Passive voice Manoli

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Passive voice

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Passive voice Manoli

  1. 1. PASSIVE VOICE Manoli López Álvarez
  2. 2. Use of the passive voice: We use the passive voice in two situations: 1. When we don´t know who had realised the action. Example: – A civilian has been killed. (Un civil ha sido asesinado.) 2.When we want give more importance to it that happened, that to who realised the action or when we don´t want say who realised the action. Example : -A mistake was made. (Un error fue cometido.)
  3. 3. Grammatical rules: 1.The direct object of the active sentence proceed to be the subject of the passive sentence. 2. The main verb is replaced for the “TO BE” verb, conjugated in the same time that main verb of the active sentence, followed of main verb in past participle. 3. The subject of the main sentence is agent complement of the passive sentence. 4. If we mention in the sentence the subject, it will go precede for the preposition “by”. 5. Too we must know that can´t use the passive voice with intransitive verbs, like: "die", "arrive" or "go“.
  4. 4. We need know some rules: -We have that know conjugate the verb “TO BE” in every the verbal times. -The participle of the regular verbs, we it form with the Past Simple (-ed), and the irregular verbs we use the verbs of third column. - Structure to follow depending on verbal time of main verb. MAIN VERB STRUCTURE TO FOLLOW Present Simple Subject + Am, Are ó Is + past participle. Past Simple Subject+ Was ó Were + past participle. Future Subject+ Will be + past participle. Going to Subject + Am, Are ó Is + going to be + past participle. Present Perfect Subject + Have ó Has + been+ past participle. Past Perfect Subject + Had been + past participle. Must Subject+ must + be + past participle. Can Subject+ could + be+ past participle. May Subject + might + be + past participle.
  5. 5. Sentence one: Active voice: He built the house. S V DO S Passive voice: The house was built by him. V AGENT COMPLEMENT
  6. 6. Sentence two, Going To: Active voice : John is going to write the letter. S VERB DO Passive voice:The letter is going to be written by John. S VERB AGENT COMPLEMENT
  7. 7. Sentence three, Past Perfect: Active voice : John had written the letter. S VERB DO Passive voice:The letter had been written by John. S VERB AGENT COMPLEMENT
  8. 8. Sentence four, Present Continuos: Active voice John is writing the letter. S VERB DO Passive voice: The letter is being written by John. S VERB AGENT COMPLEMENT
  9. 9. Sentence five, Present Perfect: Active voice John has written the letter. S DO VERB Passive voice: The letter has been written by John. S VERB AGENT COMPLEMENT

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