Before the British rule, India was
self-sufficient in textile and Cotton
products but during the British rule,
India fell down to the position of
importing cloth from England.
In the 19th century A.D. British government
abolished the tariff protection of Indian goods. The
country was reduced to the position of supplier of
raw material to British industries. In 1850 Jute mills
were established in India but there was no
economic development in the country. In the time
of 1st World War some goods, acquired by the
people were reduced in India. This gave some
industrial progress in our country.
THE CAUSES OF DECLINE
Impact of the industrial revolution
Loss of royal patronage
Loss of external markets
Coercive tactics used by the British
Indifference of the British rulers
IMPACT OF INDUSTRIAL
The same goods produce in industries ,when
compared to a craftsman's goods , were very cheap.
They were also better in quality and quantity.
So these were the major factors in front of
industries ,for the slowly dying Indian crafts .
LOSS OF ROYAL
After the British ended their conquest in India most of
the Indian rulers were on their side .taking advantage of
this British promoted the selling of their of goods and
under influence they waived of taxes on their goods
and increased the taxes of Indian goods .
Thus losing the patronage of Indian goods
LOSS OF EXTERNAL
Due to the high taxes levied on Indian goods,
by the British, the sellers and crafters suffered
heavy losses .
And slowly Indian crafts loss their place in
external markets like:
Britain ,France ,Dutch and Arabian countries
COERCIVE TACTICS USED
The British forced the Indian farmers grow what
was profitable to the company not to the farmers .like
indigo which was growing good in india.it was of
huge demand in births. So it was forced to grow in
Soon India like this became the largest exporter of
INDIFFERENCE OF THE
They treated the people of their own country
carefully while ruling India they did not even try
to help them.
For example: in Britain when artists got
displaced by industrial revolution they provided
them with certain benefits but not in India .
SO RESULTED IN
In great loss to the local artisans in India .There
was a huge migration of people from cites to
villages , for primary activities like farming . This
put further pressure on land ,with pieces getting
So the traditional crafts and products went into
trouble during the British times in front of industrial
REVENUE INTO BRITISH
Taxes gone in the respective year
1859=361 million rupees (today’s value $
1890=851 million rupees (today’s value $