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Complementary feeding



Complementary feeding ppt

This ppt helps readers to gain more knowledge about complementary feeding.

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Complementary feeding ppt

  1. 1. Breast feeding alone is adequate to maintain growth and development up to 6 months. And complementary feeding should be given to maintain their growth and development according to age. So it is necessary to introduce more concentrated energy riched nutritional supplements by this age. Infant also need iron containing food supplements to prevent iron deficiency anaemia.
  2. 2. Complementary feeding or weaning is the process of giving an infant other foods and liquids along with breast milk after the age of 6 months as breast milk alone is no longer sufficient to meet the nutritional requirements of growing baby. It is the process by which the infant gradually becomes accustomed to adult diet.
  3. 3.  Infant’s intestinal tract develops immunologically with defense mechanisms to protect the infant from foreign proteins.  The infant’s ability to digest and absorb proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, other than those in breast milk increases rapidly.
  4. 4.  The infant’s kidneys develop the ability to excrete the waste products.  The infant develops the neuromuscular mechanisms needed for recognizing and accepting variation n the taste and color of foods.
  5. 5.  Hold his/her head straight when sitting down.  Opens his/her mouth when others eat  Is interested in foods when others eat.  Receives frequent breast feed but appear hungry soon after.  Is not gaining weight adequately.
  6. 6.  Practice exclusive breast feeding from birth up to 6months and introduce complementary feeding after 6 months of age.  Continue frequent on demand breast feeding until 2 years of age.
  7. 7.  Feed infant slowly and patiently and encourage them to eat but do not force them.  Practice good hygiene and proper food handling to reduce the risk of diarrhoea.  Start with small amounts of food and increase the quantity as child gets older.
  8. 8.  Gradually increase food consistency and variety as the child grows older.  Increase the number of times the child is fed complementary food, as the child gets older.  Feed a variety of nutrient rich foods to ensure that all needsare met.
  9. 9.  Give micronutrient rich complementary foods or vitamin and mineral supplements to the infant as needed.  It is advisable to start one or two teaspoons of new food at first which should be given when baby is hungry, just before regular feeding, during the day time.
  10. 10.  Wash hands.  Keep food in clean utensils.  Separate raw and cooked food.  Cook food thoroughly.  Keep food at safe temperatures.  Use safe water and raw material.  Give freshly prepared food.  Keep the cooked food covered.
  11. 11.  Weaning food should be liquid at first, then semi solid and solid food to be introduced gradually.  Clean, fresh and hygienic, so that no infection can occurs.  Easy to prepare at home with the available food items and not costly.
  12. 12.  Easily digestible, easily acceptable and palatable for infants.  High in energy density and low in bulk viscosity and contains all nutrients necessary for the baby.  Based on cultural practice and traditional beliefs.  Well – balanced, nourishing and suitable for the infant
  13. 13. AGE ENERGY NEEDED IN ADDITION TO MILK CONSISTENC Y FREQUENC Y AMOUNT AT EACH MEAL 6 – 8 Month 200 Kcal/day Start with liquid andproceed foods 2 – 3 times per day Start with 2 - 3 table spoons per feed and increase to about 125 ml
  14. 14. AGE ENERGY NEEDED IN ADDITION TO MILK CONSISTENC Y FREQUENC Y AMOUNT AT EACH MEAL 9 – 11 months 300 Kcal/day Finely chopped or mashed foods. 3 – 4 times a day Half cup of 250 ml cup. 12 – 23 months 550 Kcal/day Solid family foods, chopped or mashed. 3 – 4 times a day 1/4 th to full 250ml cup
  15. 15. 4 to 6 months –  Weaning to be initiated with fruit juice. Within one to two weeks new food to be introduced with suji, biscuit socked with milk, vegetable soup, mashed banana, mashed vegetable. Each food should be given with one or two teaspoon at first for 3 to 6 times per day.
  16. 16. 6 to 9 months –  Food item to be given at this period include soft mixture of rice and dal, khichri, pulses, mashed and boiled potato, bread or roti soaked with milk or dal, mashed fruits, egg yolk, curd. Amount of food should increase gradually.
  17. 17. 9 to 12 months –  More variety of household food can be added. Fish, meat, chicken can be introduced. Food need not to be mashed but should be soft and well cooked.
  18. 18. 12 to 18 months –  The child can take all kind of cooked food. The amount and frequency should increase gradually.
  19. 19.  If on starting weaning, breast feeding is stopped suddenly, it can have adverse psychological effect on the child.  Weaning food, if prepared unhygienically or not digested properly can cause diarrhoea.
  20. 20.  If weaning food are not nutrient rich, the child can develop malnutrition.  Children may develop indigestion, abdominal pain, diarrhoea or rashes if they are allergic to certain foods.
  21. 21. ADVANTAGES:-  It prevents malnutrition.  It prevents deficiency diseases, e.g.anemia.  Promotes growth. DISADVANTAGES:-  It may lead to diarrhea, if the food is preparing an unhygienic way.  Negligence in choosing nutritious weaning food can lead to either calorie, protein, vitamin or mineral deficiencies.
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This ppt helps readers to gain more knowledge about complementary feeding.


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