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  1. 1. FACTORIES ACT 1948 <ul><li>By </li></ul><ul><li>Manikandan </li></ul><ul><li>Nagalakshmi </li></ul><ul><li>Neha </li></ul><ul><li>Nithya </li></ul><ul><li>Paari </li></ul><ul><li>Prema </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>The Factories Act, 1948 came into force on the 1st day of April,1949 and extends to the whole of India. </li></ul><ul><li>It was, in fact, extended to Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Pondicherry in 1963, to Goa in 1965 and to the State of Jammu & Kashmir in 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>The Factories Act was amended in 1949, 1950, 1954, 1956, 1976 and 1989. </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  3. 3. <ul><li>CONTD… </li></ul><ul><li>In India there are millions of industrial workers engaged in work and these workers are exposed to various kinds of risks and health hazards in their work places. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though there are stringent measures to enforce safety, a large number of industrial accidents occur every year resulting in loss of life or disablement of the workmen. </li></ul><ul><li>Any loss of life or disablement has an adverse effect on the earnings of the workmen and their dependents. </li></ul><ul><li>The Factories Act, 1948 was, therefore, enacted and came into force with the objective to provide adequate compensation to the affected persons. </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  4. 4. THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948 <ul><li>DEFINITION OF A FACTORY </li></ul><ul><li>“ Factory” is defined in Section 2(m) of the Act. It means any premises including the precincts thereof- </li></ul><ul><li>Whereon ten or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on; or </li></ul><ul><li>Whereon twenty or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on without the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on; </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948. The following have held to be a factory:- <ul><li>Salt works </li></ul><ul><li>A shed for ginning and pressing of cotton </li></ul><ul><li>A Bidi making shed </li></ul><ul><li>A Railway Workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Composing work for Letter Press Printing </li></ul><ul><li>Saw Mills </li></ul><ul><li>Place for preparation of foodstuff and other eatables </li></ul>
  6. 6. OBJECTIVES <ul><ul><li>It protects the interest of the workmen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It ensures better working condition in the workplace. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It prevents the employers from taking undue advantages on workmen because of their weaker bargaining power. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It regulated the conditions of employment of young persons and women. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It provides for safe and healthy working condition inside the factories. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It requires the employer to take certain minimum steps for the welfare of the workers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It ensures uniformity in the number of working hours and leave with wages. </li></ul></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  7. 7. SCHEME OF THE ACT <ul><li>The Act consists of 120 Sections and 3 Schedules. </li></ul><ul><li>Schedule 1 contains list of industries involving hazardous processes </li></ul><ul><li>Schedule 2 is about permissible level of certain chemical substances in work environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Schedule 3 consists of list of notifiable diseases. </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  8. 8. APPLICABILITY <ul><li>Applicable to all factories using power and employing 10 or more workers, and if not using power, employing 20 or more workers on any day of the preceding 12 months. </li></ul><ul><li>Factories specially notified under Section 85 of the Factories Act by the State Govts./Union Territories. </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  9. 9. PROVISIONS OF THE ACT <ul><li>FACILITIES AND CONVENIENCES </li></ul><ul><li>Cleanliness </li></ul><ul><li>Disposal of wastes and effluents </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation and temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Permissible limits( dust and fumes) </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial humidification </li></ul><ul><li>Overcrowding </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing </li></ul><ul><li>No young people should be allowed </li></ul><ul><li> in dangerous machines </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  10. 