Teori Dramaturgi

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  • For reproduction steps for this slide, refer to the PowerPoint template titled “Static text effects for PowerPoint slides” (STATIC_TEXT.potx), slide number 17.
  • Timeline graphic with pictures(Intermediate)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert. Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher.In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 2.65” and the Width box is set to 9”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Under Picture Tools, in the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Shape, and then under Rectangles click Round Same Side Corner Rectangle (eighth option from the left).Drag the top yellow diamond adjustment handle slightly to the right to decrease the amount of rounding on the corners. Under Picture Tools, in the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Shadow, and then under Inner click Inside Center (second row, second option from the left).To reproduce the timeline effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 0.73”.In the Shape Width box, enter 9”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Solid fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 35%(third row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 20%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then in the right pane, select No line. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the right pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Inner click Inside Center (second row, second option from the left). Drag the rectangle onto the bottom of the picture. Press and hold SHIFT and select the rectangle and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following: Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Center.Click Align Top.Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center. To reproduce the month labels for the timeline, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box (in this example the text is “JAN”), select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gil Sans MT Condensed from the Font list, select 18 from the Font Size list, click the arrow next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box. Select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat the process until there is a total of six text boxes. On the slide, drag the text boxes onto the rectangle to form a timeline. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL and select all six text boxes and the rectangle.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL and cancel the selection of the rectangle, keeping the text boxes selected. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Distribute Horizontally. To change the text in the duplicate text boxes, click in each text box and edit the text.To change the color of the second text box from the left, select the text box, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, click the arrow next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). To reproduce the vertical line with text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Line (first option from the left).Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag on the slide to draw a straight, vertical line. Select the line. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 1.2”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Select Solid line.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:In the Width box, enter 0.75 pt.Under Arrow Settings, click the button next to Begin type, and then click Oval Arrow (second row, third option from the left).Click the button next to Begin size, and then click Arrow L Size 1 (first row, first option from the left).Click the button next to End type, and then enter Oval Arrow (second row, third option from the left).Click the button next to End size, and then enter Arrow R Size 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Select the duplicate line. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 2.6”.Press and hold SHIFT and select both lines. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align Selected Objects.Point to Align, and then click Align Center.Drag both lines together on the slide to position them under one of the timeline month labels. Press and hold SHIFT and select both lines and the text box they are under. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Center.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT from the Font list, select 20 from the Font Size list, and then click the arrow next to Font Color and click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box. On the slide, drag the text box to position it to the right of the vertical line. To reproduce the background on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then clickFormat Background.In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then clickLinear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter50%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick Black, Text 1(first row, second option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter99%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick Black, Text 1, Lighter 35% (third row, second option from the left).
  • Frames with faded pictures and text(Intermediate)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and then click Insert. Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher.In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3” and the Width box is set to 3”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Repeat steps 2-4 to insert, resize, and crop another picture so that in the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3” and the Width box is set to 3”. Press and hold SHIFT and select both pictures. On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Click the button next to Recolor, and then under Color Modes click Grayscale (first option from the left). In the Brightness box, enter 55%.In the Contrast box, enter -70%. Select both pictures. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Select the two duplicate pictures. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Shape, and then under Basic Shapes click Frame (second row, fourth option from the left). On the slide, select one frame and drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to increase or decrease frame width. Repeat this step on the other frame.Press and hold SHIFT and select both frames. On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture in the left pane. In the right pane, click the button next to Recolor, and then under No Recolor,click No Recolor. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Formatin the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane under Bevel:Click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left).Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 6 pt. Next to Top, in the Height box, enter 6 pt. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Bottom (first row, second option from the left).In the Blur box, enter 30 pt. In the Distance box, enter 18 pt. Press and hold SHIFT and select one of the frames and the corresponding grayscale picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following to position the frame directly on top of the grayscale picture:Point to Align, and then click Align Selected Objects.Point to Align, and then click Align Center.Point to Align, and then clickAlign Middle. Click Group. Repeat step 14 with the other frame and corresponding grayscale picture. Select each group and drag them so they are next to each other at the desired position on the slide.Press and hold SHIFT and select both groups. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then click Align Middle. To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Franklin Gothic Medium Condfrom the Font list and then enter 30 in the Font Size box.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text on the slide.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click the arrow next toText Fill, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the slide, drag the text box to position it inside one of the frames.Repeat steps 1-5 to createtext for the other frame. To reproduce the horizontal line effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Line (first option from the left).Press and hold SHIFT, and then on the slide, drag to draw a straight, horizontal line. Select the line. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 10”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, and then do the following in the right pane:Select Solid line.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, first option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the right pane, in the Width box, enter 0.75 pt.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Press and hold SHIFT and select both lines on the slide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back. Drag both lines so that they are positioned behind the pictures and frames. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align,and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background on this slide, do the following:On the Design tab, in the Background group, click the arrow next to BackgroundStyles, and click Style 5 (second row, first option from the left). (Note: If this action is taken in a PowerPoint presentation containing more than one slide, the background style will be applied to all of the slides.)
