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M A N O J D A G W A R
M B A I I I S E M
TO STUDY SELF MEDICATION HABITS AMONG
PEOPLE IN NAGPUR PART OF CENTRAL INDIA
SELF MEDICATION
 Use Or Intake Of Any Medication By A Patient On His Own Initiative
Or On The Advice Of A Pharmacist
 Se...
ADVANTAGES OF SELF MEDICATION
 Help to prevent and treat symptoms and ailments that do not require a
doctor.
 Reduce the...
MATERIAL AND METHOD
 Study Area- Nagpur
 Research Design: Descriptive study for the research.
 Sampling Design: In this...
Material and method
 Inclusion criteria
 Exclusion criteria
 Study Instrument
 Study Method
 Study Place
GENDER DISTRIBUTION AMONG STUDY GROUP
MALE
56%
FEMALE
44%
AGE GROUP
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
15-25 Yrs 26-40 Yrs 41-60 Yrs 60 Onword
TOTAL
MALE
FEMALE
PERCENT
REASON FOR PRACTISING SELF MEDICATION
40%
35%
19%
6%
COST SAVING
CONVINIENT
LACK OF TRUST
OTHER
MEDICATION
19
37
30 31
60
32
38
26
7
7% 13% 11% 11% 22% 11% 14% 9% 2%
PATIENT PERCENT
SELECTION OF BRAND
34%
21%
22%
5%
18%
RECOMENDATION BY
COMMUNITY PHARMACIST
PEER GROUP,FAMILY,FRIENDS
MY OWN EXPERIENCE
TH...
CONSIDER WHILE SELF MEDICATION
139
82
29
20 10
Sales
TYPES OF MEDICENE
BRAND
PRICE
INDICATION
ADVERSE REACTION
DRUG OBTAIN FOR SELF MEDICATION
61%
37%
2%
COMMUNITY PHARMACIST
PREVIOUS PRESCRIPTION
ONLINE SHOPING
YES,ALWAYS, 33%
YES,SOMETIME, 6%
NEVER, 61%
FOLLOWED LABBELED INSTRUCTION
FACTOR RESPONCIBLE FOR SELF MEDICATION
13%
6%
33%
16%
1%
1%
24%
6%
BY CHECKING THE INSERT
BY CONSULTING DOCTOR
BY CONSULTI...
WHEN STOP THE SELF MEDICATION
42
57
92
39 41
9
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
AFTER FEW
DAYS
AFTER
SYMPTOMS
DISAPPEAR
AF...
ADVERSE REACTION OF DRUG AMONG STUDY GROUP
80, 29%
200, 71%
YES
NO
WHAT DID PREFERRED IN ADVERSE REACTION
31%
21%16%
22%
10%
STOPPED TAKING
SWICTHED TO ANATHER
CONSULTED PHARMACY STAFF
CONS...
BRAND
17%
11%
22%
9%
8%
4%
6%
10%
13%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
CONCLUSION
 THANK YOU
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To study self medication habits among people in nagpur part of central india

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According to study conducted internationally, self-medication has been reported as being on the rise [1]. Self-medication is defined as the use or intake of any medication by a Patient on his own initiative or on the advice of a Pharmacist or a lay person instead of consulting a medical practitioner [1]. Study said that in India 3.5 billion health problems treated annually, 27% were treated with a non-prescription drug. Major problems related to self-medication is wastage of resources, increased resistance of Pathogens, and serious health hazards such as adverse reaction and prolonged suffering from disease. Antimicrobial resistance is a big problem worldwide particularly in developing countries where antibiotics are often available without a prescription [1]. Self-medication with drugs is an economical choice of treatment for common self-limiting illnesses [1]. Responsible self-medication can help, prevent and treat ailments that do not require medical consultation and reduce the pressure on medical services for the relief of minor ailments. [1]. Self-medication is the treatment of common health problems with medicines especially designed and labelled for use without medical supervision and approved as safe and effective for such use [1] Medicines for self-medication are often called ‘non-prescription’ or ‘Over The Counter’ (OTC) and are available without a doctor’s prescription through pharmacies. In some countries OTC products are also available in supermarkets and other outlets. Medicines that require a doctor’s prescription are called prescription products (Rx products)[3]. Over the counter medicine are drug which can buy without medical supervision advice use for relieve from pain and treat disease. While responsible self-medication, which is limited to OTC drug, may generate more economic benefit because of saving in travel, consultation time and direct financial cost of treatment . Some conditions are necessary for these benefits to be realized. The main objective is to ensuring the safety of taking self-medicated drugs. They includes drugs used are those indicated for conditions that are self-recognizable the user should know how to take or use the drugs; the effects and possible side-effects of the drug as well as ways of monitoring these side effects. Are well communicated to the user; possible interaction with other drugs is known by the user; duration of the course of the drugs is known by the user and when the user must seek professional intervention. The consequences for incorrect diagnosis and dosage include growing resistance to some drugs.
Especially in developing country professional health care is relatively expensive and readily not available therapy is a major problem .self-medication is one of the obvious choices of heath care service [1]. The reasons for self-medication mentioned in the literature are mild illness, previous experience of treating similar illness, economic considerations and a lack of availabi

