Praise for the Photoshop Bibles andDeke McClelland You’re probably thinking that if someone has the gall to call his book a Bible, it had better be pretty good. If you’re not thinking that, it’s probably because you’ve already experienced the Photoshop Bible and you know it’s good. — Los Angeles Times Say goodbye to those dull and dusty step-by-step tutorials now that Deke McClelland, the Digital Guru of computer graphics, has updated his international bestseller, the Macworld Photoshop 5 Bible. — Adobe.com A great program deserves a great book. Photoshop has one in this mammoth paperback (Photoshop Bible). — Cincinnati Enquirer I’ve been involved with Photoshop for over seven years, and for as long as I can remember, I’ve had Deke looking over my shoulder. Deke takes you through Photoshop and covers a lot of areas with impressive depth. — Mark Hamburg, Adobe Principal Scientist and Architect for Photoshop It’s always nice to see something that was very good become great — bigger and better than its predecessor (which was already quite good), the Macworld Photoshop 5 Bible kicks some serious butt: it’s simply outstanding. — PhotoBooks.com The Photoshop Bible is a must have encyclopedia of Photoshop info. It’s a tribute to Deke’s Photoshop knowledge that even the most veteran Photoshop users find the “Bible” required reading. — Jeff Schewe, Imaging Artist and Author (Photoshop Bibles) show you the ins and outs of this fascinating program, with step-by-step instructions for both everyday techniques and unusual but useful tricks. — Houston Chronicle This is an excellent book. I believe you will use it for years. — Space Coast PC Journal
[In Photoshop Studio Secrets] McClelland takes you step by step through every stageof the design, from concept to execution. This is the book you need if you’re moreinterested in the artwork than in the tools.— Los Angeles TimesWith Photoshop expert Deke McClelland at the steering wheel, how can you go wrong!— The Design & Publishing CenterThe Photoshop 5 Bible by Deke McClelland sits proudly on my desk and is a constantsource of information and assistance as I confidently create with Adobe Photoshop 5.McClelland’s complete understanding of Adobe’s suite of imaging software is onlysurpassed by his ability to teach. He may be my favorite author!— Susanne York, Houston, TXI gotta tell you — the Photoshop Bible has saved me many times. There is nothingmore a designer needs (except for coffee) sitting beside his Mac than the PhotoshopBible.— Jason K. Jennings, Nashville, TNWhile it may theoretically be possible to use Photoshop without the Photoshop Bible,I can’t imagine why anyone would want to try.— Tim Wilson, Keys EntertainmentMcClelland offers tons of tips, tricks and procedures. There are more insights than anyone person will likely be able to digest, but even a few will prove invaluable for gettingmore out of the program… . One advantage of such a large book is that complicatedsubjects can be dealt with at length. McClelland takes full advantage of this in thespecial effects section, detailing how the different filters work, what the effects of thefilters are, and how users can better control the results… Macworld Photoshop Biblesucceeds as a valuable tome for users of all levels. It will be helpful for beginners andrelevant to advanced users.— Communication ArtsThis was the best computer book I’ve ever read.— SM, Boulder, COThis Author’s style is inviting and comfortable. He explains complex concepts in a verysimple, familiar manner. Nothing else comes close.— TG, North Hollywood, CAI read this book on vacation — and still had a good time!— DLG, Vanderbilt, MississippiThis book has the most extensive coverage of Adobe Photoshop I’ve seen! Thanks forhelping me realize the limitless potential of Photoshop!— DG, Big Sandy, Texas
…this encyclopedic effort ought to help both new and experienced users unleash thepower of this multidimensional program. Nearly every feature is explored in detail — inMcClelland’s conversational style…. One imaging topic of importance among Photoshopdisciples — Unsharp Making— gets no less than seven pages in the Bible. It’s as clear anexplanation of USM as has ever been published, backed up with examples showing theeffects achieved by varying the Amount, Radius, and Threshold settings. In fact, if you’relooking for only one comprehensive Photoshop book, this may be the one.— Photo District NewsIt’s a must have for every professional Photoshop user.