aula refugee camp, situated some 50 km from Khartoum, in February 1993. 179
  180. 180. Sudanese citizens swear on the Quran to be loyal to President Omar al-Bashir, on his visit to Al-Delenj in Southern Kurdofan state in December 1993. 180
  181. 181. 181
  182. 182. Muammar Ghaddafi holds a press conference on November 3rd, 1994, in front of the ruins of his palace in Tripoli, Libya, which was bombed and destroyed by American air force. His son was killed by the bombing. 182
  183. 183. 183
  184. 184. A military parade in Tripoli celebrates the 25th anniversary of Muammar Ghaddafi’s takeover of power from King Idris in 1969. 184
  185. 185. One of the first people I met when moving to Jerusalem was one of my class mates from Tehran. He had opened a sandwich bar next to my office in downtown Jerusalem. By the way, Moshe Katzav and Mahmud Ahmedinejad also visited the same school in Iran. While I was recovering from my Ramallah injury in the military hospital Hôtel des Invalides in Paris the patients were visited by Jacques Chirac on Armistice Day. When talking to me he asked me if I needed anything. Dizzy from all the medicine as I was I first said no but as he was walking away I got an idea. “Monsieur le Président”, I called him back, telling him that my Iranian citizenship causes problems in some countries. “What, you don’t have a French passport yet?” he replied. And so, within a couple of weeks I had the French citizenship “by honor”. After having recovered from my gunshot injury from Ramallah, and after having spent 18 months in hospital from which 12 months in wheelchair, I took up traveling again. Four years after that incident, I went with French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin to Palestine, and finally also again to Ramallah where he was welcomed with a rain of stones by angry students. He escaped in an armored car – which in the messy situation rolled over my recently recovered leg. I was taken to the same hospital and treated by the same nurses and doctors who first thought I was involved in shooting a documentary about the old incident. 185
  186. 186. 186
  187. 187. An elderly Palestinian from Jerusalem kisses his only source of income, a camel on the Mount of Olives where tourists usually come to have a look on the Old City of Jerusalem, and eventually for a few dollars take a ride on the camel's back. 187
  188. 188. 188
  189. 189. A worshipper prays by the Western Wall in Jerusalem in January 1996. 189
  190. 190. 190
  191. 191. A girl stands at Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, 1994. 191
  192. 192. 192
  193. 193. The Armenian Patriarch of Jerusalem Torkom Manougian heads the Palm Sunday ceremony in Holy Sepulchre Church in Jerusalem's Old City, 1996. 193
  194. 194. 194
  195. 195. Ethiopian pilgrims carry a cross re-enacting Christ's passion on Jerusalem's Via Dolorosa on Orthodox Good Friday 1996. 195
  196. 196. 196
  197. 197. Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men walk in Mea Shearim, the Ultra-Orthodox neighborhood of Jerusalem. 197
  198. 198. 198
  199. 199. Thousands of Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men gather in Mea Shearim on May 28th, 1996 to support the boycott of the May 29th Israeli general elections. They are members of an Ultra-Orthodox movement that rejects the State of Israel. 199
  200. 200. 200
  201. 201. Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men carefully examine the plants needed for Sukkoth feast before purchasing. The inhabitants of Mea Shearim prepare for the one-week feast of Sukkoth in October 1995, which commemorates the Jew's Biblical exodus from Egypt. 201
  202. 202. 202
  203. 203. A boy poses on a box with live chicken during preparations for Yom Kippur 1996 in Mea Shearim. 203
  204. 204. 204
  205. 205. An Ultra-Orthodox Jewish family, the children in costumes, walk in Mea Shearim on the day of Purim, March 3rd, 1996. Purim remembers the rescue of the Jews from Haman's plot to kill them some 2000 years ago. 205
  206. 206. 206
  207. 207. An Ultra-Orthodox Jewish man with painted face walks in Mea Shearim on Purim 1996. 207
  208. 208. 208
  209. 209. Boys in military uniforms pose together with a girl dressed as a bride in Mea Shearim on Purim Day 1996. 209
  210. 210. 210
  211. 211. Ultra-Orthodox Jews gather in Mea Shearim on May 28th, 1996, to boycott Israeli general elections. 211
