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Eathquake Safety and Hazards


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I am uploading this slide in order to educate and waken you to be prepared for any disaster.
Safety is an Attitude

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Eathquake Safety and Hazards

  1. 1. Earthquake Safety<br />
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  3. 3. Disaster Management in India<br />Disaster Management Helpline in India<br />The disaster management cell at the Indian Home Ministry Control room telephones:91 (011)-2309356391 (011)-2309356491 (011)-23093566<br />
  4. 4. Individual Work Area Preparedness<br />Remove or Secure Heavy Overhead Items which May Fall On You or Block Your Egress<br />Secure Breakables with Quake Putty or Museum Gel<br />
  5. 5. Seismic Hazard Mitigation Policy<br />Free Standing Partitions, Bookcases, Shelving, & Cabinets 6 Feet or Taller<br />Must Be Braced or Anchored to Prevent Them From Tipping Over<br />Submit Bldg. Services iRequest for Service<br />Large Heavy Objects on Lower Shelves<br />Breakables on Lower Shelves/Closed Cabinets<br />Overhead Cabinets Closed/Latched <br />No Heavy Objects Above Your Desk<br />
  6. 6. Home Earthquake Preparedness<br />Establish Family Earthquake Plan<br />Practice Drills <br />Choose Out-of-State Friend/Relative<br />Person Family Members Can Contact to Report Whereabouts & Conditions<br />Learn First Aid/CPR<br />Organize Neighborhood to Be Self-Sufficient After an Earthquake<br />Prepare Earthquake Emergency Kit<br />
  7. 7. Home Earthquake Emergency Kit<br />1 Gallon of Water per Person per Day (3 Day Minimum)<br />First Aid Kit/Book<br />3 Days of Food<br />Non-Electric Can Opener<br />Portable Radio, Flashlights, & Batteries<br />Extra Glasses, House/Car Keys<br />Essential Medications<br />ABC Fire Extinguisher<br />Blankets/Sleeping Bag<br />Water Purification Kit<br />Essentials for Infants, Elderly, or Pets<br />Instructions on How to Turn Off: Gas, Water, and Electricity<br />
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  9. 9. Home Earthquake Preparedness<br />Secure Pictures<br />Secure Hot Water Heater<br />Wrench Near Emergency Gas Shut Off<br />Secure Heavy Items<br />Know Safe Spots in Every Room<br />Sturdy Tables, Desks<br />Know Dangerous Spots in Every Room<br />Windows, Hanging Objects, Fireplace, Appliances<br />
  10. 10. During an Earthquake - Indoors<br />Stay There! Do NOT Run Outside<br />Stay Calm & Remember the Phase, “Duck, Cover, and Hold”<br />Duck – And Look for Cover<br />Cover – Under a Sturdy Desk or Table<br />Hold – Onto the Furniture Leg Until Shaking Stops<br />
  11. 11. During an Earthquake - Indoors<br />Face Away from Windows <br />Stay Clear of Tall Objects that May Topple Over<br />Watch for Falling Objects<br />
  12. 12. During an Earthquake – In an Elevator<br />Will Not Fall Down the Shaft<br />May Lose Power<br />May Stop & Lights May Go Out<br />Use Emergency Alarm<br />Await Emergency Crew & Follow Directions<br />
  13. 13. Public Areas<br />Steer Clear of Panicking Crowds & Structural Hazards<br />Theatre – Crouch in Seat <br />Ball Park or Stadium <br />Go to the Open Play Field – Not the Exits<br /> Shopping Malls<br />Avoid Glass Displays<br />Head to Back of Shop<br />Warehouse Store <br />
  14. 14. Outdoors<br />Get into the Open<br />Stay Clear of Buildings & Power Lines<br />Do Not Smoke or Light Matches or Lighters<br />If Driving:<br />Stop If Safe, But Stay Inside Car<br />Avoid Stopping Under Trees, Light Posts, Power Lines, or Signs<br />Stay Away from Bridges, Overpasses & Tunnels<br />
  15. 15. Outdoors<br />In Mountainous Area<br />Falling Rocks & Other Debris<br />On the Beach/Ocean Front<br />Move to Higher Ground or Several Hundred Yards Inland<br />Tsunami Hazard<br />Several Hours Afterwards<br />Multiple Tsunamis<br />1964 Alaska 8.5 Earthquake<br />11 Fatalities Directly From Earthquake<br />120 Fatalities From Tsunami<br />
  16. 16. After Initial Shock Have Subsided<br />Remain Calm & Be Prepared for Aftershocks<br />Check for Injuries & Administer First Aid to the Degree You Are Trained for<br />Check for Obvious Hazards & Damage on Your Floor<br />Do Not Turn on or Off any Lighting or Electrical Devices<br />
  17. 17. After Initial Shock Have Subsided<br />Do Not Use Telephones Except in Extreme Emergencies<br />Make Sure Phone is on the Hook to Receive Emergency Information Calls<br />Follow Directions Over the Building PA System or by the Floor Wardens<br />Use Emergency Supplies If Necessary<br />
  18. 18. Floor Wardens After Quake<br />Gather Occupants at Pre-Selected Gathering Place & Perform Head Count–Is Everyone Accounted For?<br />Search Floor for Missing or Injured Personnel<br />Attend Injured Persons<br />
  19. 19. Floor Wardens After Quake<br />Prepare Condition Report for Area & Provide to Building Management<br />Number of People on Floor<br />Number of Injured People & Description of Injuries<br />Description of Apparent Structural Damage<br />Immediate Needs <br />Floor Cannot Immediately Evacuate<br />Must Assess Damage to Stairways<br />
  20. 20. Floor Wardens After Quake<br />Turn- On Battery-Operated Radio<br />Assign Someone to Keep Track on What is Going on in the Surrounding Community<br />Listen for Emergency Instructions<br />Take Inventory of Emergency Supplies<br />May Be Needed to Last Several Days<br />Conserve Supplies<br />Await for O.K. to Evacuate<br />
  21. 21. Smart<br />Be About <br />Earthquake Safety<br />