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future tenses

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  1. 1. WAYS OF EXPRESSING FUTURE CUI 2012 Mandi27/05/2012 1
  2. 2. MIGHT Use might when you are not sure what the plan is. • Are you going to the party? • I might stay at home, I’m very tired. • I don’t know. We might go to the city27/05/2012 2
  3. 3. FUTURE SIMPLE The Future Simple is used in many situations such as when making promises, predictions or unplanned actions.  Promise  Time • I’ll buy you a toy. • The train will leave at 10:30 • The train leaves at 10:30 (schedule)  Prediction Simple present • The weather will be rainy tomorrow  Spontaneous decisions going to -> logical consequence • Where is the bank? • Look at the clouds • I´ll show you • - it is going to rain in a few minutes27/05/2012 3
  4. 4. BE + GOING TO + INFINITIVE Use going to talk about plan or intention you have decided that want to do, but you may not have made the arrangement. • Have you spoken to your teacher yet? • No, I’m going to speak to her later. • I´m going to study at university when I finish high school. To express something that is about to happen because there are suggestions. • Be Careful! The dog is going to bite you27/05/2012 4
  5. 5. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS Use the present continuous to talk about plans or arrangements which have already been made. The intention is often accompanied with a time expression. • What time are you meeting Peter? • At six o’clock. ( it is certain, you are sure)27/05/2012 5
  6. 6. TIME EXPRESSIONS  This evening  Next month  In an hour  Next year  At 2 o’ clock  Soon  Later  In a few weeks  In the future  Tomorrow  On 1st may27/05/2012 6
  7. 7. Possibility to do something in the Future 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 Might Future Simple going to present continuos (Will) Might, it is the lest possible, you are not sure, you have not plan. With the future simple you are a little bit more sure. Going to, you have plan. With the present continuous you are totally sure, you have arrangement.27/05/2012 7
  8. 8. FUTURE CONTINUOUS FUTURE CONTINUOUS SUBJECT + WILL + BE + VERB (CONTINUOUS FORM  We use the Future Continuous to indicate that we will doing something in a specified time in the future. • You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight. • Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight? • You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.  Time expressions with Future continuous: • At this time tomorrow • Next week • On Thursday27/05/2012 8
  9. 9. FUTURE PERFECT  The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future. It can also show that something will happen before a specific time in the future. • You will have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S. • Will you have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S.? • You will not have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S.27/05/2012 9
  10. 10. REFERENCES http://www.englishtenses.com/tenses/future_simple http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verb-tenses_future.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JfpBiVFqtrs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P72Dz5QOtUY http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/future.htm http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/blgrquiz_futureforms.htm http://www.slideshare.net/FrankCouto/raquels-ppt-verb-tenses-to-express-future-time