  212. 212. Young men and boys demonstrate against a Supreme Court decision not to close a main street running through Bar Ilan neighborhood in Jerusalem during Shabbat and Jewish holidays on August 17th, 1996. 212
  213. 213. The Greek Patriarch of Jerusalem, Diodoros I, blesses believers with Jordan water to celebrate Epiphany. Jordan River here passes by the ruins of Allanby Bridge, destroyed during the Six-day War. 213
  214. 214. Palestinian children watch a Palestinian strike in the West Bank to commemorate the 95th month of the Intifada on November 9th, 1995. 214
  215. 215. 215
  216. 216. Palestinian children cool off in a pedestrian pool by the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem in July 1996. A heat wave has raised temperature to almost 40° C. 216
  217. 217. 217
  218. 218. Israeli soldiers armed with M-16 rifles and sticks patrol the alleyways of Old Jerusalem on August 30th, 1995. Palestinians could not follow an appeal by Yassir Arafat to pray in Al Aqsa Mosque in protest over Israeli rightwing government policies because of Israeli security restrictions. 218
  219. 219. 219
  220. 220. A Palestinian woman is arrested by Israeli security forces for having entered Israel from Gaza illegally. She went to Jerusalem to sell her vegetables. Israeli security forces are on maximum alert prior to the Sharm el-Sheikh anti-terrorist summit on March 13th, 1996. 220
  221. 221. 221
  222. 222. A Palestinian school girl stands in front of her school in Hebron where Jewish settlers have dumped their garbage, including used diapers and other unpleasant things, in September 1995. 222
  223. 223. 223
  224. 224. Gaza beach, July 1996. 224
  225. 225. 225
  226. 226. A Palestinian boy throws a stone against Israeli military forces in Hebron on September 24th, 1995. 226
  227. 227. 227
  228. 228. Photographers line up to take pictures of a Palestinian boy throwing a stone at Israeli soldiers in Hebron. 228
  229. 229. 229
  230. 230. Followers of Hamas gather in Gaza, 1995. 230
  231. 231. 231
  232. 232. Hamas extremists volunteering for suicide attacks pose in Gaza, 1995. 232
  233. 233. 233
  234. 234. Yassir Arafat is carried on shoulders after he crossed the Rafah border point, entering the newly self-ruled Gaza strip for the first time in 27 years on July 1st, 1994. 234
  235. 235. 235
  236. 236. Young Palestinians, who have helped evacuating the wounded, throw a stone covered with a Palestinian's blood to Israeli troops which are shooting at demonstrators in Ramallah protesting against the opening of the tunnel under the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, September 26th, 1996. The same day, also I was shot by an Israeli sniper. 236
  237. 237. 237
  238. 238. An Israeli soldier aims at a target in Nablus, Palestine, 1995. 238
  239. 239. 239
  240. 240. I was shot down by an Israeli soldier in Ramallah, West Bank, on September 26th 1996. I got seriously wounded and spent the following 18 months recovering in the military hospital Hôtel des Invalides in Paris. (Photo: Jim Hollander) 240
  241. 241. 241
  242. 242. Young French UN Blue Helmet veterans from former Yugoslavia are dressed in gala uniforms for celebrating Armistice Day, November 11th, 1996, in the military hospital Hôtel des Invalides in Paris. I shot a series about French war veterans in the hospital while recovering from my injuries from Ramallah. 242
  243. 243. 243
  244. 244. A French World War I veteran shows a photo of himself in a war scene dating from 1917. 244
  245. 245. 245
  246. 246. A parachute veteran with his wife in the military hospital Hôtel des Invalides in Paris. 246
  247. 247. Despite being civilian and Muslim, I take part in the yearly military pilgrimage to Lourdes in 1997, organized from the military hospital Hôtel des Invalides. (Self portrait) 247
  248. 248. 248
  249. 249. The Eiffel Tower in Paris in its millennium decoration, 2000. 249
  250. 250. 250
  251. 251. Dummy of a maintenance worker on Eiffel Tower. 251
  252. 252. 252
  253. 253. The Eiffel Tower reflects on the wet asphalt where miniature versions of the tower are displayed for sale. 253
  254. 254. 254
  255. 255. Oil towers and horse heads reflect in a puddle on Abseron Peninsula near Baku, Azerbaijan, 1998. 255
  256. 256. 256
