Violence

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Non violent vs. violent protests. was very good lesson!

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Violence

  1. 1. Non- Violent vs. Violent protest Journal: Have you ever been involved in or seen a non-violent or violent protest? Explain
  2. 2. Martin Luther King Jr. “ I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."
  3. 3. What did King believe? <ul><li>Non-Violent protest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Def : a philosophy and strategy for social change that rejects the use of physical violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In your notes list some examples of non-violent protests </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. People King followed <ul><li>Henry David Thoreau </li></ul><ul><li>1817-1862 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Living </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcendentalist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolitionist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote “Civil Disobedience” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Aim above morality. Be not simply good, be good for something .” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. People King Followed <ul><li>Mohandas Gandhi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1869-1948 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India spiritual leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped Indian gain independence through non-violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Followed civil disobedience </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Mohandas Gandhi <ul><li>“I cannot teach you violence, as I do not myself believe in it. I can only teach you not to bow your heads before any one even at the cost of your life.” </li></ul><ul><li>In your notes write down what you think he means by this. </li></ul><ul><li>Lets discuss…. </li></ul>
  7. 7. MLK inspired non-violent protests
  8. 9. What can a person do? (non-violently) <ul><li>Sit-ins </li></ul><ul><li>Non-violent protests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SNCC: Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom ride </li></ul><ul><li>Marches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom Summer </li></ul><ul><li>Swim-ins </li></ul>
  9. 10. Why King Supported Non-Violence <ul><li>Inspired by Gandhi’s accomplishments with non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in the “Power of Love” </li></ul><ul><li>Deep faith in God: Preacher </li></ul><ul><li>Non-violence is NOT cowardly </li></ul>
  10. 11. Cont: <ul><li>A Non-violent protester was: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Passionate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Despite not being physically aggressive, &quot;his mind and emotions are always active, constantly seeking to persuade the opponent that he is mistaken.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Power of Non-Violence <ul><li>Boycott successful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blacks made up most bus passengers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bus line revenues down 65% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2/3 of blacks carpooled, 1/3 walked </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rosa’s day in court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>December 1956: SC declared Montgomery’s bus laws to be illegal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meant all segregation bus laws illegal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implied that all segregation of public services was illegal </li></ul></ul>Dec. 5, 1955: Bus boycott begins
  12. 13. Why was the Montgomery incident so important? Was it because of the victory won or the way in which it was achieved?
  13. 14. Direct Action Gathers Pace <ul><li>Montgomery success spurred new groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MLK formed S outhern C hristian L eadership C onference (SCLC) which ran conferences on handling police, law and media & taught activists non-violent techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black & white college students set up S tudent N onviolent C oordinating C ommittee (SNCC) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Together these groups stages protests … </li></ul>James Farmer MLK (SCLC) Ella Baker (SNCC)
  14. 15. Non-Violent Protest Examples <ul><li>Greensboro, North Carolina, 1960 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SNCC students staged sit-ins, attempting to end segregation in restaurants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>W/in 1 week 400 students were sitting-in </li></ul></ul><ul><li>February 1960, Nashville Tennessee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500 students sit-in in libraries, churches, restaurants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students attacked & abused </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Bull Connor, the Commissioner of Public Safety used fire hoses and dogs to attack black protestors and non violent demonstrators. These riots were on TV and shocked the nation.
  16. 17. Other supporters of non-violence Albert Einstein Dali Lama Cesar Chavez
  17. 18. Violent Protest
  18. 19. Black Nationalism & Nation of Islam <ul><li>Black nationalism concurrent w/ Civil Rights Movement :Most rejected non-violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Force justified to gain equality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others didn’t want equality, just separation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elijah Muhammad’s Nation of Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sought separate state for black Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) outspoken critic of racial discrimination & conscientious objector to military draft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malcolm Little (Later Malcolm X) bitterly critical of MLK’s methods, believed CRM held black Americans back, assassinated in 1965 </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Black Power & Black Panthers <ul><li>SNCC becomes more radical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1966: Stokely Carmichael elected chairman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set out radical view of ‘black power’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical of MLK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ this nation is racist from top to bottom, and does not function by morality, love and non-violence, but by power’ – Stokely Carmichael </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Black Panthers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More radical than SNCC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 members; political party & private army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed in arming black America & forcing white America to give equal rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1967-69: many clashes w/ police; 9 police officers killed </li></ul></ul>
  21. 24. Malcolm X <ul><li>The white man has taught the black people in this country to hate themselves as inferior, to hate each other, to be divided against each other. The brainwashed black man can never learn to stand on his own two feet until he is on his own. We must learn to become our own producers, manufacturers and traders; we must have industry of our own, to employ our own. The white man resists this because he wants to keep the black man under his thumb and jurisdiction in white society. He wants to keep the black man always dependent and begging – for jobs, food, clothes, shelter, education. The white man doesn’t want to lose somebody to be supreme over. I am for violence in non-violence means we continue postponing a solution to the American black man’s problems. If we must use violence to get the black man his human rights in this country then I am for violence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comments of Malcolm X in the 1960s </li></ul></ul>
  22. 25. Activity: Due tomorrow <ul><li>The government has taken over Borah High and made the following changes: </li></ul><ul><li>9 period days: 6:00am to 4:00 pm </li></ul><ul><li>11 th graders taking graduate school level classes </li></ul><ul><li>11 th graders get 10 minutes for lunch and no break </li></ul><ul><li>11 th graders are not allowed desks </li></ul><ul><li>11 th graders cannot socialize between classes, at lunch or at break </li></ul><ul><li>11 th graders can only talk to other 11 th graders </li></ul>
  23. 26. <ul><li>Your job is to plan a movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Length is one page double spaced or one page handwritten (neatly) </li></ul><ul><li>You must come up with the name of your group, your position as leader and the different scenarios you will use for protest.. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure and include what you plan on doing, how you plan on doing it and who you will get to follow you. </li></ul><ul><li>On a separate sheet of paper you will also design a protest sign (you may use the back) </li></ul>

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