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Your Sikh Neighbors
Who Are Sikhs?
Articles of Faith <ul><li>Kesh - uncut hair: Sikhs do not cut hair or beards to remain in the image that god gave us  </li...
Sikh Turbans <ul><li>Mideast headcoverings different  </li></ul><ul><li>99% of people with turbans in US are Sikhs, not Mu...
Importance of Identity <ul><li>Sikhs feel severely humiliated if asked to remove their turban in public, as this breaks a ...
 
Historical Origins  Sikhism <ul><li>22 million Sikhs worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>20 million Sikhs in India </li></ul>INDIA...
Guru  Nanak <ul><li>Founded   Sikhism   </li></ul><ul><li>Born in  1469 </li></ul><ul><li>10   Gurus provided spiritual gu...
Golden Temple, Amritsar Harmandir Sahib—1588 Fifth Guru Sentiment of Sikhs Symbol of strength & endurance Survived tyranni...
Guru  Gobind Singh <ul><li>Father Martyred to protect the  Hindus </li></ul><ul><li>Created the Sikh Nation:  Khalsa  – le...
Beliefs of the Sikhs <ul><li>One god/creator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All humans created equal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goal is...
Beliefs of the Sikhs <ul><li>Freedom of speech, religion </li></ul><ul><li>Equal rights in all walks of life for all perso...
Values & Practices <ul><li>Seva :  Daily selfless service to humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Vand Chakna :  sharing with others...
Respect for All <ul><li>Protectors of social and spiritual justice for ALL </li></ul><ul><li>Believers of non-violence </l...
GURDWARA (Place of Worship) <ul><li>Guru Granth Sahib </li></ul><ul><li>Nishan Sahib </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li><...
Inside the Gurdwara <ul><li>All welcome </li></ul><ul><li>Hymns </li></ul><ul><li>Heads covered </li></ul><ul><li>Shoes re...
Gurdwara Functions <ul><li>Education   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially schools were started in Gurdwaras. Now Khalsa schoo...
September 11, 2001 <ul><li>Sikhs grieve with America . Like many, Sikhs lost friends, loved ones and colleagues </li></ul>...
First to Help Dr. Navinderdeep Singh Nijher,  a fourth year resident Set up the first triage center at ground zero, just i...
An American Hero? Dr Nijher stayed until 2 a.m., mostly treating injured firefighters who had been pulled from the rubble....
A Hero’s Welcome? &quot;Every person was staring at me&quot;  &quot;People were saying 'There goes one of them now.'  Some...
Mesa, Arizona Balbir S. Sodhi Former Bay Area Resident Small Businessman
Why? &quot;On Sept. 11, America was attacked from abroad,&quot; said Maricopa County Attorney Rick Romley  &quot;However, ...
Facts More than 200 Incidents against Sikhs alone have been reported since Sept 11th  Swaran Kaur Bhullar's car was idling...
Victims of Sept 11 <ul><li>Victims :  Sikhs have been victims of a hate backlash and harassment because of their appearanc...
Why Are Sikhs Targets? HATE BLIND RAGE IGNORANCE  MISCONCEPTIONS
Similarities? 19 Terrorists 0 with Turbans 0 with Beards 0 were Sikhs Where is the cause for concern?
Similarities? Head Coverings? Compare the Turbans
Muslim Headcoverings <ul><li>Mideast headcoverings different  </li></ul><ul><li>Not a mandatory religious requirement </li...
Summarizing
Questions?
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Who are sikhs

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This presentation was created by the Sikh Communications Council in 2001 following the 9/11 attacks on the US. It contains basic information in Sikhs and Sikh Americans as well as messages intended to protect Sikhs from the post-9/11 xenophobic backlashes.