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To study self medication habits among people in nagpur part of central india

  1. 1. M A N O J D A G W A R M B A I I I S E M TO STUDY SELF MEDICATION HABITS AMONG PEOPLE IN NAGPUR PART OF CENTRAL INDIA
  2. 2. SELF MEDICATION  Use Or Intake Of Any Medication By A Patient On His Own Initiative Or On The Advice Of A Pharmacist  Self Medication Is A Major Form Of Self-care  Modern Consumers  Duties Of Pharmacist
  3. 3. ADVANTAGES OF SELF MEDICATION  Help to prevent and treat symptoms and ailments that do not require a doctor.  Reduce the pressure on medical services where health care personnel are insufficient  Increase the availability of health care to populations living in rural or remote areas.  Enable patients to control their own chronic conditions.
  4. 4. MATERIAL AND METHOD  Study Area- Nagpur  Research Design: Descriptive study for the research.  Sampling Design: In this project, the convenience sampling is used for the study.  Sample Size Calculation: - In this study the sample size was 280, the age group of customers above 15 years for the purpose of the research.  Method of sampling:- Best estimate of population size-28 lakhs
  5. 5. Material and method  Inclusion criteria  Exclusion criteria  Study Instrument  Study Method  Study Place
  6. 6. GENDER DISTRIBUTION AMONG STUDY GROUP MALE 56% FEMALE 44%
  7. 7. AGE GROUP 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 15-25 Yrs 26-40 Yrs 41-60 Yrs 60 Onword TOTAL MALE FEMALE PERCENT
  8. 8. REASON FOR PRACTISING SELF MEDICATION 40% 35% 19% 6% COST SAVING CONVINIENT LACK OF TRUST OTHER
  9. 9. MEDICATION 19 37 30 31 60 32 38 26 7 7% 13% 11% 11% 22% 11% 14% 9% 2% PATIENT PERCENT
  10. 10. SELECTION OF BRAND 34% 21% 22% 5% 18% RECOMENDATION BY COMMUNITY PHARMACIST PEER GROUP,FAMILY,FRIENDS MY OWN EXPERIENCE THE ADVERTISEMENT PREVIOUS DOCTORS PRESCRIPTION
  11. 11. CONSIDER WHILE SELF MEDICATION 139 82 29 20 10 Sales TYPES OF MEDICENE BRAND PRICE INDICATION ADVERSE REACTION
  12. 12. DRUG OBTAIN FOR SELF MEDICATION 61% 37% 2% COMMUNITY PHARMACIST PREVIOUS PRESCRIPTION ONLINE SHOPING
  13. 13. YES,ALWAYS, 33% YES,SOMETIME, 6% NEVER, 61% FOLLOWED LABBELED INSTRUCTION
  14. 14. FACTOR RESPONCIBLE FOR SELF MEDICATION 13% 6% 33% 16% 1% 1% 24% 6% BY CHECKING THE INSERT BY CONSULTING DOCTOR BY CONSULTING A PHARMACIST BY CONSULTING A FAMILY FRIEND FROM ADEVERTISEMENT FROM THE INTERNET FROM PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE
  15. 15. WHEN STOP THE SELF MEDICATION 42 57 92 39 41 9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 AFTER FEW DAYS AFTER SYMPTOMS DISAPPEAR AFTER THE RECOVERY COMPLETION OF COURSE AFTER CONSULTING A PHARMACIST OTHER
  16. 16. ADVERSE REACTION OF DRUG AMONG STUDY GROUP 80, 29% 200, 71% YES NO
  17. 17. WHAT DID PREFERRED IN ADVERSE REACTION 31% 21%16% 22% 10% STOPPED TAKING SWICTHED TO ANATHER CONSULTED PHARMACY STAFF CONSULTED DOCTOR CONSULTES FAMILY #MEMBER/FRIEND
  18. 18. BRAND 17% 11% 22% 9% 8% 4% 6% 10% 13% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25%
  19. 19. CONCLUSION
  20. 20.  THANK YOU

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