• Canada’s two official languages are English and French.
• Non-official languages are important in Canada, with over five
million people listing one as a first language. Some significant
non-official first languages include Chinese (8,53,745 firstlanguage speakers), Italian (4,69,485), German (4,38,080),
Punjabi (2,71,220), Tamil (2,00,000).
• Canada is the second largest country in the world, with over
3,851,877 square miles of land.
• The International Boundary, the longest border between two
nations, 5,525 mile border between Canada and the United
States- with 1,538 miles of it lying between Canada and Alaska.
• 7% of Canada’s land mass is covered with over 2 million
lakes, the largest being the Northwest Territories’ Great Bear
• An estimated 14% of the world’s fresh water supply is
located in Canada.
• Some of Canada’s natural resources are; iron ore, nickel,
zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum,
potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal,
petroleum, natural gas, and hydropower.
There are also impressive mountains. The highest
one is Mount Logan (5,959 metres) and the
longest river is The Mackenzie.
National Flag of
The Maple Tree
The Great Seal
National Horse of Canada
national winter sport
The Coat of Arms
All of Canada uses the Canadian Dollar
There are no 1 or 2 dollar bills in Canada,
they have been replaced by the 1 and 2
dollar coins – the “loonie” and the “toonie”.
In history, the Canadian dollar has usually
been at least a bit weaker than the United
States dollar, but recently the trend has
The family structure in
Has been changing and
becoming more diverse over
the last 30+ years.
In 2011, 69.6% of
households were family
households, 26.8% were
one-person households, and
3.7% of households consisted
of unrelated persons.
In 2011, 68.6% percent of
families consisted of a
married couple with or
without children, 15.5% of
families consisted of commonlaw couples and 15.9% of
families were single parent
The dating process usually
begins around ages 13-16 in
It’s common for both parents
in the family to work outside
of the home.
The average family size in
2011 was 3 members
43.1% of marriages end in
divorce before the 50th
anniversary as of 2011.
There were 70,226 divorces
• Shaking hands is customary when being introduced to someone new in Canada.
• Many Canadians expect a firm handshake when meeting or departing as well as
good eye contact.
• Saying “Hello”, nodding your head, or waving your hand are all acceptable
ways to say Hello.
• when you have your hands in your pockets, it is considered bad form to speak .
• One to two feet of space between two people is the usual personal boundary
• Canadians maintain the distance.
• In Quebec, the "thumbs down” sign is considered offensive, as is slapping an open palm
over a closed fist.
• The “thumbs up" sign is used to mean "okay” throughout Canada.
• Pointing at someone with your index finger is considered rude.
• Using a toothpick, brushing your hair, or clipping your
fingernails are all things not to do in public.
• It’s not uncommon in Canada for people who don’t know you to greet you with
“Hi!” or “how are you?” when walking down the street
• Most Canadians only allow guests in rooms of their home that they have
designated as public or “guest” rooms.
• Many Canadians are non-smokers and they do not allow smoking in their homes
• Recycling and not littering are valued behaviors.
• A line is usually formed when several people are waiting for something, like at a
coffee shop. Lines are first come first serve, and it is considered very rude to cut in.
• Bargaining or haggling is not a common practice in Canada other than for things
like buying a house, a vehicle, or dealing with a private seller.
• Punctuality is important, but arriving 15 minutes late for a dinner party is
• Canadians usually have the standard 3 meals a day and sometimes may have
tea coffee in the afternoon or a snack break at work.
• Elbows should never be on the table when eating.
• Eating while walking in public is not acceptable.
• In Canada, many people eat with the fork in the left hand and the knife in the
right hand for foods that require cutting.
• After finishing a meal, eating utensils(plates) should be placed on the plate.
Canadians eat a lot of the same foods that people do in
the United States; they have fast food, processed foods,
milk, cheese, eggs, breads, fruits, vegetables, pizza,
meat, seafood, and so on.
Canada is the one of the world’s wealthiest nations.
Canada is a mixed market.
Canada’s national unemployment rate was 8.6%.
It is one of the world’s top 10 trading nations.
Canada is a mixed market. Since the early 1990s, the
Canadian economy has been growing rapidly with low
unemployment and large government surpluses on the
The Canadian economy is domınated by the service
Canada is one of the few developed nations that are net
exporters of energy.
Canada is a member of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the G8.
Canada is one of the world’s largest suppliers of agricultural
Which country does Canada import most
of its goods from?
Some common Canadian favorites are –
Poutine: Fries layered with gravy and cheese curds ;
chicken wings: Fried chicken wings with a variety of different
sauces ; Pierogies: A dough dumpling stuffed with a filling
like cheese, meat, and/or potatoes ; Elk, moose, buffalo, and
deer; Tim Hortons Donuts ;
Beaver Tails: A type of pastry ; Maple syrup ; East coast
seafood71 ; Kraft macaroni and cheese71 ; Beer71 from one of
the many local breweries ; Subway ; Raspberries ; Waffles ;
Stews ; Flax ; Quinoa ; Muffins..