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Who are sikhs

  1. 1. Your Sikh Neighbors
  2. 2. Who Are Sikhs?
  3. 3. Articles of Faith <ul><li>Kesh - uncut hair: Sikhs do not cut hair or beards to remain in the image that god gave us </li></ul><ul><li>Kuchha – under-shorts (boxers) to represent modesty and fidelity </li></ul><ul><li>Kanga - comb, made of wood - to keep uncut hair neat and clean </li></ul><ul><li>Kara - bracelet, made of steel worn on right hand –a reminder of noble actions, a symbol of eternity </li></ul><ul><li>Kirpan - ceremonial small blunt knife symbolizing freedom, liberty and justice </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sikh Turbans <ul><li>Mideast headcoverings different </li></ul><ul><li>99% of people with turbans in US are Sikhs, not Muslims or Hindus </li></ul><ul><li>Covers long, uncut hair </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 15 feet of cloth wrapped neatly around the head every time it is put on </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolizes discipline, integrity, humility, and spirituality </li></ul><ul><li>Religious requirement - must be worn at all times in public </li></ul>
  5. 5. Importance of Identity <ul><li>Sikhs feel severely humiliated if asked to remove their turban in public, as this breaks a sacred covenant with god and exposes an intimate part of the body </li></ul><ul><li>It is very insulting and disrespectful to a Sikh to remove his or her turban </li></ul><ul><li>Turbans are a mandatory part of Sikh faith </li></ul><ul><li>A turban is not a hat. It cannot be casually taken on and off. It must be carefully retied each time it is removed </li></ul><ul><li>Treat the turban with respect </li></ul>
  6. 7. Historical Origins Sikhism <ul><li>22 million Sikhs worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>20 million Sikhs in India </li></ul>INDIA CHINA INDIA AFGHANISTAN PAKISTAN IRAN
  7. 8. Guru Nanak <ul><li>Founded Sikhism </li></ul><ul><li>Born in 1469 </li></ul><ul><li>10 Gurus provided spiritual guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Guru Nanak founded Sikhism based on equality and justice for all </li></ul>
  8. 9. Golden Temple, Amritsar Harmandir Sahib—1588 Fifth Guru Sentiment of Sikhs Symbol of strength & endurance Survived tyrannical raids Golden Temple
  9. 10. Guru Gobind Singh <ul><li>Father Martyred to protect the Hindus </li></ul><ul><li>Created the Sikh Nation: Khalsa – legion of the pure with Saint/Soldier qualities to protect anyone from oppression and injustice </li></ul><ul><li>Amrit - Sikh Baptism Ceremony in 1699 </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribed the 5 Articles of Faith </li></ul><ul><li>Declared Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru and ultimate spiritual authority for the Sikhs. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Beliefs of the Sikhs <ul><li>One god/creator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All humans created equal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goal is to be one with god </li></ul><ul><li>Human life a precious blessing </li></ul><ul><li>All carry a spark of divine light: consequently no race, pigmentation, gender, is intrinsically superior to others </li></ul><ul><li>Defenders of social and spiritual justice, </li></ul><ul><li>Truth, fearless,non-hateful spirit are important in attaining salvation </li></ul>
  11. 12. Beliefs of the Sikhs <ul><li>Freedom of speech, religion </li></ul><ul><li>Equal rights in all walks of life for all persons of all faiths and external looks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note that many countries still ask require religion, race, or nationality on employment applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elsewhere, people discriminate based on looks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compensation based on merit rather than outward differences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Justice and liberty for all </li></ul><ul><li>Origin of universe is from one light source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life is by god’s evolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are many planets, solar systems and galaxies </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Values & Practices <ul><li>Seva : Daily selfless service to humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Vand Chakna : sharing with others </li></ul><ul><li>Langar : Community Kitchen, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An expression of service to community </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kirat Kamaiyee : Honest Labor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Honest earnings by hard work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not become burden on the society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Daily Prayers & Meditation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No passive mediation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain channel of knowledge by actively engaging in the society. