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Muscle labeling for students


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Muscle labeling for students

  1. 1. Abdominis (abdomen) Femoris (femur) Temporalis (temple)Anconeus (elbow) Genio- (chin) Thoracis (thoracic region)Auricularis (auricle of ear) Glosso- /-glossal (tongue) Tibialis (tibia)Brachialis (brachium) Hallucis (great toe) Ulnaris (ulna)Capitis (head) Ilio- (ilium) Uro- (urinary)Carpi (wrist) Inguinal (groin)Cervicis (neck) Lumborum (lumbar region)Cleido- / -clavius (clavicle) Nasalis (nose)Coccygeus (coccyx) Nuchal (back of neck)Costalis (ribs) Oculo- (eye)Cutaneous (skin) Oris (mouth)Palpebrae (eyelid) Psoas (loin)Pollicis (thumb) Radialis (radius)Popliteus (posterior to knee) Scapularis (scapula)
  2. 2. Nature of Origin Shape (cont.)Biceps (two heads) RhomboidTriceps (three heads) Serratus (serrated)Quadriceps (four heads) Splenius (bandage) Teres (long and round)Shape Trapezius (trapezoid)Deltoid (triangle)Orbicularis (circle)Pectinate (comb-like)Piriformis (pear-shaped)Platy- (flat)Pyramidal (pyramid)
  3. 3. Anterior (front) Superficialis (superficial)Externus (superficial) Superioris (superior)Extrinsic (outside) Transversus (transverse)Inferioris (inferior)Internus (deep, internal)Intrinsic (inside)Lateralis (lateral)Medialis/medius (medial, middle)ObliquePosterior (back)Profundus (deep)Rectus (straight, parallel)
  4. 4. Other Striking Features Other Striking FeaturesAlba (white) Minor (smaller)Brevis (short) -tendinosus (tendinous)Gracilis (slender) Vastus (great)Lata (wide)Latissimus (widest)Longissimus (longest)Longus (long)Magnus (large)Major (large)Maximus (largest)Minimus (smallest)
  5. 5. Abductor Adductor Depressor Extensor Flexor Levator Pronator Rotator Supinator Tensor Buccinator (trumpeter)Risorius (laughter, grimace) Sartorius (like a tailor)
  6. 6. Epicranius muscle Subdivisions:  occipitofrontalis muscle  temporoparietalisOrbicularis muscle oculi  epicranial muscle aponeurosisZygomaticus Masseter major muscle muscle Buccinator muscle
  7. 7. Temporalis muscleNasalismuscle
  8. 8. Muscles associated with the tongue Hyoglossus muscle Styloglossus muscle Genioglossus muscle
  9. 9. Nasalis Corrugator muscle supercilii muscle Depressor anguli oris musclePlatysma Sternocleidomastoideus muscle
  10. 10. Digastricus muscleAnterior and Posterior bellies Omohyoideus muscle Superior and Inferior bellies
  11. 11. Trapezius Levator scapulae muscle muscle Supraspinatus muscle Infraspinatus muscle Latissimusdorsi muscle
  12. 12. Erector Spinae Muscles Spinalis muscle Mnemonic“I Love Spaghetti” Longissimus muscle Iliocostalis muscle
  13. 13. Pectoralis major muscle Serratus anterior muscle
  14. 14. Diaphragm Also known as the thoraco-abdominal diaphragm to differentiate it from the pelvic and urogenital diaphragms Rectus abdominis muscleExternal abdominal oblique muscle
  15. 15. Deltoideus Teres major muscle muscle
  16. 16. Triceps Brachii Muscle Three Heads: Lateral Long Medial
  17. 17. CoracobrachialisDeltoideus muscle Biceps muscle brachii muscle L S
  18. 18. Coracobrachialis muscleBrachioradialis muscle Flexor carpi radialis muscle
  19. 19. Pronatorquadratus muscle
  20. 20. Brachioradialis muscleRetract and Superficialcut the digital flexorsuperficial musclemuscles of theanteriorantebrachium
  21. 21. Extensor carpi radialis longus muscleExtensor carpi radialis brevis muscle
  22. 22. Extensor carpi radialis longus muscleExtensor carpi radialis brevis muscle
  23. 23. lumbrīcālis, lit., pertaining to a worm,equiv. to L lumbrīc(us) earthworm Lumbricales muscles Flexor Pollicis Brevis Muscle
  24. 24. Psoas major muscle Iliacus muscleIliopsoas muscle Adductor Gracilis muscle magnus muscle
  25. 25. Tensor Fasciae Latae muscle Gluteus maximusGluteus musclemaximus muscle Vastus Biceps femoris lateralis muscle muscle
  26. 26. Gluteus Gluteus minimus maximus musclemuscle (cut) Piriformis muscle Quadratus femoris muscle
  27. 27.  Rectus femoris muscle Rectus femoris Vastus lateralis muscle muscle Vastus medialis muscle Vastus intermedius muscle Vastus Sartorius lateralis muscle muscle Vastus medialis muscle Vastusintermedius muscle See Next Slide For Vastus Intermedius Muscle
  28. 28. The vastus intermedius muscle isrevealed by removing the rectus femoris muscle. Vastus lateralis muscle Vastus intermedius muscle Vastus medials muscle
  29. 29. Gracilis muscleAdductor Biceps magnus femoris muscle muscle (long head) Biceps femoris muscle (short head)
  30. 30. Anterior tibial muscle Peroneus longus muscle Peroneus brevis muscleCalcanean tendon
  31. 31. Gastrocnemius muscle Soleus (See “M” and “L” L M muscle labels for “medial” and “lateral” headsof the gastrocnemiusmuscle respectively)
  32. 32. Remove the musclesthat contribute to the calcanean tendon Posterior tibial muscle Flexor digitorum longus muscle
  33. 33. Tendon of thequadriceps femoris musclePatellar ligament
  34. 34. Palmar aponeurosis