  • Custom animation effects: motion path text and change color(Intermediate)To reproduce the picture on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 3” and the Width box is set to 10”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, point to Align, and do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click AlignCenter.Click Align Top.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box and select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Century Gothic.In the Font Size box, enter 30. Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 80, Green: 129, Blue: 226.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box.Drag the text box below the picture, in the middle of the left side of the slide.To reproduce the animation effects for the first text box on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects.In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade. Select the animation effect (fade effect for the first text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In the Speed list, select Medium.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Select the second animation effect (right motion path for the first text box). Under Modify: Right, do the following:In theStart list, selectWithPrevious.In the Speed list, select Medium.On the slide, select the text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects.In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Font Color. Select the third animation effect (change font color effect for the first text box). Under Modify: Change Font Color, do the following:In theStart list, selectAfterPrevious.In the Font Color list, select White (first option from the left).In the Speed list, select Fast.On the slide, select the motion path for the text box. Point to the endpoint (red arrow) until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow, press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the endpoint to lengthen the motion path about 4”. (Note: It will help to use the ruler to measure the path. On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler.) Right-click the motion path, and then click Reverse Path Direction. To reproduce the other animated text boxes on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Drag the second text box below and to the right of the first text box.Click in the second text box, and then edit the text. Select the text in the second text box. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font Size list, select 24.Click Bold to unbold the text.Click Italic. On the slide, select the motion path for the second text box. Point to the starting point (green arrow) until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the second text box, until the length of the path is about 4”. Select the first text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. On the slide, Drag the third text box until it is below and to the left of the second text box, and to the right of the first text box.Click in the third text box, and then edit the text.Select the text in the third text box. On the Home tab, in the Font group, in the Font Size list, select 24.In the Custom Animation task pane, select the sixth animation effect (change font color effect for the second text box). Under Modify: Change Font Color, in the Speed list, select Fast. On the slide, press and hold CTRL, and then select all three text boxes. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click More Effects.In the Add Exit Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Stretchy. Select the 10th, 11th, and 12th animation effects (stretchy effects for the text boxes). Under Modify: Stretchy, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In the Speed list, select Medium.Select the 10th animation effect (stretchy effect for the first text box), and then drag it until it is ninth in the list of effects. Select the 12th animation effect (stretchy effect for the third text box), and then under Modify: Exit, in the Start list, select After Previous.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following: Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Up (second row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until four stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 25% (fourth row, second option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 20%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 80%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Select Stop 4 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 25% (fourth row, second option from the left).
  • Teori Dramaturgi

    1. 1. Erving Goffman FAKULTAS ILMU KOMUNIKASI UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014 Tim Dosen Pengampu : - DR. Antar Venus, M.A. Comm. - Meria Octavianti, S.sos., M.Si Aas Shofiatul Milah 210110130003 Mankom A
    2. 2. Latar Belakang
    3. 3. Pemikiran Cooley tentang sikap orang lain merupakan cermin bagi diri kita sendiri untuk menilai objek dalam lingkungan sosial. Pemikiran Blumer mengenai diri merupakan sebuah proses, bukan benda. Diri membantu manusia bertindak tak hanya sekedar memberikan tanggapan semata atas stimulus dari luar.