10. <ul><li>Welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Working hours </li></ul><ul><li>Overtime wages </li></ul><ul><li>Record of workers </li></ul><ul><li>Certifying </li></ul><ul><li>Annual leave </li></ul><ul><li>Special provisions like notification of accidents, </li></ul><ul><li>diseases etc </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  11. 11. MEASURES OF THE ACT <ul><li>There are three measures followed by this act </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Welfare </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  12. 12. 1.Health Measures <ul><li>i) Cleanliness </li></ul><ul><li>ii) Disposal of waste and effluents </li></ul><ul><li>iii) Ventilation and temperature </li></ul><ul><li>iv) Dust and fume </li></ul><ul><li>v) Artificial humidification </li></ul><ul><li>vi) Overcrowding </li></ul><ul><li>vii) Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>viii) Drinking Water </li></ul><ul><li>ix) Latrines and urinals </li></ul><ul><li>X) Spittoons </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  13. 13. 2.Safety Measures <ul><li>I) Fencing of machinery </li></ul><ul><li>II) Safety Measures in case of work on or near machinery in motion </li></ul><ul><li>III) Restriction on woman or Young Person to Work an Such Machines </li></ul><ul><li>IV) Employment of Young Persons on Dangerous Machines </li></ul><ul><li>V) Striking gear and devices for cutting off power </li></ul><ul><li>VI) Self-acting machines </li></ul><ul><li>VII) Casing of new machinery </li></ul><ul><li>VIII) Prohibition of employment of women and children near Cotton Openers </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  14. 14. contd… <ul><li>IX) Hoists and Lifts </li></ul><ul><li>X) Revolving machinery </li></ul><ul><li>XI) Pressure plant </li></ul><ul><li>XII) Floors, stairs and means of access </li></ul><ul><li>XIII) Pits, sumps, opening in floors etc. </li></ul><ul><li>XIV) Excessive weights </li></ul><ul><li>XV) Protection of eyes </li></ul><ul><li>XVI) Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases, etc </li></ul><ul><li>XVII) Precautions in case of fire </li></ul><ul><li>XVIII) Safety of Building & Machinery </li></ul><ul><li>XIX) Safety officer </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  15. 15. 3.Welfare Measures <ul><li>I) Washing facilities </li></ul><ul><li>II) Storing and Drying of Clothes </li></ul><ul><li>III) Facilities for sitting </li></ul><ul><li>IV) First-aid appliances </li></ul><ul><li>V) Canteens </li></ul><ul><li>VI) Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms </li></ul><ul><li>VII) Crèches </li></ul><ul><li>IX) Welfare Officer </li></ul>THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948.
  16. 16. THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948. <ul><li>Weekly hours not more than 48. </li></ul><ul><li>Daily hours, not more than 9 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Intervals for rest at least ½ hour on working for 5 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread over not more than 10½ hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Overlapping shifts prohibited. </li></ul><ul><li>Extra wages for overtime double than normal rate of wages </li></ul><ul><li>Restrictions on employment of women before 6AM and beyond 7 PM. </li></ul>4.Working hours, spread over & overtime of adults
  17. 17. THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948. <ul><li>A worker having worked for 240 days @ one day for every 20 days and for a child one day for working of 15 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulation of leave for 30 days. </li></ul>5.Annual leave with wages
  18. 18. THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948. Sec.92 to 106 OFFENCE PENALTIES ·For contravention of the Provisions of the Act or Rules ·Imprisonment up to 2 years or fine up to Rs.1,00,000 or both Rs.1000 per day ·On Continuation of contravention ·On contravention of Chapter IV pertaining to safety or dangerous operations. ·Not less than Rs.25000 in case of death. ·Not less than Rs.5000 in case of serious injuries. ·Subsequent contravention of some provisions ·Imprisonment up to 3 years or fine not less than Rs.10, 000 which may extend to Rs.2, 00,000. ·Obstructing Inspectors ·Imprisonment up to 6 months or fine up to Rs.10, 000 or both. ·Wrongful disclosing result pertaining to results of analysis. ·Imprisonment up to 6 months or fine up to Rs.10, 000 or both. ·For contravention of the provisions of Sec.41B, 41C and 41H pertaining to compulsory disclosure of information by occupier, specific responsibility of occupier or right of workers to work imminent danger. <ul><li>·Imprisonment up to 7 years with fine up to Rs.2, 00,000 and on continuation fine @ Rs.5, 000 per day. </li></ul><ul><li>Imprisonment of 10 years when contravention continues for one year. </li></ul>