— RC, London, EnglandI teach Photoshop; there would be no way for me to survive my first class without thisbook! Deke McClelland incorporates a funny way of explaining things, he’s verythorough and tells you about “real-life” situations, not just what Adobe wants itscustomers to know.— CD, Addison, TexasI thought I was an expert Photoshop user, but you should see how many pages I’vemarked in this book. Deke’s presentation is one of the clearest and most accurateI’ve seen.— CS, Fullerton, CaliforniaThis book puts the Photoshop user manual to shame!— DB, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaDeke is humorous, not a self-righteous “know everything” author. This book cutsstraight to the usable information, without the typical hype or fluff of the manufacturermanuals.— EV, Somerset, New JerseyI’m able to do more than I thought possible with Photoshop using this guide.— DH, Lincoln, NebraskaI like the clear, concise, and practical application of each process in Photoshop.Especially the use of layers! WOW!— MRB, Langley, WashingtonI have every Photoshop book and this one is the best. It is the one I go to when I needan answer.— EF, Boulder Colorado
What I really like about the book is that Deke McClelland starts at the basics and takesyou step by step as if you knew nothing about scanning or images. He takes nothing forgranted, explaining in the introduction such fundamentals as when to use Photoshopand when to use a drawing program…So what does Photoshop do and how does thisbook help you in doing it? Mr. McClelland will answer both questions and every otherquestion you can think of within the confines of the Macintosh and Photoshop.— Work Place, University College, Dublin, IrelandNo other book about Photoshop is as good as this one. It’s the best!— JO, Garsfontein, South AfricaA truly wonderful book, jam packed with useful hints, tricks and basic procedures inPhotoshop.— TW, Dubuque, IowaI had tough deadlines and had never used Photoshop before. This book added years tomy life!— RB, Green Bay, WisconsinGreat job McClelland! Many books are dull, but this one made me laugh out loud. Itwas easy to read the whole thing.— PM, Vallejo, CaliforniaI am laughing all day thinking about and reading this book.— SA, Barcelona, SpainGiven the technical nature of the topic and the depth of coverage, you might expect thewriting to be rather dry — somewhat less than inspiring. Fortunately, Deke McClellandis as accomplished a writer as he is a Photoshop guru. He has managed to keep apotentially heavy topic from becoming too great a burden on the reader, whilemaintaining a strong flow of information. His wit and style show through repeatedly inevery chapter. I strongly recommend this book to anyone who uses Adobe Photoshopon the Mac or PC.— FlashIt has an answer waiting for every question I could possibly have about Photoshop.— TL, Corona, CaliforniaThis “Bible” brings all the comfort that the King James Version no longer does — it’smy new “Linus Blanket!” I have yet to go find a topic that I can think of that isn’tcovered by the book, and it is stuffed full of topics that wouldn’t have occurred to me.— NC, London, EnglandI learn something new every time I open it.— SFJ, Billerica, Massachusetts
It’s a great book…definitely every Photoshop user’s dream.— CT, Brisbane, AustraliaI like Deke McClelland’s sense of humor! Plus I loved all the information he pouredforth about every feature of Photoshop. I just think this book is excellent!— TC, Augusta, GeorgiaI think I love you, Deke McClelland! Thank you for continuing my ongoing quest!— KW, Ocoee, FloridaThis is a great book. I know Photoshop but I never realized you could do so much withit until I read this book.— TLS, Whitestone, New YorkIt is easily understandable and very easy reading with as much information puttogether as I thought possible. It has everything!— GKP, Eugene, OregonThis book helped me to understand the thought processes the developers went throughto build the program, which helps me to be a better user.— JD, Arkansas City, KansasThe best Photoshop book I’ve seen — I know: I’m a sixteen-year professional.— CD, Hazelwood, MissouriWhile reading this book, it felt like a good friend was sitting over my shoulder lettingme in on all the tips and tricks no one else would tell me about or knew about.Thanks!— JO, San Marcos, TexasAnyone involved with design knows about this book.— TS, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaThis book has information on all aspects of Photoshop in non-technical, everydaylanguage. It was enjoyable to read and I learned a lot.— NI, Fairlawn, New JerseyI selected Macworld Photoshop 4.0 Bible for my digital imaging course because Iwas impressed with its thoroughness and with the fact that it’s very appropriate forbeginning through advanced-level students...a very comprehensive text!— Thomas Shirley, Faculty member, Digital Imaging, Columbia College, IL
