Difference Between Knowledge and Belief

12,131 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business
1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • One simple, and useful, framework for distinguishing knowledge from belief is the following: (1) A belief is an opinion in the absence of supporting empirical evidence; it’s a matter of faith, not reason (it can’t be proved or disproved). (2) Knowledge is an opinion also—a working hypothesis—but it’s one for which substantial, public (or potentially public), cogent, empirical evidence exists to support it; that is, knowledge is a conclusion warranted by a preponderance of evidence and experience. (3) Knowledge in the sense of infallible apprehension or grasp of reality—what is ontologically “true”—is probably not possible. Instead, knowledge seems always to be contingent: new evidence as it becomes available may further support it or may disprove it. (See PRAGMATIC RATIONALISM: AN INTRODUCTION by Frank Robert Vivelo, Verlaine Publishing, 2013, from which the above is taken.)
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
12,131
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
70
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Difference Between Knowledge and Belief

  1. 1. By Emmanuel Castaño and Amanda Okazaki
  2. 2.  A very simple definition of knowledge is, “A justified, true belief.” It is therefore made up of three elements: ◦ Truth ◦ Belief ◦ Justification An equation used to make this more simple is: ◦ K=JTB (where K: Knowledge, J: Justified, T:True, B: Belief)
  3. 3.  4 ways used to justify a belief are: ◦ Language ◦ Perception ◦ Reason ◦ Emotion For any belief to be considered true, it has to always have been true and remain true forever
  4. 4.  Believing in something is required to qualify it as knowledge We must be aware that something is true and justified to be able to claim we know it, if we are not aware of it, we cannot know it There are 3 types of Belief: ◦ A vague belief ◦ A well-supported belief ◦ A belief that is beyond reasonable doubt
  5. 5.  By using the formula K = JTB, when one knows something, it must be the truth and one must be aware of it When one believes something, it is not necessarily true Belief is a subjective requirement for knowledge, if we know something is true, then we must believe it, but just because we believe it, it does not make it true
  6. 6.  One can know that something (and therefore be sure that it) is the truth or that it is incorrect However, one can be uncertain about many beliefs, and therefore not be sure if it is closer to being true or false -10 -5 0 5 10Impossible Unlikely Possible Probable Certain I I I I I Knowledge Well-Supported Vague Well-Supported Knowledge This spectrum refers to the various kinds of beliefs, vague, well-supported, and beyond reasonable doubt
  7. 7. -10 -5 0 5 10Impossible Unlikely Possible Probable Certain I I I I I Knowledge Well-Supported Vague Well-Supported Knowledge

×