    4. 4. ERVING GOFFMAN • Lahir di Mannville, Alberta-Canada , 11 Juni 1922 • Mendapat gelar S1 dari Univ. Toronto • Menerima gelar doctor dari Univ. Chicago • Pernah menjadi professor di jurusan sosiologi Univ. Calivornia Barkeley • Sempat menjadi ketua liga Ivy Univ. Pennsylvania • Teori paling terkenal yaitu teori dramaturgis dalam bukunya The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, diterbitkan tahun 1959. • Wafat tahun 1982 ketika sedang mengalami kejayaan sebagai tokoh sosiologi dan serta mengalihkan perhatiannya di tahun-tahun berikutnya.
    5. 5. 1. Dramaturgi berasal dari bahasa Inggris dramaturgy yang berarti seni atau teknik drama dalam bentuk teater. Dramaturgi membahas proses penciptaan teater mulai dari penulisan naskah hingga pementasannya. Pertamakali dipopulerkan oleh Aristoteles. Beliau menjabarkan penelitiannya tentang penampilan/drama- drama yang berakhir tragedi/tragis ataupun kisah-kisah komedi. 2. Menurut Goffman (1959) Dramaturgi adalah sandiwara kehidupan yang disajikan oleh manusia. Situasi dramatik yang seolah- olah terjadi diatas panggung sebagai ilustrasi untuk menggambarkan individu-individu dan interaksi yang dilakukan mereka dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.
    6. 6. Secara ringkas dramaturgis merupakan pandangan tentang kehidupan sosial sebagai serentetan pertunjukan drama dalam sebuah pentas.
    7. 7. Konsep Dramaturgi Goffman Burke diri adalah “suatu hasil kerjasama” (collaborative manufacture) yang harus diproduksi baru dalam setiap peristiwa interaksi sosial. Asumsi Saat berinteraksi, aktor ingin menampilkan perasaan diri yang diterima oleh orang lain. Tetapi, ketika menampilkan diri, aktor menyadari bahwa anggota audien dapat mengganggu penampilannya. Karena itu aktor dramaturgis merupakan teori yang mempelajari proses dari perilaku dan bukan hasil dari perilaku.
    8. 8. Front Stage (panggung depan) Back Stage (panggung belakang) Set t i ng Fr ont Per sonal Gaya Penampilan
    9. 9. Teori Dramaturgi Erving Goffman tertuang dalam bukunya yang berjudul “The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (1959)” dan “Encounters; Two Studies of Sociology of Interaction (1961)”. Goffman tidak berupaya menitikberatkan pada struktur sosial, melainkan pada interaksi tatap muka atau kehadiran bersama (Co-presence). Menurutnya interaksi tatap muka itu dibatasinya sebagai individu yang saling mempengaruhi indakan-tindakan mereka satu sama lain ketika masing-masing berhadapan secara fisik.
    10. 10. Secara lebih rinci teori dramaturgi Goffman tersebut dapat dikemukakan sebagai berikut (Supardan, 2011:158): c) Individu dapat menyajikan suatu pertunjukan (show) bagi orang lain, tetapi kesan (impression) pelaku terhadap pertunjukan tersebut dapat berbeda-beda. b) Para aktor adalah mereka yang melakukan tindakan tindakan atau penampilan rutin. a) Dalam suatu situasi sosial, seluruh kegiatan dari partisipan tertentu disebut sebagai suatu penampilan (performence), sedangkan orang lain yang terlibat dalam situasi tersebut disebut sebagai pengamat atau partisipan lainnya.
    11. 11. Interaksi simbolik dikelompokan ke dalam dua aliran (school) :  Aliran Chicago School yang dimonitori oleh Herbert Blumer, melanjutkan tradisi humanistis yang dimulai oleh George Herbert Mead.  Kedua Iowa School menggunakan pendekatan yang lebih ilmiah dalam mempelajari interaksi. INTERAKSI SIMBOLIK
    12. 12. Jerome Manis dan Bernard Meltzer memisahkan tujuh hal mendasar yang bersifat teoritis dan metodologis dari interaksionisme simbolik, yaitu: 1. Orang-orang dapat mengerti berbagai hal dengan belajar dari pengalaman. 2. Berbagai arti dipelajari melalui interaksi di antara orang- orang.