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Credits Acquisitions Editor Quality Control Technician Michael Roney Dina F Quan Project Editors Permissions Editor Amy Thomas Buscaglia Carmen Krikorian Sharon Eames Media Development Specialist Technical Editor Angela Denny Marc Pawliger Media Development Coordinator Copy Editors Marisa Pearman Laura Stone Lane Barnholtz Book Designer KC Hogue Drew R. Moore Julie Campbell Moss Nancy Rapoport Illustrators Gabriele McCann Proof Editor Angela F. Hunckler Patsy Owens Proofreading and Indexing Project Coordinators York Production Services Danette Nurse Joe Shines Cover Illustrator Peter Kowaleszyn Graphics and Production Specialists Robert Bihlmayer Jude Levinson Michael Lewis Ramses Ramirez Victor Pérez-Varela
About the Author In 1985, Deke McClelland oversaw the implementation of the first personal com- puter-based production department in Boulder, Colorado. He later graduated to be artistic director for Publishing Resources, one of the earliest all-PostScript service bureaus in the United States. These days, Deke is the author of the award-winning titles Photoshop for Windows Bible and Macworld Photoshop Bible (both published by IDG Books Worldwide), now in their eighth year with more copies in print than any other guides on computer graphics. Other best-selling titles include Photoshop For Dummies, Photoshop Studio Secrets, Web Design Studio Secrets (all IDG Books Worldwide), Real World Illustrator 9, and Real World Digital Photography (both Peachpit Press). He also serves as host to sev- eral entertaining and educational video training series, including Total Photoshop, Total InDesign, and Total Illustrator (all Total Training). In 1989, Deke won the Benjamin Franklin Award for Best Computer Book. Since then, he has received honors from the Society for Technical Communication (once in 1994 and twice in 1999), the American Society of Business Press Editors (1995), the Western Publications Association (1999), and the Computer Press Association (1990, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1997, and twice in 1999). In 1999, Book Bytes named Deke its Author of the Year. Deke is presently working on his new visual learning series, Look & Learn, which is slated to include Look & Learn Photoshop and Look & Learn Flash (IDG Books Worldwide). He is a contributing editor for Macworld magazine.
To my mad little Max, and the woman who created him.Two sweeter people you never did see.To see these two people is sweetness indeed.
Foreword I f you are reading this foreword, it probably means that you’ve purchased a copy of Adobe Photoshop 6.0, and for that I and the rest of the Photoshop team at Adobe thank you. If you own a previous edition of the Photoshop Bible, you probably know what to expect. If not, then get ready for an interesting trip. A lot of attention in various forums has been given to the fact that the year 2000 marks the ten-year anniversary of Adobe Photoshop. Unless you buy this book almost immediately after it comes out, I will also have been working on Photoshop for ten years, so this seems like a good time to do a little looking back. When I joined the Photoshop team, my first task was to start adding vector drawing capabilities to a program that even in 1.0 could lay claim to being the leading desk- top raster editing program. In other words, I was to implement a Bézier pen tool that as initially planned was little more than a glorified lasso tool. Ten years later, Photoshop 6 is now taking vectors on in earnest. I trust that doesn’t mean that we sat still for the 9+ years between Photoshop 2.0 and Photoshop 6.0. It certainly doesn’t feel that way. If we had done so, I suspect that we would have heard from Deke McClelland since he’s been watching over our shoulders for almost as long as I can remember. While Photoshop 6 probably provides more instant gratification features than any previous version, at its core it offers a broad collection of basic and not so basic tools for building and manipulating images. Becoming a skilled Photoshop user involves getting to know those tools, how they interact, and when to use them. The best way I’ve found to do that is through use, exploration, and play. On the other hand, since Photoshop allows one to do so much, it can be difficult to know where to begin. It’s like opening a watch maker’s tool chest: The screwdrivers are pretty obvious, but what about all these other strange and mysterious instruments? This is where Deke comes in. In Deke’s hands, Photoshop goes from being just a toolbox to being a strange and wonderful land all its own. The Photoshop Bible is a guided tour through that land with a guide who has been over the territory many times. Deke takes you through most of Photoshop and covers a lot of areas in impressive depth. Not only does he show you the features in Photoshop — after all, you’ve got
