APPLICABILITY OF THE ACT1. The act came in to force on the 1st April 19472. The act extends to the whole of India. SECTIONS & SCHEDULES• 40 sections• 5 schedules
BACKGROUND OF IDA• Guested in 1946 came into effect from 1st april 1947.• It was the first government intervention in labour affairs.• Some Disputes took place in history are :-1. 1875 - Strike in mumbai eastablishment bombay meal hand association.2. 1890 – 1st Strike.
3. 1896 - Strike in calcutta ( when it was the capital of india).4. 1905 - Again strike in calcutta and other places.5. 1920 - Trade unions formed (after the formation of ILO).6. 1926 - Trade union Act Formed.7. 1947 - IDA was formed.
What is Industrial Dispute?Any dispute or difference between:1) Employers and Employers2) Employers and Workmen3) Workmen and Workmen, which is connected with: The employment or non employment The terms of employment The conditions of labour of any person
Parties to Industrial Disputes(i) Employers and Employers(ii) Employers and Workmen(iii) Workmen and Workmen
OBJECTS OF THE ACT1.) To secure Industrial peace:- (a) By preventing and settling industrial disputes between the employers and workmen, (b) By securing and preserving amity and good relations between the employers and workmen through an internal works Committee
(c) By promoting good relations through an external machinery of conciliation, courts of Inquiry, labour Courts, Industrial Tribunals and National Tribunals.2.) To ameliorate the condition of workmen in the Industry:- :-By redressal of grievances through a statutory machinery :-By providing job security.
EXTENT OF THE ACT• The Act extends to the whole of the India. It applies to all the Industries whether they be carried on by private owners by the Govt.• The Act has been amended time to time .• The latest amendment to the Act was made in August, 1984.
Causes of Industrial Disputes• Economic• Political• Personnel• Indiscipline• Misc
Effects of Industrial Disputes• On the Economy• On the Employer• On the Employees
AUTHORITIES UNDER THIS ACT• Works committee• Conciliation officers• Board of conciliation• Courts of inquiry• Labour courts• Tribunals• National tribunals
Works CommitteeIn the case of any industrial establishment inwhich one hundred or more workmen areemployed or have been employed on any dayin the preceding twelve months, theappropriate Government may by general orspecial order require the employer constitutein the prescribed manner a Works Committeeconsisting of representatives of employers .
Conciliation officersA conciliation officer may be appointed for aspecified area or for specified industries in aspecified area or for one or more specifiedindustries and either permanently or for alimited period.
Boards of Conciliation A Board shall consist of a chairman and two or four other members, as the appropriate Government thinks fit.• The chairman shall be an independent person and the other members shall be persons appointed in equal numbers to represent the parties to the dispute and any person appointed to represent a party
Courts of Inquiry• The appropriate Government may as occasion arises by notification in the Official Gazette constitute a Court of Inquiry for inquiring into any matter appearing to be connected with or relevant to an industrial dispute.
Labour Courts and Industrial Tribunals• These are set up by the Central Government and the State Government or the Administrations of Union Territories for dealing with matters which fall in the Central and the State sphere respectively.• Labour Courts deal with matters pertaining to discharge and dismissal of workmen, application and interpretation of Standing Orders, propriety of orders passed under Standing Orders
NATIONAL TRIBUNALs• A National Tribunal shall consist of one person only to be appointed by the Central Government.• A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the presiding officer of a National Tribunal [unless he is, or has been, a Judge of a High Court].• The Central Government may, if it so thinks fit, appoint two persons as assessors to advise the National Tribunal in the proceeding before it.