  257. 257. An office of the journalism faculty at Baku University, Azerbaijan, 1998. 257
  258. 258. 258
  259. 259. Algerian presidential candidate Abdelaziz Bouteflika addresses supporters in Adrar, 1,400 km south of Algiers, April 9th, 1999. 259
  260. 260. An Afghan man looks at cartoons through a slide viewer in Kabul, 2003. 260
  261. 261. Fardin, a street photographer and later one of the students at AINA photojournalism institute in Kabul, took this portrait of me with a box camera in 2002. 261
  262. 262. 262
  263. 263. Only a ruin is left of this house in Kabul after endless years of war in Afghanistan. 263
  264. 264. 264
  265. 265. Refugees returned to Kabul from Pakistan after the fall of Taliban. 265
  266. 266. 266
  267. 267. Women ride a horse-cart taxi in Kunduz, Afghanistan, 2002. 267
  268. 268. 268
  269. 269. A taxi drives passengers to Kunduz in 2002. 269
  270. 270. A boy stands on a road in Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan, 2002. 270
  271. 271. A woman lifts her veil while bringing her son to school in Kabul for the first time after the fall of Taliban in 2002. 271
  272. 272. 272
  273. 273. Men beat themselves at Ashura ceremony in Kabul, March 14th, 2003. 273
  274. 274. An Afghan boy shows the sharp blades and chains with which men beat their backs to blood on Ashura. 274
  275. 275. 275
  276. 276. Students at AINA Photojournalism Institute in Kabul train photography using box cameras. 276
  277. 277. 277
  278. 278. A photo exhibition at AINA Afghan Culture and Media Center marks the first anniversary of AINA Photojournalism Institute in 2003, presenting the students’ photos. 278
  279. 279. A villager from Badakhshan votes for the first time in his life at the Loya Jirga elections in 2002. I spent two months as UN monitor in this area where 21,000 villagers were chosen, village-by-village, to the time the pool was narrowed down to 1,500 elected delegates who made their journey to Kabul. There they gathered for nine days, and after much debate, ultimately in early June 2002 fostered the election of President Hamid Karzai and the establishment of the Transitional Authority. 279
  280. 280. A woman in Faizabad, the capital of Badakhshan region, having thrown open her burqa, gives her vote at the Loya Jirga elections. 280
  281. 281. 281
  282. 282. Inhabitants of a village in Badakhshan, Afghanistan, line up to welcome me arriving in a UN helicopter for the Loya Jirga elections, 2002. 282
  283. 283. 283
  284. 284. A boy in Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan, leans against the wind produced by the helicopter. 284
  285. 285. 285
  286. 286. A man crosses a river in Badakhshan Province on an improvised cable railway, 2003. 286
  287. 287. 287
  288. 288. A young man pushes his heavily loaded wheelbarrow through deep mud at a vegetable market in Kabul, 2002. 288
  289. 289. The head of one of the two basalt statues which guarded the entrance of the ancient, subterranean tomb of the kings of Qatna in Syria discovered in December 2002. The statues date from ca. 18th century B.C. 289
  290. 290. 290
  291. 291. It was in this royal tomb, 18 meter deep under the ground, that I met my wife Ursula, an archaeologist, here documenting the exact position of jewellery spread around the sarcophagus. The archaeologists wear helmets, masks and gloves against the dangers of falling rock pieces and fungi. 291
  292. 292. 292
  293. 293. The semi-nomadic inhabitants of this summer village called Belli Yayla near the famous site of Nemrut Dag in Turkey spend their summer 2005 with the animals in a prehistoric way of life: no electricity, no running water, and the architecture of the stone houses reflects ancient predecessors. 293
  294. 294. 294
  295. 295. Ladders lead up the multiple stories of a rural village near Nemrut Dag, Southeastern Turkey, 2004. 295
  296. 296. 296
  297. 297. Only the minaret peaks out from the submerged mosque of Savasan village which has been flooded by the waters of Birecik reservoir damming up the Euphrates in Southeastern Turkey. It is now, in 2004, inhabited only by two families. Many villages have been destroyed by dam projects; its inhabitants forced to settle elsewhere or move into the suburbs of the big cities. 297
  298. 298. 298
  299. 299. Girls study the Quran in Sultan İsa Medrese in Mardin, Southeastern Turkey. 2004 was the first year Quranic lessons here had been permitted again by the Turkish government. 299
