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MORPHOLOGY
What is MORPHOLOGY?
Morphology is the branch of linguistics
that studies the structure of words.
Study of internal struc...
MORPHEME- smallest linguistic
unit which has a meaning or
grammatical function.
ALLOMORPHS- morphemes having
the same func...
CLASSIFICATION OF
MORPHOLOGY
•Root- nucleus of the word that affixes attach to.
shout-ed, act-ion, care-ful, love-ly
•Aff...
MORPHOLOGICAL PROCESS
Morpheme-internal Changes: a type of word
formation process wherein a word changes
internally to indicate grammatical info...
Suppletion: a relationship between forms of a word
wherein on form cannot be phonologically or
morphologically derived fro...
Kinds of Words according to
Morpheme Structure
2. Complex words
- root word + at least 1 affix.
-example:
worker, reread, ...
Kinds of Words according to
Morpheme Structure
3. Compound words
- with 2 root words
- example:
ashtray, mailbox, lazybone...
FREE MORPHEMES
Content words/ Lexical
words
Function words/
Grammatical words
this group includes nouns,
verbs, adverbs an...
1. Affixation - which is forming new
words by the combination of bound
affixes and free morphemes.
There are three types ...
In Tagalog, a language of the
Philippines, for example, the infix ‘um’
is used for infinitive forms of verbs (to
_______)...
2. Compounding - which is forming new words not from
bound affixes but from two or more independent words:
the words can b...
4. Blending - where two words
merge into each other, such as:
brunch from breakfast and
lunch
smog from smoke and
fog
5. Ablaut - it is a change in
a vowel that carries extra
meaning
Example:
sing-sang-sung
6. Abbreviations
(several types)
Clipping : grad, math,
prof, dorm
Acronym: radar, AIDS
The End!
Thank you for Listening!
Morphology Presentation
Morphology Presentation
Morphology Presentation
Morphology Presentation
Morphology Presentation
Morphology Presentation
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Morphology Presentation

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Morphology Report

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Morphology Presentation

  1. 1. MORPHOLOGY
  2. 2. What is MORPHOLOGY? Morphology is the branch of linguistics that studies the structure of words. Study of internal structure of words.
  3. 3. MORPHEME- smallest linguistic unit which has a meaning or grammatical function. ALLOMORPHS- morphemes having the same function but different in form. Example: SINCERE/SINCERITY , SEVERE/SEVERITY, CONFUSE/CONFUSIO N
  4. 4. CLASSIFICATION OF MORPHOLOGY •Root- nucleus of the word that affixes attach to. shout-ed, act-ion, care-ful, love-ly •Affix- a bound morpheme which added to the root words. Suffix- talk-ing, quick-ly, hope-ful, sad-ly, perform-ance Prefix- un-happy, pre-existing, de-code, il-legal,mis- place Infix- s placed within a word; these are rare in English, though cupful can be made plural as cupsful by inserting the plural s as an infix.
  5. 5. MORPHOLOGICAL PROCESS
  6. 6. Morpheme-internal Changes: a type of word formation process wherein a word changes internally to indicate grammatical information. ablaut: sing, sang, sung; swim, swam, swum other changes: man, men; mouse, mice, goose, geese
  7. 7. Suppletion: a relationship between forms of a word wherein on form cannot be phonologically or morphologically derived from the other, this process is rare. am - was; go –went good - better; bad – worse
  8. 8. Kinds of Words according to Morpheme Structure 2. Complex words - root word + at least 1 affix. -example: worker, reread, retelling
  9. 9. Kinds of Words according to Morpheme Structure 3. Compound words - with 2 root words - example: ashtray, mailbox, lazybones, backbone
  10. 10. FREE MORPHEMES Content words/ Lexical words Function words/ Grammatical words this group includes nouns, verbs, adverbs and adjectives Examples: happy, run, man, pizza, pretty, easy this group includes conjunctions, articles, pronouns and prepositions Examples: to, but, and, that, there, first, often, soon, none, all
  11. 11. 1. Affixation - which is forming new words by the combination of bound affixes and free morphemes. There are three types of affixation: A.Prefixation: where an affix is placed before the base of the word
  12. 12. In Tagalog, a language of the Philippines, for example, the infix ‘um’ is used for infinitive forms of verbs (to _______) sulat ‘write’ sumulat ‘to write’ bili ‘buy’ bumili ‘to buy’ kuha ‘take’ kumuha ‘to take’
  13. 13. 2. Compounding - which is forming new words not from bound affixes but from two or more independent words: the words can be free morphemes, words derived by affixation, or even words formed by compounds themselves. e.g. girlfriend air-conditioner  blackbird looking-glass  textbook watchmaker
  14. 14. 4. Blending - where two words merge into each other, such as: brunch from breakfast and lunch smog from smoke and fog
  15. 15. 5. Ablaut - it is a change in a vowel that carries extra meaning Example: sing-sang-sung
  16. 16. 6. Abbreviations (several types) Clipping : grad, math, prof, dorm Acronym: radar, AIDS
  17. 17. The End! Thank you for Listening!

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