xvi Foreword the manual to do that — he shows you how to use them to address issues that look almost like real world problems. This is the Photoshop Bible not the Photoshop Encyclopedia and hence it tells stories rather than just presenting information. A second thing that you’ll get from this book is a lot of commentary. Deke isn’t shy about letting you know how he feels about various features. I don’t always agree with Deke’s opinions on these matters, but I think his openness about his opinions makes the book much richer. If you become a routine user of Photoshop, you will almost certainly develop your own opinions, some of which will probably match Deke’s and some of which probably won’t. It’s valuable to get his opinions during the tour, however, because, even if you end up disagreeing with them, they give you more to think about. Finally, the most invigorating aspect of this book is the enthusiasm Deke brings to the tour. You’ll note that I included “play” in my list of strategies for coming to know Photoshop, and I think just having fun with the program is really one of the best things you can do when starting out. Deke almost relentlessly conveys that sense of excitement and fun, and for that I thank him. So, fasten your seat belts, put on your pith helmets, and get ready. It’s a fascinating trip ahead. Mark Hamburg Principal Scientist and Architect for Adobe Photoshop Adobe Systems Incorporated September 2000
Preface I have no idea where you are as you read this. You might be sitting in front of your computer, lounging on a beach in Martinique, or curled up under the covers with a flashlight. But there’s a chance you’re standing in a bookstore with a clerk behind you asking if you need any help. If so, you’re at what we in the book biz like to call the “point of purchase” (POP). From my perspective, the POP is a dangerous place, fraught with ambiguities and temptations. There’s a chance — however infinitesimal — that you might put this book back where you found it and buy a competing title. I shudder to think of it. So for the benefit of you POPers, I’m about to lay it on a bit thick. This book is not only the number-one selling guide to Adobe Photoshop, but one of the two or three most successful books on any electronic publishing topic ever printed. You can find dozens of localized translations throughout the world. The Dutch translation has been known to come out before the English edition, and I just received an e-mail from my German translator urging me to get her manuscript ASAP. The Photoshop Bible is the most widely accepted textbook for college courses. It is also the only third-party book that has been edited from cover to cover for tech- nical accuracy by members of Photoshop’s programming team (for which I am duly grateful). Now, we all know “bestseller” doesn’t necessarily translate to “best” — I needn’t remind you that pet rocks were once hotter than Pokémon. But the Photoshop Bible seems to have touched a chord. Based on the letters I’ve received over the years, most readers find the book informative, comprehensive, and entertaining. (Okay, one woman summed it up as “violent, satanic, and blasphemous” — cross my heart, it’s true — but now that we’ve removed all the backward lyrics, I think we’ve addressed that problem.) Knowing that people not only buy the book, but actually read it and find it pleasurable, gives me more satisfaction than I can say. The driving philosophy behind Photoshop 6 for Windows Bible is a simple one: Even the most intimidating topic can be made easy if it’s explained properly. This goes double when the subject of the discussion is something as modest as a piece of software. Photoshop isn’t some remarkable work of nature that defies our compre- hension. It’s nothing more that a commercial product designed by a bunch of regu- lar people like you for the express purpose of being understood and put to use by a bunch of regular people like you. If I can’t explain something that’s inherently so straightforward, then shame on me.