    13. 13. 3. Seluruh struktur dan institusi sosial diciptakan dari adanya interaksi di antara orang-orang. 5. Pikiran terdiri dari percakapan internal, yang merefleksikan interaksi yang telah terjadi antara seseorang dengan orang lain. 4. Tingkah laku seseorang tidak mutlak ditentukan oleh kejadian pada masa lampau saja, tetapi tidak dilakukan secara sengaja.
    14. 14. 6. Tingkah laku terbentuk atau tercipta di dalam kelompok sosial selama proses interaksi. 7. Kita tidak dapat memahami pengalaman seorang individu dengan mengamati tingkah lakunya belaka.
    15. 15. Analisa Dramaturgis pada Sales Proton pada saat Pameran di Pondok Indah Mall Dua Jakarta Pengamatan tingkah laku peran seorang sales sebuah perusahaan otomotif malaysia bernama Proton. Para salespun melakukan akting yang berbeda si setiap situasi yang berbeda.
    16. 16. Analisa Dramaturgi Ketika para sales tidak diawasi supervisor maka mereka memperlihatkan jati diri sebenarnya. Mereka lebih santai menjalankan peran mereka sendiri. Ketika tidak ada supervisor, mereka akan berakting sebagaimana peran mereka Apakah mereka memang sungguh-sungguh dalam mencari customer atau malas-malasan. Perilaku para sales yang berbeda ketika ia berbicara dengan supervisor. Perilaku berbeda terlihat ketika para sales tidak sedang berbicara. Ia akan berakting sebagaimana mungkin untuk memperlihatkan ia benar-benar mengikuti apa yang dibicarakan sang supervisor. Begitu juga ketika para sales berhadapan langsung dengan customer. Sebisa mungkin mereka ingin memerankan dan menampilkan kerja terbaiknya. Hal ini dilakukan agar para sales dapat mendapatkan tujuannya, yaitu produk mereka yang berhasil terjual.
    17. 17. Erving Goffman mengungkapakan teori Presentation of Self atau disebut juga sebagai Dramaturgi. Konsep dramaturgi menurut Erving Goffman adalah, dimana ia memandang kehidupan sosial merupakan seperti pertunjukan drama pentas. Dalam teori dramaturgi dijelaskan bahwa identitas manusia adalah tidak stabil dan setiap identitas tersebut merupakan bagian dari kejiwaan (psikologi) yang mandiri. Identitas manusia bisa berubah-ubah tergantung dari interaksinya dengan orang lain. Dalam dramaturgi, interaksi sosial dimaknai sama dengan pertunjukan drama. Manusia adalah aktor yang berusaha menggabungkan karakterisasi personal dan tujuannya kepada orang lain melalui “pertunjukan dramanya sendiri”. Kesimpulan
    18. 18. Sumber  http://pristality.com/2011/11/29/teori-dramaturgi-erving- goffman/  http://www.slideshare.net/hikamul/d-rama#btnNext  http://meiliemma.wordpress.com/2008/01/27/dramaturgi/  http://jurnalismekapurung.wordpress.com/2011/06/27/men guak-rahasia-pencitraan-dengan-teori-dramaturgi/  http://ridhoinsanputra.blogspot.com/2012/10/teori- dramaturgi.html
    19. 19. Nama : DR. Antar Venus, M.A. Comm. TTL : Serang-Banten, 2 Juni 1968. Beliau adalah Pakar Komunikasi yang yang terobsesi membumikan ilmu komunikasi. Sebagai pembina mata kuliah teori- teori Komunikasi di
    20. 20. Nama: Aas Shofiatul Milah NPM : 210110130003 Ttl : Kuningan, 14 April 1995 Riwayat Pendidikan : - MI Al-Istiqomah Cibingbin-Kuningan - MTsN Cibingbin-Kuningan - MAN Ciawigebang-Kuningan Saat ini sedang menempuh pendidikan S1 di Fakultas Ilmu Komunikasi Universitas Padjadjaran dengan program studi Manajemen komunikasi. “Setelah mempelajari teori ini, saya semakin menyadari bahwa memang benar kehidupan ini ibarat sebuah teater. Disadari atau tidak, kita selalu menerapkan teori dramaturgi ini dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, dimana kita seringkali melakukan pertunjukkan yang kental dengan panggung depan dan panggung belakang kita.”
    21. 21. TEORI KOMUNIKASI DRAMATURGI

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