Evolution of Aircraft

24,799 views

Published on

Evolution of Aircraft/Flying
Paterns of evolution

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
3 Comments
9 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
24,799
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
117
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
442
Comments
3
Likes
9
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Evolution of Aircraft

  1. 1. Evolution Case Study: Planes
  2. 2. Early Evolution Car engine Glider Kite Bike 1909 – First cross-channel flight 1914 – WW1 1908 – Wrights set distance records 1903 – First Flight
  3. 3. World War I <ul><li>Guns added to planes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manually operated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bombing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ineffective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to larger twin-engined planes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stimulus to advance technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kick-started civil aviation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1919 – 1 st Trans-Atlantic crossing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Converted Vickers Vimy bomber </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 1931 – World Speed Record War propels technology forward <ul><li>Change occurs faster when need is greater </li></ul><ul><li>Advances in civil aviation evolve from military technology </li></ul>1939-1945 - WW2 1941 – First Jet Engine V1 Bomb
  5. 5. The Jet Age <ul><li>Bigger </li></ul><ul><li>Faster </li></ul>WW2 1969 – Concorde 1968 – Boeing 747 Super Transporter
  6. 6. Hybridisation <ul><li>Plane  Helicopter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pros: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Removes need for runway </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cons: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High fuel consumption </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low speed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helicopter evolves too </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chinook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VTOL </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Hybridisation <ul><li>Plane & Rocket  Space Shuttle </li></ul><ul><li>Plane & Bike  Microlite </li></ul><ul><li>Plane & Boat  Seaplane </li></ul><ul><li>Plane & Helicopter  VTOL </li></ul><ul><li>Plane & Car  Skycar </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mass Market <ul><li>Larger, faster planes </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces price of air fares </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passenger aircraft become mainstream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for further advances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Endurance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Airports </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pilots </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All-weather capabilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Plane Engines <ul><li>Evolved from car engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air-cooled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carb-heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Magnetos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increasing market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health issues become important </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Markets & Uses <ul><li>Military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bomber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civilian </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cargo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passenger </li></ul></ul>

×