xviii Preface I’ve made it my mission to address every topic head-on — no cop-outs, no apolo- gies. Everything’s here, from the practical benefits of creating accurate masks to the theoretical wonders of designing your own custom layer styles. I wasn’t born with this knowledge, and there are plenty of times when I’m learning with you. But when I don’t know how something works, I do the research and figure it out, some- times discussing features directly with the programmers, sometimes taking advan- tage of other sources. My job is to find out the answers, make sure those answers make sense, and pass them along to you as clearly as I can. I also provide background, opinions, and a few feeble attempts at humor. A dry list- ing of features followed by ponderous discussions of how they work doesn’t mean squat unless I explain why the feature is there, where it fits into your workflow, and — on occasion — whether or not it’s the best solution. I am alternatively cranky, excited, and just plain giddy as I explain Photoshop, and I make no effort to contain my criticisms or enthusiasm. This book is me walking you through the program as subjectively as I would explain it to a friend. But before I brag any more about the book, it’s possible you’re not even sure what Photoshop is, much less why you’d need a book on the subject. Just so we’re all clear, let’s take a peek at the program. What Is Photoshop? Photoshop 6 is a professional-level image editor that runs on a Power Macintosh computer running OS 8.5 or later; or a Pentium-based PC equipped with any of sev- eral versions of Microsoft Windows. By image editor, I mean that Photoshop enables you to edit photos and artwork scanned to disk. You can then post the resulting images on the Internet or print them on paper. Here’s an example: Your job is to take a picture of your company’s high-and-mighty CEO, touch up the crow’s feet, fix the hair, and publish the Chief’s smiling face on the cover of the annual report. No problem. Just shoot the photo, have it scanned to disk, open Mr. or Mrs. CEO inside Photoshop, and away you go. Photoshop arms you with all the digital wrinkle cream, toupee relaxer, jowl remover, and tooth pol- isher that you could ask for. The head honcho looks presentable no matter how badly the company is doing. Photoshop, then, is about changing reality. It follows in the footsteps of a rich pro- cession of after-camera tools. Despite all the hand-wringing you may have heard about the veracity of photographs in the digital age, image editing has been around almost as long as photography itself. Witness the editorial image below, lifted from the hallowed pages of a 1917 issue of The Geographic (predecessor to National Geographic). The men on the left are authentic, but I’m a bit skeptical about that fellow inside the van. Today’s editing techniques may be more sophisticated, but they’re hardly anything new.
Preface xix In 1917, The Geographic tendered this image as a genuine photograph, and very likely many readers thought nothing of it. One day, future generations will think the same of our work. Photoshop goes beyond just reducing the distance between two Giza pyramids on the cover of National Geographic or plopping a leaning Tom Cruise, photographed in Hawaii, onto the supportive shoulder of Dustin Hoffman, photographed in New York, for a Newsweek spread (both duller-than-fiction applications of image-editing software). Photoshop brings you full-tilt creativity. Picture the head of an eagle on the body of a lion with the legs of a spider and the wings of a dove. Picture yourself in a boat on a river with tangerine trees and marmalade skies. Whether your inspi- rations are original or derivative, Photoshop lets you paint snapshots from your dreams. If you can picture it in your head, you can paint it in Photoshop.About This Book If you’re familiar with previous editions of this book, this one represents your everyday average exhaustive renovation. As is often the case, I am assisted by Julie PhotoDeluxe For Dummies King and Amy InDesign For Dummies Thomas Buscaglia, long-time contributors to the Bible. (Julie has been adding her touch since the very first Bible; Amy has been on board for the last seven renditions.) With their help, I’ve added detailed discussions on the subjects of layers, blending options, styles,
xx Preface vector-based shapes, color management, object-oriented text, the expanded TIFF and PDF file formats, free-form distortions, and the usual plethora of interface enhancements. As always, we’ve reworked the structure of the book to suit the newest version of Photoshop, creating new parts, rehashing every chapter without exception, and rewriting several chapters from the ground up. In short, we’ve deprived ourselves of sleep and sanity to make you happy. If you’re new to the Bible, I urge you to take a brief moment and make sure you have the right one before you pay the clerk and take it home. You are currently holding the Photoshop 6 for Windows Bible, designed specifically for folks w