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent stagnation of social and intellectual skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Introspection connect now, don’t wait for later </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bhai Kanyia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pioneer of the Red Cross & </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>humanitarian aide organizations </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Respect for All <ul><li>Protectors of social and spiritual justice for ALL </li></ul><ul><li>Believers of non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>Equality of all religions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give relevance to god rather than religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believers of interfaith diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equality of persons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social, spiritual, political rights for all women </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. GURDWARA (Place of Worship) <ul><li>Guru Granth Sahib </li></ul><ul><li>Nishan Sahib </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul>© 2001 Sikh Communications Council, Inc.
  15. 16. Inside the Gurdwara <ul><li>All welcome </li></ul><ul><li>Hymns </li></ul><ul><li>Heads covered </li></ul><ul><li>Shoes removed </li></ul><ul><li>Sit on floor; meditate </li></ul><ul><li>Community kitchen </li></ul>
  16. 17. Gurdwara Functions <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially schools were started in Gurdwaras. Now Khalsa schools are held in Gurdwaras, where religion, language, history, art, and other subjects are taught </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shelter for stomach, mind, and soul </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community kitchen: shelter from hunger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tranquility: safe place to stay to travelers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prayers, meditation, & introspection for soul </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implementation of equality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 doors: one on each side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open to all persons without from all directions, religions, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Even the holiest Sikh shrines are open to persons of all faiths </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 18. September 11, 2001 <ul><li>Sikhs grieve with America . Like many, Sikhs lost friends, loved ones and colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>Sikhs unequivocally condemn the recent terrorist attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Sikhs continue to donate blood, food, and money, and participate in memorial services </li></ul><ul><li>At the WTC, Sikh doctors were first on the scene helping save lives </li></ul>
  18. 19. First to Help Dr. Navinderdeep Singh Nijher, a fourth year resident Set up the first triage center at ground zero, just in front of one of the collapsed towers. He also helped organize a makeshift morgue in the lobby of the American Express building.
  19. 20. An American Hero? Dr Nijher stayed until 2 a.m., mostly treating injured firefighters who had been pulled from the rubble. From there, he went back to the hospital, slept for an hour, and reported for his regular shift at 6 a.m.
  20. 21. A Hero’s Welcome? &quot;Every person was staring at me&quot; &quot;People were saying 'There goes one of them now.' Someone yelled 'Go back to your own country!'&quot;
  21. 22. Mesa, Arizona Balbir S. Sodhi Former Bay Area Resident Small Businessman
  22. 23. Why? &quot;On Sept. 11, America was attacked from abroad,&quot; said Maricopa County Attorney Rick Romley &quot;However, with the murder of Mr. Sodhi, we have now been attacked from within.&quot;
  23. 24. Facts More than 200 Incidents against Sikhs alone have been reported since Sept 11th Swaran Kaur Bhullar's car was idling at a red light when two men on a motorcycle pulled up beside her, yanked open her door and shouted, &quot;This is what you get for what you've done to us!&quot; And then, &quot;I'm going to slash your throat!&quot; She was stabbed in the head at least twice before the men, hearing a car approach, sped off.
  24. 25. Victims of Sept 11 <ul><li>Victims : Sikhs have been victims of a hate backlash and harassment because of their appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Profiling : Sikhs have been victims of racial profiling at airports & on highways </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination : harassment, racial profiling and employment discrimination is making it much harder for Sikhs to wear turbans and other articles of faith - a basic constitutional right </li></ul>Mr. Balbir Sodhi was killed in Arizona
  25. 26. Why Are Sikhs Targets? HATE BLIND RAGE IGNORANCE MISCONCEPTIONS
  26. 27. Similarities? 19 Terrorists 0 with Turbans 0 with Beards 0 were Sikhs Where is the cause for concern?
  27. 28. Similarities? Head Coverings? Compare the Turbans
  28. 29. Muslim Headcoverings <ul><li>Mideast headcoverings different </li></ul><ul><li>Not a mandatory religious requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Very rarely seen in the western hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>Viewed as passé by some Muslims </li></ul>
  29. 30. Summarizing
  30. 31. Questions?

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