  300. 300. 300
  301. 301. Jebel Barkal pyramids in Northern Sudan at dusk, March 2005. The pyramids are part of the royal cemetery of Napata, the capital of the Kushite kings in the 1st millennium BC. 301
  302. 302. 302
  303. 303. A camel caravan travels from Darfur to Egypt for sale, near the 3rd Nile cataract in Sudan, March 2005. The road is called Tariq al-Arba’in, meaning Road of the Forty, because it takes approximately 40 days to travel. 303
  304. 304. 304
  305. 305. Pyramid in Jebel Barkal. Unlike Egyptian pyramids which were built to hide the burial chamber, the Napatan ones are epitaphs for the deceased, who are buried in a hypogeum underneath. 305
  306. 306. 306
  307. 307. A Nubian village with typically painted houses at the 4th Nile cataract in Sudan, March 2005. The villagers are displaced by the newly constructed Merowe Dam, and are resettled in ready-built concrete settlements in the middle of desert. 307
  308. 308. Portrait of a Nubian girl in a village at the 4th Nile cataract. 308
  309. 309. 309
  310. 310. Portrait of an old Nubian villager whose shadow forms the shape of a pharaoh. The Nubian “Black Pharaohs” from what is today Northern Sudan ruled over Ancient Egypt as the 25th Dynasty between 720 and 664 BC. 310
  311. 311. 311
  312. 312. Night commuters gather in a night shelter in a hospital in Northern Uganda in August 2006. The boys seek refuge from the Lord’s Resistance Army, abducting children from the villages to join their militia group as child soldiers. 312
  313. 313. 313
  314. 314. A refugee woman in Northern Uganda builds her new house, August 2006. After 20 years of civil war causing ten thousands of dead, mutilated and refugees, an agreement of the Ugandan government with the Lord’s Resistance Army gives hope for peace and stability. 314
  315. 315. 315
  316. 316. Women wash clothes by their flooded home in Southern Somalia, December 2006. 316
  317. 317. 317
  318. 318. Children play in the flooded streets of their village in Southern Somalia, December 2006. 318
  319. 319. 319
  320. 320. PHOTO DOUBLES 320
  321. 321. 321
  322. 322. A wounded Iranian soldier near Shalamsheh, Khoramshahr, Southwestern Iran, waits to be evacuated to hospital, April 1982. 322
  323. 323. 323
  324. 324. A drugged street boy lies on the market in Managua, Nicaragua, 2000. 324
  325. 325. Portrait of a man in a village in Dasht-e Kavir Desert, Iran, 1981. 325
  326. 326. An Afghan man takes part in a WFP (World Food Program) Food for Work project in Hazrate Sultan in Badakhshan, cleaning an irrigation channel from mud, 2003. 326
  327. 327. An Egyptian pilgrim arrives with a TV set from Saudi Arabia to Suez port along with thousands of other Egyptians who return home after performing the pilgrimage to Mecca in 1992. 327
  328. 328. A Palestinian man carries a refrigerator up the long steps in the Old City of Jerusalem, October 1995. And a Palestinian worker carries a toilet passing Erez crossing point to Gaza Strip from Israel, February 8th, 1996. 328
  329. 329. 329
  330. 330. A Sudanese woman poses in a photo studio in Khartoum, 1993. 330
  331. 331. 331
  332. 332. A street photographer works with his old-style box-camera in Kabul, 2003. 332
  333. 333. 333
  334. 334. Adriano Sofri, leader of the Italian extreme-left extra-parliamentarian movement Lotta Continua (“continuous struggle”), visits Iran together with his wife in 1980. 334
  335. 335. 335
  336. 336. Portrait of Adriano Sofri in prison in Pisa, Italy. Adriano Sofri has been sentenced to 22 years of prison in January 1997, for the murder of Luigi Calabresi, a police officer in May 1972. The trial has widely been regarded as a farce; the only evidence against Sofri was a single confession of a man regarded unreliable by many. After serious illness he has been released in 2006. 336
  337. 337. 337
  338. 338. People wait in a line to ascend the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the most frequently visited tourist destination in the world. 338
  339. 339. 339
  340. 340. Iraqi refugees queue for food and water in this camp near Safwan, run by the US military, in April 1991. More than 6000 refugees are sheltered in the Kuwaiti desert near the Iraqi border. 340

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