GREEN LOGESTIC PRESENTED BY- PREETI ASTHA MANISHA
TOPIC TO BE COVERED…..• Introduction of green logistic• Drivers of green logistic• Green logistic management• Control and compliances• Responsiveness of green logistic
Environmental problem Out of 1,62 billion tons of truck emission in Europe. The availability and price of fuel. Up to 80% of warehouses energy consumption is due to lightning. 252 million tone of packaging is used annually in the consumer industry- half paper, half plastic. Production of the paper required 7million trees to be felled. Aerodynamic drag is responsive of 40% of fuel consumption of heavy duty trucks of motorway speed. Truck represent 80% of the group’s road emissions.
….but there exists a way to minimize them.. ….Green Logistics!
Introduction of Green logistics Logistics are at the heart of the operation of modern transportsystems systems and implies a degree organization and control overfreight movements that only modern technology could have broughtinto being. Greenness has become a code word for a range ofenvironmental concerns, and is usually considered positively. It isemployed to suggest compatibility with the environment, and thus,like logistics is something that is perceived as beneficial.When put together the two words suggest anenvironmentally friendly and efficient transport anddistribution system.
Cont… The main objective of Green logistics is to coordinate the activities within a supply chain in such a way that beneficiary needs are met at "least cost" to the environment. It is a principle component of reverse logistics. In the past “cost” has been defined in purely monetary terms, where-as "cost" can now also be understood as the external costs of logistics associated with: climate change air pollution dumping waste (including packaging waste) soil degradation noise vibration accidents
• Green or sustainable logistics is concerned with reducing environmental and other negative impacts associated with the movement of supplies.• A good example of one Logistics aspect that poses great risk to the environment is packaging.• Packaging represents one of the greatest challenges to environmental friendly logistics while at the same time being vital in shipping and storage.• Correct or incorrect packaging has consequences for how much of a product can be stored, how it is stored and or transported in a given space. This can increase to the unit cost if the packaging hinders optimization of storage space.
Environmental Management Systems (EMS)• Logistics and transport activities have been identified as having a major impact on the environment in which we all live. For example, excess carbon emission has changed the environmental landscape, by destroying the ecosystem. Indigenous forests have thinned out and changed rain patterns thus impacting farming and food production.• Consequently logistics and transport have attracted significant legislation at both national and international level.
Cont… The ISO 14000 series of standards provides a formal system for the management of environmental matters. The ISO 14000 family addresses various aspects of environmental management. The very first two standards deal with environmental management systems (EMS). ISO 14001:2004 provides the requirements for an EMS. ISO 14004:2004 gives general EMS guidelines. The other standards and guidelines in the family address specific environmental aspects, including: labelling. performance evaluation. life cycle analysis. communication and auditing.
Drivers of Green logistics Mounting energy costs. Increasing power and fuel costs, together with the cost of related raw materials used in infrastructure building and functioning has led to chances for looking into green alternatives that can significantly lead to a reduction in the price. Reducing the power consumed by IT apparatus, energy efficient lighting and cooling, recycling can help develop the bottom line in business financial sheets. Worldwide alarms among corporate over GHG (Green House Gases) emissions. Many corporate policies now consist of targets for decreasing their impact on the surroundings. With IT equipment, infrastructure and people having a significant footprint in any business today, identifying and lowering its impact is becoming very important. Green IT is thus as important to an industrial manufacturer as it is to a telecom or an IT services organization.
Climate change Global Warming impacts weather, ice-caps and glacier. On an average, mountain glaciers and snow cover have reduced in both the northern and southern hemispheres. This widespread lowering in glaciers and ice caps has contributed to observed sea level rise. Regulations such as EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Green IT knowledge and concerns are leading to the development of legislations along all the areas. For example ROHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances)
Improved community awareness of environmental issues.• Widespread consciousness is likely to lead to privileged choices in vendor selection based on Green IT practices. A flourishing Green IT tactic is largely reliant on an end-to-end obedience across supply chains, along-with sharing the best procedures in companies across the supply chain.
Challenges Implementing Green Logistics has never been easy. Some of the challenges that Consumer Goods Organizations could face are as follows:I. Lack of information about the green supply chain best practices: The organizations might be left with a limited view because of lack of information on decree and green supply chain best practices. As previously construed investments costs do not play a big role.
2. Lack of tools to optimize the supply chain with environmental management: Though there are plenty of tools available for supporting Green Supply chain initiatives, the challenge lies in selecting the right tool for a particular initiative.3. Advent of global sourcing making tracing of carbon footprint difficult: Since the advent of global sourcing, tracking the carbon footprint of finished products have become difficult. However, the practice of requesting carbon footprints from suppliers is slowly progressing. One of the examples is the carbon disclosure project that is being piloted by 11 multinationals including Dell, LOreal and Unilever. The project asks participating organizations to request carbon footprint information from suppliers and promote emission reduction measures across the supply chain.
Possible Areas for Improvement Areas where improvement can often be made are: reduction of water wastage by using simple water recycling methods; avoidance of pollution of watercourses with run-off from fuel dispensing areas by using interceptor tanks; careful management and monitoring of other hazardous chemicals on site; keeping pallet stacks tidy; and better management of the production, collection and disposal of waste.
Cont…For vehicles, consider the following: driver training reduces accidents and improves fuel consumption; monitor fuel consumption; monitor vehicle utilization in terms of both payload and empty running; follow preventative maintenance programmes as a poorly serviced vehicle uses more fuel; and dispose of used tyre casings responsibly.
Drivers of Green logistics Mounting energy costs. Worldwide alarms among corporate over GHG (Green House Gases) emissions. Climate change. Regulations such as EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Improved community awareness of environmental issues.
Green logistic companies• Fujitsu• HP Logistics• BALAJI MARILINE PVT LTD• SKS Transport Company• Om Murugan Packers & Movers• SARASWATI LOGISTICS CARRIER• JET COURIER & CARGO SERVICES• MATA RANI PACKERS AND MOVERS• NEEL VIMAL CARGO PVT LTD• NTL logistics plus
Fujitsu at a Glance• Fujitsu is the leading Japanese information and communication technology (ICT) company offering a full range of technology products, solutions and services.• Worlds third-largest IT services provider and No.1 in Japan.• Over 170,000 Fujitsu people support customers in more than 100 countries.• Consolidated revenues of 4.5 trillion yen (US$54 billion) for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2012.
Continued….• Fujitsu customers include nearly half the Fortune Global 500.Products…..Fujitsu offers a full range of highly reliablecomputing and communications products andadvanced microelectronics to deliver addedvalue to customers.
Fujitsu’s approach to green logistics….Fujitsu activities for green logistics began in July2003 when they launch a working group topromote environmental prevention activities inlogistics.Focus areas were….. 1. To measure transport related CO2 emissions. 2. To study and promote specific activitiestowards reducing them.
Green logistics committee was formed in April 2006. Targets….1. Procurement to product transport.2. Delivery3. Recovery Goal….1. To enhance partnerships with transporters, group companies and retailers.2. To promote the reduction of environmental load.3. To create environment friendly logistics that maintains a balance of cost, lead time and quality.
Fujitsu is meeting requirements of Revised Energy Conservation Law